Biology Exam 3

51 Questions  I  By Akjohnson8363
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Biology Quizzes & Trivia
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  • 1. 
    An anatomist is a biologist who studies
    • A. 

      The structure of living things

    • B. 

      The physics of living things

    • C. 

      The structure of body parts

    • D. 

      The function of body parts


  • 2. 
    A physiologist is a biologist who studies
    • A. 

      The structure of body parts

    • B. 

      The physics of living things

    • C. 

      The evolution of animals

    • D. 

      The structure of living things

    • E. 

      The function of body parts


  • 3. 
    Structure in the living world is organized into hierarchical levels.  which of the following lists these from least inclusive to most inclusive?
    • A. 

      Cell, molecule, organ, organ systerm, tissue, organism

    • B. 

      Cell, molecule, tissue, organ, organ system, organism

    • C. 

      Molecule, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism

    • D. 

      Molecule, cell, tissue, organ system, organ, organism

    • E. 

      Molecule, cell, organ, organ system, tissue, organism


  • 4. 
    Which of the follwing is a major category of animal tissue?
    • A. 

      Heart

    • B. 

      Blood serum

    • C. 

      Epithelium

    • D. 

      Biceps

    • E. 

      Lymph


  • 5. 
    Epithelial tissues
    • A. 

      Transmit impulses

    • B. 

      Form a framework that supports the body

    • C. 

      Cover both external and internal body surfaces

    • D. 

      Sense stimuli

    • E. 

      Cause body movements


  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements about the cells of mucous membrane lining your air tubes is false?
    • A. 

      They are stratified squamous epithelial cells

    • B. 

      They have a large volume of cytoplasm

    • C. 

      They are cubodial or columnar in shape

    • D. 

      They manufacture secretory products

    • E. 

      They carry cilia that sweep mucus up and out of the repiratory system


  • 7. 
    The liquid part of the blood that consists of water, salts and dissolved proteins is known as
    • A. 

      Platelets

    • B. 

      Lymph

    • C. 

      Intestinal fluid

    • D. 

      Plasma

    • E. 

      Serum


  • 8. 
    Which of the following is a type of connective tissue?
    • A. 

      Adipose

    • B. 

      Plasma

    • C. 

      Spinal fluid

    • D. 

      Muscle tissue

    • E. 

      Epithlial tissue


  • 9. 
    Which of the following is formed from a matrix of collagen fibers embedded in a hard mineral substance?
    • A. 

      Bond

    • B. 

      Fibrous connective tissue

    • C. 

      Cartilage

    • D. 

      Blood

    • E. 

      Adipose tissue


  • 10. 
    Which kind of connective tissue has an extracellular liquid matrix called plasma?
    • A. 

      Adipose tissue

    • B. 

      Blood

    • C. 

      Cartilage

    • D. 

      Loose connective tissue

    • E. 

      Nerve tissue


  • 11. 
    The most common type of connective tissue in the human body is
    • A. 

      Loose connective tissue

    • B. 

      Bone

    • C. 

      Loose adipose tissue

    • D. 

      Adipose tissue

    • E. 

      Fibrous connective tissue


  • 12. 
    Smooth muscle tissue is repsonsible for
    • A. 

      Voluntary body activities

    • B. 

      Transmisson of information

    • C. 

      Involuntary body activities

    • D. 

      The pumping action of the heart

    • E. 

      An athlete's ability to run a 100-meter dash


  • 13. 
    Unlike both smooth and skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle
    • A. 

      Has cells that are striped

    • B. 

      Generally cannot be contracted at will

    • C. 

      Generally can be contracted at will

    • D. 

      Has branched cells

    • E. 

      Has cells that contact one anotehr


  • 14. 
    The main function of muscle tissue is
    • A. 

      Sensation

    • B. 

      Absorption

    • C. 

      Covering surfaced

    • D. 

      Support

    • E. 

      Contraction


  • 15. 
    Which type of tissue forms a communication and coordination sysem within the body?
    • A. 

      Muscle

    • B. 

      Blood

    • C. 

      Connective

    • D. 

      Nervous

    • E. 

      Epithelial


  • 16. 
    The structural and funtional unit of nervous tissue is the
    • A. 

      Neuron

    • B. 

      Dendrite

    • C. 

      Nerve

    • D. 

      Axon

    • E. 

      Cell body


  • 17. 
    An organ represents a higher level of structure than the tissue compositng it and performs functions that the tissues cannot perform alone.  This is an example of the principle of
    • A. 

      Emergent properties

    • B. 

      Structural adaptations

    • C. 

      Protein scaffolding

    • D. 

      Cellular regulation

    • E. 

      Biotechnology


  • 18. 
    Which organ system removes nitrogen-containing waste products from blood?
    • A. 

      Excretory system

    • B. 

      Lymphatic system

    • C. 

      Reproductive system

    • D. 

      Integumentary system

    • E. 

      Muscular system


  • 19. 
    Which of the following imaging techinques is best suited for visualizing fine anatomic detail in the brain?
    • A. 

      Positron-emission tomography (PET)

    • B. 

      X-ray imaging

    • C. 

      X-ray tomography

    • D. 

      Electrocardiogram

    • E. 

      Magnetic reasonance imagining (MRI)


  • 20. 
    Which of the following imaging techiniques is used for visualizing areas of high or low metabolic activity?
    • A. 

      Magnetiv reasonance imaging (MRI)

    • B. 

      X-Ray tomography

    • C. 

      X-ray imaging

    • D. 

      Computerizzed tomography (CT)

    • E. 

      Positron-emisson tomography (PET)


  • 21. 
    Which of the following is closely associated with the digestive, respiratory, and excretory sysems?
    • A. 

      The circulatory system

    • B. 

