AP Psychology Exam Review

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1.  The rules of gramer are rules of
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2.  A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli is called _________ memory.
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3.  Painkilling substances produced by the brain are known as
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4.  The painful experience associated with the termination of the use of an addictive substance is known as
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5.  When struck by light energy, cones and rods in the retina generate neural signals that then activate the
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6.  Consumers respond more positively to ground beef advertised as "75 percent lean" than to ground beef described as "25 percent fat."  this illustrates that consumer reactions are influenced by
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7.  According to elisabeth kubler-ross, one of five stages frequently experienced by people
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8.  Which of the following research methods os being used if the same subjects are tested at two, four, and six years of age?
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9.  Lawrence kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning is best described by which of the following?
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10.  Which kind of research would best enable you to predict academic success on the basis of performance on standard intelligence tests?
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11.  According to abraham maslow's hierarchy of needs, which of the following statements is true?
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12.  After several trials during which a dog is given a certain kind of food at the same time that a specific tone is sounded, there is evidence of conditioning if the dog salivates when
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13.  In a normal distribution of scores. the percentage that fall at or below the mean score is
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14.  The function of dendrites is to
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15.  The two major divisions of the nervous system are the central and the _____________ nervous systems
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16.  Climbing an irregular set of stairs is more difficult for an individual who wears a patch over one eye primarily because
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17.  In order to study some effects of alcohol consuption, dr. chu tested the psychical coordination skills of 21 year old men who were first assigned to drink a beverage with either 4,2, or 0 ounces of alcohol in the lab. in this study, the independent variable consisted of
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18.  Which of the following represent, respectively, superordinate and subordinate categories for the basic-level category of "automobile"?
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19.  In an experiment, which of the folowing variables refers to the outcome that is measured by the experimenter?
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20.  Sally believes that her husband's irritability toward her results from his unconscious feelings of hostility toward his own mother. she is interpreting her husband's behavior from a  _________ perspective.
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21.  Learned helplessness is most likely to result when
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22.  The terms "modeling" and "imitation" are most closely associated with which of the following?
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23.  Sabrina plays on a rugby team and collects antique dolls.  peter is on a football team and loves to cook.  both sabrina and peters demonstrate a high degree of
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24.  According to freud, a child's early experience in coping with external demands leads to the development of the
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25.  Psychotic disorders frequently involve perceptions of nonexistent sensory stimulation, such as voices. symptoms such as these are called
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26.  Wolfgang kohler considered a chimpanzee's sudden solving of a problem evidence of
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27.  The role of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is to
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28.  According to piaget, what is the earliest stage at which a child is capable of using simple logic to think about objects and events?
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29.  Actication of the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system results in
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30.  The place in the retina where the optic nerve exits to the brain is called the
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31.  The first area of psychology to be studied as a science is known as
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32.  The intensity at which a sound becomes audible for an individual is known as the individual's
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33.  The mean will be higher than the median in any distribution that
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34.  The coiled tube in the inner ear that contains the auditory receptors is called the
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35.  People who have experienced severe damage to the frontal lobe of the brain seldom regain their abillity to
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36.  For several weeks, ever since she did not receive a raise that was given to several colleagues, enid has lacked energy, has been unable to go to work, and has expected bad things to happen every day. of the following, she is most likely experiencing
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37.  According to the information processing view of memory, the first stage in memory processing involves
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38.  Sigmund freud believed that dream analysis was a useful device for
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39.  Neural regulation of a child's language functioning is transferred to the right hemisphere if speech areas in the left hemisphere are damaged.  this best illustrates
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40.  In an experiment designed to determine whether watching violent scenes on television increases the frequency of aggressive behavior in children, one group of subjects saw a nonviolent cartoon and another group saw a violent cartoon. in the play period that followed, researchers observed the two groups of children together and counted instanced of aggressive behavior. the control group in the experiment is the group that
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41.  Receptors that are especially important for helping a person maintain balance are located in the
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42.  Contemporary psychology is best defined aas the science of
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43.  Dr milosz electrically stimulates the lateral hypothalamus of a well-fed laboratory rat.  this procedure is likely to
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44.  In the james-lange theory of emotion, which of the following immediately precedes an emotion?
