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Biology Semester Review 3

28 Questions
High School Quizzes & Trivia

Bio 9th grade comprehension check 3

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Each of the following is a condition necessary for natural selection to occur excpet
    • A. 

      More offspring are born than can survive

    • B. 

      Population size is very large

    • C. 

      Fitness varies among individuals

    • D. 

      There is heritable variation among members of the population

  • 2. 
    Which statement about the members of a population that live long enough to reproduce is consistent with the theory of evolution by natural selection?
    • A. 

      They transmit characateristics acquired by use and disues to their offspring

    • B. 

      They tend to produce fewer offspring that others in the population

    • C. 

      They are the ones that are the best adapted to survive in their environment

    • D. 

      They will perpetuate unfavorable changes in the species

  • 3. 
    Which statement is part of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection?
    • A. 

      More offspring are produced than can possibly survive

    • B. 

      The organisms that are the fittest are always largest and strongest

    • C. 

      The number of offspring is not related to fitness

    • D. 

      Aqzuired characteristics that are inherited are the cause of evolution

  • 4. 
    The number and location of bones of many fossil vertebrates are similar to those in living vertebrates. This is evidence in support of which of the following concepts?
    • A. 

      Lamarck's tendency towards perfection

    • B. 

      Common descent

    • C. 

      Analogous structures

    • D. 

      The inheritance of acquired traits

  • 5. 
    Molecular evidence in support of natural selection includes
    • A. 

      The nearly universal genetic code

    • B. 

      The presence of vestigial structures

    • C. 

      Hox genes

    • D. 

      Intermediate fossil forms

  • 6. 
    Similar patterns of embryological development in different but related organisms are responsible for the formation of
    • A. 

      Homologous structures

    • B. 

      Analogous structures

    • C. 

      Hox genes

    • D. 

      Intermediate fossil forms

  • 7. 
    In organisms that reproduce sexually, most variation that can be inherited is due to
    • A. 

      Mutations during gamete formation

    • B. 

      Polygenic traits

    • C. 

      Gene recombination during sexual reproduction

    • D. 

      The effects of radiation

  • 8. 
    Which of the following events do biologist consider a random change?
    • A. 

      Direction selsction

    • B. 

      Speciation

    • C. 

      Disruptive selection

    • D. 

      Genetic drift

  • 9. 
    One similarity between natural selection and genetic drift is that both events
    • A. 

      Are based completely on chance

    • B. 

      Begin with one or more mutations

    • C. 

      Involve a change in a populations allele frequency

    • D. 

      Take place only in very small groups

  • 10. 
    The grouping of organisms based on their common descent is called
    • A. 

      Traditional classification

    • B. 

      Binomial nomenclature

    • C. 

      Derived characteristics

    • D. 

      Evolutionary classification

  • 11. 
    Which kingdom contains heterotrophs with cell walls of chitin
    • A. 

      Fungi

    • B. 

      Protista

    • C. 

      Plantae

    • D. 

      Animalia

  • 12. 
    The domain that contains unicellular organisms that live in extreme environments is
    • A. 

      Eubacteria

    • B. 

      Eukarya

    • C. 

      Archaea

    • D. 

      Bacteria

  • 13. 
    In Linnaeus's time, all living things were grouped into two kingdoms. Later, there were five kingdoms, and now we have six kingdoms. What is the main reason for this increase in the number of kingdoms?
    • A. 

      Scientists have discovered organisms that were previously unknown, so new kingdoms had to be created for them

    • B. 

      Kingdom Plantae had to be split up into several kingdoms when scientists found that not all plants could photosynthesize

    • C. 

      As scientists learned more about genetics and biochemistry, some orgnaisms were moved out of existing kingdoms into new ones

    • D. 

      Since the time of Linnaeus, many new organisms have evolved, and most of them dont fit into the original kingdoms

  • 14. 
    Earth's early atmosphere was primarily composed of
    • A. 

      Oxygen and water vapor

    • B. 

      Carbon dixoide, water vapor, and nitrogen

    • C. 

