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The Blood (part 2) - Review For Quiz #6 On Thurs. 8/19/10

32 Questions
Blood Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    White blood cells are characterized by the presence or absence of ___________ in the cytoplasm when the cells are stained.
  • 2. 
    Of the leukocytes, the 2 types of agranulocytes are...
  • 3. 
    Of the leukocytes, the 3 types of granulocytes are...
  • 4. 
    What are the two classifications for leukocytes based on the presence or absence of granules?
  • 5. 
    Another name for white blood cells is ______________.
  • 6. 
    _____________ are the most numerous of the WBC's.
  • 7. 
    These white blood cells protect the body from invading microorganisms through the process of phagocytosis.
  • 8. 
    Which 2 WBC's take microorganisms into their own cell bodies and digest them in a process called phagocytosis?
  • 9. 
    The WBC's that are involved in the process of phagocytosis are referred to as what type of cells?
  • 10. 
    This type of leukocyte shows lavender granules when stained.
  • 11. 
    These leukocytes show bead-like bright pink granules when stained.
  • 12. 
    These leukocytes serve as weak phagocytes and protect against infection caused by certain parasites and parasitic worms.
  • 13. 
    Name the Leukocyte:They have large dark blue granules that often obscure the nucleus.
  • 14. 
    Name the Leukocyte:Secretes the chemical histamine, which is released during inflammatory reactions.
  • 15. 
    Name the Leukocyte:They produce heparin, a powerful anticoagulant that helps prevent blood clots.
  • 16. 
    Name the Leukocyte:The 2nd most common of the white blood cells.
  • 17. 
    Name the Leukocyte:These are the largest of the leukocytes and are aggressive phagocytes.
  • 18. 
    Another name for platelets is...
  • 19. 
    ____________ are the smallest of the formed elements.  They are not cells but rather fragments of cells.
  • 20. 
    _____________ are essential to blood coagulation.
  • 21. 
    The substances released from damaged tissue cells stimulates the formation of _____________  ______________.
  • 22. 
    At the site of injury, platelets become sticky and accumulate near the opening in the broken blood vessel forming a __________  ___________.
  • 23. 
    In this step of blood clotting, calcium must be present in the blood for prothrombin activators to convert prothrombin to _____________.
  • 24. 
    In the last step of blood clotting, thrombin reacts with fibrinogen to change it to a fibrous gel called _________.
  • 25. 
    In the clotting process, _________ forms a network of threads that entrap plasma and blood cells to form a clot.
  • 26. 
    The fluid that remains after blood clotting has occurred is called __________.
  • 27. 
    _______________ is the process that prevents blood loss from the circulation when a blood vessel is ruptured by an injury.
  • 28. 
    Step 1 in Hemostasis:
    • A. 

      Formation of a platelet plug

    • B. 

      Contraction of the smooth muscle in the blood vessel wall

    • C. 

      Formation of a blood clot

  • 29. 
    Step 3 in Hemostasis:
    • A. 

      Formation of a blood clot

    • B. 

      Formation of a platelet plug

    • C. 

      Contraction of the smooth muscle in the blood vessel wall

  • 30. 
    Step 2 in Hemostasis:
    • A. 

      Formation of a platelet plug

    • B. 

      Formation of a blood clot

    • C. 

      Contraction of the smooth muscle in the blood vessel wall

  • 31. 
    All of the formed elements of the blood are produced in the _____  ______ from stem cells with the exception of _____________ (type of WBC).
  • 32. 
    Lymphocytes are formed in the __________  __________, unlike the rest of the formed elements of blood.
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