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A. switch to switch
B. switch to hub
C. switch to router
D. hub to hub
E. router to PC
D. shielded twisted-pair
A. when they receive a special token
B. when there is a carrier
C. when they detect no other devices are sending
D. when the medium is idle
E. when the server grants access
A. reduces routing table entries
B. auto-negotiation of media rates
C. efficient utilization of MAC addresses
D. dedicated communications between devices
E. ease of management and troubleshooting
A. PC to router
B. PC to switch
C. server to switch
D. switch to router
A. PC to router
B. PC to switch
C. server to switch
D. switch to router
A. Filtering can occur based on Layer 3 information.
B. Broadcasts are eliminated.
C. Routers generally cost less than switches.
D. Broadcasts are not forwarded across the router.
E. Adding a router to the network decreases latency.
A. There are two broadcast domains in the network.
B. There are four broadcast domains in the network.
C. There are six broadcast domains in the network.
D. There are four collision domains in the network.
E. There are five collision domains in the network.
F. There are seven collision domains in the network.
A. Ensure that the Ethernet encapsulations match on the interconnected router and switch ports.
B. Ensure that cables A and B are straight-through cables.
C. Ensure cable A is plugged into a trunk port.
D. Ensure the switch has power.
E. Reboot all of the devices.
F. Reseat all cables.
A. to uniquely identify devices at Layer 2
B. to allow communication with devices on a different network
C. to differentiate a Layer 2 frame from a Layer 3 packet
D. to establish a priority system to determine which device gets to transmit first
E. to allow communication between different devices on the same network
F. to allow detection of a remote device when its physical address is unknown
A. UTP cable
B. STP cable
C. Coaxial cable
D. Fiber optic cable
A. tracert address
B. ping address
C. arp address
D. traceroute address
A. wrong DNS server
B. wrong default gateway
C. incorrect IP address
D. incorrect subnet mask
A. packet switching
B. access layer security
C. path selection
D. VLAN membership assignment
E. bridging between LAN segments
F. microsegmentation of broadcast domains
A. by encrypting all passwords passing through the router
B. by encrypting passwords in the plain text configuration file
C. by requiring entry of encrypted passwords for access to the device
D. by configuring an MD5 encrypted key to be used by routing protocols to validate routing exchanges
E. by automatically suggesting encrypted passwords for use in configuring the router
A. 191K bytes
B. 16384K bytes
C. 31369K bytes
D. 114688K bytes
A. show configuration
B. show environment
C. show inventory
D. show platform
E. show version
A. Setup is additive and any changes will be added to the config script.
B. Setup effectively starts the configuration over as if the router was booted for the first time.
C. Setup will not run if an enable secret password exists on the router.
D. Setup will not run, because it is only viable when no configuration exists on the router.
A. show sessions
B. show cdp neighbors
C. show users
D. show queue
A. show version
B. dir flash:include ios
C. show environment
D. show diag
E. show inventory
A. the amount of available ROM
B. the amount of available flash and RAM memory
C. the version of the bootstrap software present on the router
D. show version
E. show processes
F. show running-config
A. The network administrator failed to save the configuration.
B. The configuration register is set to 0×2100.
C. The boot system flash command is missing from the configuration.
D. The configuration register is set to 0×2102.
E. The router is configured with the boot system startup command.
A. No configuration file was found in NVRAM.
B. No configuration file was found in flash.
C. No configuration file was found in the PCMCIA card.
D. Configuration file is normal and will load in 15 seconds.
A. copy running-config startup-config
B. copy startup-config: running-config:
C. copy running config startup config
D. copy startup config running config
E. write terminal
A. copy running-config: TFTP:
B. copy TFTP: running-config
C. copy TFTP: startup-config
D. copy startup-config: TFTP:
A. Flash, TFTP server, ROM
B. Flash, NVRAM, ROM
C. ROM, NVRAM, TFTP server
D. NVRAM, TFTP server, ROM
E. TFTP server, Flash, NVRAM
A. It checks the configuration register
B. It attempts to boot from a TFTP server
C. It loads the first image file in flash memory
D. It inspects the configuration file in NVRAM for boot instructions
A. Total RAM size is 32 KB
B. Total RAM size is 16384 KB (16 MB)
C. Total RAM size is 65536 KB (64 MB)
D. Flash size is 32 KB
E. Flash size is 16384 KB (16 MB)
F. Flash size is 65536 KB (64 MB)
D. show ip route
F. show interfaces
C. flash memory
D. HTTP server
E. TFTP server
F. Telnet server
A. The router cannot verify that the Cisco IOS image currently in flash is valid
B. Flash memory on Cisco routers can contain only a single IOS image.
C. Erasing current flash content is requested during the copy dialog.
D. In order for the router to use the new image as the default, it must be the only IOS image in flash.
A. show reload
B. show boot
C. show running-config
D. show version
A. This prompt signifies that the configuration file was not found in NVRAM. The network administrator should follow the prompts to enter a basic configuration.