      Oxygen and carbon monoxide

    • D. 

      Hydrogen cyanide and carbon monoxide

  • 15. 
    One scientific hypothesis about the origin of life holds that
    • A. 

      RNA replaced DNA as the most stable information-storing molecule

    • B. 

      RNA existed before DNA

    • C. 

      Proteins that duplicate themselves came to function in information storage

    • D. 

      As cells evolved, they stoped using RNA entirely

  • 16. 
    Homo habilis means "handy man" in Latin. This species got its name because one of its fossils
    • A. 

      Had opposable thumbs

    • B. 

      Was found with tools made from stone and bone

    • C. 

      Was found with cooking vessels made of clay

    • D. 

      Had an extra finger on each hand

  • 17. 
    Only 10% of the energy stored in an organism can be passed on to the next trophic level. Of the remaining energy, some is used for the organism's life processes, and the rest is
    • A. 

      Used in reproduction

    • B. 

      Stored as body tissue

    • C. 

      Stored as fat

    • D. 

      Eliminated as heat

  • 18. 
    Carbon cycles through the biosphere in all of the following processes except
    • A. 

      Photosynthesis

    • B. 

      Transpiration

    • C. 

      Burning of fossil fuels

    • D. 

      Decomposition of plants and animals

  • 19. 
    Which part of the water cycle is a biological process?
    • A. 

      Transpiration

    • B. 

      Runoff

    • C. 

      Precipitaion

    • D. 

      Condensation

  • 20. 
    Which of the following occurs during the ecological succession of an ecosystem?
    • A. 

      An ecosystem reaches a final, unchanging stage

    • B. 

      Animals move out of the ecosystem until succession is complete

    • C. 

      Living organisms modify their envrionment a little at a time

    • D. 

      Parts of communities split off to form new communities

  • 21. 
    Climate is a global factor that produces
    • A. 

      Earth's unique ocean and atmosphere

    • B. 

      The shape and elevation of landmasses

    • C. 

      A wide range of environmental conditions that shape communities

    • D. 

      Solar energy within the atmosphere

  • 22. 
    The nutrient availability of aquatic ecosystems is the
    • A. 

      Amount of nitrogen, oxygen, and other elements dissolved in the water

    • B. 

      Number of other organisms present in the water

    • C. 

      Amount of rainfall the water recieves

    • D. 

      Number of different animal species living in the water

  • 23. 
    If a population grows larger than the carrying capacity of the environment, which of these is most likely to happen?
    • A. 

      The death rate may rise

    • B. 

      The birthrate may rise

    • C. 

      The death rate must fall

    • D. 

      The birth rate must fall

  • 24. 
    A major factor that negatively affects biodiversity is
    • A. 

      Biological magnification

    • B. 

      Habitat fragmentation

    • C. 

      Contour plowing

    • D. 

      Nonrenewable resources

  • 25. 
    A developer wants to build a new housing development in or around a large city. Which of the following plans would be least harmful to the environment
    • A. 

      Clearing a forested area outside teh city to build houses

    • B. 

      Building aparpments at the site of an abandoned factory in the city

    • C. 

      Building a neighborhood in a meadow at the edge of the city

    • D. 

      Filling a wetland area and building oceanfront condominiums

  • 26. 
    Ideally, sustainable development should
    • A. 

      Put the protection of the environment ahead of human needs

    • B. 

      Provide for human needs at the expense of the environment

    • C. 

      Use more natural resources to make goods to meet human needs

    • D. 

      Preserve ecosystems while providing for human needs

  • 27. 
    Which of the following in not considered a sustainable-development strategy for management of Earth's resources?
    • A. 

      Contour plowing

    • B. 

      Desertification

    • C. 

      Crop rotation

    • D. 

      Selective harvesting of trees

  • 28. 
    Introduced species can threaten biodiversity because they can
    • A. 

      Cause desertification

    • B. 

      Cause biological magnification

    • C. 

      Crowd out native species

    • D. 

      Reduce the amount of fertile land

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