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45.  In their discussion of the process of development, the advocates of nature in the nature-nuture controversy emphasize which of the following?
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46.  An individual experiencing a low blood-glucose level would be best advised to do which of the following?
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47.  Which of the following is the most appropriate criterion for evaluating the predictive validity of an intelligence test?
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48.  Which theory would be most helpful for explaining why people are motivated wo watch horror movies?
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49.  Which of the following responses was most likely acquired through classical conditioning?
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50.  Processing every possible combination of letters dbri to arrive at bird is an example of the use of
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51.  In a ring toss game, people with a high need for achievement prefer to stand ______ the stake on which the ring is to be tossed
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52.  According to albert bandura, people who believe that their efforts will be successful and that they are in control of events have a high level of
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53.  A brain tumor that results in obesity would most likely be located in the
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54.  The most distinctive characteristic of the experimental method is that it
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55.  A baby looks under the sofa for a ball that has just rolled underneath it.  according to jean piaget, the baby's action shows development of
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56.  In its early years, psychology focused on the study of ___________; from the 1920's to the 1960's, american psychologists emphasized the study of _________.
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57.  The intelligence quotient IQ has traditionally been based on the relationship between an individual's mental age and his or her
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58.  The general function of the bones in the middle ear is to
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59.  The tendency of most people to identify a three sided figure as a triangle, even when one of its sides is incomplete, is the result of a perceptual process known as
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60.  It is widely known in jerry's social circle that he is the most subborn and inflexible member of the group. yet jerry complains that all his friends are opinionated and rigid. jerry's complaints are most clearly a sign of
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61.  Drive reduction as a motivational concept is best exemplified by which of the following?
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62.  In order to minimize any preexisting differences between participants who are in differenct conditions of an experiment, psychologists make use of
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63.  Which of the following is true of the reticular activating system?
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64.  An individual's fear of dogs that is lost as the individual is exposed to dogs in nonthreatening situations is referred to by behaviorists as a fear that has been
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65.  John suffered a head injury in an accident five years ago. he now has clear memories of events that occurred vefore the accident, but he has difficulty remembering any of the experiences he has had since the accident. john's symptoms describe
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66.  In order to verify a new scientific discovery, psychological researchers are most likely to engage in the process of
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67.  An individual's ability to remember the day he or she first swam the length of a swimming pool is most clearly an example of which of the following kinds of memory?
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68.  A brain lesion refers to _______________ of brain tissue
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69.  Montgomery prepares his resume carelessly and arrives late for his job interview. he is rejected by the prospective employer. montgomery concludes that "it's all a matter of dumb luck, anyway." montgomery's judgment of his situation most clearly reflects
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70.  Mary ainsworth's strange situation paradigm is typically used to test young children's
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71.  Noam chomsky's view of language proposes that
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72.  A genetically programmed action pattern is athe ethologist's definition of
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73.  Studies of learning have shown that animals develop an aversion for tastes associated with
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74.  Which of the following is the brain imaging technique that produces the most detailed picutre of brain structure?
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75.  When a list of words is learned in order, the words most likely to be forgotten are
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76.  In a famous series of experiments conducted by harry harlow, infant monkeys were seperated from their mothers at birth.  the infants were then given two surrogate mothers (a terry cloth "mother" and a wire "mother"), each of which alternately had a nursing bottle that provided food to the infants.  the experimental results showed that in frightening situations the infant monkeys
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77.  An important difference between humanistic and psychoanalytic approaches is that humanistic psychologists believe in the importance of
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78.  Which of the following is a circadian rhythm?
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79.  Which of the following parts of the brain is most active in decision making?
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80.  Carol gilligan's criticism of lawrence kohlberg's developmental theory is based on the argument that kohlberg's
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81.  The change in the curvature of the lens that enables the eye to focus on object at verious distances is called
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82.  Which theory most clearly emphasizes the importance of homeostasis in motivation?
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83.  When participants in dichotic listening experiments are repeating aloud a message presented in one ear, they are most likely to notice information on the unattended channel if that channel
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84.  Which of the following methods is used in studies designed to determine the primary components of ingelligence?