B. The prompt signifies that the configuration file was not found in flash memory. The network administrator should use TFTP to transfer a configuration file to the router.
C. The prompt signifies that the IOS image in flash memory is invalid or corrupted. The network administrator should use TFTP to transfer an IOS image to the router.
D. The prompt signifies that the router could not authenticate the user. The network administrator should modify the IOS image and reboot the router.
A. Make sure that the server can be reached across the network.
B. Check that authentication for TFTP access to the server is set.
C. Assure that the network server has adequate space for the IOS image.
D. Verify file naming and path requirements.
E. Make sure that the server can store binary files.
F. Adjust the TCP window size to speed up the transfer.
A. show inventory
B. show flash filesys
C. dir flash:|include chassis
D. show diag
E. show controllers
A. show secure
B. show file systems
C. show flash
D. show version
A. The IOS image will be ignored.
B. The router will prompt to enter initial configuration mode.
C. The router will boot to ROM.
D. Any configuration entries in NVRAM will be ignored.
E. The configuration in flash memory will be booted.
A. Router1 has specific boot system command that instruct it to load IOS from TFTP server.
B. Router1 is acting as a TFTP server for other routers.
C. Router1 cannot locate a valid IOS image in flash memory.
D. Router1 defaulted to ROMMON mode and loaded the IOS image from a TFTP sewer.
E. Cisco routers will first attempt to load a image from TFTP for management purposes.
A. The transport layer divides a data stream into segments and may add reliability and flow control information.
B. The data link layer adds physical source and destination addresses and an FCS to the segment.
C. Packets are created when the network layer encapsulates a frame with source and destination host addresses and protocol-related control information.
