Chapter 16: Fluid And Chemical Balance

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Fluid and chemical balance

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1.  A mixture of water, chemicals called electrolytes and nonelectrolytes and blood cells
2.  Name four components of body fluid
3.  The human body is made of of approx. how much water?
4.  Fluid inside cells thay represents the greatest portion of water in the body
5.  Remaining body fluid outside of the cell
6.  Fluid in the tissue space between and around cells
7.  Watery plasma, or serum, portion of the blood
8.  Chemical compounds such as sodiuma and chloride, that are dissolved, absorbed, and distributed in body and possess an electrical charge
9.  Where are electrolytes obtained from?
10.  Substances that carry either a positive or negative charge
11.  Electrolytes with a positive charge
12.  Electrolytes with a negative charge
13.  How are electrolytes measured?
14.  Chemical compounds that remain bound together when dissolved in a solution and do not conduct electricity
15.  Consists o 3 liters of plasma, or fluid, and 2 liters of red blood cells for a total circulating volume of 5 liters
16.  Blood cells include;
17.  For every 5oo rbcs, there are _____platelets and ___white blood cell
18.  Helps to regulate distribution of water by controlling movement of fluid from one location to another
19.  Undissolved protein substances such as albumin and blood cells within body fluids that do not readily pass through membranes
20.  Force for contracting water
21.  Regulates the movement of water and substances from a compartment where the pressure is higher to one where the pressure is lower
22.  Force of filtration; pressure exerted against a membrane
23.  The physiologic process in which dissolved substances, such as electrolytes and gases, move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration through a semipermeable membrane
24.  What does passive diffusion facilitate?
25.  Identical balance of cations with anions
26.  The process in which certain dissolved substances require the assistance of a carrier molecule to pass from one side of a semipermeable membrane to the other
27.  A process of chemica distribution that requires an energy source
28.  What is an example of active transport?
29.  What is the average fluid intake?
30.  The sum of all fluid volume that a client consumes or is instilled into the clients body
31.  How is fluid output determined?
32.  A general term describing any several condition in which the bodys water is not in proper volume ot location within the body
33.  A low volume of extracellular fluid compartments
34.  If hypovolemia is untreated it can cause...
35.  Fluid deficit in both extracellular and intracellular compartments
36.  If patient is dehydrated the skin..
37.  How is fluid balance restored?
38.  Higher than normal volume of water in the intravascular fluid compartment and is another example of fluid imbalance
39.  What can hypervolemia lead to?
40.  Severely compromised heart function
41.  The movement of intravascular fluid to nonvascular fluid compartments, where it becomes trapped and useless
42.  Deficit in albumin in the blood
43.  Fluids infused into a clients veins
44.  What are the two types of intravenous solutions?
45.  Made of water and other uniformly dissolved crystals such as salt and sugar
46.  Made of water and molecules of suspended substances such as blood cells and blood products
47.  What are crystalloid solutions classified as?
48.  Contains the same concentration of dissolved substances normally found in plasma
49.  This solution is given to clients who may not be able to eat or drink for short periods of time
50.  Contains fewer dissolved substances than normally found in plasma
51.  This solution is administered to clients with fluid loss in excess fluid intake, such as those with diarrhea and vomiting
52.  More concentrated than body fluid and draws cellular and interstitial water into the intravascular compartment
53.  This solution in not used frequently except in cases of severe edema or to expand the circulatory volume rapidly
54.  This solution is used to replace circulating blood volume because the suspended molecules pull fluid in other departments
55.  What are the most common types of colloid solutions?
56.  What is used to treat a client with hypovolemic shock?
57.  Escape of iv fluid into the tissue
58.  Inflammation of a vein
59.  Stationary blood clot
60.  Blood clot that travels into the lung
61.  Growth of microorganisms at the site or within the blood stream
62.  Bubble of air traveling within the vascular system
63.  Venipuncture is a type of ______?
64.  How often should you change a venipuncture site?
65.  When are IV's diffused?
66.  Sealed chamber that provides a means of administering IV meds
67.  How long can refrigerated blood be stored?
68.  List 5 transport mechanisms
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