Cell Physiology Chapter 3 Test

35 Questions  I  By Kaylacob
Chapter 3. Midterm review. Anatomy.

  
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1.  There are two types of transport through cells: one requires energy and the other does not
A.
B.
2.  Hypotonic solutions are so named because their solute content is lower than the solution they are being compared to.
A.
B.
3.  Active transport requires the expenditure of energy by a cell.
A.
B.
4.  Diffusion is important in the study of physiology because it is how most substances enter and exit cells.
A.
B.
5.  The distal end of a bone would be the farthest end from a reference point.
A.
B.
6.  A solution that is more dilute than the inside of a cell would cause that cell to shrink in size.
A.
B.
7.  The dorsal fin of a shark would be visible from the surface of the water.
A.
B.
8.  If a substance is more concentrated inside a cell than it is outside, the only way to get more of it into the cell is by active transport.
A.
B.
9.  A cell that suddenly stopped producing energy could still carry out diffusion.
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B.
10.  Animal cells have membranes which allow the passage of selective substances.
A.
B.
11.  The collarbone is superior to the pelvic bone.
A.
B.
12.  Small molecules, like oxygen, are able to cross the cell membrane without the expediture of energy.
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B.
13.  The regulation of blood pressure is a good example of homeostasis.
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B.
14.  Diffusion is a process where a substance moves from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration.
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B.
15.  Animal cell membrane permeability determines what is able to enter and exit a cell
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B.
16.  Oxygen and carbon dioxide can cross the membrane through diffusion.
A.
B.
17.  The process of osmosis requires that the cell expend energy
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B.
18.  When a cube of sugar is placed in water it spreads by the process of active transport
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B.
19.  Selectively permeable membranes allow only certain substances to pass through them.
A.
B.
20.  The sodium/potassium pump moves sodium and potassium against the concentration gradient.
A.
B.
21.  Oxygen and glucose are substances that diffuse into a cell
A.
B.
22.  Hypertonic refers to a solution with a higher concentration of solutes than another solution
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B.
23.  The term medial describes the midline of an object.
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B.
24.  The shoulder blade of a dog would be posterior to the hind legs.
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B.
25.  You put half a maraschino cherry on each dish of pudding you plan to serve for dessert. One half hour later you notice the red color has spread through the pudding in the area surrounding the cherry. This is an example of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Substances outside the membrane are called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The movement of molecules in response to a concentration gradient:
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B.
C.
D.
28.  Osmosis:
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  If salt solution A is 3 times as concentrated as salt solution B this means:
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B.
C.
D.
30.  A red blood cell placed in distilled water would:
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B.
C.
D.
31.  Solutions injected into the circulatory system must be _____________ in order to prevent damage to cells
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B.
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D.
E.
32.  Active transport:
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B.
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D.
33.  Carbon dioxide and ___________ are waste products of cellular respiration.
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B.
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D.
E.
34.  Anterior refers to a body part that is toward the:
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B.
C.
D.
35.  Your belly button is located on the ______ side of your body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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