D. Packets are created when the network layer adds Layer 3 addresses and control information to a segment.
E. The presentation layer translates bits into voltages for transmission across the physical link.
B. data link
A. data link
A. data link layer
B. application layer
C. access layer
D. session layer
E. network layer
D. congestion avoidance
E. load balancing
F. data link
D. data link
A. The data is moving from 10BASE-TX to 100BASE-TX.
B. The WAN encapsulation type has changed.
C. The data format has changed from analog to digital.
D. The source and destination hosts are in the same subnet.
E. The source and destination MAC addresses have changed.
A. Layer 2
B. Layer 3
C. Layer 4
D. Layer 5
E. Layer 6
F. Layer 7
A. It sends data in clear text format.
B. It is no longer supported on Cisco network devices.
C. It is more secure than SSH.
D. It requires an enterprise license in order to be implemented.
E. It requires that the destination device be configured to support Telnet connections.
A. The PC has connectivity with a local host.
B. The PC has connectivity with a Layer 3 device.
C. The PC has a default gateway correctly configured
D. The PC has connectivity up to Layer 5 of the OSI model
E. The PC has the TCP/IP protocol stack correctly installed.
A. Drop the data.
B. Send the data frames to the default gateway
C. Create an ARP request to get a MAC address for the receiving host.
D. Send a TCP SYN and wait for the SYN ACK with the IP address of the receiving host.
A. Send ACK 1-3
B. Send ACK 3
C. Send ACK 4
D. Send ACK 4-6
E. Send ACK 6
F. Send ACK 7
A. to map all the devices on a network.
B. to display the current TCP/IP configuration values.
C. to see how a device MAC address is mapped to its IP address.
D. to see the path a packet will take when traveling to a specified destination.
E. to display the MTU values for each router in a specified network path from source to a destination.
A. path cisco.com
C. trace cisco.com
D. traceroute cisco.com
A. Router C will use ICMP to inform Host 1 that Host 2 cannot be reached.
B. Router C will use ICMP to inform Router B that Host 2 cannot be reached.
C. Router C will use ICMP to inform Host 1, Router A, and Router B that Host 2 cannot be reached.
D. Router C will send a Destination Unreachable message type.
E. Router C will send a Router Selection message type.
F. Router C will send a Source Quench message type.
A. The MAC address of host A is FFFF.FFFF.FFFF.
B. The router will forward the packet in this frame to the Internet.
C. The switch will only forward this frame to the attached router interface.
D. All devices in this LAN except host A will pass the packet to Layer 3.
A. 192.168.1.2 is local to the router.
B. 192.168.3.1 is local to the router.
C. 192.168.1.2 will age out in less than 1 minute.
D. 192.168.3.1 has aged out and is marked for deletion.
A. A Layer 1 problem exists.
B. The bandwidth is set too low.
C. A protocol mismatch exists.
D. An incorrect cable is being used.
E. There is an incorrect IP address on the Serial 0/0 interface.
A. Serial0/1 is up, line protocol is down
B. Serial0/1 is down, line protocol is down
C. Serial0/1 is up, line protocol is up
D. Serial0/1 is administratively down, line protocol is down
A. The maximum number of bytes that can traverse this interface per second is 1500.
B. The minimum segment size that can traverse this interface is 1500 bytes.
C. The maximum segment size that can traverse this interface is 1500 bytes.
D. The minimum packet size that can traverse this interface is 1500 bytes.
E. The maximum packet size that can traverse this interface is 1500 bytes.
F. The maximum frame size that can traverse this interface is 1500 bytes.
A. Host B and the switch need to be in the same subnet.
B. The switch needs an appropriate default gateway assigned.
C. The switch interface connected to the router is down.
D. Host B need to be assigned an IP address in vlan 1.
A. show protocols
B. show process
C. show system
D. show version
A. terminal monitor
B. show debugging
C. show sessions
D. show ip ospf interface
A. They run a spell check on host names to ensure accurate routing
B. They convert domain names into IP address
C. Given an IP address.they determine the name of the host that is sought
D. They map individual hosts to their specific IP addresses
A. RARP request
B. Show Network Address request
C. Proxy ARP request
D. ARP request
E. Show Hardware Address request
A. source ip address: 192.168.15.5; destination port: 21
B. source ip address: 192.168.15.37 destination port: 21
C. source ip address: 192.168.15.41 destination port: 21
D. source ip address: 192.168.15.36 destination port: 23
E. source ip address: 192.168.15.46; destination port: 23
F. source ip address: 192.168.15.49 destination port: 23
A – Router(config)# interface fa0/0 Router(config-if)# ip access-group 101 out
B – Router(config)# interface fa0/0 Router(config-if)# ip access-group 101 in
C – Router(config)# access-list 101 deny ip host 172.16.161.150 host 172.16.162.163 Router(config)# access-list 101 permit ip any any
D – Router(config)# access-list 101 deny ip 172.16.161.150 0.0.0.255 172.16.162.163 0.0.0.0 Router(config)# access-list 101 permit ip any any
A. to give students access to the Internet
B. to prevent students from accessing the command prompt of RA
C. to prevent administrators from accessing the console of RA
D. to give administrators access to the Internet
E. to prevent students from accessing the Internet
F. to prevent students from accessing the Admin network
A. access-list 10 permit 172.29.16.0 0.0.0.255
B. access-list 10 permit 172.29.16.0 0.0.1.255
C. access-list 10 permit 172.29.16.0 0.0.3.255
D. access-list 10 permit 172.29.16.0 0.0.15.255
E. access-list 10 permit 172.29.0.0 0.0.255.255
A – access-list 101 deny tcp 192.168.1.128 0.0.0.15 192.168.1.5 0.0.0.0 eq 23 access-list 101 permit ip any any
B – access-list 101 deny tcp 192.168.1.128 0.0.0.240 192.168.1.5 0.0.0.0 eq 23 access-list 101 permit ip any any
C – access-list 1 deny tcp 192.168.1.128 0.0.0.255 192.168.1.5 0.0.0.0 eq 21 access-list 1 permit ip any any
D – access-list 1 deny tcp 192.168.1.128 0.0.0.15 host 192.168.1.5 eq 23 access-list 1 permit ip any any
A – access-list 101 in
B – access-list 101 out
C – ip access-group 101 in
D – ip access-group 101 out
A – FTP traffic from 22.214.171.124 will be denied
B – No traffic, except for FTP traffic will be allowed to exit E0
C – FTP traffic from 126.96.36.199 to any host will be denied
D – All traffic exiting E0 will be denied
E – All FTP traffic to network 188.8.131.52/29 will be denied
A – from host PC1 to host 184.108.40.206
B – from host PC1 to host 220.127.116.11
C – from host PC2 to host 18.104.22.168
D – from host PC2 to host 22.214.171.124
A – permit all packets matching the first three octets of the source address to all destinations
B – permit all packet matching the last octet of the destination address and accept all source addresses
C – permit all packet matching the host bits in the source address to all destinations
D – permit all packet from the third subnet of the network address to all destinations
