AP Psychology Midterm Review

300 Questions  I  By Themyqs
Please take the quiz to rate it.

AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

   or Create Online Exam
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  Maria plans to study the relationship between self-esteem and being raise in a single-parent or a two-parent family. She decides she must use correlational research, rather than experimental research, to investigate this problem because correlational studies
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Negative reinforcement involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The kinesthetic system relates to
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the following can cause disruption of your vestibular system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Sleep apnea is characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Your teenaged daughter has not cleaned her room in a month. You go in and begin yelling at her to clean her room. She begins to clean up, and you stop yelling. Your daughter's cleaning behavior can be viewed as responding to
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  One method to control for experimenter bias effects in research is to use
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A split-brain person has a severed
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  A hormone is
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Damage to which of the following is most likely to cause deficits in long-term memory?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  "Parallel processing" in the visual pathways suggests that separate neural channels
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Classical conditioning could account for how a child learns to
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Sleep spindles, which appear against a background of mixed, mostly lower frequency EEG activity, are characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The cells of the nervous system that do the work of receiving, integrating, and transmitting information are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  To determine whether students would like more courses scheduled in the late afternoon and evening hours, the Student Services department sends questionnaires to 50 students selected at random from the 5,000 who are registered at the campus. In this instance, the 5,000 students who are registered at the campus would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  The "magic number seven" describes the
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  As the numbers of bystanders increases, people are less likely to help someone who is in distress. This suggests that the size of a crowd and helping behavior are
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Of the following, the only sensory system that does not project upward to the cerebral cortex through the thalamus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  With _______, personally relevant information is recalled better in the future relative to other forms of encoding.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the following is an example of negative reinforcement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Scarlett is a graduate student who is observing children playing together after watching a film. She knows that some children saw a film that contained graphic scenes of violence and some children saw a non-violent film, but she doesn't know which film each child she is observing watched. In this case, Scarlett is recording data for
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Electrical stimulation of its lateral hypothalamus causes an animal to overeat and become obese. Therefore, we would expect that lesioning the lateral hypothalamus would produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  In general, the longer the delay between a response and reinforcement,
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Placebo effects occur when
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Primary reinforcers ______, while secondary reinforcers ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The standard deviation
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Synaptic vesicles are structures that
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Neurotransmitters are secreted from the
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  An advantage of naturalistic observation is that it
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The idea that dreams are the cortex's attempt to make sense out of bursts of general firing from lower brain centers is the core of _____ theory of dreaming.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Mary woke up one night with a spider dangling in front of her face. She screamed, and from that point on she could not stand to be near spiders. Mary's fear of spiders is based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  In order to weaken or eliminate a conditioned response you would
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Which of the following does NOT belong with the others?
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  An electric potential that increases the likelihood that the postsynaptic neuron will fire is called an
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which of the following has been implicated in pain alleviation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Glia cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which level of processing results in longer-lasting memory codes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of the experimental method of conducting research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  In order for a memory to be stored, it must first be
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Information can be maintained indefinitely in short-term memory through the process of
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Proactive interference occurs when
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The MOST widely used recreational drug in the United States is
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  A theory is
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  ______ receive information from other neurons; ______ transmit information to other neurons.
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  A researcher has children watch 30 minutes of violent television, and then counts the number of times they hit each other afterward in a one-hour play period as a measure of aggression. The researcher concludes that television violence influences aggression. However, this conclusion is invalid because
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  One of the disadvantages of the experimental method is
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The most vivid dreams generally occur
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Of the following correlation coefficients, the one that would yield the LEAST accurate predictions of one variable based on the other variable would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Darrel was dancing with his new girlfriend at an Elvis tribute. When the band started playing "Can't Help Falling in Love with You" his girlfriend gave him a long, passionate kiss, which Darrel found very enjoyable. Now Darrel finds that every time he hears "Can't Stop Falling in Love with You" on the radio, he becomes mildly excited. In this example, the long, passionate kiss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The Gestalt principle of proximity refers to the idea that
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Frederick cringes every time he hears a dentist's drill, even when he is sitting in the waiting room of his dentist's office. In this example, the pain of dental drilling is
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The primary visual cortex is located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  In descriptive/correlational research, the investigator
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  You are sitting on a park bench in a major metropolitan area from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. and you note the number of people who walk by, whether or not they litter, and their gender. You are engaging in
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  A student who studies in order to earn high grades is working for ______; a student who studies in order to avoid low grades is working for _______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  Researchers who were studying memory had participants learn a list of words after consuming a soft drink with caffeine or a decaffeinated version of the same soft drink. The researchers then counted the number of words that were recalled from the list. In this study, the type of beverage (caffeinated or decaffeinated) would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  The ability to infer a cause-and-effect relationship is associated only with the
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The two most basic divisions of the nervous system are
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Which of the following is NOT a common effect of hypnosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  When a neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoke by another stimulus, the process is
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Stimulus generalization occurs when
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Imagine that biologists have discovered an animal that has eyes very similar to human eyes, but that the only receptor cells in the retina are rods; there are no cones. Based on what is known about human vision, you might expect that this animal would
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Which of the following is the correct sequence of structures through which information flows in a neuron?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  Which of the following is the correct sequence of steps through which neurotransmitters progress during synaptic transmission?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Robert has just taken a drug that has made him feel euphoric. He has probably taken
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  If you are looking at an object such as a book, the object itself can be referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The brain structure that controls unconscious but essential functions such as breathing and circulation is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  The fact that many times researchers unintentionally influence the outcome of their studies implies the existence of
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Food is an example of ______; praise is an example of ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Imagine that the personality traits of openness and extroversion are positively correlated. If Andrea's score in openness is extremely low
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Which of the following structures in NOT part of the hindbrain
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  A disease characterized by sudden and irresistible onsets of sleep during normal waking periods is
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  The main advantage associated with the experimental method is
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  The ______ is the largest and most complex part of the human brain.
