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Clinical Medical Assistant Final

75 Questions
Doctor Quizzes & Trivia

Just some questions I made up for my CMA Final Exam. I hope everyone finds it useful! If it was, please feel free to leave some comments on what you liked or disliked about the quiz! Thanks!

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
  • 2. 
    Making healthy food choices gives you the best chance of maintaining _______________?
    • A. 

      Hemostasis

    • B. 

      Homeostasis

    • C. 

      Hemeostasis

    • D. 

      Hemolysis

  • 3. 
    List three nutrients that are found in the food we eat?
    • A. 

      Starch, water, enriched flour

    • B. 

      Fiber, proteins, carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Vitamins, minerals, fats

    • D. 

      Both B and C

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is a proper description of carbohydrates?
    • A. 

      Lipids in the form of omega-3 fatty acids. Use freely on everything.

    • B. 

      Refined sugars. The least caloric value of all carbs

    • C. 

      Whole grain brown rice. White rice has 35% more nutrients.

    • D. 

      None are correct

  • 5. 
    True or False:  If the body has inadequate supplies of glucose to break down for energy, it will catabolize, or break down, fat? 
  • 6. 
    • A. 

      If the right mix of vitamin pills are taken, no other medications should be required

    • B. 

      They are organic substances that enhance the breakdown of the food we eat

    • C. 

      They are always injested in sufficient quantities without the need for supplements

    • D. 

      None of the above are correct

  • 7. 
    What could be the result of taking too much of any given fat-soluble vitamin?
    • A. 

      It could result in serious illness

    • B. 

      It could catabolize in the incorrect place

    • C. 

      As long is it is from a natural source, there are no concerns

    • D. 

      Could cause body fat to shift to different locations of the body

  • 8. 
    Proteins contain amino acids.  What is the function of proteins?
    • A. 

      Provide energy

    • B. 

      Antibody production

    • C. 

      Build and repair tissue

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    True or False:  Carbohydrates are chemical substances the provide the body with energy?
  • 10. 
    What is fiber's primary function in the body?
    • A. 

      To help with the flora in the intestinal tract

    • B. 

      To help the digestive system eliminate waste

    • C. 

      To help absorb excess stomach acid

    • D. 

      To help with the production of stomach acid

  • 11. 
    _________________________ transport cholesterol from the liver to the walls of large- and medium- sized arteries.  This causes plaques to form in the artery.
    • A. 

      HDL - High-distribution lipids

    • B. 

      LDL - Low-distribution lipoproteins

    • C. 

      LDL - Low-density lipoproteins

    • D. 

      HDL - High-density lipids

  • 12. 
    _________________________ carry cholesterol from arterial walls back to the liver.  Called the "good" cholesterol.
    • A. 

      HDL - High-distribution lipids

    • B. 

      HDL - High density lipoproteins

    • C. 

      HDL - High-density lipids

    • D. 

      HDL - High-distribution lipoproteins

  • 13. 
  • 14. 
    Where are lipoproteins found?
    • A. 

      From fish only

    • B. 

      From dairy products only

    • C. 

      From the body only

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    What consists of both the physical and chemical breakdown of complex food into simpler substances?
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Endometriosis

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Elimination

  • 16. 
    What are the two phases of the process of metabolism?
    • A. 

      Anabolism and catabolism

    • B. 

      Atabolism and canabolism

    • C. 

      Candiosis and Asepsis

    • D. 

      Anibation and catibation

  • 17. 
    True or False:  The body manufactures sufficient amounts of cholesterol without taking additional amounts from diet?
  • 18. 
    Which statement is true regarding a healthy diet?
    • A. 

      By following dietary guidelines such as MyPyramid will ensure that people will have the best chance of staying healthy

    • B. 

      By following a strict low fat diet, any amounts of non-fat foods will ensure a person will stay healthy

    • C. 

      By following a strict low carbohydrate diet

    • D. 

      By having about five cups from each food group, the diet will make a person healthy

  • 19. 
    What is the purpose of a therapeutic diet?
    • A. 

      To ensure that the patient doesn't eat while she should be fasting

    • B. 

      To ensure the maximum weight gain for the food consumed

    • C. 

      To help the healing process

    • D. 

      To promote healthy weight

    • E. 

