Cell Structure And Function Review

40 Questions  I  By Nataliedeininger
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Cell Quizzes & Trivia
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  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not made of cells?
    • A. 

      Mushroom

    • B. 

      Sand

    • C. 

      Dog

    • D. 

      Leaf


  • 2. 
    The first scientist to see animalcules, or tiny living things that moved, was...
    • A. 

      Robert Hooke

    • B. 

      Rudolf Virchow

    • C. 

      Matthias Schleiden

    • D. 

      Anton van Leeuwenhoek


  • 3. 
    Which of the following is unicellular?
    • A. 

      Dog

    • B. 

      Butterfly

    • C. 

      Bacterium

    • D. 

      Oak tree


  • 4. 
    A structure that is found in plant cells but not in animal cells is a...
    • A. 

      Cell wall

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Cell membrane

    • D. 

      Nuclear envelope


  • 5. 
    Which structure directs all of a cell's activities?
    • A. 

      Vacuole

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Cytoskeleton


  • 6. 
    Which organelles convert energy in food molecules into energy the cell can use?
    • A. 

      Ribosomes

    • B. 

      Vacuoles

    • C. 

      Mitochondria

    • D. 

      Golgi bodies


  • 7. 
    The region between the cell membrane and the nucleus is called the...
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Cell wall

    • C. 

      Chlorophyll

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm


  • 8. 
    DNA and RNA are examples of...
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      Nucleic acids

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates


  • 9. 
    Plant cells store energy in starch, which is a type of...
    • A. 

      Lipid

    • B. 

      Nucleic acid

    • C. 

      Protein

    • D. 

      Carbohydrate


  • 10. 
    The movement of molecules from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration is called...
    • A. 

      Forced transport

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Engulfing

    • D. 

      Active transport


  • 11. 
    _______________ are the basic unit of structure and function in living things.

  • 12. 
    Chloroplasts are found only in the cells of ______________ and some other organisms.

  • 13. 
    ______________ are made up of amino acids.

  • 14. 
    The diffusion of water molecules through a selectively permeable membrane is called ________________.

  • 15. 
    ________________ transport requires cellular energy.

  • 16. 
    Robert Hooke was the first scientist to use the term cell.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 17. 
    A cell's structure reflects its function.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 18. 
    In cells, water is stored in organelles referred to as lysosomes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    Compounds cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    Inorganic compounds always contain carbon.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    Cells are the basic _____________ in living things.

  • 22. 
    The invention of the __________ made it possible for people to discover cells.

  • 23. 
    In 1663, English scientist ____________ used his microscope to study thin slices of cork.

  • 24. 
    Anton van Leeuwenhoek called the moving organisms he saw ____________, meaning "little animals."

  • 25. 
    The _____________ is an explanation of the relationship between cells and living things.

  • 26. 
    The cell membrane helps support and protect the cell.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 27. 
    Most of the cell's energy is produced in the mitochondria.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 28. 
    Golgi bodies function to produce proteins.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 29. 
    Chloroplasts are used for storage within the cell.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 30. 
    The variety of structure in cells reflects the differences in cell function.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 31. 
    Most chemical reactions within cells could not take place without ___________.

  • 32. 
    In addition to providing energy for the cell, carbohydrates are important components of __________.

  • 33. 
    Lipids make up most of the _____________.

  • 34. 
    Proteins are made up of smaller molecules called ___________.

  • 35. 
    Two types of ___________ are DNA and RNA.

  • 36. 
    Osmosis is the main method by which small molecules move across the cell membrane.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 37. 
    Water moves into a cell by passive transport.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 38. 
    Water moving out of a cell causes the cell to shrink.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 39. 
    The movement of dissolved materials through the cell membrane without using cellular energy is called active transport.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 40. 
    Osmosis is a form of diffusion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


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