Ast Practice Test - Part 2 Of 2

115 Questions  I  By Heatherbalthrop
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Medical Quizzes & Trivia
250 question practice exam for AST certification. Topics covered are basic sciences, preoperative patient care, preoperative case management, intraoperative case management, postoperative case management, surgical specialties/procedures, and ancillary functions. Part 2: questions 136-250

  
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  • 1. 
    The master gland is the
    • A. 

      Thyroid

    • B. 

      Pituitary

    • C. 

      Adrenal

    • D. 

      Parathyroid


  • 2. 
    A condition that can occur as a result of gross bone contamination or improper surgical technique is
    • A. 

      Osteoporosis

    • B. 

      Osteomalacia

    • C. 

      Osteomyelitis

    • D. 

      Osteoarthritis


  • 3. 
    Oxytocics are used to
    • A. 

      Relax the uterus

    • B. 

      Contract the uterus

    • C. 

      Treat bronchospasm

    • D. 

      Increase renal flow


  • 4. 
    Which of the following instruments would be used to retract the bladder walls during a suprapubic prostatectomy?
    • A. 

      Weitlaner

    • B. 

      O'Sullivan-O'Connor

    • C. 

      Mason-Judd

    • D. 

      Dennis-Brown


  • 5. 
    Maintenance of bony exposure during a lumbar laminectomy is effected by the use of a
    • A. 

      Gelpi

    • B. 

      Finochietto

    • C. 

      Cloward

    • D. 

      Beckman-Adson


  • 6. 
    A common abdominal complication caused by previous abdoominal or pelvic surgery is
    • A. 

      Adenomyosis

    • B. 

      Endometriosis

    • C. 

      Adhesions

    • D. 

      Vaginal discharge


  • 7. 
    Which or the following shunts would be used surgically to correct hydrocephalus?
    • A. 

      Scribner

    • B. 

      Brisman-Nova

    • C. 

      Le Veen

    • D. 

      Hakim


  • 8. 
    A spinal fusion is usually effected by autogenous grafts taken from the patient's
    • A. 

      Ischium

    • B. 

      Ileum

    • C. 

      Ilium

    • D. 

      Lamina


  • 9. 
    A complication of orthopedic surgery is
    • A. 

      Thromboembolism

    • B. 

      Fat embolism

    • C. 

      Infection

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 10. 
    Nonunion of bone can be treated with
    • A. 

      Artificially applied electric current

    • B. 

      Medication

    • C. 

      Traction

    • D. 

      Casting


  • 11. 
    The word which best describes "staging" is
    • A. 

      Reproduction criteria

    • B. 

      Categorization

    • C. 

      Series

    • D. 

      B and C


  • 12. 
    Nosocomial infection refers to
    • A. 

      Hospital-acquired infection

    • B. 

      Infection in the nose

    • C. 

      Infection in the wound

    • D. 

      Surgery-related infection


  • 13. 
    During a CPR effort in the OR, the scrub nurse
    • A. 

      Starts time clock and records arrest time

    • B. 

      Remains sterile and keeps tables sterile

    • C. 

      Assists with traffic control as ordered

    • D. 

      Breaks scrub and mans defibrillator


  • 14. 
    The edges of a wrapper that enclose sterile contents are considered
    • A. 

      Sterile

    • B. 

      Semisterile

    • C. 

      Nonsterile

    • D. 

      Surgically clean


  • 15. 
    A ureteral stent catheter is used to
    • A. 

      Remove ureteral calculi

    • B. 

      Inject dye through during pyelography

    • C. 

      Provide long-term drainage in ureteral obstruction

    • D. 

      Measure bladder pressure


  • 16. 
    Uterotubal insufflation is a
    • A. 

      Manchester procedure

    • B. 

      Wertheim procedure

    • C. 

      Le Fort procedure

    • D. 

      Rubin's test


  • 17. 
    An infants average at rest heart rate is _____ beats per minute
    • A. 

      60

    • B. 

      80

    • C. 

      120

    • D. 

      200


  • 18. 
    Which of the following instruments is not found in a vaginal procedure?
    • A. 

      Goodell dilator

    • B. 

      Jacobs tenaculum

    • C. 

      Auvard speculum

    • D. 

      Harrington retractor


  • 19. 
    The operation to correct prolapse of the anterior vaginal wall is
    • A. 

      Colporrhaphy

    • B. 

      Shirodkar

    • C. 

      Le Fort

    • D. 

