Cell Structure And Function Review

40 Questions  I  By Nataliedeininger
This will help you to focus your studying tonight.  If you get the question correct - great, move on!  If you get the question wrong, write it down on the graphic organizer so that you can study it more later.  Or, write them all down to study from later.  Good luck!

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  Chloroplasts are used for storage within the cell.
A.
B.
2.  Which structure directs all of a cell's activities?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The movement of molecules from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration is called...
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Most chemical reactions within cells could not take place without ___________.
5.  Anton van Leeuwenhoek called the moving organisms he saw ____________, meaning "little animals."
6.  The cell membrane helps support and protect the cell.
A.
B.
7.  The region between the cell membrane and the nucleus is called the...
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  In addition to providing energy for the cell, carbohydrates are important components of __________.
9.  Most of the cell's energy is produced in the mitochondria.
A.
B.
10.  Osmosis is a form of diffusion.
A.
B.
11.  Two types of ___________ are DNA and RNA.
12.  The first scientist to see animalcules, or tiny living things that moved, was...
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The movement of dissolved materials through the cell membrane without using cellular energy is called active transport.
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B.
14.  DNA and RNA are examples of...
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B.
C.
D.
15.  Compounds cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
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B.
16.  A structure that is found in plant cells but not in animal cells is a...
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B.
C.
D.
17.  In cells, water is stored in organelles referred to as lysosomes.
A.
B.
18.  Water moves into a cell by passive transport.
A.
B.
19.  Plant cells store energy in starch, which is a type of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  ________________ transport requires cellular energy.
21.  The _____________ is an explanation of the relationship between cells and living things.
22.  Water moving out of a cell causes the cell to shrink.
A.
B.
23.  The diffusion of water molecules through a selectively permeable membrane is called ________________.
24.  A cell's structure reflects its function.
A.
B.
25.  Which of the following is not made of cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which of the following is unicellular?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Lipids make up most of the _____________.
28.  Chloroplasts are found only in the cells of ______________ and some other organisms.
29.  Golgi bodies function to produce proteins.
A.
B.
30.  In 1663, English scientist ____________ used his microscope to study thin slices of cork.
31.  ______________ are made up of amino acids.
32.  Robert Hooke was the first scientist to use the term cell.
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B.
33.  Inorganic compounds always contain carbon.
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B.
34.  The variety of structure in cells reflects the differences in cell function.
A.
B.
35.  Which organelles convert energy in food molecules into energy the cell can use?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Cells are the basic _____________ in living things.
37.  Osmosis is the main method by which small molecules move across the cell membrane.
A.
B.
38.  The invention of the __________ made it possible for people to discover cells.
39.  Proteins are made up of smaller molecules called ___________.
40.  _______________ are the basic unit of structure and function in living things.
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