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  The conservation of body resources, including blood pressure reduction and the promotion of digestion, is handled by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  The dual-coding theory argues that memory is
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Eduardo's mother always wore Chantille perfum and when she would hug him or hold him close he could smell that scent. Today, whenever he catches a whiff of Chantille perfum, it makes him feel calm and relaxed. The learning process that could best account for Eduardo's response to the scent of Chantille perfume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  REM sleep is also known as paradoxical sleep because
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  The visual cortex is to the auditory cortex as the occipital lobe is to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Which of the following usually occurs in REM sleep?
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Which of the following is NOT considered a lobe of the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Which of the following is responsible for the human ability to engage in higher mental activity such as thinking and philosophizing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  The retina is to the eye as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  The volley principle suggests that
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  The best temporal arrangement for establishing a new conditioned response is
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Suppose a researcher discovered a +.87 correlation between the length of a person's toes and the number of shoes the person owns. In general, people who own the fewest number of shoes would have
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  The structure that controls the size of the pupil is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  The brain structure that appears to be the MOST important to sleep and wakefulness is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  The behavior that would be most difficult to extinguish would be one that was
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  The structure of the ear that transduces sound vibrations into nerve impulses is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  Decay theory suggests that forgetting is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  The _______ nervous system mobilizes the body when one needs to exert tremendous energy (such as fleeing from an attacker).
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  Sampling bias is a problem because it
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  The master gland of the endocrine system is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Which of the following statements about punishment is NOT correct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  The difference between punishment and negative reinforcement is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  A memory code that emphasizes the physical structure of the stimulus is called a(n) _____ code.
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  The amount of motor cortex devoted to each body area is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  The minimum length of time between action potentials is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  A perceptual set implies
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Dr. Limmex is trying to win FDA approval for a new drug to treat anxiety. Dr. Limmex claims that 14% of the people who took this new drug reported reduced anxiety, however other researchers claim that 14% of patients who received no treatment also report reductions in their anxiety levels. It appears that the patients who improved after Dr. Limmex's drug
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  The experimental group
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Positive reinforcement involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  A conditioned stimulus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  The technique used to teach animal complex tricks, such as teaching pidgeons to play ping-pong, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  A researcher wants to see if a protein-enriched diet will enhance the maze-running performance of rats. One group of rats is fed the high-protein diet for the duration of the study; the other group continues to receive ordinary rat chow. In this experiment, the group of rats that is fed the high-protein diet is _________ group; the group that receives ordinary rat chow is ________ group.
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  The technique in which radioactively tagged chemicals are introduced into the brain and then equipment monitors where the chemicals appear in the brain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  Suppose a researcher discovered a strong negative correlation between the length of people's hair and the amount of money they paid for their automobile. In general, people who paid the least amount of money for their automobile also had
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  A schema is
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  The basic parts of a neuron are
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  The blind spot in the eye is
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  The idea that dreams are times when people can think creatively about what is going on in their lives and then use that information later when awake is consistent with the _____ view of dreams.
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  Scores pile up at the low end of the scale in
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  The order of the basic memory processes in which information enters our memory system and is used later is
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  The circadian rhythm operates around a
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  Statistics that are used to summarize and organize data are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  People who suffer damage to the _______ often show deficits in attention, planning, and getting organized.
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  A rapid EEG (beta), dreaming, rapid eye movements, and profound muscle relaxation go with
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  Television sets are able to recreate the entire visible spectrum by additively mixing three primary colors. This process is similar to the view of human color vision called
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  The type of memory where information is stored for the shortest period of time is
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  The theoretical orientation that insisted on verifiability of observation was
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  The subjects who participate in an experiment should
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  Scripts are
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  Researchers who were studying plant growth raised plants in two separate rooms. One room had taped conversations playing 24 hours a day; the other room was silent. The researchers found that the plants grew better in the room which had the conversations playing. In this study, the type of room (conversation or silence) would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  The experimental procedure in which both the experimenter and subject are unaware of who is in the experimental and control group is referred to as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  The median is
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  When this lobe of the brain is electrically stimulated, people report physical sensations, as if they had been touched, for example, on the arm.