      Vesicourethral suspension


  • 20. 
    Which nasal sinus can be approached only through an external eyebrow incision?
    • A. 

      Sphenoid

    • B. 

      Ethmoid

    • C. 

      Frontal

    • D. 

      Maxillary


  • 21. 
    Which sinus is surgically opened in a Caldwell-Luc procedure?
    • A. 

      Ethmoid

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Maxillary

    • D. 

      Sphenoid


  • 22. 
    Which of the following pieces of hardware will be used in an intramedullary fixation of a fracture of an adult femoral shaft?
    • A. 

      Kirschner's wire

    • B. 

      Steinmann pin

    • C. 

      Kuntscher nail

    • D. 

      Jewett nail


  • 23. 
    The second cranial nerve is the
    • A. 

      Vagus

    • B. 

      Oculomotor

    • C. 

      Optic

    • D. 

      Facial


  • 24. 
    The normal body temperature in centigrade measurement is
    • A. 

      37 C

    • B. 

      56 C

    • C. 

      98 C

    • D. 

      112 C


  • 25. 
    What is the purpose of doing ABGs intraoperatively?
    • A. 

      To assess arterial gases

    • B. 

      To determine blood volume

    • C. 

      To monitor pulmonary artery pressure measurement

    • D. 

      To aid in determining antibiotics to use


  • 26. 
    Which tube is used for gastrointestinal decompression?
    • A. 

      Penrose

    • B. 

      Poole

    • C. 

      Ferguson

    • D. 

      Levin


  • 27. 
    A tissue expander would be used for
    • A. 

      Burn debridement

    • B. 

      TRAM flap

    • C. 

      Breast reconstruction

    • D. 

      Gynecomastia


  • 28. 
    Continuous irrigation of the bladder is necessary during cystoscopy to
    • A. 

      Keep the area moistened and thus reduce trauma

    • B. 

      Distend the bladder walls for visualization

    • C. 

      Act as a viewing medium

    • D. 

      Reduce heat from the lighted scope


  • 29. 
    The excision and removal of diseased and necrotic tissue is termed
    • A. 

      Desiccation

    • B. 

      Decortication

    • C. 

      Debridement

    • D. 

      Dermabrasion


  • 30. 
    The excision of loose skin and periorbital fat of the eyelids is called
    • A. 

      Fasciectomy

    • B. 

      Oculoplasty

    • C. 

      Rhtyidectomy

    • D. 

      Blepharoplasty


  • 31. 
    A fleshy encroachment onto the cornea is called
    • A. 

      Chalazion

    • B. 

      Glaucoma

    • C. 

      Pterygium

    • D. 

      Strabismus


  • 32. 
    Mandibular fractures are treated by occlusion of the teeth effected b ythe use of a(n)
    • A. 

      Splint

    • B. 

      Rigid fixation with plate

    • C. 

      LeFort suspension device

    • D. 

      Arch bar


  • 33. 
    Which procedure would requiere the following instruments:  Freer elevator, osteotome, Aschf forcep, Ballinger swivel knife, caliper
    • A. 

      Orthopedic

    • B. 

      Arthroscopic

    • C. 

      Nasal

    • D. 

      Vascular


  • 34. 
    Lacrimal probes are called
    • A. 

      Bowman

    • B. 

      Bakes

    • C. 

      Serrefines

    • D. 

      Swolin


  • 35. 
    The eardrum is also known as the
    • A. 

      External auditory canal

    • B. 

      Ear canal

    • C. 

      Semicircular canal

    • D. 

      Tympanic membrane


  • 36. 
    Which of the following appliances can be used for intramedullary fixation of a femur?
    • A. 

      Smith-Peterson

    • B. 

      Neufield

    • C. 

      Jewett

    • D. 

      Sampson


  • 37. 
    Bradycardia is
    • A. 

      Heartbeat over 100 beats per minute

    • B. 

      Irregular heartbeat

    • C. 

      Thready, weak heartbeat

    • D. 

      Heartbeat less than 60 beats per minute


  • 38. 
    If a needle punctures a sterile tem member's glove,
    • A. 

      Discard the needle

    • B. 

      Change the glove

    • C. 

      Place another glove over the punctured one

    • D. 

      A and B


  • 39. 
    A Tenckhoff catheter is placed into
    • A. 

      Cephalic vein

    • B. 

      Peritoneal cavity

    • C. 

      Hepatic vessel

    • D. 

      Subclavian artery


  • 40. 
    The needle used for a liver biopsy is
    • A. 

      Silverman

    • B. 

