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Chapter 13

28 Questions  I  By Naynik9591
Chapter 13

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1.  ____________ law spells out the duties that individuals in society owe to each other or to their governments, excluding the duty not to commit crimes.
2.  The doctrine under which judges normally are obligated to follow the precedents established by prior court decisions is called ________________.
3.  The decisions of the federal appellate courts may be appealed to the ______________________.
4.  Currently, there are ____ federal judicial districts.
5.  A nominee for the Supreme COurt must be confirmed by a ____________ vote of the ____________________.
6.  _________ law consists of the rules of law announced in court decisions.
7.  The federal trial courts are called ______________ courts.
8.  Federal judges are _____________________ by ___________________.
9.  The requirement that an individual must have a sufficient stake in a controversy before he or she can bring a lawsuit is called ____________________________.
10.  The U.S. Supreme Court consists of ______ justices.
11.  ______________ law is the body of law developed from judicial decisions in English and US courts.
12.  There are _____ U.S. courts of appeals in the United States.
13.  _____________________ is the order issued by the Supreme Court to a lower court requesting the lower court to send it the record of the case in question.
14.  An opinion written by a justice who agrees with the Court's decision, but for reasons different from those in the majority opinion is called a ______________________ opinion.
15.  Most of the Supreme Court's work is as ________________.
16.  Criminal defendants are prosecuted by __________________ on behalf of the government.
17.  The Supreme Court will not issue a writ unless at least ________ of the justices agree to hear the appeal.
18.  An opinion written by a justice who disagrees with the Court's decision is called a _________________ opinion.
19.  ________________ is the authority of a court to hear and decide a particular case.
20.  _____________________ law consists of the rules, orders, and decisions of administrative agencies. 
21.  ________________ describes the belief that the courts should defer to the decisions of the legislative and executive branches.
22.  A ____________________ is a court decision that furnishes an example or authority for deciding subsequent cases involving identical or similar facts and legal issues.
23.  The Supreme Court claimed the power of judicial review in __________________________ (1803).
24.  Only the ___________ are allowed in the room when the Supreme Court cases are discussed in conference.
25.  _____________________ describes the belief that the courts should actively use their powers to check the activities of the legislative and executive branches to ensure that they do not exceed their authority. 
26.  _______________ law is the body of law enacted by legislatures.
27.  The ________________________ review the transcripts of the trial courts' proceedings and determine whether the trial courts erred in applying the law to the facts and issues involved in a case.
28.  _______ arguments are presented to the justices of the Supreme Court by attorneys on behalf of their clients. 
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