Chapter 12

60 Questions  I  By Jp629
Chapter 12
Personality

  
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1.  The humanistic perspective's emphasis on man's potential for personal growth is most similar to which other personality theorist's belief concerning man's primary motivation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following is a personality theorist from the behavioral perspective?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The component of personality that operates according to the reality principle is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  According to Freud, a basic defense mechanism that protects a person from anxiety by keeping distressing thoughts and feelings out of the conscious mind is
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Jung termed emotionally charged images and thought forms that have universal meaning in a wide variety of cultures
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The superego is Freud's term for
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A child's sexuality is largely suppressed during the
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The crucial development task associated with the anal stage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Under stress, a college student cries and throws things. The behavior of the student is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Freud believed that smoking, overeating, and habitual gum chewing could result from fixation in the _______ stage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The correct order of Freud's psychosexual stages of development is
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Freud believed that during the phallic stage, children develop erotically tinged desires for
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  A strength of the behavioral perspectives theories of personality is that the theories
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Hopefully, right now the words in this exam question are in your _________ awareness.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The major theoretical disagreement Jung and Alder had with Freud concerned Freud's emphasis on
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The self or self-concept is the central focus of
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  While cleaning up after her party last night, Angela forgot to put the leftover crab dip in the refrigerator. When she discovered the now spoiled dip in the morning, Angela said she didn't mind having to throw it out because it wasn't that good anyway. Most likely Angela is using
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Mark has been unsuccessful in using compensation to help him master life's challenges; according to Alder's theory Mark may exhibit
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Behavioral personality theories focus on
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Mischel would explain an individual's behavior by focusing on
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  According to Rogers, parents who give their children affection both when the children meet, and also when they fail to meet expectations, provides their children with
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The personality theorist who believed man's primary motivation is striving for superiority was
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Four-year old Sam has erotically tinged desires for his mother and also feels hostility to his father. Freud would conclude that Sam is experiencing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The belief a person has about his ability to perform behaviors that should lead to expected outcomes is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Freud believed that conflicts involving which two areas are especially important and often have far-reaching consequences?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  According to Freud, unresolved unconscious conflicts often produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  According to Rogers, experiences that threaten a person's self-concept often result in the person experiencing
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Research in behavioral genetics has shown the family environment shared by children growing up together has _______ impact on personality.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Since John is very friendly and outgoing, consistent with
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The idea that internal mental events, external environmental events, and overt behaviors all influence one another is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  The id can be best described as having which of the following statements as its motto?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  When people attempt to bolster their self-esteem by forming an imaginary or real alliance with some person or group, they are using
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  One of the chief goals of terror management theory is to explain why people
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  According to Feud, which of the following is entirely unconscious?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  According to Freud's theory, either excessive gratification or excessive frustration of needs may result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Observational learning and self-efficacy are associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  During the genital stage sexual energy is primarily
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Which psychologist defines personality as a collection of response tendencies that are tied to various stimulus situations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Which of the following personality theorists, perspective pairings is not correct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The personal unconscious and collective unconscious are associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Individuals who tend to be preoccupied with the internal world of their own thoughts, feelings and experiences are described as
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  One criticism of the biological perspective of personality is that the perspective
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  The thoughts, memories, and desires you have that you do not realize you have are in your__________ awareness.
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality focuses on all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  When people give a false, but plausible excuse to justify their unacceptable behavior, they are just using
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  By attributing our own unacceptable feelings to others and saying others have the feelings and not us, we are using
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  According to Freud's theory, the developmental periods that leave their mark on adult personality are
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  One criticism of humanistic theories of personality is that the theories
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Eysenck's theory of personality is based on all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Skinner would explain why one student responds positively to receiving a B on a test while another student responds negatively to a B by noting that
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Behavioral genetics, the evolutionary approach, and Eysenck's theory all approach the study of personality from the
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  One primary criticism of behavioral theories of personality is that the theories
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Terror management theory asserts that much of our behavior is motivated by our needs
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The majority view among psychologists today is that most aspects of personality are derived from _________ basic traits.
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following personality theorists did not emphasize the influence of childhood experiences on adult personality?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  According to Jung, the _______ is a storehouse of latent memory traces inherited from people's ancestral past.
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Humanistic personality theories focus on
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  A strength of humanistic theories of personality is that the theories
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  According to Rogers, the degree of disparity between one's self-concept and one's actual experience is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  The major criticism humanistic theorists have concerning both psychodynamic and behavioral theories of personality is that those theories
A.
B.
C.
D.
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