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Chapter 15: Blood

70 Questions
Blood Quizzes & Trivia

CHAPTER 15: BLOOD

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is an oxygen-carrying blood cell?
    • A. 

      Granulocyte

    • B. 

      Erythrocyte

    • C. 

      Thrombocyte

    • D. 

      Eosinophil

  • 2. 
    Which blood cell fits this description: granulocytic, phagocytic, and motile?
    • A. 

      Thrombocyte

    • B. 

      Eosinophil

    • C. 

      Neutrophil

    • D. 

      Lymphocyte

  • 3. 
    Monocytes and lymphocytes
    • A. 

      Contain hemoglobin

    • B. 

      Are thrombocytes

    • C. 

      Are nongranular leukocytes

    • D. 

      Are hemostatic

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is most descriptive of a reticulocyte?
    • A. 

      Thrombocyte

    • B. 

      Granulocyte

    • C. 

      Platelet

    • D. 

      Immature erythrocyte

  • 5. 
    Rapid breakdown of this cell causes jaundice
    • A. 

      Granulocyte

    • B. 

      Platelet

    • C. 

      Red blood cell

    • D. 

      Lymphocyte

  • 6. 
    Which of the following causes granulocytopenia?
    • A. 

      Myelosuppression

    • B. 

      Hemolysis

    • C. 

      Infection

    • D. 

      Petechiae

  • 7. 
    Thrombocytopenia
    • A. 

      Refers to deficiency of platelets

    • B. 

      Is caused by myelopression

    • C. 

      May be accompanied by aplastic anemia and granulocytopenia

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    An infection is most often accompanied by
    • A. 

      Thrombocytopenia

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Leukocytosis

  • 9. 
    Heme contains
    • A. 

      Albumin

    • B. 

      Plasma

    • C. 

      Iron

    • D. 

      Erythropoietin

  • 10. 
    Erythropoietin
    • A. 

      Is secreted by the kidneys

    • B. 

      Stimulates th bone marrow to produce RBCs

    • C. 

      Is released in response to hypoxemia

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is the stimulus for the release of erythropoietin?
    • A. 

      Hypoxemia

    • B. 

      Low blood volume

    • C. 

      Low plasma pH (acidosis)

    • D. 

      Infection

  • 12. 
    Which of the following best describes prothrombin and fibrinogen?
    • A. 

      Thrombolytic agents

    • B. 

      Anticoagulants

    • C. 

      Clotting factors

    • D. 

      Plasminogen activators

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is least associated with hemostasis?
    • A. 

      Coagulation

    • B. 

      Platelet plug

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Blood vessel spasm

  • 14. 
    Hemolysis causes
    • A. 

      Leukocytes

    • B. 

      Acidosis

    • C. 

      Hyperbilirubinemia

    • D. 

      A prolonged prothrombin time and bleeding

  • 15. 
    An antithrombin agent
    • A. 

      Causes jaundice

    • B. 

      Prevents blood coagulation

    • C. 

      Fights infection

    • D. 

      Stimulates the synthesis of hemoglobin

  • 16. 
    TPA (tissue plasminogen activator)
    • A. 

      Prevents blood coagulation

    • B. 

      Causes thrombocytopenia

    • C. 

      Dissolves blood clots

    • D. 

      Prevents the formation of a platelet plug

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is vitamin K-dependent?
    • A. 

      Heparin

    • B. 

      Erythropoietin

    • C. 

      Intrinsic factor

    • D. 

      Prothrombin

  • 18. 
    Intrinsic Factor
    • A. 

      Is necessary for the synthesis of prothrombin

    • B. 

      Is a clotting factor

    • C. 

      Is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B12

    • D. 

      Stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      Vitamin B12

    • B. 

      Iron

    • C. 

      Heme

    • D. 

      Prothrombin

  • 20. 
    Which of the following is most associated with a blood clot?
    • A. 