      Both C and D

  • 20. 
    True or False:  Excercise has no effect on the immune system?
  • 21. 
    True or False:  Losing a small amount of weight has virtually no effect to a person's health and does not help prevent future weight gain?
  • 22. 
    The amount of energy used by the body is measured in ______________?
    • A. 

      Cavities

    • B. 

      Cardiac output

    • C. 

      Calories

    • D. 

      Heat

  • 23. 
    How should those prone to addiction to alcohol be treated?
    • A. 

      They should be looked down upon by moderate drinkers and non-drinkers to help them become moderate drinkers

    • B. 

      They should be counseled to switch from liquor to beer or wine

    • C. 

      They should be looked upon as a person with an illness and should be treated as such

    • D. 

      They should be able to use their own will power to quit drinking if they cannot drink like gentlemen

  • 24. 
    Disease-producing microorganisms are referred to as pathogens.  How are they classified?
    • A. 

      Bacteria and protozoa

    • B. 

      Fungi and viruses

    • C. 

      Dust and feces

    • D. 

      Both A and B

  • 25. 
    Describe the life requirements of microorganisms and pathogens?
    • A. 

      Moisture

    • B. 

      Nutrients

    • C. 

      Temperature

    • D. 

      Darkness

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 26. 
    True or False:  Microorganisms can survive freezing or boiling temperatures?
  • 27. 
    What are the links of the chain of infection?
    • A. 

      Portal of entry, point of exit, transmission host vehicle, transmission rescepticle, final stop

    • B. 

      Reservoir host, exit from reservoir, vehicle of transmission, portal of entry, susceptible host

    • C. 

      Exit from reservoir, enter into vehicle, susceptible host, rescepticle exit, portal of disease

    • D. 

      Vehicle of portal, susceptible reservoir, risk of transmission, exit point, exit host

  • 28. 
    Which of the following is an example of direct transmission of a microorganism?
    • A. 

      Sneezing that creates infected air droplets

    • B. 

      Shaking hands with someone who has not washed their hands

    • C. 

      Sexual intercourse with someone who is contaminated

    • D. 

      All are examples of direct transmission

  • 29. 
    True or False:  Vector transmission of microorganisms occurs only if the vehicle is a liquid?
  • 30. 
    True or False:  People who carry infectious disease can only pass on the infection of they show symptoms of illness?
  • 31. 
    Guidelines to prevent transmission of infectious disease in the medical office are issued by _________________ and ____________________?
    • A. 

      OSHA and FDA

    • B. 

      CDC and OSHA

    • C. 

      FDA and CSC

    • D. 

      CCC and DEA

  • 32. 
  • 33. 
    What is the most important important medical aseptic technique?
    • A. 

      Wearing two pairs of gloves when a known pathogen is present

    • B. 

      Ensuring that the proper PPE is available for all personnel

    • C. 

      Ensure that a proper sterile field is established as per OSHA requirements

    • D. 

      Ensuring that proper handwashing techniques are followed

  • 34. 
    Which is true about sterilization?
    • A. 

      It is required for every medical tool that has any contact with the body

    • B. 

      It is just as good as sanitation if proper aseptic technique is maintained

    • C. 

      It is the highest level of sanitation control

    • D. 

      It destroys all forms of microorganisms except for spores which must be sanitized

    • E. 

      It destroys all forms of microorganisms including spores

  • 35. 
    True or False:  Sanitation is the highest form of sterilization if disinfectants are used?
  • 36. 
    All below are true of disinfection except?
    • A. 

      High-level disinfection destroys all microbial forms

    • B. 

      Disinfection must be preceeded by sanitization

    • C. 

      Length of exposure to germicide affect disinfection

    • D. 

      The amount of organic material on the object affects disinfection

  • 37. 
    True or False:  High-level disinfection destroys bacteria spores?
  • 38. 
    Items cleaned using intermediate disinfection methods include ____________________?
    • A. 

      Items that come into contact with broken skin surfaces

    • B. 

      Stethoscopes and blood pressure cuffs

    • C. 

      Dressings and bandages after contacting body fluids

    • D. 

      Both A and B

  • 39. 
    True or False:  Low-level disinfection ensures that all microorganism levels are at the lowest level? 
  • 40. 
    _____________________ is the federal agency responsible for ensuring the safety of all workers, including health care workers?
  • 41. 
    Procedures recognized by the CDC to reduce the chance of transmitting infectious microorganisms in any health care setting are called __________________?
    • A. 