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85.  A test that is labeled an achievement test is most likely to be given to
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86.  One major objection to the skinnerian approach to psychology is that it
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87.  The technique of strengthening behaior by reinforcing successive approximations is called
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88.  Which of the following correctly describes the firing of neurons?
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89.  A normal functioning 65-year-old who cannot solve abstract logic puzzles as quickly as he did when he was younger is experiencing a
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90.  Miss de jong is orderly, neat, fairly quiet, and shy.  she enjoys reading in her spare time and belongs to a social club that includes three librarians, nine real estate agents, and eight social workers. a tendency to conclude that she must be one of the three librarians would illustrate the powerful influence of
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91.  Taking a painkiller to relieve a toothache is behavior learned through wich of the following processes?
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92.  Punishment is most effective in eliminating undesired behavior when the
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93.  Piaget held that egocentrism is a characteristic of the:
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94.  Hunger and eating are primarily regulated by which of the following?
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95.  The most well-adjusted and socially competent children tend to come from homes where parents employ which of the parenting styles?
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96.  A nine-year-old girl first learning about her capabilities on the playground and in the classroom would be in which of Erikson's stages of development?
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97.  The thalamus processes information for all of the following senses EXCEPT
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98.  The hindsight bias refers to people's tendency to
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99.  Which of the following findings would support an interpretation of aggression as catharsis?
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100.  Phobic and panic distrubances are examples of which of the following knds of disorder?
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101.  Psychologists who emphasize the importance of personality traits are most often criticized for
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102.  The hypothesis that intelligence is in part inherited is best supported by the fact that the IQ correlation for
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103.  In psychology, gestalt principles are used to explain
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104.  In sigmund freud's view, the role of the ego is to
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105.  The most common form of color blindness is related to deficiencies in the
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106.  The debate over whether development occurs gradually, without discernible shifts, or through a series of distinct stages is termed
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107.  The result of the evolutionary process that preserves traits that enhance the adaptation of an organism and suppresses traits that do not is called
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108.  Gustatory receptors are sensitive to all of the following taste qualities EXCEPT
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109.  In pavlov's experiments in classical conditioning, the dog's salivation was
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110.  One criticism of sigmund freud's psychosexual theory of development is that it
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111.  The hippocampus plays a critical role in ________ memory.
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112.  Drawing a random sample of people from a town for an interview study of social attitudes ensures that
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113.  A researcher would be most likely to discover a positive correlation between
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114.  Which of the following accurately describes a major change in perspective in the field of developmental psychology over the past twenty-five years?
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115.  For most people, speech functions are primarily localized in the
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116.  Responses extinguish fastest when they are learned through which type of reinforcement schedule?
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117.  One of the consistent research findings in the area of facial expressions and emotion is the
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118.  The performance of a group on which an IQ test is standardized sets the 
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119.  Which of the following approaches to psychology emphasizes observable responses over inner experiences when accounting for behavior?
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120.  A double-blind control is essential for which of the following?
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121.  According to the stanford binet formula for intelligence quotient (IQ), the IQ of a ten year old child with a mental age of eight and a half years is
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122.  The primary effect of the myelin sheath is to
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123.  Eleanor gibson and her colleagues have used the visual cliff to measure an infant's ability to perceive
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124.  Which of the following occurs when a neuron is stimulated to its threshold?
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125.  Which of the following will not increase behavioral and mental activity?
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126.  Which of the folloqing areas of the body has the largest number of sensory neurons?
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127.  Hypnosis is best described as a state that
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128.  In experimental psychology, a significant difference refers to a
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129.  In terms of the effect on the central nervous system, alcohol is most accurately classified as which of the following types of drug?
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130.  REM sleep, generally an "active" state of sleep, is accompanied by which of the following paradoxical characteristics?
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131.  Sydney has gathered evicdence showing that the weight of grade school students correlates positively with reading skill. before she uses this evidence to conclude that body weight enhances reading ability, she should first be reminded that
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132.  When a pair of lights flashing in quick succession seems to an observer to be one light moving from place to place, the effect referred to as
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133.  Metacognition refers to
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134.  Which of the following is typically cited as a characteristic of autistic children?
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135.  Dopamine, norepinephrine, and acetylcholine are all
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