      Agglutination

    • B. 

      Hemophilia

    • C. 

      Fibrin strands

    • D. 

      Rh factor

  • 21. 
    Which anemia is associated with myelosuppression?
    • A. 

      Folic acid deficiency

    • B. 

      Hemplytic

    • C. 

      Aplastic

    • D. 

      Sickle cell

  • 22. 
    Bilirubin is a breakdown product of
    • A. 

      Leukocytes

    • B. 

      Neutrophils

    • C. 

      Red blood cells

    • D. 

      Platelets

  • 23. 
    Leukocytosis and leukopenia are
    • A. 

      Increased numbers of white blood cells

    • B. 

      Decreased number of white blood cells

    • C. 

      Abnormal numbers of white blood cells

    • D. 

      The result of myelosuppression

  • 24. 
    A decrease in the numbers of erythrocytes is called
    • A. 

      Granulocytopenia

    • B. 

      Thrombocytopenia

    • C. 

      Polycythemia

    • D. 

      Anemia

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is descriptive of a neutrophil?
    • A. 

      Platelet

    • B. 

      Phagocyte

    • C. 

      Plasma protein

    • D. 

      Oxygen carrier

  • 26. 
    What is the normal pH of blood?
    • A. 

      7.00 to 7.45

    • B. 

      7.35 to 7.45

    • C. 

      6.92 to 7.25

    • D. 

      7.45 to 7.80

  • 27. 
    This cell is the "parent cell" of the three types of blood cells produced in the bone marrow
    • A. 

      Erythrocyte

    • B. 

      Leukocyte

    • C. 

      Stem cell

    • D. 

      Megakaryocyte

  • 28. 
    What is the name of the condition that is caused by a diet that is deficient in iron?
    • A. 

      Leukopenia

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Kernicterus

  • 29. 
    This type of blood is called the universal donor
    • A. 

      O

    • B. 

      AB

    • C. 

      A

    • D. 

      B

  • 30. 
    Which of the following is caused by agglutination of the RBCs?
    • A. 

      Hemolysis

    • B. 

      Coagulation

    • C. 

      Crenation

    • D. 

      Hemostasis

  • 31. 
    Why may a person who has had a gastrectomy (removal of the stomach) develop pernicious anemia?
    • A. 

      The lack of gastric hydrochloric acid causes myelosuppression

    • B. 

      Iron absorption is impaired

    • C. 

      A major source of erythropoietin has been removed

    • D. 

      Vitamin B12 absorption is impaired because of the lack of intrinsic factor

  • 32. 
    What is the breakdown product of heme?
    • A. 

      Thrombin

    • B. 

      Plasmin

    • C. 

      Bilirubin

    • D. 

      Albumin

  • 33. 
    Which of the following is descriptive of hyperbilirubiemia and kernicterus?
    • A. 

      Flushed

    • B. 

      Yellow

    • C. 

      Blue

    • D. 

      Ecchymotic

  • 34. 
    Which of the following can a person with type O blood safely recieve?
    • A. 

      A type

    • B. 

      B type

    • C. 

      AB type

    • D. 

      O type

  • 35. 
    Which of the following is most related to biconcave disc, hemoglobin, and erythropoietin?
    • A. 

      Granulocyte

    • B. 

      Thrombocyte

    • C. 

      "poly"

    • D. 

      Red blood cell

  • 36. 
    Which of the following is related to a white blood cell?
    • A. 

      Phagocytosis

    • B. 

      Oxygen transport

    • C. 

      Hemoglobin

    • D. 

      Bilirubin

  • 37. 
    Which type of blood is called the universal recipient?
    • A. 

      O

    • B. 

      AB

    • C. 

      A

    • D. 

      B

  • 38. 
    Which of the following is characteristic of the platelet?
    • A. 

      Granulocyte

    • B. 

      Bilirubin

    • C. 

      O2 transport

    • D. 

