Cell Structure And Function Review

40 Questions  I  By Nataliedeininger
This will help you to focus your studying tonight.  if you get the question correct - great, move on!  if you get the question wrong, wrITe IT down on the graphic organizer so that you can study IT more later.  or, wrITe them all down to study from later.  good luck!

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  Chloroplasts are used for storage within the cell.
A.
B.
2.  Osmosis is a form of diffusion.
A.
B.
3.  Compounds cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
A.
B.
4.  The movement of dissolved materials through the cell membrane without using cellular energy is called active transport.
A.
B.
5.  Which organelles convert energy in food molecules into energy the cell can use?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Lipids make up most of the _____________.
7.  Cells are the basic _____________ in living things.
8.  Osmosis is the main method by which small molecules move across the cell membrane.
A.
B.
9.  In addition to providing energy for the cell, carbohydrates are important components of __________.
10.  Most of the cell's energy is produced in the mitochondria.
A.
B.
11.  Water moves into a cell by passive transport.
A.
B.
12.  Which structure directs all of a cell's activities?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  In 1663, English scientist ____________ used his microscope to study thin slices of cork.
14.  A cell's structure reflects its function.
A.
B.
15.  The invention of the __________ made it possible for people to discover cells.
16.  The first scientist to see animalcules, or tiny living things that moved, was...
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The diffusion of water molecules through a selectively permeable membrane is called ________________.
18.  A structure that is found in plant cells but not in animal cells is a...
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B.
C.
D.
19.  DNA and RNA are examples of...
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B.
C.
D.
20.  Anton van Leeuwenhoek called the moving organisms he saw ____________, meaning "little animals."
21.  The region between the cell membrane and the nucleus is called the...
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B.
C.
D.
22.  ________________ transport requires cellular energy.
23.  Robert Hooke was the first scientist to use the term cell.
A.
B.
24.  Most chemical reactions within cells could not take place without ___________.
25.  The _____________ is an explanation of the relationship between cells and living things.
26.  Chloroplasts are found only in the cells of ______________ and some other organisms.
27.  The variety of structure in cells reflects the differences in cell function.
A.
B.
28.  Which of the following is unicellular?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Golgi bodies function to produce proteins.
A.
B.
30.  Which of the following is not made of cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Water moving out of a cell causes the cell to shrink.
A.
B.
32.  In cells, water is stored in organelles referred to as lysosomes.
A.
B.
33.  Proteins are made up of smaller molecules called ___________.
34.  The cell membrane helps support and protect the cell.
A.
B.
35.  Inorganic compounds always contain carbon.
A.
B.
36.  _______________ are the basic unit of structure and function in living things.
37.  Plant cells store energy in starch, which is a type of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The movement of molecules from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration is called...
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  ______________ are made up of amino acids.
40.  Two types of ___________ are DNA and RNA.
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