AP Psychology Midterm Review

300 Questions  I  By Themyqs
Please take the quiz to rate it.

AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

   or Create Online Exam
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Questions and Answers

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  The system of glands that secret hormones directly into the bloodstream is known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The structure that connects the two cerebral hemispheres is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  When a conditioned response shows spontaneous recovery, the rejuvenated response typically
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  An electric potential that increases the likelihood that the postsynaptic neuron will fire is called an
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  A memory code that emphasizes the physical structure of the stimulus is called a(n) _____ code.
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The Gestalt principle of proximity refers to the idea that
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The mode in a group of scores describes the ______ for that group of scores.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  In classical conditioning, the stimulus that is originally neutral in regard to the response to be learned is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The correlational coefficient is a measure of
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  According to Sigmund Freud, an individual's personality is largely determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Light is converted into neural energy that travels to the brain to produce visual experience by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  In Pavlov's original experiment on classical conditioning, the unconditioned response (UCR) was
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The cells of the nervous system that do the work of receiving, integrating, and transmitting information are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The technique used to teach animal complex tricks, such as teaching pidgeons to play ping-pong, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  The main advantage associated with the experimental method is
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  When a dominant gene is paired with a recessive gene, the gene pair is said to be
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The optic disk is
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Severing the ascending reticular activating system in cats caused them to
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  An advantage of naturalistic observation is that it
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Food is an example of ______; praise is an example of ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  An agonist
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Exchange of information between neurons takes place at the
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The primary processing for auditory sensations is in the _________ lobe of the cerebrum.
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The insulating material that encases some axons is referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The blood-brain barrier is a semipermeable membrane-like mechanism that
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which of the following usually occurs in REM sleep?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Gestalt psychologists were primarily concerned with which of the following
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  If you are looking at an object such as a book, the object itself can be referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  To determine whether students would like more courses scheduled in the late afternoon and evening hours, the Student Services department sends questionnaires to 50 students selected at random from the 5,000 who are registered at the campus. In this instance, the 5,000 students who are registered at the campus would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Research has shown that meditation can produce a physiological state similar to
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  The amount of motor cortex devoted to each body area is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Electrical stimulation of its lateral hypothalamus causes an animal to overeat and become obese. Therefore, we would expect that lesioning the lateral hypothalamus would produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Classical conditioning could account for how a child learns to
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The _______ effect occurs when subjects show better recall for items at the beginning and end of a list than for items in the middle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Inferential statistics help us determine whether __________ played a role in an experiment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The continued presentation of the CS without the UCS will result in the gradual disappearance of the CR. This phenomenon is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Decay theory suggests that forgetting is due to
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of the experimental method of conducting research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Darrel was dancing with his new girlfriend at an Elvis tribute. When the band started playing "Can't Help Falling in Love with You" his girlfriend gave him a long, passionate kiss, which Darrel found very enjoyable. Now Darrel finds that every time he hears "Can't Stop Falling in Love with You" on the radio, he becomes mildly excited. In this example, the long, passionate kiss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  The part of the nervous system that controls digestion and flow of blood is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  A person might end up in a coma if the following area of the brain is damaged
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The theoretical orientation that insisted on verifiability of observation was
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  An EEG would indicate primarily _____ activity in a person who is meditating with eyes closed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  A family of chemicals produced in the body that resemble the opiates are the
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  An electroencephalograph is a device that measures
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Which brain wave is probably operating while you are taking this quiz?
