Biology Study Review

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia
Mr. Reynolds study guide review. I added the questions with pictures but there are no pictures, just figure numbers.

  
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  • 1. 
    How do cells at the completion of meiosis compare with the cells that have replicated their DNA and are just about to beging meiosis?
    • A. 

      They have half the amount of cytoplasm and twice the amount of DNA

    • B. 

      The have half the number of chromosomes and one-fourth the amount of DNA

    • C. 

      They have twice the amount of cytoplasm and half the amount of DNA

    • D. 

      The have half the number of choromosomes and half the amount of DNA


  • 2. 
    When does the synaptonemal complex disappear?
    • A. 

      During fertilization or fusion of gametes

    • B. 

      Early anaphase of meiosis II

    • C. 

      Mid-prophase of meiosis II

    • D. 

      Late prophase of meiosis I


  • 3. 
    After telophase I of meiosis, the chromosomal make up of each daughter cell is
    • A. 

      Haploid, and the chromosomes are composed of two chromatids

    • B. 

      Haploid and the chromosomes are composed of a single chromatid

    • C. 

      Diploid, and the chromosomes are composed of a single chromatid

    • D. 

      Tetraploid, and the chromosomes are composed of two chromatids


  • 4. 
    Which of the following terms belongs with the words synapsis, tetrads, and chiasmata
    • A. 

      Autosomes

    • B. 

      Chromosomes

    • C. 

      Crossing over

    • D. 

      Haploid


  • 5. 
    I. Prophase I     II. Metaphase I    III. Anaphase I     IV. Telophase I      V. Prophase II         VI. Metaphase II                  VII. Anaphase II                 VIII. Telophase IITetrads of chromosomes are aligned at the center of the cell; independenet assortment soon follows.
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      II

    • C. 

      IV

    • D. 

      VII


  • 6. 
    I. Prophase I     II. Metaphase I    III. Anaphase I     IV. Telophase I      V. Prophase II         VI. Metaphase II                  VII. Anaphase II                 VIII. Telophase IISynapsis of homologous pairs ovvur; crossing over may ouccur.
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      II

    • C. 

      III

    • D. 

      IV


  • 7. 
    Centromeres of sister chromatids uncouple and chromatids seperate.
    • A. 

      II

    • B. 

      III

    • C. 

      IV

    • D. 

      VII


  • 8. 
    Which of the following happens at the conclussion of meiosis I?
    • A. 

      The chromosome number is conserved.

    • B. 

      Sister chromatids are sperated

    • C. 

      Four daughter cells are formed

    • D. 

      Homologous chromosomes are seperated


  • 9. 
    Which of the following is true of the process of meiosis?
    • A. 

      Two diploid cells result

    • B. 

      Four haploid cells result

    • C. 

      Four autosomes result

    • D. 

      Four chiasmata result


  • 10. 
    Crossing over occurs during which phase of meiosis
    • A. 

      Prophase I

    • B. 

      Anaphase I

    • C. 

      Prophose II

    • D. 

      Metaphase II


  • 11. 
    Which diagram represents prophase I of (FIGURE 13.2)
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      II

    • C. 

      III

    • D. 

      IV


  • 12. 
    Which drawing represents anaphase of mitosis?(figure 13.2)
    • A. 

      II

    • B. 

      III

    • C. 

      IV

    • D. 

      V


  • 13. 
    Which drawing represents metaphase II of meiosis(FIGURE 13.2)
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      II

    • C. 

      IV

    • D. 

      V

    • E. 

      VI


  • 14. 
    Which drawing represents a stage of meiosis in which independent assortment might ouccur if there were more than one pair of chromosomes represented?(Figure 13.2)
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      II

    • C. 

      IV

    • D. 

      V


  • 15. 
    You have in your possesion a microscope slide with meiotic cells on it and a light microscope. What would you look for if you wanted to identify metaphase I cells on the slide?
    • A. 

      A visible nuclear envelope

    • B. 

      Tetrads lined up at the center of the cell

    • C. 

      A synaptonemal complex

    • D. 

      Cleavage furrow


  • 16. 
    If the cells were from a plant, which sample might represent a gametophyste cell(figure 13.3)
    • A. 

      III

    • B. 

      II

    • C. 

      I


  • 17. 
    Which sample of DNA migh be from a nerve cell arrested in G0 of the cell cycle?(figure13.3)
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      III

    • C. 

      II


  • 18. 
    Which sample might represent an animal cell in G2 phase of the cell cycle(figure 13.3)
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      II

    • C. 

      III


  • 19. 
    Which sample might represent a sperm cell? (figure 13.3)
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      II

    • C. 

      III

    • D. 

      Either II or III


  • 20. 
    During meiosis, cells go from what number to what number
    • A. 

      Always remain at I

    • B. 

      I to II to III

    • C. 

      III to II

    • D. 

      I to III


  • 21. 
    During mitosis, diploid cells go from what number to what number?
    • A. 

      II to I

    • B. 

      II to III

    • C. 

      I to III

    • D. 

      Always remain at I


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