      Charnley

    • C. 

      Chiba

    • D. 

      Dorsey


  • 41. 
    Each of the following treats glaucoma EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Trephining

    • B. 

      Laser trabeculoplasty

    • C. 

      Keratoplasty

    • D. 

      Iridectomy


  • 42. 
    An instrument used to incise the eardrum to relieve pressure is called a
    • A. 

      Rosen knife

    • B. 

      Walsh crurotomy knife

    • C. 

      Myringotomy knife

    • D. 

      Hough pick


  • 43. 
    In which surgical specialty would a perfusionist be necessary?
    • A. 

      Neurologic

    • B. 

      Cardiac

    • C. 

      Transplant

    • D. 

      Microsurgery


  • 44. 
    The preferred method of glovin is _____.  In changing during a case, this method _____ be used.
    • A. 

      Closed, can

    • B. 

      Open, can

    • C. 

      Closed, cannot

    • D. 

      Open, cannot


  • 45. 
    When a patient goes into hypovolemic shock in the OR, an immediate response would be
    • A. 

      Monitor intake and output

    • B. 

      Give supplementary oxygen

    • C. 

      Raise the head 45 degrees

    • D. 

      Restore fluid volume quickly


  • 46. 
    In which surgical would classification would an appendectomy for ruptured appendix fall?
    • A. 

      Clean

    • B. 

      Clean contaminated

    • C. 

      Contaminated

    • D. 

      Dirty or infected


  • 47. 
    The malleus, incus, and stapes are located in the
    • A. 

      Middle ear

    • B. 

      Outer ear

    • C. 

      Inner ear

    • D. 

      External ear


  • 48. 
    Protective goggles are worn during CO2 laser surgery to
    • A. 

      Deflect glare

    • B. 

      Prevent corneal damage

    • C. 

      Avoid splashing from irrigation

    • D. 

      Absorb light rays


  • 49. 
    When gloving a surgeon
    • A. 

      Keep the palm of the gove facing the surgeon

    • B. 

      Avoid contact by keeping thumbs tucked in

    • C. 

      Hold the second glove while doing the first

    • D. 

      Glove only over a sterile area


  • 50. 
    After hip joint surgery, immobilization is aided by the use of
    • A. 

      Abduction pillow

    • B. 

      Thomas splint

    • C. 

      Cast

    • D. 

      Traction


  • 51. 
    The blue-green wavelength produced by a laser that is capable of treating retinal detachment, diabetic retinopahy, and macular neovascular lesion is
    • A. 

      Krypton

    • B. 

      Ho-YAG

    • C. 

      Argon

    • D. 

      Nd-YAG


  • 52. 
    If the patient has a positive breast biopsy, and the surgeon proceeds to do a radical mastectomy
    • A. 

      The same drapes and instruments may be used

    • B. 

      The patient is reprepped, and new drapes and instruments are used

    • C. 

      The drapes may remain, but new instruments are used

    • D. 

      The drapes are replaced, but the same instruments may be used


  • 53. 
    At which artery is the blood pressure taken?
    • A. 

      Cephalic

    • B. 

      Brachial

    • C. 

      Basilar

    • D. 

      Axillary


  • 54. 
    The action of white blood cells is to
    • A. 

      Transport oxygen

    • B. 

      Clot blood

    • C. 

      Produce enzymes

    • D. 

      Destroy bacteria


  • 55. 
    The function of the endocrine glands is to
    • A. 

      Manufacture sugar

    • B. 

      Produce hormones

    • C. 

      Maintain acid-base balance

    • D. 

      Digest fat


  • 56. 
    Oxygenated blood is returned to the left atrium of the heart from the lungs via the
    • A. 

      Pulmonary vein

    • B. 

      Pulmonary artery

    • C. 

      Carotid artery

    • D. 

      Renal vein


  • 57. 
    Bile is manufactured in the _____ and stored in the _____.
    • A. 

      Gallbladder, liver

    • B. 

      Liver, pancreas

    • C. 

      Gallbladder, duodenum

    • D. 

      Liver, gallbladder


  • 58. 
    Entrapment of the _____ nerve is relieved by a carpal tunnel release.
    • A. 

      Brachial

    • B. 

      Radial

    • C. 

      Median

    • D. 

      Ulnar


  • 59. 
    When intraoperative cultures are obtained, each of the following is true EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Tip of swab is placed on back table

    • B. 

      Cultures should be refrigerated or sent to lab immediatley

    • C. 