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following is NOT considered a lobe of the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The median is
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  A researcher has children watch 30 minutes of violent television, and then counts the number of times they hit each other afterward in a one-hour play period as a measure of aggression. The researcher concludes that television violence influences aggression. However, this conclusion is invalid because
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Katrina is trying to put a dollar bill into a vending machine in her office. Sometimes the machine will take a dollar bill on the first try, other times it can take up to five or six tries before the dollar bill is finally accepted. In this example, inserting a dollar bill into the vending machine is reinforced on
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Which level of processing results in longer-lasting memory codes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The behavior that would be most difficult to extinguish would be one that was
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Sleep spindles, which appear against a background of mixed, mostly lower frequency EEG activity, are characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  One method to control for experimenter bias effects in research is to use
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following sequences represents progressively deeper levels of processing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  The visual cortex is to the auditory cortex as the occipital lobe is to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Faster neural impulses occur in
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  When this lobe of the brain is electrically stimulated, people report physical sensations, as if they had been touched, for example, on the arm.
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Which of the following is NOT a common effect of hypnosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  The movement of voluntary skeletal muscles involved in doing calisthenics is under the control of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  You are sitting on a park bench in a major metropolitan area from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. and you note the number of people who walk by, whether or not they litter, and their gender. You are engaging in
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Shaquille is a professional basketball player. He never knows for sure which of his shots will result in a basket, but the more shots he takes the more baskets he makes. In this example, Shaquille's shooting is being reinforced on
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Neurotransmitters are stored in
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  The minimum length of time between action potentials is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The function of the hypothalamus is to regulate
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  The ability to infer a cause-and-effect relationship is associated only with the
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  When variability in a data set is large, the standard deviation will be ________; when variability is small, the standard deviation will be _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  The FDA found that people who used a particular diet drug combination that more heart valve defects than people who had not taken the die drug combination. This suggests that the use of the diet drug combination and heart valve defects are
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  In an investigation of the effects of caffeine on concentration, half the participants were given regular colas which contained caffeine and half were given decaffeinated colas. In this study, the decaffeinated colas are being used as
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  The production of language for most persons resides in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  According to one theory of color vision, colors are signaled in pairs by neurons that fire faster to one color and slower to another color. This theory is known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Naturalistic observation, case studies, and surveys all have in common that
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  The experimental procedure in which both the experimenter and subject are unaware of who is in the experimental and control group is referred to as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  A schema is
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  The wavelength of light mainly affects our perception of
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  ________ nerves receive information, while ________ nerves carry out instructions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  Nerves outside the skull and spine comprise the
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  A conditioned stimulus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  The newest winning numbers in the state lottery are announced on the local television station every Saturday night, at the end of the news hour. People who are watching for the lottery numbers will have their "watching" reinforced on
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  ________ code is a memory code that emphasizes the meaning of verbal input.
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  When Diana was three years old she became terrified when the neighbor's budgie bird kept flying near her head. Today she is afraid of all birds, including robins, pidgeons, and blue jays. Diana's fear illustrates the classical conditioning process of
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  The conservation of body resources, including blood pressure reduction and the promotion of digestion, is handled by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  The primary visual cortex is located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Negative reinforcement ______ the rate of a response; punishment _______ the rate of a response.
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  In a variable-ratio schedule, the reinforcer is given
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  In the Little Albert experiment on conditioned emotional responses, the unconditioned stimulus was
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  The ability to rapidly process words in reading depends most on
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  The EEG pattern associated with normal, waking, alert states is
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  The difference between punishment and negative reinforcement is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  If the left hemisphere of the brain is damaged, which part of the body would be most directly affected?
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  The "magic number seven" describes the
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  "Early-selection" theories of attention propose that
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  When you are walking, the brain sends messages to the skeletal muscles in the legs by way of
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  Pseudoforgetting is viewed as a function of
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Shot in the head, the victim died instantly because the bullet entered the ________, that portion of the hindbrain that regulates breathing.
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  The social desirability bias is a tendency to answer questions about oneself
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Which of the following terms is synonymous with "motivated forgetting"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  If you have damaged your temporal lobe, you can expect to have problems with which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  Positive reinforcement involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  The dual-coding theory argues that memory is
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Proactive interference occurs when
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  Your grade point average is an example of which measure of central tendency?
