Eropean food to the Western Hemisphere; Western Hemisphere diseases to Europe; African population to Europe
African livestock to the Western Hemisphere; European technology to Africa; Western Hemisphere food to Europe.
Western Hemisphere technology to Africa; African food to Europ; European population to the New World
European technology to Africa; Western Hemisphere population to Africa; African food to the Western Hemisphere
African population to the Western Hemisphere; Western Hemisphere food to Europe and Africa; African and European diseases to the Western Hemisphere
The South Africans
The Latin Americans
Establishment of nation-states in the Americas
Extension of sugar production in the Americas
Use of steamships
Interest in the Asian spice trade
Existence of slave trade
Decline of epidemic disease
Introduction of American food crops
Expansion of land under cultivation
Decline in infant mortality rates
Improvement in medical care
The Spanish were able to field larger amies than the Aztecs were.
Spanish tolerance of Aztec religion and culture weakened Aztec resistance.
The Spanish were able to exploit the poverty int eh Aztec Empire which caused revolt of Aztec farmers against the Aztec ruling class.
The Spanish were able to form military alliances with other indigenous peoples who were enemies of the Aztecs.
The Spanish were able to devise effective countermeasures to the horse cavalry that formed the bulk of the Aztec army.
In each, the majority of hte people were Muslims.
Each had a powerful navy that engaged European navies.
Each had developed an efficient administrative structure.
Each enjoyed peaceful relations with its neighboring states.
Each gave little monetary support to artistic and cultural endeavors.