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Chapter 13

28 Questions  I  By Naynik9591
Chapter 13

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1.  A ____________________ is a court decision that furnishes an example or authority for deciding subsequent cases involving identical or similar facts and legal issues.
2.  ______________ law is the body of law developed from judicial decisions in English and US courts.
3.  _______ arguments are presented to the justices of the Supreme Court by attorneys on behalf of their clients. 
4.  The Supreme Court will not issue a writ unless at least ________ of the justices agree to hear the appeal.
5.  Currently, there are ____ federal judicial districts.
6.  Criminal defendants are prosecuted by __________________ on behalf of the government.
7.  The federal trial courts are called ______________ courts.
8.  The requirement that an individual must have a sufficient stake in a controversy before he or she can bring a lawsuit is called ____________________________.
9.  Most of the Supreme Court's work is as ________________.
10.  _______________ law is the body of law enacted by legislatures.
11.  _____________________ is the order issued by the Supreme Court to a lower court requesting the lower court to send it the record of the case in question.
12.  ____________ law spells out the duties that individuals in society owe to each other or to their governments, excluding the duty not to commit crimes.
13.  _____________________ describes the belief that the courts should actively use their powers to check the activities of the legislative and executive branches to ensure that they do not exceed their authority. 
14.  The U.S. Supreme Court consists of ______ justices.
15.  ________________ is the authority of a court to hear and decide a particular case.
16.  ________________ describes the belief that the courts should defer to the decisions of the legislative and executive branches.
17.  The Supreme Court claimed the power of judicial review in __________________________ (1803).
18.  Federal judges are _____________________ by ___________________.
19.  Only the ___________ are allowed in the room when the Supreme Court cases are discussed in conference.
20.  _________ law consists of the rules of law announced in court decisions.
21.  An opinion written by a justice who agrees with the Court's decision, but for reasons different from those in the majority opinion is called a ______________________ opinion.
22.  An opinion written by a justice who disagrees with the Court's decision is called a _________________ opinion.
23.  The decisions of the federal appellate courts may be appealed to the ______________________.
24.  The ________________________ review the transcripts of the trial courts' proceedings and determine whether the trial courts erred in applying the law to the facts and issues involved in a case.
25.  _____________________ law consists of the rules, orders, and decisions of administrative agencies. 
26.  There are _____ U.S. courts of appeals in the United States.
27.  A nominee for the Supreme COurt must be confirmed by a ____________ vote of the ____________________.
28.  The doctrine under which judges normally are obligated to follow the precedents established by prior court decisions is called ________________.
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