      Circulator handles tube following appropriate precautions

    • D. 

      Cultures are obtained under sterile conditions


  • 60. 
    During vascular surgery, an arteriotomy is executed with a #11 blade and extended by used of a
    • A. 

      Lahey

    • B. 

      Metzenbaum

    • C. 

      Potts-Smith

    • D. 

      Stevens


  • 61. 
    Dehiscence is
    • A. 

      Separation of layers of surgical wound

    • B. 

      Extrusion of internal organs through a gaping wound

    • C. 

      Failure of wound to heal

    • D. 

      Infected operative wound


  • 62. 
    The first part of the small intestine is known as the
    • A. 

      Jejunum

    • B. 

      Pylorus

    • C. 

      Duodenum

    • D. 

      Ileum


  • 63. 
    What organisms are likely to be found ina surgical wound adjacent to a colostomy?
    • A. 

      Staphylococcus

    • B. 

      Streptococcus

    • C. 

      Pseudomonas

    • D. 

      Escherichia coli


  • 64. 
    During a CPR effort, which drug is given to combat metabolic acidosis?
    • A. 

      Xylocaine

    • B. 

      Sodium bicarbonate

    • C. 

      Nipride

    • D. 

      Inderal


  • 65. 
    When inserting a Foley catheter, always
    • A. 

      Check theintegrity of the balloon by inflating it with the correct amount of sterile water prior to insertion

    • B. 

      Inflate the balloon immediatley after insertion

    • C. 

      Connect the catheter to the closed drainage system before the catheter is inserted

    • D. 

      Have the scrub nurse hold bag above table level


  • 66. 
    The proper setting for a tourniquet applied to the tigh is about
    • A. 

      100 mm Hg

    • B. 

      250 mm Hg

    • C. 

      350 mm Hg

    • D. 

      400 mm Hg


  • 67. 
    Crushing a urinary calculus in the bladder through the urethra is called
    • A. 

      Cystolithotomy

    • B. 

      Litholapaxy

    • C. 

      Urethrotomy

    • D. 

      Urethroplasty


  • 68. 
    The surgical procedure performed electively as a permanent method of sterilization is
    • A. 

      Epididymectomy

    • B. 

      Orchiectomy

    • C. 

      Vasectomy

    • D. 

      Orchiopexy


  • 69. 
    When doing a skin prep, which includes a draining sinus, the contaminated area is
    • A. 

      Done first

    • B. 

      Done last or separately

    • C. 

      Given no special consideration

    • D. 

      Avoided because it is contaminated


  • 70. 
    The portion of the stomach located at the approach to the small intestine is the
    • A. 

      Cardia

    • B. 

      Fundus

    • C. 

      Pylorus

    • D. 

      Antrum


  • 71. 
    A commonly used diuretic is
    • A. 

      Nipride

    • B. 

      Lasix

    • C. 

      Dobutrex

    • D. 

      Adrenalin


  • 72. 
    The normal bladder capacity is
    • A. 

      100-200 mL

    • B. 

      200-300 mL

    • C. 

      700-800 mL

    • D. 

      800-1000 mL


  • 73. 
    Rectal surgery preparation is done
    • A. 

      Top to bottom

    • B. 

      Bottom to top

    • C. 

      Surrounding area first, anus last

    • D. 

      Anus first, surrounding area last


  • 74. 
    When changing a gown during a case, the _____ is (are) removed first, the _____ second, and a rescrub is _____.
    • A. 

      Gown, gloves, not necessary

    • B. 

      Gloves, gown, not necessary

    • C. 

      Gown, gloves, necessary

    • D. 

      Gloes, gown, necessary


  • 75. 
    Which piece of equipment is used to make a skin graft larger?
    • A. 

      Knife dermatome

    • B. 

      Brown air dermatome

    • C. 

      Mesh dermatome

    • D. 

      Reese drum-type dermatome


  • 76. 
    The item that provides internal drainage of an obstructed ureter is a(n)
    • A. 

      Lithotrite

    • B. 

      Stone basket

    • C. 

      Stent

    • D. 

      ESWL


  • 77. 
    A way to alleviate a presurgical pateint's anxiety is via
    • A. 

      History and physical review

    • B. 

      Preoperative visit

    • C. 

      Review of charts and records

    • D. 

      Visit by hospital social worker


  • 78. 
    The kidneys are held in place by the
    • A. 

      Renal columns

    • B. 

      Detrusor muscle

    • C. 

      Renal fascia and fat

    • D. 

