Cell Biology Revision

134 Questions  I  By [email protected]
Please take the quiz to rate it.

Cell Quizzes & Trivia

Changes are done, please start the quiz.

Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  The phosphorylation of ____ causes ___ rotation of the flagella
2.  Muscle fibres are made up of ____
3.  Name the 3 glycoproteins present in the basal lamina
4.  In plant cell walls, ____ substances bond with cations to form rigid gels
5.  One of the things plastid genomes code for is the large subunit of carbon-fixing enzyme ____
6.  Name three types of immortal cell line
7.  The basal lamina is an extracellular matrix excreted by ____ cells
8.  Name the 2 accessory proteins which form links between microtubules in the axoneme (alphabetically)
9.  _____ form mechanically strong connection between epithelial cells
10.  In density gradient centrifugation, a shallow sucrose gradient is
11.  Lysosomes have a pH of ___
12.  The polar head of phospholipids consists of 
13.  Gel filtration chromatography uses ___
14.  The core of cilia/flagella is called the ____
15.  In plant cell walls, crytalline cellulose microfilaments are composed of ___
16.  Name the actin filament inhibitor which prevents depolymerisation
17.  An example of a peroxisomal disorder:
18.  Name a type of cell with a lot of RER
19.  Intermediate filaments have a ___ terminal head and a ____ terminal tail
20.  Name a type of cell with a lot of SER
21.  What do amyloplasts store?
22.  ____ (phosphotase enzyme) rapidly dephosphorylates ___ and the flagella rotate ____
23.  ____ signals bind to receptors on neighbouring cells
24.  In the bacterial sensing of repellents mechanism, binding of the repellent to a receptor causes the autophosphorylation of ___ via the adaptor protein ____
25.  Flagella are found in:
26.  Thick filaments are composed of ____
27.  Tropomodulin caps which end of the filament? positive/negative
28.  Name a photosynthetic algae whose plastids have triple/more envelopes
29.  Cartilage is mainly composed of ___ and ____ which are produced by _____
30.  Plant pigments are generally separated by paper chromatography using a suitable lipid solvent e.g. chloroform
31.  Signal sequences bind to the ____ _____ _____ which then binds to a receptor on the ER
32.  Name the actin filament inhibitor which prevents polymerisation
33.  Scleiden and Swann proposed the ___
34.  Myofibrils are made up of chains of ____
35.  In confocal microscopy, Z sections are computed into _____ and 3D images
36.  Clathrin forms ____ shape from intertwined chains
37.  Plasmodesmata and gap junctions are approximately ___nm wide
38.  The enzyme ____ ____ removes the signal sequence
39.  _____ secrete calcium and phosphate ions for bone formation
40.  Mitochondrial genomes code for enzymes for __ ___ and ___ ____
41.  After contraction of the sarcomere, ___ binds myosin and it releases actin.
42.  The Z disc is made up of ___ and ___
43.  Once phosphorylated, ____ transfers its phosphate to ___
44.  The Golgi apparatus is made up of stacks of ____
45.  Electron microscope resolution is ___nm
46.  ______ is polarised endocytosis plus exocytosis
47.  SER is involved in ___ and also stores calcium
48.  Ganglioside GM1 acts as a receptor for the bacterial toxin which causes ___
49.  There are numerous ____ _____ molecules inside an LDL
50.  The inner membrane of the nucleus is lined with the fibrous protein ____
51.  Nucleus are ____microns in size
52.  Microtubules are made up of __ protofilaments
53.  Human eye resolution is ____ nm
54.  Molecules which can diffuse through the membrane easily:
55.  Most plastid genomes are _____kbp, although nonphotosynthetic genomes are reduced e.g. Plasmodium falciparum - ___kbp
56.  Name the protein molecule in LDLs
57.  Example of an attractant in chemotaxis
58.  In transmission electron microscopy, a beam of electrons is generated by a tungsten filament and accelerated at ____kV
59.  An example of transcytosis is the uptake of the ___ antibody by infant from mother's milk
60.  When bacterial flagella rotate clockwise, the movement of the bacteria is
61.  Example of a phenolic in plant cell walls is ___
62.  Phospholipids are ___ lipids - they have a hydrophilic and hydrophobic end.
63.  The internal space of a chloroplast is called the ____
64.  In carrier proteins, when it transports two different molecules in the same direction it is called ___
65.  Antibody IgA binds to the ___ receptor and is taken up by receptor-mediated endocytosis. The antibody and receptor then pass to the ___ ____ and then to the ____ ____