      Standard precautions

    • B. 

      Explicit precautions

    • C. 

      Hazardous precautions

    • D. 

      Blood and pathogen precautions

  • 42. 
    Washing or cleaning equipment or surfaces by removing all visible soil is called ____________?
    • A. 

      Disinfection

    • B. 

      Sterilization

    • C. 

      Sanitation

    • D. 

      Sanitization

  • 43. 
    True or False:  HBV is more viable than HIV and may survive in a dried state on clinical on clinical equipment and counter surfaces at room temperature for more than one week?
  • 44. 
    Medical history records include ________________________?
    • A. 

      Patient's past and present health status and social habits

    • B. 

      Patient's chief complaint and present illness

    • C. 

      Patient's family members' health status

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and C only

  • 45. 
    Who has the responsibility to collect a patient's medical history is ______________?
    • A. 

      The patient only

    • B. 

      The CMA only

    • C. 

      The patient and the CMA

    • D. 

      The patient, the CMA, and the provider

  • 46. 
    When observing a patient's physical status, what should be noted?
    • A. 

      Look to see whether or not the patient is able to afford the care

    • B. 

      Look for pale or flushed skin

    • C. 

      Look to see if the patient's demeanor is sincere

    • D. 

      Look for bruising or injury

    • E. 

      Both B and D

  • 47. 
    You suspect that your female patient has been abused, you should ________________?
    • A. 

      Mind your own business unless this is the second visit that you have noticed the bruising in unusual places

    • B. 

      Immediately call 911 to explain who the abused your patient so they can be arrested

    • C. 

      Document the observable information and then get a signed statement from the patient

    • D. 

      Document the observable information and alert the physician concerning your suspicions

  • 48. 
    What portion of the following should not be documented in the patient's record?Pt. C/O frequent reddened eyes from crying and sleepless nights.  Pt. currently taking several antidepressents.  Pt. needs to be on lithium to keep her more on an even keel.  Pt. Has tried several over the counter sleep aids.
    • A. 

      Pt. needs to be on lithium to keep her more on an even keel

    • B. 

      Pt. C/O frequent reddened eyes from crying and sleepless nights

    • C. 

      Pt. currently taking several antidepressents

    • D. 

      This would be a correct patient medical record entry

  • 49. 
    ____________ questions should be asked to obtain ________________ and ________________ questions should be asked to obtain __________________?
    • A. 

      Closed-ended, chief complaint

    • B. 

      Open-ended, chief complaint

    • C. 

      Closed-ended, present illness

    • D. 

      Open-ended, present illness

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 50. 
    True or False:  Signs are subjective information that can be observed by someone other than the patient?
  • 51. 
    True or False:  Symptoms are usually fabricated by the patient so the medical assistant should suggest other symptoms to confirm the suspected disease?
  • 52. 
    What is the purpose of closed-ended questions?
    • A. 

      To obtain what should be a short answer from the patient

    • B. 

      To allow the patient to elaborate before seeing the doctor

    • C. 

      To gather the chief complaint and present illness

    • D. 

      To narrow down which drugs will be prescribed for the disease or illness

  • 53. 
    Cardinal signs are another name for ___________________?
  • 54. 
    In the course of taking a patient's vital signs, anthropometric measurements are taken.  What are anthropometric measurements?
    • A. 

      Cardiac output and respiration rate

    • B. 

      Blood pressure and pulse

    • C. 

      Reflexes and scratch test

    • D. 

      Height and weight

  • 55. 
    True or False:  A height measurement does not necessarily have to be taken on a patient for every office visit?
  • 56. 
    Measurements taken at the first visit are recorded as _______________ data?
    • A. 

      Basilic

    • B. 

      Baseline

    • C. 

      Initial

    • D. 

      First

  • 57. 
    True or False:  Digital scales are never allowed to be used to measure patients' weight because they are not as accurate as a balance beam scale?
  • 58. 
    The body normally maintains a body temperature of ____________?
    • A. 

      37 deg F rectally

    • B. 

      36.8 deg F axillary

    • C. 

      98.6 deg C orally

    • D. 

      98.6 deg F aurally

  • 59. 
    When using a liquid in glass thermometer to measure a patient's temperature, you must use a plastic sheath for all except for ______________?
    • A. 