      The muscular system

    • C. 

      The lymphatic system

    • D. 

      The skeletal system

    • E. 

      The reproductive system


  • 22. 
    Homeostatsis
    • A. 

      Is a pathological condition

    • B. 

      Is the way the internal enivronment influences the external environment

    • C. 

      Results from hormone imbalance

    • D. 

      Results from hormone imbalances

    • E. 

      Is the maintenance of a constant internal state


  • 23. 
    Which of the following is most likely to be responsible if, when your blood sugar level rises, the level of sugar goes back down?
    • A. 

      The use of the sugar for energy by your cells

    • B. 

      Diabetes insipidus

    • C. 

      A homeostatic meachanism based on negative feedback

    • D. 

      Type II diabetes

    • E. 

      A homeostatic mechanism based on positive feedback


  • 24. 
    Most homeostatsis depends on
    • A. 

      Negative feedback control

    • B. 

      Positive feedback control

    • C. 

      Predictable internal conditions

    • D. 

      Predictable environmental conditions

    • E. 

      Hormonal regulation


  • 25. 
    When body temperature is too high, which of the following occurs?
    • A. 

      The brain sends out distress signals

    • B. 

      Blood glucose rises significantly

    • C. 

      Blood vessels in the skin dilate

    • D. 

      The internal lining of the intestine increases in surface area

    • E. 

      Capillaries contract


  • 26. 
    When you move your arm to use your computer mouse, which of the muscle issue types is inlvoed?
    • A. 

      Cardiac

    • B. 

      Skeletal

    • C. 

      Smooth


  • 27. 
    Protecting of the body from infectious organims is accomplished by which of these tissues?
    • A. 

      Blood

    • B. 

      Muscle

    • C. 

      Nerve

    • D. 

      Bone


  • 28. 
    Glands  are composed of which of these tissue types?
    • A. 

      Epithelium

    • B. 

      Connective

    • C. 

      Muscle

    • D. 

      Nervous


  • 29. 
    Transmission of the nerve message within the neron is ___ in nature.
    • A. 

      Chemical

    • B. 

      Electrical


  • 30. 
    Contraction of your heart is accomplished by which of these muscle tissue types?
    • A. 

      Cardiac

    • B. 

      Skeletal

    • C. 

      Smooth


  • 31. 
    The storage of fat is accomplished by which of these cell types?
    • A. 

      Adipose

    • B. 

      Squanmous epithelium

    • C. 

      Cubodial epithelium

    • D. 

      Stratified epithelium


  • 32. 
    Connective tissue specialized for storage of calcium and phosphorus is ____.
    • A. 

      Bone

    • B. 

      Cartilage

    • C. 

      Blood

    • D. 

      Adipose


  • 33. 
    _____tissued have one free surface and the other side rests on the basement membbrane
    • A. 

      Nervous

    • B. 

      Epithelium

    • C. 

      Connective

    • D. 

      Muscle


  • 34. 
    The neuron is the functional unit of the nervous system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 35. 
    White blood cells carry oxygen and red bloods cells fucntion in the immune system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 36. 
    Platelets function in blood clotting.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 37. 
    Each neuron has a cell body, an axon, and many dendrites.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 38. 
    Both germ cells and somatic cells are diploid.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 39. 
    Cardiac and smooth muscle tissue are involuntary while skeletal muscle tissue is voluntary.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 40. 
    Exocrine glands release their contents to the extracellular matrix through ducts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 41. 
    Muscus. salvia, earwax, oil , milk, and digetive enzymes are examples of endocrine galnds.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 42. 
    Positive feedback is important for mataining homestasis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 43. 
    Epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous tissues are the four differnt kinds of tissues found in naimals.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 44. 
    Which of the following statements regarding circulation is true?
    • A. 

      Muscle contraction tends to pull blood downward into the lower parts of the body of a terrestial vertebrate.

    • B. 

      Valves in viends and muscle contractions pressing against viens slow down the return of blood to the heart.

    • C. 

      Gravity significantly affects blood moving through the circulatory system.

    • D. 

      A standing giraffe requires a great deal more pressure to pump blood to its head than an animal with a shorter neck.

    • E. 

      When a corn snkae climips up a tree, its heart beats slower but with a greater florce.


  • 45. 
    The two basic types of circulatory systems that have evolved over time are
    • A. 

      Horizontal and vertical

    • B. 

      Open and closed

    • C. 

      Single and double

    • D. 

      Aquatic and terrestial


  • 46. 
    Which of the following compoents of blood fights infection?
    • A. 

      White blood cells

    • B. 

      Red blood cells

    • C. 

      Platelets

    • D. 

      Plasma


  • 47. 
    What blood group is Tyrel if he has all three antigens (A,B, Rh) on his red blood cells and no antibodies in plasma?
    • A. 

      A+

    • B. 

      B+

    • C. 

      AB+

    • D. 

      O+


  • 48. 
    Whiich of the following blood group is a universal donor?
    • A. 

      O-

    • B. 

      O+

    • C. 

      AB+

    • D. 

      AB-


  • 49. 
    All birds and mammals have a heart with
    • A. 

      Two atria and two ventricles

    • B. 

      1 atrium and 1 ventricle

    • C. 

      2 atria and 1 venticle

    • D. 

      1 atrium and 2 ventricle


  • 50. 
    Which vessles carry blood towards the heart?
    • A. 

      Veins

    • B. 

      Arteries

    • C. 

      Aorta

    • D. 

      Pulmonary atetery


  • 51. 
    ___ is caused by Rh impatibility between maternal and fetal bood.
    • A. 

      Erythrolastis fetalis

    • B. 

      Embolus

    • C. 

      Erhythmia

    • D. 

      Angina pectoris


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