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Biology - Chapter 5 Test

30 Questions  I  By Trsonline
Biology Quizzes & Trivia

  
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1.  The study of heredity is called
2.  A gene is a section of DNA that can produce a particular polypeptide chain of amino acids and thereby cause a trait.
A.
B.
3.  The scientist who established the first laws and principles of heredity was
4.  Hair and eye color, body build, and facial features are inherited and are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A chart showing the phenotype of the individuals in several generations of a family is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  In which phase of mitosis are the sister chromatids aligned at the center of the mitotic spindle?
7.  A histone is a protein that helps protect and maintain the shape of a chromosome.
A.
B.
8.  For a simple dominant and recessive characteristic, a cross between organisms of genotypes Bb and Bb will produce offspring that all have the same phenotype.
A.
B.
9.  The human diploid chromosome number is
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  In what phase of mitosis does the centrosome divide and migrate to the opposite poles?
11.  A condition in which both alleles of a heterozygous condition is expressed is
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  When two haploid gametes unite, they form a diploid cell called a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Which of these is a difference between mitosis and meiosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Asexual reproduction takes place in all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  A test cross involves mating an organism that has an unknown genotype but dominant phenotype with
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  What is the third phase of the cell cycle?
17.  The exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes during meiosis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Section of a chromosome that code for a trait are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Multiple gene interaction occurs when several different sets of genes work together to produce a single trait.
A.
B.
20.  What is the first phase of the cell cycle?
21.  For a simple dominant and recessive characteristic, a cross between organisms of genotypes AA and aa will produce offspring that all have the same genotype.
A.
B.
22.  In which phase of mitosis do the kinetochore fibers pull the sister chromatids apart?
23.  An example of a species characteristic in humans would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The principle of genetics involved when one gene in a pair masks or prevents the expression of the other is called the principle of
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Possessing a pair of different alleles for one trait is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  What is the second phase of the cell cycle?
27.  In the case of a sex-linked trait, which of the following could not happen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  In which phase of mitosis do the chromosomes begin to coil in the nucleus?
29.  A carrier of a sex-linked trait has the gene and exhibits the physical characteristics of the trait.
A.
B.
30.  In codominance, the individual expresses both alleles with no blending of traits.
A.
B.
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