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Chapter 16 Quiz Rippee 1st Block

31 Questions  I  By Arippee
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1.  After being appointed by the President, a Supreme Court nominee is investigated by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  President Nixon, hoping to move the court toward an attitude of strict construction selected ________________ as the Chief Justice in 1969.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Today, most judges are selected by Presidents based on:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Requirement that to be heard a case must be capable of being settled as a matter of law rather than on other grounds as is commonly the case in legislative bodies
5.  The point of origin for most cases in the federal system would be:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Statement of legal reasoning
7.  John Marshall strengthened the power of the Supreme Court by invoking judicial review in:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  When Alexander Hamilton stated that “the Constitution ought to be the standard of construction for the laws, and ... wherever there is an evident opposition; the laws ought to give place to the Constitution…” he was advocating for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Latin phrase meaning "let the decision stand"; principle on which most cases reaching appellate courts are settled
10.  Unwritten tradition whereby nominations for state-level federal judicial posts are not confirmed if they are opposed by a senator of the president's party from the state in which the nominee will serve; tradition applies to courts of appeal when there is opposition from the nominee's state senator
11.  The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  When a justice on the Supreme Court agrees with the opinion of the Court but wishes to announce a different Constitutional or legal basis for the decision, the justice would write a:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Legal briefs submitted by a "friend of the court" for the purpose of raising additional points of view and presenting information not contained in the briefs of the formal parties; attempt to influence a court's decision
14.  The concept of original intent means:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The most common manner for a case to come before the court is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Judicial philosophy in which judges make bold policy decisions, even charting new constitutional ground; emphasis that the courts can correct pressing needs, especially those unmet by the majoritarian political process, is important to advocates of this approach
17.  Judicial interpretation of an act of Congress; Congress occasionally passes new legislation to clarify existing laws when this is an issue
18.  Judicial philosophy in which judges play minimal roles, leaving that duty strictly to the legislatures
19.  The Supreme Court today consists of a Chief Justice and:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of the following statements concerning federal judges is NOT true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The Supreme Court’s docket is mainly comprised of cases from:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of the following is NOT true concerning Senatorial courtesy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  That the Supreme Court should be an advocate for the under-represented and politically weak would be an argument for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The example of Eisenhower selecting Earl Warren to the Supreme Court demonstrates:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  In order for the Supreme Court to hear a case:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Jurisdiction of courts, who view the legal issues involved rather than the factual record, that hear cases brought to them on appeal from lower courts
27.  Presidential appointee and the third-ranking office in the Department of Justice; in charge of the appellate court litigation of the federal government
28.  The Constitution provided for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The general welfare clause and the necessary and proper clause are used as points of argument for those favoring:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Judicial interpretation of an act of Congress; Congress occasionally passes new legislation to clarify existing laws when this is an issue
31.  Jurisdiction of courts, who are the ones that determine the facts about a case, that hear a case first, usually in a trial
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