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Chapter 1 Prequiz

12 Questions
Chapter 1 Prequiz

Introduction, brief history of crime in America, system and functions. The process, due process, individual rights. Multiculturalism and diversity in criminal justice.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What decision is not made at a suspect's arraignment?
    • A. 

      The suspect is required to enter a plea.

    • B. 

      The suspect is informed of his or her rights.

    • C. 

      The suspect is informed of the charges against him or her.

    • D. 

      The judge sentences the convicted offender.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following models assumes a systems model of criminal justice?
    • A. 

      Individuals rights model

    • B. 

      Due process model

    • C. 

      Consensus model

    • D. 

      Conflict model

  • 3. 
    Who would suggest that, under certain circumstances involving criminal threats to public safety, the interests of society should take precedence over individual rights?
    • A. 

      Individual rights advocate

    • B. 

      Crime control advocate

    • C. 

      Justice ideal advocate

    • D. 

      Public-order advocate

  • 4. 
    Who would support the full protection of personal freedoms and civil rights within the criminal justice process?
    • A. 

      Crime control advocate

    • B. 

      Public order advocate

    • C. 

      Justice ideal advocate

    • D. 

      Individual rights advocate

  • 5. 
    In the criminal justice process, a(n) _______________ has to occur before a(n) _______________.
    • A. 

      Arraignment; preliminary hearing

    • B. 

      Arrest; first appearance

    • C. 

      Sentencing; trial

    • D. 

      Trial; first appearance

  • 6. 
    Upon being convicted of robbery and burglary, Marilyn Strafford is sentenced to seven years for the robbery, as well as to five years for the burglary, the latter of which will be served in sequence with the robbery sentence. What is this an example of?
    • A. 

      Consecutive sentence

    • B. 

      Unfair sentence

    • C. 

      Discriminatory sentence

    • D. 

      Concurrent sentence

  • 7. 
    Who is credited with creating the crime control model of criminal justice?
    • A. 

      Earl Warren

    • B. 

      Herbert Packer

    • C. 

      Jerome Skolnick

    • D. 

      August Vollmer

  • 8. 
    A _______________ is a body of persons sworn to hear the evidence against accused persons and to determine whether, among other things, there is sufficient evidence to bring those persons to trial.
    • A. 

      Public forum

    • B. 

      Jury

    • C. 

      Grand jury

    • D. 

      Preliminary hearing

  • 9. 
    Which of the following refers to the conflict model of criminal justice?
    • A. 

      Assumes that the efforts of the component parts of the system are fragmented, leading to a criminal justice nonsystem

    • B. 

      Assumes that the movement of cases and people through the system is smooth due to cooperation among components of the system

    • C. 

      Assumes that all parts of the system work together toward a common goal

    • D. 

      Assumes that a national criminal justice system is preferred

  • 10. 
    The constitutional requirement of fairness and equity, guaranteed by the Fifth, Sixth, and Fourteenth Amendments, is referred to as which of the following?
    • A. 

      Social justice

    • B. 

      Crime control

    • C. 

      Criminology

    • D. 

      Due process

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction, for which there is no legally acceptable justification or excuse?
    • A. 

      Crime

    • B. 

      Individual rights

    • C. 

      USA Patriot Act

    • D. 

      Civil justice

  • 12. 
    Which of the following describes the rights guaranteed to all members of American society by the U.S. Constitution?
    • A. 

      USA Patriot Act

    • B. 

      Crime

    • C. 

      Individual rights

    • D. 

      Justice

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