      Stickiness

  • 39. 
    Kernicterus is most related to elevated plasma levels of this substance.
    • A. 

      Iron

    • B. 

      Bilirubin

    • C. 

      Fibrinogen

    • D. 

      Albumin

  • 40. 
    Which of the following is most descritive of the physiologic role of the "poly"?
    • A. 

      Oxygen transport

    • B. 

      Phagocytosis

    • C. 

      Bilirubin metabolism

    • D. 

      Clot dissolution

  • 41. 
    Which of the following is most likely to be deprssed in the myelosuppressed patient?
    • A. 

      Prothrombin

    • B. 

      Albumin

    • C. 

      White blood cells

    • D. 

      Myelin sheath

  • 42. 
    To which component of the red blood cell does oxygen loosely bind?
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Globin portion of the hemoglobin

    • C. 

      Iron molecule within heme

    • D. 

      Bilirubin component of the heme

  • 43. 
    Which of the following is most likely to happen with the activation of palsminogen?
    • A. 

      The blood clots, or coagulates

    • B. 

      Te blood clot dissolves

    • C. 

      Red blood cells

  • 44. 
    At the end of 120 days, the red blood cell
    • A. 

      Is removed from the circulation and broken down

    • B. 

      Becomes known as a "poly"

    • C. 

      Becomes known as a reticulocyte

    • D. 

      Is converted ro fibrin

  • 45. 
    Plasma
    • A. 

      Gives blood its red color

    • B. 

      Is the primary oxygen-carrying part of the blood

    • C. 

      Is considered intracellular fluid

    • D. 

      Is the fluid part of the blood

  • 46. 
    Which of the following conditions is most likely to cause erythroblastosis?
    • A. 

      The baby is Rh (-) and the mother is Rh (-)

    • B. 

      The baby is Rh (+) and the mother is Rh (+)

    • C. 

      The baby is Rh (+) and the mother is Rh (-)

    • D. 

      The baby is Rh (+) and the mother is type A (+)

  • 47. 
    Which of the following best characterizes the effects of hemophilia?
    • A. 

      High fever

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Bleeding

  • 48. 
    Which function is most associated with fibrinogen, prothrombin, and calcium?
    • A. 

      Blood coagulation

    • B. 

      Platelet aggregation

    • C. 

      Fibrinolysis

    • D. 

      Blood cell production

  • 49. 
    Which of the following conditions is caused by an overdose of heparin or warfarin sodium (Coumadin)?
    • A. 

      Bleeding

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Thrombosis

  • 50. 
    Which of the following is most descriptive of the cause of hemophilia?
    • A. 

      Dietary-induced

    • B. 

      Hereditary

    • C. 

      Drug-induced myelosuppression

    • D. 

      Anemia of chronic renal failure

  • 51. 
    What is another name for TPA (tissue plasminogen activator)?
    • A. 

      Anticoagulant

    • B. 

      Antiplatelet

    • C. 

      "clot buster" (thrombolytic)

    • D. 

      Antihistamine

  • 52. 
    Which of the following is necessary for prothrombin synthesis?
    • A. 

      Heparin

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Hemophilic factor

    • D. 

      Vitamin k

  • 53. 
    What does the hematocrit measure?
    • A. 

      Phagocytic activity

    • B. 

      Blood-clotting activity

    • C. 

      Percentage of red blood cells in the blood

    • D. 

      The amount of blirubin in the blood

  • 54. 
    Which of the following does the prothrombin time measure?
    • A. 

      The amount of oxygen in the blood

    • B. 

      Clotting activity of the blood

    • C. 

      Bone marrow activity

    • D. 

      The degree or intensity of jaundice

  • 55. 
    Donor blood is typed and crossmatched with the recipient's blood in order to prevent this condition
    • A. 

      Infection

    • B. 

      Myelosuppression

    • C. 

      Agglutination

    • D. 