66.  Microtubules are ___nm in diameter
67.  The person to first identify the nucleus was ___
68.  In differential centrifugation, the 3 speeds are:
69.  Largest mitochondrial genome is that of ____ - 98 genes
70.  _____ - cell takes up small vesicles of non-specific fluid
71.  Microtubules are ___ - made up of alpha and beta tubulin
72.  Peroxisomes are involved in ___ reactions and the removal of ____
73.  Chlorophyll fluoresces ___ and lignin fluoresces ___
74.  Name the 2 proteins associated with thin filaments
75.  Lysosomes are not the main protein degrader as cells have specialised ____ for this function
76.  In phagocytosis, after the vesicle has enclosed the phagosome it fuses with the ___ ____ and becomes a ____ ____
77.  ____ ______ - disease of faulty LDL receptors
78.  What is the protein-membrane association called when the protein is covalently bonded to the membrane?
79.  Intermediate filaments are ___nm in diameter
80.  Actin filaments are composed of the globular protein _____
81.  A carbohydrate rich zone of oligosaccharides and associated proteins is called a ___
82.  Intermediate filament vimentin is ___kD
83.  Chloroplasts are thought to have arisen from the blue-green algae ____
84.  Name the microtubule inhibitor which prevents disaggregation
85.  Protein makes up approximately  __% of the inner membrane of mitochondria
86.  ____ and hydrogenosomes have similarities with mitochondria
87.  In the gut, apical membranes have ___ ___ of glucose and basolateral membranes have ____ ____ of glucose
88.  _____ ______ won the Nobel Prize in 1999 for the discovery of protein signal sequences
89.  Tight junctions make a seal between ____ cells
90.  ____ and ____ make up the phosphorelay system
91.  The nucleolus is the site of _____
92.  What is the name of the protein associated with the cytoplasmic side of red blood cell membranes?
93.  During protein glycosylation, the original oligosaccharide added is ____
94.  FACS Machine stands for:
95.  In animal cells, extracellular matrices are often linked to underlying cells by the protein ____
96.  Name the microtubule inhibitor which prevents polymerisation
97.  Kynesins are double stranded helical coils with ___
98.  Neurofilaments are ___kD
99.  Example of a repellent in chemotaxis
100.  The transmission of information across a membrane is called signal ___
101.  Neighbouring plant cells are joined by the ____ _____
102.  Intermediate filament keratin is ___kD
103.  Thin filaments are associated with ____ which is attached to a ____
104.  Gap junctions are made up of 2 hexamers called ____
105.  ____ - the movement away/towards a higher concentration of a chemical repellent/attractant
106.  Name a group of enzymes involved in drug detoxification in SER
107.  Protein makes up approximately __% of myelin membrane
108.  Myofibrils are ___microns in diameter
109.  ___ which fluoresces blue, can be used to tag DNA
110.  In autophagy, internal organelles are taken into _____ which then fuse with lysosomes
111.  ____ signals bind to receptors on the same cell
112.  Resolution is the ability to perceive close objects as separate entities
113.  Coccoliths are scales made of ___ ____ which form the coat of ____ (algae)
114.  Three examples of physical signals
115.  In animals, hormones are produced by the ____ system
116.  Flagella are ____microns long
117.  The phospholipids distributed on outside of membranes:
118.  The simple protist ____ has been shown to have eubacterial organisation of it mitochondrial DNA
119.  Signal sequences are ____ amino acids long
120.  In cholesterol, the hydrophilic tail and hydrophobic tail are joined by a ___
121.  Thylakoid membranes in chloroplasts sometimes form ____
122.  ____ - the protein which acts as a template for the length of thin filaments
123.  Dynein motors:
124.  Smallest mt. genome is that of ____
125.  Plastids are found in higher plants, algae and protists such as Apicomplexa e.g. _____ and ____
126.  Light microscope resolution is ___nm
127.  Name the proteoglycan present in the basal lamina
128.  Amorphous hemicellulose makes up ___% of plant cell walls
129.  Mitochondria are thought to have arisen from the ____ line
130.  Three examples of chemical signals
131.  Describe the 4 stages of the transition of a bacteria to an organelle.
132.  ____ have small vestigal nucleoids in their plastids
133.  Actin filaments are ___nm in diameter
134.  ___ are from the death cap toadstool
Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz
We have sent an email with your new password.