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Your teenaged daughter has not cleaned her room in a month. You go in and begin yelling at her to clean her room. She begins to clean up, and you stop yelling. Your daughter's cleaning behavior can be viewed as responding to
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  The retina is to the eye as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  The median is
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  REM sleep is also known as paradoxical sleep because
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Caffeine is to alcohol as
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  Sleep apnea is characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  In order for a memory to be stored, it must first be
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  A rapid EEG (beta), dreaming, rapid eye movements, and profound muscle relaxation go with
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Which of the following is generally associated with non-REM sleep?
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  Statistics that are used to summarize and organize data are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  A researcher wants to see if a protein-enriched diet will enhance the maze-running performance of rats. One group of rats is fed the high-protein diet for the duration of the study; the other group continues to receive ordinary rat chow. In this experiment, the group of rats that is fed the high-protein diet is _________ group; the group that receives ordinary rat chow is ________ group.
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  Which of the following has been implicated in pain alleviation?
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  The area of the frontal lobe that plays an important role in the production of speech is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  The standard deviation
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  According to place theory, the ability to hear pitch corresponds to
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  Which of the following neurotransmitters is primarily involved in the activation of motor neurons controlling skeletal muscles?
A.
B.
C.
D.
121.  The endocrine system
A.
B.
C.
D.
122.  The sense associated with the perception of taste is referred to as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
123.  Marie works in a dress factory where she earns $10 for every three dresses she hems. Marie is paid on a
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  The idea that dreams are the cortex's attempt to make sense out of bursts of general firing from lower brain centers is the core of _____ theory of dreaming.
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  Sampling bias is a problem because it
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  Which of the following lists of letters would be easier for a person to maintain in short-term memory?
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  When curare blocks the action of acetylcholine by occupying its receptor sites, it is acting as
A.
B.
C.
D.
128.  The structure of the ear that transduces sound vibrations into nerve impulses is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
129.  Scores pile up at the low end of the scale in
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  The technique in which radioactively tagged chemicals are introduced into the brain and then equipment monitors where the chemicals appear in the brain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  The kinesthetic system relates to
A.
B.
C.
D.
132.  Which of the following structures in NOT part of the hindbrain
A.
B.
C.
D.
133.  Of the following, the only sensory system that does not project upward to the cerebral cortex through the thalamus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  Maria plans to study the relationship between self-esteem and being raise in a single-parent or a two-parent family. She decides she must use correlational research, rather than experimental research, to investigate this problem because correlational studies
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  Primary reinforcers ______, while secondary reinforcers ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
136.  A neural impulse is initiated when a neuron's charge
A.
B.
C.
D.
137.  Memory of "chronological" and "dated" personal experiences is referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
138.  The master gland of the endocrine system is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  Random assignment of subjects occurs when
A.
B.
C.
D.
140.  The "tip of the tongue" phenomenon refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  Dave is thrown from his motorcycle and suffers a severe blow to the head, resulting in a loss of memory for events that occurred before the accident. This is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
142.  The door-in-the-face technique involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
143.  Television sets are able to recreate the entire visible spectrum by additively mixing three primary colors. This process is similar to the view of human color vision called
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  Suppose a researcher discovered a +.87 correlation between the length of a person's toes and the number of shoes the person owns. In general, people who own the fewest number of shoes would have
A.
B.
C.
D.
145.  The reappearance of a conditioned response after extinction and a period of rest is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
146.  A hypothesis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  The lens in the eye
A.
B.
C.
D.
148.  Depressant drugs have been found to
A.
B.
C.
D.
149.  A disease characterized by sudden and irresistible onsets of sleep during normal waking periods is
A.
B.
C.
D.
150.  The successive blinking on and off of the lights on the neon sign gave the impression of beer filling a glass. This illusion of motion is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
151.  The most vivid dreams generally occur
A.
B.
C.
D.
152.  A theory is
A.
B.
C.
D.
153.  Of the following, the correlation coefficient that indicates the weakest relationship between the two variables being measured is
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  Consciousness includes awareness of
A.
B.
C.
D.