      Tunica fibrosa


  • 79. 
    A culture and sensitivity is done to
    • A. 

      Deterine nature of organism and the susceptibility of that organism

    • B. 

      Diagnose blood infections

    • C. 

      Culture a single organism responsible for infection

    • D. 

      Determine if furniture and rooms are being cleaned properly


  • 80. 
    Which of the following is considered the most effective agent for scrubbing?
    • A. 

      Povidone-iodine

    • B. 

      Glutaraldehyde

    • C. 

      Hexachlorophene

    • D. 

      Chlorhexidene


  • 81. 
    All of the following would be on the setup for an open thoracotomy EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Alexander's periosteotome

    • B. 

      Duval forceps

    • C. 

      Joseph's saw

    • D. 

      Lebsche knife


  • 82. 
    Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) would be utilized for
    • A. 

      Urinary calculi

    • B. 

      Soft tissue allograft

    • C. 

      Dressing for burns

    • D. 

      Antiembolitic effort


  • 83. 
    During a basic femoral head fixation, the length and position of the implant is determined by the used of
    • A. 

      Guide wire

    • B. 

      Compression screw

    • C. 

      Tap

    • D. 

      Awl


  • 84. 
    Which of the following grafts is not a syntehtic vascular graft?
    • A. 

      Filamentous velours

    • B. 

      Polytetrafluorethylene

    • C. 

      Biologic vascular

    • D. 

      Exoskeleton prosthesis


  • 85. 
    Fingerlike projections at the end of the Fallopian tubes are called
    • A. 

      Fimbriae

    • B. 

      Infundibulum

    • C. 

      Graphian follicle

    • D. 

      Corpus luteum


  • 86. 
    All of the following are true of self-adhering plastic incision drapes EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Scrubbed area must be moist at application

    • B. 

      Alcohol may be used after iodophor to hasten drying of the skin

    • C. 

      Drape is smoothed away from incision

    • D. 

      Usual skin prep preceds its application


  • 87. 
    An abnormal deposition of collagen that occurs during the healing process is known as
    • A. 

      Eschar

    • B. 

      Keloid

    • C. 

      Contracture

    • D. 

      Cicatrix


  • 88. 
    All of the following statements are true during deep vaginal procedures EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Suction is part of the setup

    • B. 

      Sponges are secured on long forceps

    • C. 

      Vaginal packing may be inserted at case end

    • D. 

      Count is eliminated


  • 89. 
    The gas introduced into the peritonem during laparoscopy to create a pheumoperitoneum is
    • A. 

      Nitrous oxide

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Nitrogen

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide


  • 90. 
    Crutchfield tongs produce skeletal traction to reduce fractures of the
    • A. 

      Phalanges

    • B. 

      Femoral shaft

    • C. 

      Cervical spine

    • D. 

      Humeral shaft


  • 91. 
    Which disease could be trasmitted via a blood transfusion?
    • A. 

      Hepatitis A

    • B. 

      Hepatitis B

    • C. 

      Infectious hepatitis

    • D. 

      Hepatonephritis


  • 92. 
    Staphylococcus is usually transmitted by
    • A. 

      Sexual contact

    • B. 

      Upper respiratory tract

    • C. 

      Urine

    • D. 

      Feces


  • 93. 
    A bacteria with a thick coat that protects it from temperature extremes or strong chemicals is a
    • A. 

      Parasite

    • B. 

      Host

    • C. 

      Saprophyte

    • D. 

      Spore


  • 94. 
    When a three-way Foley catheter is used, the third lumen is for
    • A. 

      Drainage

    • B. 

      Balloon inflation

    • C. 

      Continuous irrigation

    • D. 

      Constant suction


  • 95. 
    If a towel clip must be removed during a procedure
    • A. 

      The patient must be redraped

    • B. 

      Discard it from the fied and cover the area with another sterile drape

    • C. 

      Place it near the skin knife

    • D. 

      Use the same towel clip but cover the area with another sterile drape


  • 96. 
    Constant monitoring of cardiac function, a requirement for vascular surgery is effected by the use of a
    • A. 

      Doppler

    • B. 

      Swan-Ganz

    • C. 

      Greenfield

    • D. 

      Fogarty


  • 97. 
    What procedure is accomplished to relieve myasthenia gravis?
    • A. 

      Mediastinoscopy

    • B. 

      Pulmonary decortication

    • C. 

      Adrenalectomy

    • D. 

      Thymectomy


  • 98. 
    Which specimen would be placed in formalin?
    • A. 