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  Internal functions such as heartbeat, breathing, and stomach contractions are controlled by the _______ nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  Dissociation refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  When a person has chronic problems not getting adequate sleep, he or she is said to suffer from which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  Random assignment of subjects occurs when
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  The mode in a group of scores describes the ______ for that group of scores.
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  The insulating material that encases some axons is referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  In Pavlov's original experiment on classical conditioning, the unconditioned response (UCR) was
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  In the Little Albert experiment on conditioned emotional responses, the unconditioned stimulus was
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  Flashbulb memories are
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  Inferential statistics help us determine whether __________ played a role in an experiment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  Technically, your absolute threshold is the point which you can detect
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  A hypothesis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  Shot in the head, the victim died instantly because the bullet entered the ________, that portion of the hindbrain that regulates breathing.
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  The median is
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  The two basic types of statistics are
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  For MOST persons the _______ cerebral hemisphere controls _______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  Naturalistic observation, case studies, and surveys all have in common that
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  Stage 1 sleep is represented by EEG brain-wave patterns referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  Diaz conducts a decision-making experiment to determine if people reason more logically when they have more time to decide. All the participants who are under 40 are allowed 15 minutes to reach a decision about a problem; all the participants who are over 40 are allowed 20 minutes to reach a decision about the same problem. Diaz has a problem with his experimental design because
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  Which theory of color vision best explains why the color of an afterimage is the complement of the original color?
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  The amount of light entering the eye is regulated by changes in the size of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  An electroencephalograph is a device that measures
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  Cells in the visual cortex that respond selectively to specific features of complex stimuli are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  Parkinson's disease appears to be a function of
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  The delta wave EEG pattern is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  To discover whether residents of a city are in favor of building a new sports stadium, the team's owner randomly selected and interviewed 500 of the city's 500,000 residents. In this instance, the 500 people that the owner interviewed would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  A sample is representative if
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  According to one theory of color vision, colors are signaled in pairs by neurons that fire faster to one color and slower to another color. This theory is known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  The successive blinking on and off of the lights on the neon sign gave the impression of beer filling a glass. This illusion of motion is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  Faster neural impulses occur in
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  If the left hemisphere of the brain is damaged, which part of the body would be most directly affected?
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  In an investigation of the effects of caffeine on concentration, half the participants were given regular colas which contained caffeine and half were given decaffeinated colas. In this study, the decaffeinated colas are being used as
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  The score that falls exactly in the center of a distribution of scores that half the scores fall below that score and half the scores fall above it is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  Which of the following devices monitors the electrical activity of the brain?
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  Destroying a piece of the brain tissue to observe its effect on behavior is referred to as which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  Severing the ascending reticular activating system in cats caused them to
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  Which brain structure appears to play an active role in integrating sensory information?
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  The door-in-the-face technique involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  When a dominant gene is paired with a recessive gene, the gene pair is said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  We often perceive a series of dots on a printed form as a "solid" line because of the Gestalt principle of
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  The lobe of the brain with the primary responsibility for processing bodily sensations is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  Your grade point average is an example of which measure of central tendency?
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  The ______ is the junction between two neurons.
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  ________ code is a memory code that emphasizes the meaning of verbal input.
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  Pitch perception can best be explained by _______ for very low-pitched sounds, ________ for very high-pitched sounds, and ________ for pitches in middle range.
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  Memory of "chronological" and "dated" personal experiences is referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  A chemical that transfers information from one neuron to another is referred to as a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  Experimenter bias occurs when
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  The wavelength of light mainly affects our perception of
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  Assuming the reinforcer is the sound of the rattle, a baby's response of shaking a rattle is reinforced according to which type of schedule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  The social desirability bias is a tendency to answer questions about oneself
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  By definition, a sample
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  Josiah checks his electronic mail several times throughout the day. Some days there is mail each time he checks; sometimes several days go by with no new messages arriving. In this example, Josiah's behavior of checking his electronic mail is being reinforced on
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  Exchange of information between neurons takes place at the
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  The optic disk is
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  Of the following, the correlation coefficient that indicates the weakest relationship between the two variables being measured is
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  According to the serial-position effect, subjects tend to show better recall for items ______ of a list than for items ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  When variability in a data set is large, the standard deviation will be ________; when variability is small, the standard deviation will be _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  The continued presentation of the CS without the UCS will result in the gradual disappearance of the CR. This phenomenon is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  If you have damaged your temporal lobe, you can expect to have problems with which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  Consciousness includes awareness of
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  Sensory adaptation refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  "Statistically significant" means that the results of an experiment most likely
A.
B.
C.
D.