A. Traffic will be dropped per line 30 of the ACL.
B. Traffic will be accepted per line 40 of the ACL.
C. Traffic will be dropped, because of the implicit deny all at the end of the ACL.
D. Traffic will be accepted, because the source address is not covered by the ACL.
A. Devices will not be able to use Telnet or SSH.
B. Devices will be able to use SSH, but not Telnet.
C. Devices will be able to use Telnet, but not SSH.
D. Devices will be able to use Telnet and SSH.
B. Router 3
E. Router 1
A. they offer simpler management in large internetworks.
B. you can control logging messages.
C. they allow packets to be filtered based on upper-layer session information.
D. you can set a time-based security policy.
E. they provide a level of security against spoofing.
F. they are used to authenticate individual users.
A. show ip interface [interface] access-lists
B. show ip access-lists interface [interface
C. show ip interface [interface]
D. show ip access-lists [interface]
A. access-list 50 deny 192.168.1.1 0.0.0.255
B. access-list 110 permit ip any any
C. access-list 2500 deny tcp any host 192.168.1.1 eq 22
D. access-list 101 deny tcp any host 192.168.1.1
A. you can apply only one access list on any interface
B. you can configure one access list, per direction, per layer 3 protocol
C. you can place as many access lists as you want on any interface
D. you can configure one access list, per direction, per layer 2 protocol
A. Source MAC address
B. Destination IP address
C. Destination MAC address
D. Source IP address
A. protecting a server from unauthorized access
B. controlling path selection, based on the route metric
C. reducing router CPU utilization
D. filtering packets that are passing through a router
A: This command should be executed from the global configuration mode.
B: The IP address 10.121.16.8 is the local router port used to forward data.
C: 102 is the remote DLCI that will receive the information.
D: This command is required for all Frame Relay configurations.
E: The broadcast option allows packets, such as RIP updates, to be forwarded across the PVC.
A: DLCI 17 describes the ISDN circuit between R2 and R3.
B: DLCI 17 describes a PVC on R2. It cannot be used on R3 or R1.
C: DLCI 17 is the Layer 2 address used by R2 to describe a PVC to R3.
D: DLCI 17 describes the dial-up circuit from R2 and R3 to the service provider.
B: broadcast multi-access
C: nonbroadcast multi-access
D: nonbroadcast multipoint
E: broadcast point-to-multipoint
A: can be used over analog circuits
B: maps Layer 2 to Layer 3 address
C: encapsulates several routed protocols
D: supports IP only
E: provides error correction
C: Token Ring
F: Frame Relay
A: The Serial0/0 interface is passing traffic.
B: The DLCI 100 was dynamically allocated by the router
C: The Serial0/0 interface acquired the IP address of 172.16.3.1 from a DHCP server
D: The DLCI 100 will be dynamically changed as required to adapt to changes in the Frame Relay cloud
E: The mapping between DLCI 100 and the end station IP address 172.16.3.1 was learned through Inverse ARP
A: A CSU/DSU terminates a digital local loop
B: A modem terminates a digital local loop
C: A CSU/DSU terminates an analog local loop
D: A modem terminates an analog local loop
E: A router is commonly considered a DTE device
F: A router is commonly considered a DCE device
A: Configure a separate sub-interface for each PVC with a unique DLCI and subnet assigned to the sub-interface
B: Configure each Frame Relay circuit as a point-to-point line to support multicast and broadcast traffic
C: Configure many sub-interfaces on the same subnet
D: Configure a single sub-interface to establish multiple PVC connections to multiple remote router interfaces
A: VLAN support
D: sliding windows
E: multilink support
F: quality of service
A: The Gallant router has the wrong LMI type configured
B: Inverse ARP is providing the wrong PVC information to the Gallant router
C: The S3 interface of the Steele router has been configured with the frame-relay encapsulation ietf command
D: The frame-relay map statement in the Attalla router for the PVC to Steele is not correct
E: The IP address on the serial interface of the Attalla router is configured incorrectly