AP Psychology Midterm Review

300 Questions  I  By Themyqs on January 18, 2011

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  The purpose of the control group is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  The technique used to teach animal complex tricks, such as teaching pidgeons to play ping-pong, is
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which of the following techniques is most likely to prove useful in determining why a PARTICULAR child is afraid to go to school?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The fact that many times researchers unintentionally influence the outcome of their studies implies the existence of
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The hindbrain structure involved with sleep and arousal is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Of the following, the correlation coefficient that indicates the weakest relationship between the two variables being measured is
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The primary processing for auditory sensations is in the _________ lobe of the cerebrum.
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Internal functions such as heartbeat, breathing, and stomach contractions are controlled by the _______ nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The initial stage of learning a response is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  We often perceive a series of dots on a printed form as a "solid" line because of the Gestalt principle of
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  The basic parts of a neuron are
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  According to Skinner, a stimulus is a reinforcer if it
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Sampling bias is a problem because it
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The brain structure that appears to be the MOST important to sleep and wakefulness is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  An advantage of naturalistic observation is that it
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Which of the following is responsible for the human ability to engage in higher mental activity such as thinking and philosophizing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  The order of the basic memory processes in which information enters our memory system and is used later is
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The circadian rhythm operates around a
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which theory of color vision best explains why the color of an afterimage is the complement of the original color?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The conservation of body resources, including blood pressure reduction and the promotion of digestion, is handled by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The wavelength of light mainly affects our perception of
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The delta wave EEG pattern is associated with
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  In classical conditioning, the stimulus that naturally evokes an unlearned response is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Josiah checks his electronic mail several times throughout the day. Some days there is mail each time he checks; sometimes several days go by with no new messages arriving. In this example, Josiah's behavior of checking his electronic mail is being reinforced on
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  When you are walking, the brain sends messages to the skeletal muscles in the legs by way of
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The "magic number seven" describes the
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Of the following, the only sensory system that does not project upward to the cerebral cortex through the thalamus is
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The main advantage associated with the experimental method is
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Hypotheses are typically expressed as
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Researchers who were studying plant growth raised plants in two separate rooms. One room had taped conversations playing 24 hours a day; the other room was silent. The researchers found that the plants grew better in the room which had the conversations playing. In this study, the type of room (conversation or silence) would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Sleep spindles, which appear against a background of mixed, mostly lower frequency EEG activity, are characteristic of
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Damage to which of the following is most likely to cause deficits in long-term memory?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Negative reinforcement ______ the rate of a response; punishment _______ the rate of a response.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Katrina is trying to put a dollar bill into a vending machine in her office. Sometimes the machine will take a dollar bill on the first try, other times it can take up to five or six tries before the dollar bill is finally accepted. In this example, inserting a dollar bill into the vending machine is reinforced on
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The memory system that has an almost unlimited storage capacity is
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  When a person has chronic problems not getting adequate sleep, he or she is said to suffer from which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  An electroencephalograph is a device that measures
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The regulation of the sleep-wake cycle has been linked to
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Dissociation refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Which of the following is the correct sequence of structures through which information flows in a neuron?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The median is
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of the experimental method of conducting research?
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  General knowledge that is NOT tied to the time when the information was learned is contained in ______ memory.
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  To determine whether students would like more courses scheduled in the late afternoon and evening hours, the Student Services department sends questionnaires to 50 students selected at random from the 5,000 who are registered at the campus. In this instance, the 5,000 students who are registered at the campus would be
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  The score that falls exactly in the center of a distribution of scores that half the scores fall below that score and half the scores fall above it is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  "Statistically significant" means that the results of an experiment most likely
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Which of the following structures in NOT part of the hindbrain
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Negative reinforcement involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  You move to a new house and memorize your new phone number. Now you can't remember your old phone number. This is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  You are sitting on a park bench in a major metropolitan area from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. and you note the number of people who walk by, whether or not they litter, and their gender. You are engaging in
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  The area of the frontal lobe that plays an important role in the production of speech is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The ______ is the junction between two neurons.
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  The kinesthetic system relates to
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Naturalistic observation, case studies, and surveys all have in common that
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  We wold expect the greatest degree of phenotypic similarity among
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  The amount of light entering the eye is regulated by changes in the size of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  When two variables are linked an their individual effects cannot be separated out, we speak of the variables as being
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Faster neural impulses occur in
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Eduardo's mother always wore Chantille perfum and when she would hug him or hold him close he could smell that scent. Today, whenever he catches a whiff of Chantille perfum, it makes him feel calm and relaxed. The learning process that could best account for Eduardo's response to the scent of Chantille perfume is
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  Scarlett is a graduate student who is observing children playing together after watching a film. She knows that some children saw a film that contained graphic scenes of violence and some children saw a non-violent film, but she doesn't know which film each child she is observing watched. In this case, Scarlett is recording data for
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Inferential statistics help us determine whether __________ played a role in an experiment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  ________ code is a memory code that emphasizes the meaning of verbal input.
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Shot in the head, the victim died instantly because the bullet entered the ________, that portion of the hindbrain that regulates breathing.
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The amount of motor cortex devoted to each body area is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  A chemical that transfers information from one neuron to another is referred to as a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  A hypothesis is
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The standard deviation
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  People who suffer damage to the _______ often show deficits in attention, planning, and getting organized.
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  Destroying a piece of the brain tissue to observe its effect on behavior is referred to as which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Electrical stimulation of its lateral hypothalamus causes an animal to overeat and become obese. Therefore, we would expect that lesioning the lateral hypothalamus would produce
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  The MOST widely used recreational drug in the United States is
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Sensory adaptation refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  According to place theory, the ability to hear pitch corresponds to
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Placebo effects occur when
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Depressant drugs have been found to
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  A neural impulse is initiated when a neuron's charge
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  Glia cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  The somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system comprise the
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  The volley principle suggests that
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  The experimental procedure in which both the experimenter and subject are unaware of who is in the experimental and control group is referred to as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  Which of the following usually occurs in REM sleep?
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  The door-in-the-face technique involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  Sydney had an operate on his right eye and has to wear an eye patch for three weeks. While he is wearing the eye patch, Sydney will lose his ability to
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  A split-brain person has a severed
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  When a neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoke by another stimulus, the process is
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  Memory of "chronological" and "dated" personal experiences is referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  Which of the following sequences represents progressively deeper levels of processing?
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  The subjects who participate in an experiment should
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  The technique in which radioactively tagged chemicals are introduced into the brain and then equipment monitors where the chemicals appear in the brain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  One of the disadvantages of the experimental method is
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Which brain structure appears to play an active role in integrating sensory information?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  The median is
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  The type of memory where information is stored for the shortest period of time is
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  Maria plans to study the relationship between self-esteem and being raise in a single-parent or a two-parent family. She decides she must use correlational research, rather than experimental research, to investigate this problem because correlational studies
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Which of the following terms is synonymous with "motivated forgetting"?
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  According to Sigmund Freud, an individual's personality is largely determined by
A.
B.