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Cell Structure And Function Review

40 Questions  I  By Nataliedeininger
Cell Structure and Function Review
This will help you to focus your studying tonight.  If you get the question correct - great, move on!  If you get the question wrong, write it down on the graphic organizer so that you can study it more later.  Or, write them all down to study from later.  Good luck!

  
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Question Excerpt

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1.  Most of the cell's energy is produced in the mitochondria.
A.
B.
2.  Osmosis is the main method by which small molecules move across the cell membrane.
A.
B.
3.  ______________ are made up of amino acids.
4.  Compounds cannot be broken down into simpler substances.
A.
B.
5.  Most chemical reactions within cells could not take place without ___________.
6.  Water moves into a cell by passive transport.
A.
B.
7.  The _____________ is an explanation of the relationship between cells and living things.
8.  Which of the following is unicellular?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Robert Hooke was the first scientist to use the term cell.
A.
B.
10.  Proteins are made up of smaller molecules called ___________.
11.  In 1663, English scientist ____________ used his microscope to study thin slices of cork.
12.  The movement of molecules from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration is called...
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Osmosis is a form of diffusion.
A.
B.
14.  The movement of dissolved materials through the cell membrane without using cellular energy is called active transport.
A.
B.
15.  In cells, water is stored in organelles referred to as lysosomes.
A.
B.
16.  The cell membrane helps support and protect the cell.
A.
B.
17.  The first scientist to see animalcules, or tiny living things that moved, was...
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Golgi bodies function to produce proteins.
A.
B.
19.  Water moving out of a cell causes the cell to shrink.
A.
B.
20.  Which structure directs all of a cell's activities?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Chloroplasts are used for storage within the cell.
A.
B.
22.  Which organelles convert energy in food molecules into energy the cell can use?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The diffusion of water molecules through a selectively permeable membrane is called ________________.
24.  Lipids make up most of the _____________.
25.  Which of the following is not made of cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The invention of the __________ made it possible for people to discover cells.
27.  Inorganic compounds always contain carbon.
A.
B.
28.  Cells are the basic _____________ in living things.
29.  ________________ transport requires cellular energy.
30.  Two types of ___________ are DNA and RNA.
31.  A structure that is found in plant cells but not in animal cells is a...
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Plant cells store energy in starch, which is a type of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  A cell's structure reflects its function.
A.
B.
34.  Anton van Leeuwenhoek called the moving organisms he saw ____________, meaning "little animals."
35.  The region between the cell membrane and the nucleus is called the...
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  DNA and RNA are examples of...
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  The variety of structure in cells reflects the differences in cell function.
A.
B.
38.  In addition to providing energy for the cell, carbohydrates are important components of __________.
39.  _______________ are the basic unit of structure and function in living things.
40.  Chloroplasts are found only in the cells of ______________ and some other organisms.
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