Biology Quiz 3

40 Questions  I  By Victoria713281
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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

  
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  • 1. 
    Which of the following do all fungi have in common?
    • A. 

      Meiosis in basidia

    • B. 

      Coenocytic hyphae

    • C. 

      Sexual life cycle

    • D. 

      Absorption of nutrients

    • E. 

      Symbioses with algae


  • 2. 
    Fungal cells can reproduce asexually by undergoing mitosis followed by cytokinesis. Many fungi can also prepare to reproduce sexually by undergoing
    • A. 

      Cytokinesis followed by karyokinesis

    • B. 

      Binary fission followed by cytokinesis

    • C. 

      Plasmolysis followed by karyotyping

    • D. 

      Plasmogamy followed by karyogamy

    • E. 

      Sporogenesis followed by gametogenesis


  • 3. 
    Which of these structures are most likely to be a component of both chytrid zoospores and motile animal cells?
    • A. 

      Cilia

    • B. 

      Flagella

    • C. 

      Pseudopods

    • D. 

      Heterokaryons

    • E. 

      Haustoria


  • 4. 
    This phylum contains the mushrooms, shelf fungi, and puffballs
    • A. 

      Zygomycota

    • B. 

      Ascomycota

    • C. 

      Basidiomycota

    • D. 

      Glomeromycota

    • E. 

      Chytridiomycota


  • 5. 
    In which phylum are mushrooms and toadstools classified?
    • A. 

      Basidiomycota

    • B. 

      Ascomycota

    • C. 

      Deuteromycota

    • D. 

      Zygomycota

    • E. 

      Chytridiomycota


  • 6. 
    Chemicals, secreted by soil fungi, that inhibit the growth of bacteria, are known as
    • A. 

      Antibodies

    • B. 

      Aflatoxins

    • C. 

      Hallucinogens

    • D. 

      Antigens

    • E. 

      Antibiotics


  • 7. 
    Which of the following conditions is caused by a fungus that is accidentally consumed along with rye flour?
    • A. 

      Ergotism

    • B. 

      Athlete's foot

    • C. 

      Ringworm

    • D. 

      Candidiasis (Candida yeast infection)

    • E. 

      Coccidioidomycosis


  • 8. 
    All fungi share which of the following characteristics?
    • A. 

      Symbiotic

    • B. 

      Heterotrophic

    • C. 

      Flagellated

    • D. 

      Pathogenic

    • E. 

      Act as decomposers


  • 9. 
    Among the organisms listed here, which are thought to be the closest relatives of fungi?
    • A. 

      Animals

    • B. 

      Vascular plants

    • C. 

      Mosses

    • D. 

      Brown algae

    • E. 

      Slime molds


  • 10. 
    Both animals and fungi are heterotrophic. What distinguishes animal heterotrophy from fungal heterotrophy is that only animals derive their nutrition
    • A. 

      From organic matter

    • B. 

      By preying on animals

    • C. 

      By ingesting it

    • D. 

      By consuming living, rather than dead, prey

    • E. 

      By using enzymes to digest their food


  • 11. 
    Which of the following is (are) unique to animals?
    • A. 

      Cells that have mitochondria

    • B. 

      The structural carbohydrate, chitin

    • C. 

      Nervous conduction and muscular movement

    • D. 

      Heterotrophy

    • E. 

      Both A and C


  • 12. 
    The last common ancestor of all animals was probably a
    • A. 

      Unicellular chytrid

    • B. 

      Unicellular yeast

    • C. 

      Plant

    • D. 

      Multicellular fungus

    • E. 

      Flagellated protist


  • 13. 
    Organisms that are neither coelomate nor pseudocoelomate should, apart from their digestive systems, have bodies that
    • A. 

      Are solid with tissue

    • B. 

      Lack the ability to metabolize food

    • C. 

      Are incapable of muscular contraction

    • D. 

      Lack true tissues

    • E. 

      Lack mesodermally derived tissues


  • 14. 
    What is characteristic of all ecdysozoans?
    • A. 

      The deuterostome condition

    • B. 

      Some kind of exoskeleton, or hard outer covering

    • C. 

      A pseudocoelom

    • D. 

      Agile, speedy, and powerful locomotion

    • E. 

      The diploblastic condition


  • 15. 
    Which cells in a sponge are primarily responsible for trapping and removing food particles from circulating water?
    • A. 

      Choanocytes

    • B. 

      Mesoglea cells

    • C. 

      Pore cells (porocytes)

    • D. 

      Epidermal cells


  • 16. 
    Which of the following is correctly associated with sponges?
    • A. 

      Osculum

    • B. 

      Body cavity

    • C. 

      Cnidocytes

    • D. 

      Spicules made of chitin

    • E. 

      Muscle cells and nerve cells


  • 17. 
    A radially symmetrical animal that has two embryonic tissue layers probably belongs to which phylum?
    • A. 

      Porifera

    • B. 

      Cnidaria

    • C. 

      Platyhelminthes

    • D. 

      Nematoda

    • E. 

      Echinodermata


  • 18. 
    The members of which class of the phylum Cnidaria occur only as polyps ONLY?
    • A. 

      Hydrozoa

    • B. 

      Scyphozoa

    • C. 

      Anthozoa

    • D. 

      Cubozoa

    • E. 

      Both B and D


  • 19. 
    Which class of the phylum Cnidaria includes "jellies" with rounded (as opposed to boxlike) medusae?
    • A. 

      Hydrozoa

    • B. 

      Scyphozoa

    • C. 

      Anthozoa

    • D. 