155.  The idea that dreams are times when people can think creatively about what is going on in their lives and then use that information later when awake is consistent with the _____ view of dreams.
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  Technically, your absolute threshold is the point which you can detect
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  As the numbers of bystanders increases, people are less likely to help someone who is in distress. This suggests that the size of a crowd and helping behavior are
A.
B.
C.
D.
158.  Imagine that biologists have discovered an animal that has eyes very similar to human eyes, but that the only receptor cells in the retina are rods; there are no cones. Based on what is known about human vision, you might expect that this animal would
A.
B.
C.
D.
159.  The _______ nervous system mobilizes the body when one needs to exert tremendous energy (such as fleeing from an attacker).
A.
B.
C.
D.
160.  You move to a new house and memorize your new phone number. Now you can't remember your old phone number. This is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
161.  If you were attempt to recall a memory, the memory process you would be using is
A.
B.
C.
D.
162.  Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which
A.
B.
C.
D.
163.  Voluntary muscle activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
164.  Which of the following statements about punishment is NOT correct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
165.  For MOST persons the _______ cerebral hemisphere controls _______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
166.  The experimental group
A.
B.
C.
D.
167.  Sensory adaptation refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
168.  Which of the following is an example of negative reinforcement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
169.  We often perceive a series of dots on a printed form as a "solid" line because of the Gestalt principle of
A.
B.
C.
D.
170.  Robert has just taken a drug that has made him feel euphoric. He has probably taken
A.
B.
C.
D.
171.  Parkinson's disease appears to be a function of
A.
B.
C.
D.
172.  A split-brain person has a severed
A.
B.
C.
D.
173.  Scarlett is a graduate student who is observing children playing together after watching a film. She knows that some children saw a film that contained graphic scenes of violence and some children saw a non-violent film, but she doesn't know which film each child she is observing watched. In this case, Scarlett is recording data for
A.
B.
C.
D.
174.  Natalie sat on her porch looking out at the field of soybeans. The fact that Natalie perceived the soybean plants as being grouped into a series of separate rows is consistent with the Gestalt principle of
A.
B.
C.
D.
175.  The best temporal arrangement for establishing a new conditioned response is
A.
B.
C.
D.
176.  Hering's opponent-process theory suggests that receptors are linked antagonistically in pairs. His opposed pairs were
A.
B.
C.
D.
177.  Josiah checks his electronic mail several times throughout the day. Some days there is mail each time he checks; sometimes several days go by with no new messages arriving. In this example, Josiah's behavior of checking his electronic mail is being reinforced on
A.
B.
C.
D.
178.  Dr. Limmex is trying to win FDA approval for a new drug to treat anxiety. Dr. Limmex claims that 14% of the people who took this new drug reported reduced anxiety, however other researchers claim that 14% of patients who received no treatment also report reductions in their anxiety levels. It appears that the patients who improved after Dr. Limmex's drug
A.
B.
C.
D.
179.  Which of the following does NOT belong with the others?
A.
B.
C.
D.
180.  Which of the following is NOT one of the main functions of neurons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
181.  By definition, a sample
A.
B.
C.
D.
182.  A sample is representative if
A.
B.
C.
D.
183.  Scripts are
A.
B.
C.
D.
184.  In classical conditioning, the stimulus that naturally evokes an unlearned response is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
185.  Which of the following is responsible for the human ability to engage in higher mental activity such as thinking and philosophizing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
186.  Stage 1 sleep is represented by EEG brain-wave patterns referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
187.  The initial stage of learning a response is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
188.  Negative reinforcement involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
189.  To discover whether residents of a city are in favor of building a new sports stadium, the team's owner randomly selected and interviewed 500 of the city's 500,000 residents. In this instance, the 500 people that the owner interviewed would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
190.  In general, the longer the delay between a response and reinforcement,
A.
B.
C.
D.
191.  The structure that controls the size of the pupil is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
192.  Dreaming typically goes with which sleep stage?
A.
B.
C.
D.