Ast Practice Test - Part 2 Of 2

115 Questions  I  By Heatherbalthrop
250 question practice exam for AST certification.   Topics covered are basic sciences, preoperative patient care, preoperative case management, intraoperative case management, postoperative case management, surgical specialties/procedures, and ancillary functions. Part 2:  questions 136-250

  
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1.  The master gland is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A condition that can occur as a result of gross bone contamination or improper surgical technique is
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Oxytocics are used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following instruments would be used to retract the bladder walls during a suprapubic prostatectomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Maintenance of bony exposure during a lumbar laminectomy is effected by the use of a
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  A common abdominal complication caused by previous abdoominal or pelvic surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which or the following shunts would be used surgically to correct hydrocephalus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A spinal fusion is usually effected by autogenous grafts taken from the patient's
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  A complication of orthopedic surgery is
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Nonunion of bone can be treated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The word which best describes "staging" is
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Nosocomial infection refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  During a CPR effort in the OR, the scrub nurse
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The edges of a wrapper that enclose sterile contents are considered
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  A ureteral stent catheter is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Uterotubal insufflation is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  An infants average at rest heart rate is _____ beats per minute
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following instruments is not found in a vaginal procedure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  The operation to correct prolapse of the anterior vaginal wall is
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which nasal sinus can be approached only through an external eyebrow incision?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Which sinus is surgically opened in a Caldwell-Luc procedure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Which of the following pieces of hardware will be used in an intramedullary fixation of a fracture of an adult femoral shaft?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The second cranial nerve is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The normal body temperature in centigrade measurement is
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  What is the purpose of doing ABGs intraoperatively?
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which tube is used for gastrointestinal decompression?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  A tissue expander would be used for
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Continuous irrigation of the bladder is necessary during cystoscopy to
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The excision and removal of diseased and necrotic tissue is termed
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The excision of loose skin and periorbital fat of the eyelids is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  A fleshy encroachment onto the cornea is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Mandibular fractures are treated by occlusion of the teeth effected b ythe use of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which procedure would requiere the following instruments:  Freer elevator, osteotome, Aschf forcep, Ballinger swivel knife, caliper
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Lacrimal probes are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The eardrum is also known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Which of the following appliances can be used for intramedullary fixation of a femur?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Bradycardia is
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  If a needle punctures a sterile tem member's glove,
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  A Tenckhoff catheter is placed into
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The needle used for a liver biopsy is
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Each of the following treats glaucoma EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  An instrument used to incise the eardrum to relieve pressure is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  In which surgical specialty would a perfusionist be necessary?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  The preferred method of glovin is _____.  In changing during a case, this method _____ be used.
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  When a patient goes into hypovolemic shock in the OR, an immediate response would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  In which surgical would classification would an appendectomy for ruptured appendix fall?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The malleus, incus, and stapes are located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Protective goggles are worn during CO2 laser surgery to
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  When gloving a surgeon
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  After hip joint surgery, immobilization is aided by the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  The blue-green wavelength produced by a laser that is capable of treating retinal detachment, diabetic retinopahy, and macular neovascular lesion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  If the patient has a positive breast biopsy, and the surgeon proceeds to do a radical mastectomy
A.
B.
C.
D.
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53.  At which artery is the blood pressure taken?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The action of white blood cells is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  The function of the endocrine glands is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Oxygenated blood is returned to the left atrium of the heart from the lungs via the
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Bile is manufactured in the _____ and stored in the _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Entrapment of the _____ nerve is relieved by a carpal tunnel release.
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  When intraoperative cultures are obtained, each of the following is true EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  During vascular surgery, an arteriotomy is executed with a #11 blade and extended by used of a
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Dehiscence is
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  The first part of the small intestine is known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  What organisms are likely to be found ina surgical wound adjacent to a colostomy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  During a CPR effort, which drug is given to combat metabolic acidosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  When inserting a Foley catheter, always
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The proper setting for a tourniquet applied to the tigh is about
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Crushing a urinary calculus in the bladder through the urethra is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The surgical procedure performed electively as a permanent method of sterilization is
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  When doing a skin prep, which includes a draining sinus, the contaminated area is
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  The portion of the stomach located at the approach to the small intestine is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  A commonly used diuretic is
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  The normal bladder capacity is
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Rectal surgery preparation is done
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  When changing a gown during a case, the _____ is (are) removed first, the _____ second, and a rescrub is _____.
A.
B.
C.
D.
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75.  Which piece of equipment is used to make a skin graft larger?
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  The item that provides internal drainage of an obstructed ureter is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  A way to alleviate a presurgical pateint's anxiety is via
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  The kidneys are held in place by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  A culture and sensitivity is done to
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  Which of the following is considered the most effective agent for scrubbing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  All of the following would be on the setup for an open thoracotomy EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) would be utilized for
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  During a basic femoral head fixation, the length and position of the implant is determined by the used of
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Which of the following grafts is not a syntehtic vascular graft?
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Fingerlike projections at the end of the Fallopian tubes are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  All of the following are true of self-adhering plastic incision drapes EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  An abnormal deposition of collagen that occurs during the healing process is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  All of the following statements are true during deep vaginal procedures EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  The gas introduced into the peritonem during laparoscopy to create a pheumoperitoneum is
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  Crutchfield tongs produce skeletal traction to reduce fractures of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  Which disease could be trasmitted via a blood transfusion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Staphylococcus is usually transmitted by
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  A bacteria with a thick coat that protects it from temperature extremes or strong chemicals is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  When a three-way Foley catheter is used, the third lumen is for
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  If a towel clip must be removed during a procedure
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Constant monitoring of cardiac function, a requirement for vascular surgery is effected by the use of a
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  What procedure is accomplished to relieve myasthenia gravis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Which specimen would be placed in formalin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  A legal wrong committed by one person involving injury to another person is called a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  Scoliosis is surgically treated by the implantation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  An intravenous agent used for anesthesia induction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  A prosthetic implant that requires nonadherence to tissue for the sake of creating normal flexion and extension is
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  Unauthorized discussion of a patient's surgery outside of the OR constitutes a lawsuit for
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  When applying a sterile sheet on the patient,
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  A chronic granulomatous inflammation of a meibomian gland in the eyelid is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  A drug given preoperatively that enables the liver to produce clotting factors in the blood is
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  When is bowel technique necessary?
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  A slowly progressive contracture of the palmar fascia is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  If rubber suction tubing is to be reused
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  Who is responsible for the final count when reliefs have taken place during the case?
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  Which of the following statements is a contraindication to intraocular lens (IOL) implant?
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Neo-Synephrine is
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  The legal doctrine res ipsa loquitor applies to
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  After a case is completed, the sterile team members
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  Pilocarpine is used to
A.
B.
C.
D.
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