AP Psychology Midterm Review

300 Questions  I  By Themyqs

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  The primary function of the cerebellum is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  A hormone is
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  The system of glands that secret hormones directly into the bloodstream is known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Parkinson's disease appears to be a function of
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  The continued presentation of the CS without the UCS will result in the gradual disappearance of the CR. This phenomenon is known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  The experimental procedure in which both the experimenter and subject are unaware of who is in the experimental and control group is referred to as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Placebo effects occur when
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  The somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system comprise the
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  According to place theory, the ability to hear pitch corresponds to
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  The circadian rhythm operates around a
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Synaptic vesicles are structures that
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  Technically, your absolute threshold is the point which you can detect
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The blood-brain barrier is a semipermeable membrane-like mechanism that
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Imagine that the personality traits of openness and extroversion are positively correlated. If Andrea's score in openness is extremely low
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Light is converted into neural energy that travels to the brain to produce visual experience by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Dreaming typically goes with which sleep stage?
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Assuming the reinforcer is the sound of the rattle, a baby's response of shaking a rattle is reinforced according to which type of schedule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  The endocrine system
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  You are sitting on a park bench in a major metropolitan area from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. and you note the number of people who walk by, whether or not they litter, and their gender. You are engaging in
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  The memory system that has an almost unlimited storage capacity is
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Voluntary muscle activity
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The structure that connects the two cerebral hemispheres is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The EEG pattern associated with normal, waking, alert states is
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Diaz conducts a decision-making experiment to determine if people reason more logically when they have more time to decide. All the participants who are under 40 are allowed 15 minutes to reach a decision about a problem; all the participants who are over 40 are allowed 20 minutes to reach a decision about the same problem. Diaz has a problem with his experimental design because
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Suppose a researcher discovered a +.87 correlation between the length of a person's toes and the number of shoes the person owns. In general, people who own the fewest number of shoes would have
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The type of memory where information is stored for the shortest period of time is
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The specific pattern of genes inherited at conception defines an individual's
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  The lobe of the brain with the primary responsibility for processing bodily sensations is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Pseudoforgetting is viewed as a function of
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Shot in the head, the victim died instantly because the bullet entered the ________, that portion of the hindbrain that regulates breathing.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  An electroencephalograph is a device that measures
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The optic disk is
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  The most frequently occurring score in a group of scores is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  A dependent variable in an experiment refers to the variable
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The minimum length of time between action potentials is determined by
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The brain structure that controls unconscious but essential functions such as breathing and circulation is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  In the Little Albert experiment on conditioned emotional responses, the unconditioned stimulus was
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The lens in the eye
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Which of the following parts of the ear has a role in maintaining balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The technique in which radioactively tagged chemicals are introduced into the brain and then equipment monitors where the chemicals appear in the brain is
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  The median is
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  The order of the basic memory processes in which information enters our memory system and is used later is
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  The three basic processes in memory are
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Sleep apnea is characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Of the following, the correlation coefficient that indicates the weakest relationship between the two variables being measured is
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  When you are walking, the brain sends messages to the skeletal muscles in the legs by way of
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  If you were attempt to recall a memory, the memory process you would be using is
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  According to Skinner, a stimulus is a reinforcer if it
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  Classical conditioning could account for how a child learns to
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Which of the following is NOT one of the main functions of neurons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The cells that provide structural support and insulation for neurons are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  The door-in-the-face technique involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  Which of the following is an example of negative reinforcement?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Research has shown that meditation can produce a physiological state similar to
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  The subjects who participate in an experiment should
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  A researcher wants to see if a protein-enriched diet will enhance the maze-running performance of rats. One group of rats is fed the high-protein diet for the duration of the study; the other group continues to receive ordinary rat chow. In this experiment, the group of rats that is fed the high-protein diet is _________ group; the group that receives ordinary rat chow is ________ group.
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  A researcher has children watch 30 minutes of violent television, and then counts the number of times they hit each other afterward in a one-hour play period as a measure of aggression. The researcher concludes that television violence influences aggression. However, this conclusion is invalid because
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  The "magic number seven" describes the
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  The dual-coding theory argues that memory is
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  When a conditioned response shows spontaneous recovery, the rejuvenated response typically
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The fact that many times researchers unintentionally influence the outcome of their studies implies the existence of
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  "Early-selection" theories of attention propose that
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  REM sleep is also known as paradoxical sleep because
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The initial stage of learning a response is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Stage 1 sleep is represented by EEG brain-wave patterns referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Which of the following is the correct sequence of steps through which neurotransmitters progress during synaptic transmission?
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Shaquille is a professional basketball player. He never knows for sure which of his shots will result in a basket, but the more shots he takes the more baskets he makes. In this example, Shaquille's shooting is being reinforced on
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  An EEG would indicate primarily _____ activity in a person who is meditating with eyes closed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  Charity used to really enjoy potato salad and at a family reunion she ate a large helping. Unfortunately the potato sald had not been kept cold, and Charity became quite ill after eating it. Now she finds that even the sight of potatoes in the grocery store can make her feel sick to her stomach. In this example, the sick feeling Charity experiences when she sees potatoes in the grocery store is
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  Hypotheses are typically expressed as
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  The successive blinking on and off of the lights on the neon sign gave the impression of beer filling a glass. This illusion of motion is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  Darrel was dancing with his new girlfriend at an Elvis tribute. When the band started playing "Can't Help Falling in Love with You" his girlfriend gave him a long, passionate kiss, which Darrel found very enjoyable. Now Darrel finds that every time he hears "Can't Stop Falling in Love with You" on the radio, he becomes mildly excited. In this example, the long, passionate kiss is
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Which of the following structures in NOT part of the hindbrain
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  Which of the following is NOT considered a lobe of the cerebral cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Statistics that are used to summarize and organize data are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  The purpose of the control group is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  The mean in a set of scores is
A.
B.
C.
D.
80.  A schema is
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  The score that falls exactly in the center of a distribution of scores that half the scores fall below that score and half the scores fall above it is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  The amount of light entering the eye is regulated by changes in the size of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
83.  The basic parts of a neuron are
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  With _______, personally relevant information is recalled better in the future relative to other forms of encoding.
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  A student who studies in order to earn high grades is working for ______; a student who studies in order to avoid low grades is working for _______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  ________ nerves receive information, while ________ nerves carry out instructions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Food is an example of ______; praise is an example of ______.
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  The _______ effect occurs when subjects show better recall for items at the beginning and end of a list than for items in the middle.
A.
B.
C.
D.
89.  The production of language for most persons resides in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
90.  A rapid EEG (beta), dreaming, rapid eye movements, and profound muscle relaxation go with
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  In classical conditioning, the stimulus that naturally evokes an unlearned response is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  An electric potential that increases the likelihood that the postsynaptic neuron will fire is called an
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  Which of the following is the correct sequence of structures through which information flows in a neuron?
A.
B.
C.
D.
94.  The kinesthetic system relates to
A.
B.
C.
D.
95.  "Parallel processing" in the visual pathways suggests that separate neural channels
A.
B.
C.
D.
96.  The function of the hypothalamus is to regulate
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  Suppose a researcher discovered a strong negative correlation between the length of people's hair and the amount of money they paid for their automobile. In general, people who paid the least amount of money for their automobile also had
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Which of the following statements about punishment is NOT correct?
A.