      Axillary

    • B. 

      Rectally

    • C. 

      Orally

    • D. 

      Must use a plastic sheath for all

  • 60. 
    A patient's temperature is to be taken rectally using an electronic thermometer with a blue probe.  What is the problem with using this probe? 
    • A. 

      Red probes are used for taking rectal temperature readings

    • B. 

      Blue probes should be used for axillary and rectal temperature reading

    • C. 

      Electonic thermometers should never be used to measure a patient's temperature rectally

    • D. 

      Once the reading is taken with the blue probe, it must be recorded in the the red probe column

  • 61. 
    True or False:  The advantage of using a single-use disposable thermometer is that it gives the best visualization of a high fever and may be sanitized and reused?
  • 62. 
    A temporal artery thermometer measures ______________?
    • A. 

      1 deg F lower than oral measurement

    • B. 

      2 deg F lower than axillary measurement

    • C. 

      Facial skin temperature

    • D. 

      Actual blood temperature

  • 63. 
    A patient comes into the office bleeding.  Which of the following should you do first?
    • A. 

      Immediately call for the physician to suture the wound

    • B. 

      Immediately place a tourniquet directly above the wound site

    • C. 

      Immediately apply direct pressure

    • D. 

      Immediately wash the wound with mild soapy water for 5 minutes

  • 64. 
    A patient arrives at the office for an EKG.  Where is electrode V2 placed?
    • A. 

      4th intercostal space, left sterna border

    • B. 

      5th intercostal space, left sterna border

    • C. 

      Left arm

    • D. 

      Right arm

  • 65. 
    Why are blood cultures taken?
    • A. 

      To ensure that sufficient iron is present

    • B. 

      To check for the presence of hemoglobin

    • C. 

      To see if the patient requires dialysis

    • D. 

      To check for the presence of microorganisms

  • 66. 
    The doctor tells you to write a Rx for the patient for Activan 250 mg three times a day.  What is the proper abbreviation for three times a day?
    • A. 

      Day (x3)

    • B. 

      DX3

    • C. 

      TID

    • D. 

      TOD

  • 67. 
    The doctor has written a Rx for a patient and he wants you to call it in to the pharmacy.  The Seg says i po bid for one drug and iv po qid for another.  What do you tell the pharmacist?
    • A. 

      One by mouth twice a day and four by mouth four times a day

    • B. 

      One by mouth every other day and five by mouth every four days

    • C. 

      One by mouth every two hours and four by mouth every four hours

    • D. 

      One by mouth with meals and four by mouth at bedtime

  • 68. 
    A patient is lying down and is seen having difficulty breathing.  When the patient is helped into an upright position and his breathing returns to normal.  What is this condition called?
    • A. 

      Sleep apnea

    • B. 

      Prone apnea

    • C. 

      Ortho apnea

    • D. 

      Orthopnea

  • 69. 
    Examination reveals that the patient is having a heart attack.  What is another term for heart attack?
    • A. 

      UTI

    • B. 

      MI

    • C. 

      CVA

    • D. 

      CBC

  • 70. 
    True or False:  A bleeding time test is used to evaluate primary hemostasis during the platelet phase?
  • 71. 
    Which of the following is a type of allergic reaction?
    • A. 

      Nausea

    • B. 

      Latex sensitivity

    • C. 

      Dry mouth

    • D. 

      Constipation

  • 72. 
    How many liters of blood are found in an average adult body?
    • A. 

      5 liters

    • B. 

      4 liters

    • C. 

      6 liters

    • D. 

      It's impossible to exactly count the volume

  • 73. 
    True or False:  Aspirin has no affect on the bleeding time test?
  • 74. 
    True or False:  On an EKG, lead III represents the difference in potential between the left leg and the left arm?
  • 75. 
    A 2 year old baby is brought into the office and has a pulse of 140 bpm and respirations of 30 breaths/minute.  What should you do?
    • A. 

      Immediately have the doctor examine the baby

    • B. 

      Chart the result. 140 bpm and 30 breaths/minute fall into the normal range for a child of his age

    • C. 

      Chart the result. Ask the parent if the child is taking any medications that cause tachycardia and shortness of breath

    • D. 

      Immediately arrange for the child to be transported to the ER