Chapter 16 Endocrine System

23 Questions  I  By Kirstenw09 on January 22, 2013

  
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1.  Gluconeogenesis occurs in the liver due to the action of ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Normal development of the immune system response is due in part to hormones produced by the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Vurtually all of the protein or amino acid-based hormones exert their effects through intracellular ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following is not a category of endocrine gland stimulus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Chemical substances secreted by cells into the extracellular fluids that regulate the metabolic function of other cells in the body are called ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Oxytocin ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  ADH ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Gonadocorticoid(s) ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Sometimes prolonged excessive exposure to high hormone concentrations causes a phenomenon known as ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The ability of a specific tissue or organ to respond to the presence of a hormone is dependent on ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Several hormones are synthesized in the hypothalamus and transported to the anterior pituitary gland. The mechanism of transportation from hypothalamus to anterior pituitary gland is through the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Steroid hormones exert their action by ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  When it becomes necessary to enlist the fight-or-flight response, a hormone that is released during the alarm phase of the general adaptation syndrome is ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  One of the least complicated of the endocrine control systems directly responds to changing blood levels of ions and nutrients. Which of the following describes this mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The major targets of growth hormone are ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which organ is responsible for synthesizing ANP?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Which of the following is not a steroid-based hormone?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following is true about calcium homeostasis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Aldosterone ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  In circumstances where the body requires prolonged or increased levels of a hormone, the DNA of target cells will specify the synthesis of more receptors on the surface of the cells of the target organ. This is known as ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  A man has been told that he is not synthesizing enough follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and for this reason he may be unable to father a child. Choose the correct statement to explain this problem.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Glucocorticoids enable the body to deal appropriately with stress. They accomplish this by ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  What ion is sometimes used as a second messenger of amino acid-base hormones?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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