      Petechiae formation

  • 56. 
    Both the red blood cell and white blood cell
    • A. 

      Are classified as either granulocytes or agranulocytes

    • B. 

      Contain iron that acts as a binding site for oxygen

    • C. 

      Contain hemoglobin

    • D. 

      Are produced in the bone marrow

  • 57. 
    The word icterus refers to
    • A. 

      Infection

    • B. 

      Bleeding

    • C. 

      Jaundice

    • D. 

      Fever

  • 58. 
    Which of the following is most likely to be caused by the immobility of bed rest?
    • A. 

      Venous thrombosis

    • B. 

      Hemophilia

    • C. 

      Anemia

    • D. 

      Myelosuppression

  • 59. 
    Which of the following is most common cause of myelosuppression?
    • A. 

      Drugs, especially the anticancer drugs

    • B. 

      Bed rest

    • C. 

      Dietary deficiences

    • D. 

      Hereditary abnormalities of the bone marrow

  • 60. 
    Which of the following is least descriptive of blood?
    • A. 

      The average adult male has 4 to 6 L of blood

    • B. 

      The normal pH of blood is 7.35 to 7.45

    • C. 

      Oxygenated blood is redder than unoxygenated blood

    • D. 

      Water is 3 to 5 times more viscous than blood

  • 61. 
    Petechiae formation
    • A. 

      Is characteristic of sickle cell anemia

    • B. 

      Is most often prevented by a diet that is high in vitamin k

    • C. 

      Refers to pinpoint hemorrhages under the skin

    • D. 

      Is due to a deficiency of reticulocytes

  • 62. 
    Which of the following is most similiar to fibrinolysis?
    • A. 

      Coagulation

    • B. 

      Petechiae formation

    • C. 

      Myelosuppression

    • D. 

      Thrombolytic effect

  • 63. 
    Segs, polys, and band cells are
    • A. 

      Immature red blood cells

    • B. 

      Agranulocytes

    • C. 

      Fragments of megakaryocytes

    • D. 

      Neutrophils

  • 64. 
    Neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophils are all
    • A. 

      Lymphocytes

    • B. 

      Granulocytes

    • C. 

      Phagocytic

    • D. 

      Heparin-secreting

  • 65. 
    Prothrombin, thrombin, and fibrinogen
    • A. 

      Form the platelet plug

    • B. 

      Activate facot VIII (antihemophilic factor)

    • C. 

      Are involved in coagulation

    • D. 

      Are responsible for agglutination

  • 66. 
    This anticoagulant is secreted by mast cells (basophils)
    • A. 

      Plasmin

    • B. 

      EPO

    • C. 

      Vitamin K

    • D. 

      Heparin

  • 67. 
    Erythroblastosis fetalis is primarily a problem invilving
    • A. 

      Myelosuppression

    • B. 

      Lack of intrinsic factor

    • C. 

      Inability of the kidneys to secrete erythropoietin

    • D. 

      Agglutination and hemolysis

  • 68. 
    Which group is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Steps in hemostasis: blood vessel spasm, platelet plug, coagulation

    • B. 

      Antigens: A, B, Rh factor

    • C. 

      Blood cells: fibrinogen, albumin, globulins

    • D. 

      Types of anemia: iron deficiency, pernicious, sickle cell

  • 69. 
    Which group is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Plasma proteins: albumin, fibrinogen, globulins

    • B. 

      Antigens: A, B, Rh factor

    • C. 

      Types of anemia: iron deficiency, pernicious, sickle cell

    • D. 

      White blood cells: granulocytes, agranulocytes, megakaryocytes

  • 70. 
    Which group is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Results of myelosuppression: granulocytopenia, aplastic anemia, hemophilia

    • B. 

      Antigens: A, B, Rh factor

    • C. 

      White blood cells: granulocytes, agranulocytes

    • D. 

      Plasma proteins: albumin, fibrinogen, globulins

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