Chapter 12

60 Questions  I  By Jp629
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Personality

  
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1.  Which of the following personality theorists, perspective pairings is not correct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  According to Freud's theory, either excessive gratification or excessive frustration of needs may result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Four-year old Sam has erotically tinged desires for his mother and also feels hostility to his father. Freud would conclude that Sam is experiencing the
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  A child's sexuality is largely suppressed during the
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  According to Freud's theory, the developmental periods that leave their mark on adult personality are
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Freud believed that conflicts involving which two areas are especially important and often have far-reaching consequences?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Humanistic personality theories focus on
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The self or self-concept is the central focus of
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  One of the chief goals of terror management theory is to explain why people
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  When people attempt to bolster their self-esteem by forming an imaginary or real alliance with some person or group, they are using
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The belief a person has about his ability to perform behaviors that should lead to expected outcomes is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  During the genital stage sexual energy is primarily
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Skinner would explain why one student responds positively to receiving a B on a test while another student responds negatively to a B by noting that
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Hopefully, right now the words in this exam question are in your _________ awareness.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The majority view among psychologists today is that most aspects of personality are derived from _________ basic traits.
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Mischel would explain an individual's behavior by focusing on
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The superego is Freud's term for
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The component of personality that operates according to the reality principle is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  According to Freud, unresolved unconscious conflicts often produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The thoughts, memories, and desires you have that you do not realize you have are in your__________ awareness.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  According to Freud, a basic defense mechanism that protects a person from anxiety by keeping distressing thoughts and feelings out of the conscious mind is
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Which of the following personality theorists did not emphasize the influence of childhood experiences on adult personality?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  A strength of humanistic theories of personality is that the theories
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  When people give a false, but plausible excuse to justify their unacceptable behavior, they are just using
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  One criticism of humanistic theories of personality is that the theories
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Freud believed that during the phallic stage, children develop erotically tinged desires for
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Which psychologist defines personality as a collection of response tendencies that are tied to various stimulus situations?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The major criticism humanistic theorists have concerning both psychodynamic and behavioral theories of personality is that those theories
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality focuses on all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  According to Rogers, experiences that threaten a person's self-concept often result in the person experiencing
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Research in behavioral genetics has shown the family environment shared by children growing up together has _______ impact on personality.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Terror management theory asserts that much of our behavior is motivated by our needs
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Eysenck's theory of personality is based on all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The personal unconscious and collective unconscious are associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Observational learning and self-efficacy are associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The major theoretical disagreement Jung and Alder had with Freud concerned Freud's emphasis on
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The idea that internal mental events, external environmental events, and overt behaviors all influence one another is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The humanistic perspective's emphasis on man's potential for personal growth is most similar to which other personality theorist's belief concerning man's primary motivation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  According to Rogers, parents who give their children affection both when the children meet, and also when they fail to meet expectations, provides their children with
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Which of the following is a personality theorist from the behavioral perspective?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Behavioral genetics, the evolutionary approach, and Eysenck's theory all approach the study of personality from the
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The id can be best described as having which of the following statements as its motto?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Mark has been unsuccessful in using compensation to help him master life's challenges; according to Alder's theory Mark may exhibit
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Freud believed that smoking, overeating, and habitual gum chewing could result from fixation in the _______ stage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Under stress, a college student cries and throws things. The behavior of the student is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  While cleaning up after her party last night, Angela forgot to put the leftover crab dip in the refrigerator. When she discovered the now spoiled dip in the morning, Angela said she didn't mind having to throw it out because it wasn't that good anyway. Most likely Angela is using
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  One criticism of the biological perspective of personality is that the perspective
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  A strength of the behavioral perspectives theories of personality is that the theories
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  According to Jung, the _______ is a storehouse of latent memory traces inherited from people's ancestral past.
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Behavioral personality theories focus on
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  The personality theorist who believed man's primary motivation is striving for superiority was
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The crucial development task associated with the anal stage is
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Jung termed emotionally charged images and thought forms that have universal meaning in a wide variety of cultures
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  By attributing our own unacceptable feelings to others and saying others have the feelings and not us, we are using
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Individuals who tend to be preoccupied with the internal world of their own thoughts, feelings and experiences are described as
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Since John is very friendly and outgoing, consistent with
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  One primary criticism of behavioral theories of personality is that the theories
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The correct order of Freud's psychosexual stages of development is
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  According to Rogers, the degree of disparity between one's self-concept and one's actual experience is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  According to Feud, which of the following is entirely unconscious?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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