Chapter 13

28 Questions  I  By Naynik9591
Chapter 13

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1.  A ____________________ is a court decision that furnishes an example or authority for deciding subsequent cases involving identical or similar facts and legal issues.
2.  Criminal defendants are prosecuted by __________________ on behalf of the government.
3.  ____________ law spells out the duties that individuals in society owe to each other or to their governments, excluding the duty not to commit crimes.
4.  _______ arguments are presented to the justices of the Supreme Court by attorneys on behalf of their clients. 
5.  ______________ law is the body of law developed from judicial decisions in English and US courts.
6.  Federal judges are _____________________ by ___________________.
7.  Currently, there are ____ federal judicial districts.
8.  There are _____ U.S. courts of appeals in the United States.
9.  _____________________ law consists of the rules, orders, and decisions of administrative agencies. 
10.  The Supreme Court will not issue a writ unless at least ________ of the justices agree to hear the appeal.
11.  Most of the Supreme Court's work is as ________________.
12.  The U.S. Supreme Court consists of ______ justices.
13.  The federal trial courts are called ______________ courts.
14.  _________ law consists of the rules of law announced in court decisions.
15.  An opinion written by a justice who disagrees with the Court's decision is called a _________________ opinion.
16.  Only the ___________ are allowed in the room when the Supreme Court cases are discussed in conference.
17.  _____________________ is the order issued by the Supreme Court to a lower court requesting the lower court to send it the record of the case in question.
18.  The Supreme Court claimed the power of judicial review in __________________________ (1803).
19.  A nominee for the Supreme COurt must be confirmed by a ____________ vote of the ____________________.
20.  _______________ law is the body of law enacted by legislatures.
21.  _____________________ describes the belief that the courts should actively use their powers to check the activities of the legislative and executive branches to ensure that they do not exceed their authority. 
22.  The ________________________ review the transcripts of the trial courts' proceedings and determine whether the trial courts erred in applying the law to the facts and issues involved in a case.
23.  The decisions of the federal appellate courts may be appealed to the ______________________.
24.  The doctrine under which judges normally are obligated to follow the precedents established by prior court decisions is called ________________.
25.  The requirement that an individual must have a sufficient stake in a controversy before he or she can bring a lawsuit is called ____________________________.
26.  An opinion written by a justice who agrees with the Court's decision, but for reasons different from those in the majority opinion is called a ______________________ opinion.
27.  ________________ is the authority of a court to hear and decide a particular case.
28.  ________________ describes the belief that the courts should defer to the decisions of the legislative and executive branches.
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