Chapter 23

82 Questions  I  By Badazz
Digestive System

  
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1.  Which of the following best describes the chewing of food?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following best describes why food moves through the digestive system from the mouth toward the anus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Food moves through the esophagus to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The fundus, body, and pylorus are parts of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The stomach mixes and mashes a bolus of food that is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  A paralytic ileus is caused by a cessation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The appendix
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which of the following form(s) the large intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  What is the most important nerve of the digestive tract?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Bile is not found in this structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  This is the site of most chemical digestion.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  This is the site of absorption for most end-products of digestion
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Which surgical procedure is most likely to cause dumping syndrome?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  This organ secretes the most potent of the digestive enzymes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following best describes the duodenum, jejunum, and the ileum?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The word hepatic refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The sigmoid is part of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The common bile duct empties its contents into the
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which structure prevents gastric reflux?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  This organ synthesizes clotting factors, stores vitamins, detoxifies drugs, and helps regulate blood glucose.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The cecum is part of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  This membrane resembles an apron draped over the abdominal organs
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Enamel, dentin, and cementum are related to this structure
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Deciduous, baby, and milk are descriptive for which structure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The appendix is attached to this structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The elimination of gas that is produced during digestion and released from the anus is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Emulsification is most associated with this substance.
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which enzyme is found in saliva?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which of the following produces amino acids as its end-product of digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Which of the following produces the disaccharides as its end-products of digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Which of the following is least characteristic of glucose?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Gingiva refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Deglutition refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Chyle is found within the
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  This organ produces bile and secretes it into the hepatic ducts
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Parotid, sublingual, and submandibular refer to
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The wall of this structure secretes cholecystokinin.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Gastrin, secretin, and cholecystokinin are
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Cholecystokinin regulates the secretion of
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The primary function of this organ is to deliver chyme to the duodenum at the proper rate
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The wall of this structure secretes the disaccharidases.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  This is the chief organ of drug detoxification
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  The portal vein carries blood that is rich in digestive end-products to this organ
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  This flap of tissue prevents food and water from entering the respiratory passages
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which of the following refers to the roof of the mouth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  What is the tube that carries food from the pharynx to the stomach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  What is the sphincter that allows food to enter the stomach from the esophagus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Which of the following structures allow(s) the stomach to expand?
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  This structure is located between the cecum and the transverse colon
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The pyloric sphincter is located between the duodenum and this structure
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  The ampulla of Vater and the sphincter of Oddi are located between the common bile duct and this structure.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The duodenum
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which structure contains the villi, microvilli, and brush border cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The cecum, colon, and rectum are parts of this structure
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  The liver lobule secretes
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  The cystic duct, common bile duct, and the hepatic ducts
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Which of the following is most likely to cause ascites and esophageal varices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Which of the following is a digestive enzyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Which of the following is a hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Which statement is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Sucrase, maltase, and lactase are
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Amylases
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Which of the following is true of lipase?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Which condition is most likely to be caused by pyloric stenosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Which condition is associated with the base of the esophagus, fundus of the stomach, and diaphragm?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Which of the following is caused by portal hypertension?
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Which of the following is most related to esophageal reflux?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Hydrochloric acid, intrinsic factor, and gastrin are
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Peristalsis
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Which of the following does not communicate with the common bile duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  A drug that blocks vagal activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  An antacid drug exerts its effect in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Pain in the RLQ is most characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  This structure is located between the common bile duct and the duodenum
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Obstruction of the common bile duct causes
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Lactose intolerance is a ___________ problem
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Impaired hepatic function
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Which of the following is least related to fat digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  The hepatic flexure does not involve the
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  The splenic flexure does not involve the
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Which group is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Which group is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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