      Bronchial washings

    • B. 

      Tonsils

    • C. 

      Breast biopsy/frozen

    • D. 

      Kidney stones


  • 99. 
    A legal wrong committed by one person involving injury to another person is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Tort

    • B. 

      Default

    • C. 

      Liability

    • D. 

      Impressment


  • 100. 
    Scoliosis is surgically treated by the implantation of
    • A. 

      Steinmann pins

    • B. 

      Rush rods

    • C. 

      Lottes nails

    • D. 

      Harrington rods


  • 101. 
    An intravenous agent used for anesthesia induction is
    • A. 

      Lidocaine

    • B. 

      Fluothane

    • C. 

      Sodium pentothal

    • D. 

      Demerol


  • 102. 
    A prosthetic implant that requires nonadherence to tissue for the sake of creating normal flexion and extension is
    • A. 

      Biofixation

    • B. 

      Methyl-methacrylate fixation

    • C. 

      Constrained

    • D. 

      Nonconstrained


  • 103. 
    Unauthorized discussion of a patient's surgery outside of the OR constitutes a lawsuit for
    • A. 

      Defamation

    • B. 

      Negligence

    • C. 

      Assault and battery

    • D. 

      Invasion of privacy


  • 104. 
    When applying a sterile sheet on the patient,
    • A. 

      Protect the gloved hands by cuffing the end of the sheet over them

    • B. 

      Adjust the drape by pulling it toward the sterile area

    • C. 

      The gloved hands may touch the painted skin of the patient

    • D. 

      Unfold form the patient's foot to the operative site


  • 105. 
    A chronic granulomatous inflammation of a meibomian gland in the eyelid is a(n)
    • A. 

      Entropion

    • B. 

      Chalazion

    • C. 

      Blepharochalasis

    • D. 

      Pterygium


  • 106. 
    A drug given preoperatively that enables the liver to produce clotting factors in the blood is
    • A. 

      Vitamin C

    • B. 

      Vitamin B12

    • C. 

      Vitamin D

    • D. 

      Vitamin K


  • 107. 
    When is bowel technique necessary?
    • A. 

      When a case is considered septic

    • B. 

      When the patient has not had a bowel prep

    • C. 

      When the patient has perforated preoperatively

    • D. 

      When a contaminated area of the intestinal tract is entered


  • 108. 
    A slowly progressive contracture of the palmar fascia is called
    • A. 

      Volkmann's contracture

    • B. 

      Carpal tunnel syndrome

    • C. 

      Dupuytren's contracture

    • D. 

      Talipes valgus


  • 109. 
    If rubber suction tubing is to be reused
    • A. 

      The lumen must be flushed with a dtergent-disinfectant before tubing is terminally sterilized

    • B. 

      It must be cold-sterilized between uses

    • C. 

      It requires no special procedure

    • D. 

      The lumen must be flushed with water and sterilized


  • 110. 
    Who is responsible for the final count when reliefs have taken place during the case?
    • A. 

      Scrub person

    • B. 

      Scrub person and circulator who do final count

    • C. 

      Circulator

    • D. 

      Scrub person and circulator who begin case


  • 111. 
    Which of the following statements is a contraindication to intraocular lens (IOL) implant?
    • A. 

      Elderly patient with bilaterla cataracts

    • B. 

      Children with traumatic cataracts

    • C. 

      Patients with occupational vision requirements

    • D. 

      Children with congenital cataracts


  • 112. 
    Neo-Synephrine is
    • A. 

      Miotic

    • B. 

      Retrobulbar blocker

    • C. 

      Phacoemulsifier

    • D. 

      Mydriatic


  • 113. 
    The legal doctrine res ipsa loquitor applies to
    • A. 

      Invasion of privacy

    • B. 

      An employer's liability for an employee's negligence

    • C. 

      Damage to personal property

    • D. 

      Injuries sustained by the patient in the OR due to negligence


  • 114. 
    After a case is completed, the sterile team members
    • A. 

      Discard gown and gloves before leaving the OR suite

    • B. 

      Discard gown and keep gloves on to transport soiled equipment

    • C. 

      Discard gown, gloves, caps, masks, and shoe covers before leaving the OR suite

    • D. 

      Discard gown, gloves, and masks before the room is dismantled


  • 115. 
    Pilocarpine is used to
    • A. 

      Dilate the pupil

    • B. 

      Constrict the pupil

    • C. 

      Keep the eye moist

    • D. 

      Reduce inflammation


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