      Cubozoa

    • E. 

      Both A and C are referred to as "jellies"


  • 20. 
    Generally, members of which flatworm class(es) are nonparasitic?
    • A. 

      Turbellaria

    • B. 

      Trematoda

    • C. 

      Cestoda

    • D. 

      Monogenea

    • E. 

      A, C, and D


  • 21. 
    A terrestrial mollusc without a shell belongs to which class?
    • A. 

      Chitons

    • B. 

      Bivalves

    • C. 

      Gastropods

    • D. 

      Cephalopods


  • 22. 
    Of the annelid classes below, which have externally segmented bodies?
    • A. 

      Oligochaeta

    • B. 

      Polychaeta

    • C. 

      Hirudinea (leeches)

    • D. 

      All three of these

    • E. 

      Two of these


  • 23. 
    Humans most frequently acquire trichinosis by
    • A. 

      Having sexual contact with an infected partner

    • B. 

      Eating undercooked pork

    • C. 

      Inhaling the eggs of worms

    • D. 

      Eating undercooked beef

    • E. 

      Being bitten by tsetse flies


  • 24. 
    To which phylum does the heartworm belong?
    • A. 

      Platyhelminthes

    • B. 

      Arthropoda

    • C. 

      Nematoda

    • D. 

      Acoela

    • E. 

      Annelida


  • 25. 
    Which of the following characteristics most likely explains why insects are so successful at dispersing to distant environments?
    • A. 

      Hemocoel

    • B. 

      Wings

    • C. 

      Jointed appendages

    • D. 

      Chewing mandibles

    • E. 

      Internal fertilization


  • 26. 
    What distinguishes complete metamorphosis from incomplete metamorphosis in insects?
    • A. 

      Presence of wings in the adult, but not in earlier life stages

    • B. 

      Presence of sex organs in the adult, but not in earlier life stages

    • C. 

      Radically different appearance between adults and earlier life stages

    • D. 

      Only A and B

    • E. 

      A, B, and C


  • 27. 
    Which of the following describe(s) echinoderms?
    • A. 

      They have an endoskeleton of hard calcareous plates

    • B. 

      Tube feet provide motility in most species

    • C. 

      They have a pseudocoelom

    • D. 

      Only A and B are true

    • E. 

      A, B, and C are true


  • 28. 
    Which of the following is a diploblastic phylum of aquatic predators?
    • A. 

      Cnidaria

    • B. 

      Annelida

    • C. 

      Mollusca

    • D. 

      Arthropoda

    • E. 

      Echinodermata


  • 29. 
    Which of the following is a shared characteristic of all chordates?
    • A. 

      Scales

    • B. 

      Jaws

    • C. 

      Vertebrae

    • D. 

      Dorsal, hollow nerve cord

    • E. 

      Four-chambered heart


  • 30. 
    Which extant chordates are postulated to be most like the earliest chordates in appearance?
    • A. 

      Lancelets

    • B. 

      Adult tunicates

    • C. 

      Amphibians

    • D. 

      Reptiles

    • E. 

      Chondrichthyans


  • 31. 
    What do craniates have that earlier chordates did not have?
    • A. 

      Brain

    • B. 

      Vertebrae

    • C. 

      Post-anal tail

    • D. 

      Partial or complete skull

    • E. 

      Bone


  • 32. 
    The endoskeletons of most vertebrates are composed of calcified
    • A. 

      Cartilage

    • B. 

      Silica

    • C. 

      Chitin

    • D. 

      Dentin

    • E. 

      Enamel


  • 33. 
    A trend first observed in the evolution of the earliest tetrapods was
    • A. 

      The appearance of jaws

    • B. 

      The appearance of bony vertebrae

    • C. 

      Feet with digits

    • D. 

      The mineralization of the endoskeleton

    • E. 

      The ability to move in a fishlike manner


  • 34. 
    Which of these is not considered an amniote?
    • A. 

      Amphibians

    • B. 

      Nonbird reptiles

    • C. 

      Birds

    • D. 

      Egg-laying mammals

    • E. 

      Placental mammals


  • 35. 
    Vertebrates and tunicates share
    • A. 

      Jaws adapted for feeding

    • B. 

      A high degree of cephalization

    • C. 

      The formation of structures from the neural crest

    • D. 

      An endoskeleton that includes a skull

    • E. 

      A notochord and a dorsal, hollow nerve cord


  • 36. 
    Pertaining to the underside, or bottom, of an animal with bilateral symmetry.
    • A. 

      Anterior

    • B. 

      Posterior

    • C. 

      Lateral

    • D. 

      Dorsal

    • E. 

      Ventral


  • 37. 
    Pertaining to the top of an animal with radial or bilateral symmetry.
    • A. 

      Anterior

    • B. 

      Posterior

    • C. 

      Lateral

    • D. 

      Dorsal

    • E. 

      Ventral


  • 38. 
    Pertaining to the rear, or tail end, of a bilaterally symmetrical animal.
    • A. 

      Anterior

    • B. 

      Posterior

    • C. 

      Lateral

    • D. 

      Dorsal

    • E. 

      Ventral


  • 39. 
    Pertaining to the front, or head, of a bilaterally symmetrical animal.
    • A. 

      Anterior

    • B. 

      Posterior

    • C. 

      Lateral

    • D. 

      Dorsal

    • E. 

      Ventral


  • 40. 
    Side
    • A. 

      Anterior

    • B. 

      Posterior

    • C. 

      Lateral

    • D. 

      Dorsal

    • E. 

      Ventral


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