Chapter 13

28 Questions  I  By Naynik9591
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1.  ________________ is the authority of a court to hear and decide a particular case.
2.  Criminal defendants are prosecuted by __________________ on behalf of the government.
3.  ____________ law spells out the duties that individuals in society owe to each other or to their governments, excluding the duty not to commit crimes.
4.  The doctrine under which judges normally are obligated to follow the precedents established by prior court decisions is called ________________.
5.  Federal judges are _____________________ by ___________________.
6.  An opinion written by a justice who disagrees with the Court's decision is called a _________________ opinion.
7.  A nominee for the Supreme COurt must be confirmed by a ____________ vote of the ____________________.
8.  There are _____ U.S. courts of appeals in the United States.
9.  The Supreme Court will not issue a writ unless at least ________ of the justices agree to hear the appeal.
10.  Most of the Supreme Court's work is as ________________.
11.  _____________________ law consists of the rules, orders, and decisions of administrative agencies. 
12.  _____________________ describes the belief that the courts should actively use their powers to check the activities of the legislative and executive branches to ensure that they do not exceed their authority. 
13.  The Supreme Court claimed the power of judicial review in __________________________ (1803).
14.  _____________________ is the order issued by the Supreme Court to a lower court requesting the lower court to send it the record of the case in question.
15.  The ________________________ review the transcripts of the trial courts' proceedings and determine whether the trial courts erred in applying the law to the facts and issues involved in a case.
16.  A ____________________ is a court decision that furnishes an example or authority for deciding subsequent cases involving identical or similar facts and legal issues.
17.  ________________ describes the belief that the courts should defer to the decisions of the legislative and executive branches.
18.  The decisions of the federal appellate courts may be appealed to the ______________________.
19.  _______ arguments are presented to the justices of the Supreme Court by attorneys on behalf of their clients. 
20.  _________ law consists of the rules of law announced in court decisions.
21.  The federal trial courts are called ______________ courts.
22.  An opinion written by a justice who agrees with the Court's decision, but for reasons different from those in the majority opinion is called a ______________________ opinion.
23.  _______________ law is the body of law enacted by legislatures.
24.  The U.S. Supreme Court consists of ______ justices.
25.  Currently, there are ____ federal judicial districts.
26.  The requirement that an individual must have a sufficient stake in a controversy before he or she can bring a lawsuit is called ____________________________.
27.  ______________ law is the body of law developed from judicial decisions in English and US courts.
28.  Only the ___________ are allowed in the room when the Supreme Court cases are discussed in conference.
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