Cardiac Diseases Quiz Part I

14 Questions  I  By Tyraikaika
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 Cardiac Diseases Quiz Part I
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    Dyspnea, fatigue, increased pulmonary artery pressure, and decreased cardiac output are indicitive of...
    • A. 

      MI

    • B. 

      Right sided valve damage

    • C. 

      Left sided valve damage

    • D. 

      JVD


  • 2. 
    Atrial fibrillation is a common symptom that only occurs with...
    • A. 

      Mitral stenosis

    • B. 

      Mitral regurgitation

    • C. 

      Aortic stenosis

    • D. 

      Aortic regurgitation


  • 3. 
    A client with mitral stenosis is scheduled for mitral valve replacement. Which condition may arise as a complication of mitral stenosis?  
    • A. 

      Pulmonary hypertension

    • B. 

      Left-sided heart failure

    • C. 

      MI

    • D. 

      Left ventricular hypertrophy


  • 4. 
    One of the most common causes of valvular heart disease is...
    • A. 

      HTN

    • B. 

      Tobacco smoking

    • C. 

      Diabetes

    • D. 

      Alcoholism


  • 5. 
    A client is admitted to the health care facility for treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. When planning this client's care,the nurse formulates interventions with which goal in mind?
    • A. 

      Decreasing blood pressure and increasing mobility

    • B. 

      Increasing blood pressure and reducing mobility

    • C. 

      Stabilizing the heart rate and blood pressure and easing anxiety

    • D. 

      Increasing blood pressure and monitoring fluid intake and output


  • 6. 
    The physician orders blood coagulation tests to evaluate a client 's blood-clotting ability. The nurse knows that such tests are important in assessing clients at risk for thrombi, such as those with a history of atrial fibrillation, infective endocarditis, prosthetic heart valves, or myocardial infarction. Which test is used to determine a client' s response to oral anticoagulant drugs?
    • A. 

      Bleeding time

    • B. 

      Platelet count

    • C. 

      Prothrombin time (PT)

    • D. 

      Partial thromboplastin time (PTT)


  • 7. 
    The nurse administers basic cardiac life support to a client in cardiac arrest. Which action does the nurse perform?
    • A. 

      Assessing the patency of the airway

    • B. 

      Administering I.V. medications

    • C. 

      Administering a countershock of 200 joules

    • D. 

      Breathing for the client after inserting an endotracheal (ET) tube


  • 8. 
    All are key manifestations of endocarditis EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Janeway's lesion

    • B. 

      Fever

    • C. 

      Dry, nonproductive cough

    • D. 

      Systemic embolization


  • 9. 
    All are assessment findings of pericarditis EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Ankle edema

    • B. 

      Substernal pain

    • C. 

      Firction rubs

    • D. 

      Elevated WBC count


  • 10. 
    What is the best way to treat cardiac tamponade?
    • A. 

      Diuertics

    • B. 

      Chest tube

    • C. 

      Pericardiocentesis

    • D. 

      Paracentesis


  • 11. 
    Which signs and symptoms are present with a diagnosis of pericarditis?
    • A. 

      Fever, chest discomfort, and elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

    • B. 

      Low urine output secondary to left ventricular dysfunction

    • C. 

      Lethargy, anorexia, and heart failure

    • D. 

      Pitting edema, chest discomfort, and nonspecific ST-segment elevation


  • 12. 
    The nurse is awaiting the arrival of a client from the emergency department. The client has a left ventricular myocardial infarction and is being admitted. In caring for this client, the nurse should be alert for which signs and symptoms of left-sided heart failure?
    • A. 

      Jugular vein distention

    • B. 

      Hepatomegaly

    • C. 

      Dyspnea

    • D. 

      Crackles

    • E. 

      Tachycardia


  • 13. 
    Which of the following is least likely to increase the risk for MI
    • A. 

      Male gender

    • B. 

      Being the CEO of a company

    • C. 

      Being 30 y/o

    • D. 

      HTN


  • 14. 
    The nurse is caring for a client who is recovering from a myocardial infarction (MI). The cardiologist refers him to cardiac rehabilitation. Which statement by the client indicates an understanding of cardiac rehabilitation?
    • A. 

      "When I finish the rehabilitation program I'll never have to worry about heart trouble again."

    • B. 

      "I won't be able to jog again even with rehabilitation."

    • C. 

      "Rehabilitation will help me function as well as I physically can."

    • D. 

      "I'll get rest during these rehabilitation classes. All I have to do is sit and listen to the instructor."


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