AP Psychology Exam Review

135 Questions  I  By Lillsar95

  
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1.  A double-blind control is essential for which of the following?
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2.  When a pair of lights flashing in quick succession seems to an observer to be one light moving from place to place, the effect referred to as
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3.  Lawrence kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning is best described by which of the following?
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4.  In order to verify a new scientific discovery, psychological researchers are most likely to engage in the process of
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5.  An individual experiencing a low blood-glucose level would be best advised to do which of the following?
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6.  For several weeks, ever since she did not receive a raise that was given to several colleagues, enid has lacked energy, has been unable to go to work, and has expected bad things to happen every day. of the following, she is most likely experiencing
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7.  Which of the following methods is used in studies designed to determine the primary components of ingelligence?
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8.  Learned helplessness is most likely to result when
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9.  Drive reduction as a motivational concept is best exemplified by which of the following?
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10.  Painkilling substances produced by the brain are known as
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11.  Sydney has gathered evicdence showing that the weight of grade school students correlates positively with reading skill. before she uses this evidence to conclude that body weight enhances reading ability, she should first be reminded that
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12.  In an experiment designed to determine whether watching violent scenes on television increases the frequency of aggressive behavior in children, one group of subjects saw a nonviolent cartoon and another group saw a violent cartoon. in the play period that followed, researchers observed the two groups of children together and counted instanced of aggressive behavior. the control group in the experiment is the group that
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13.  The change in the curvature of the lens that enables the eye to focus on object at verious distances is called
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14.  Which of the following is typically cited as a characteristic of autistic children?
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15.  The hypothesis that intelligence is in part inherited is best supported by the fact that the IQ correlation for
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16.  In experimental psychology, a significant difference refers to a
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17.  When a list of words is learned in order, the words most likely to be forgotten are
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18.  In sigmund freud's view, the role of the ego is to
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19.  When participants in dichotic listening experiments are repeating aloud a message presented in one ear, they are most likely to notice information on the unattended channel if that channel
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20.  Hunger and eating are primarily regulated by which of the following?
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21.  The most distinctive characteristic of the experimental method is that it
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22.  Wolfgang kohler considered a chimpanzee's sudden solving of a problem evidence of
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23.  Which kind of research would best enable you to predict academic success on the basis of performance on standard intelligence tests?
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24.  REM sleep, generally an "active" state of sleep, is accompanied by which of the following paradoxical characteristics?
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25.  Climbing an irregular set of stairs is more difficult for an individual who wears a patch over one eye primarily because
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26.  Which of the folloqing areas of the body has the largest number of sensory neurons?
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27.  Montgomery prepares his resume carelessly and arrives late for his job interview. he is rejected by the prospective employer. montgomery concludes that "it's all a matter of dumb luck, anyway." montgomery's judgment of his situation most clearly reflects
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28.  A baby looks under the sofa for a ball that has just rolled underneath it.  according to jean piaget, the baby's action shows development of
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29.  In a ring toss game, people with a high need for achievement prefer to stand ______ the stake on which the ring is to be tossed
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30.  Which of the following research methods os being used if the same subjects are tested at two, four, and six years of age?
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31.  The thalamus processes information for all of the following senses EXCEPT
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32.  In pavlov's experiments in classical conditioning, the dog's salivation was
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33.  In order to study some effects of alcohol consuption, dr. chu tested the psychical coordination skills of 21 year old men who were first assigned to drink a beverage with either 4,2, or 0 ounces of alcohol in the lab. in this study, the independent variable consisted of
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34.  In their discussion of the process of development, the advocates of nature in the nature-nuture controversy emphasize which of the following?
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35.  The terms "modeling" and "imitation" are most closely associated with which of the following?
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36.  It is widely known in jerry's social circle that he is the most subborn and inflexible member of the group. yet jerry complains that all his friends are opinionated and rigid. jerry's complaints are most clearly a sign of
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37.  An important difference between humanistic and psychoanalytic approaches is that humanistic psychologists believe in the importance of
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38.  The rules of gramer are rules of
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39.  Responses extinguish fastest when they are learned through which type of reinforcement schedule?
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40.  Consumers respond more positively to ground beef advertised as "75 percent lean" than to ground beef described as "25 percent fat."  this illustrates that consumer reactions are influenced by
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41.  In a normal distribution of scores. the percentage that fall at or below the mean score is
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42.  Contemporary psychology is best defined aas the science of
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43.  For most people, speech functions are primarily localized in the
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44.  Which of the following responses was most likely acquired through classical conditioning?
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45.  A brain lesion refers to _______________ of brain tissue
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46.  A researcher would be most likely to discover a positive correlation between
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47.  A genetically programmed action pattern is athe ethologist's definition of
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48.  The technique of strengthening behaior by reinforcing successive approximations is called
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49.  Which of the following is true of the reticular activating system?
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50.  Which of the following approaches to psychology emphasizes observable responses over inner experiences when accounting for behavior?
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51.  Which of the following accurately describes a major change in perspective in the field of developmental psychology over the past twenty-five years?
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52.  Psychotic disorders frequently involve perceptions of nonexistent sensory stimulation, such as voices. symptoms such as these are called
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53.  A test that is labeled an achievement test is most likely to be given to
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54.  Sabrina plays on a rugby team and collects antique dolls.  peter is on a football team and loves to cook.  both sabrina and peters demonstrate a high degree of
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55.  Eleanor gibson and her colleagues have used the visual cliff to measure an infant's ability to perceive
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56.  The role of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is to
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57.  The function of dendrites is to
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58.  The debate over whether development occurs gradually, without discernible shifts, or through a series of distinct stages is termed
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59.  Psychologists who emphasize the importance of personality traits are most often criticized for
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60.  When struck by light energy, cones and rods in the retina generate neural signals that then activate the
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61.  According to freud, a child's early experience in coping with external demands leads to the development of the
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62.  John suffered a head injury in an accident five years ago. he now has clear memories of events that occurred vefore the accident, but he has difficulty remembering any of the experiences he has had since the accident. john's symptoms describe
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63.  In terms of the effect on the central nervous system, alcohol is most accurately classified as which of the following types of drug?
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64.  Which of the following occurs when a neuron is stimulated to its threshold?
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65.  According to the information processing view of memory, the first stage in memory processing involves
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66.  The general function of the bones in the middle ear is to
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67.  The two major divisions of the nervous system are the central and the _____________ nervous systems
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68.  Piaget held that egocentrism is a characteristic of the:
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69.  Noam chomsky's view of language proposes that
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70.  One of the consistent research findings in the area of facial expressions and emotion is the
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71.  Actication of the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system results in
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72.  Processing every possible combination of letters dbri to arrive at bird is an example of the use of
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73.  The hindsight bias refers to people's tendency to
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74.  Dr milosz electrically stimulates the lateral hypothalamus of a well-fed laboratory rat.  this procedure is likely to
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75.  A brain tumor that results in obesity would most likely be located in the
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76.  Which of the following findings would support an interpretation of aggression as catharsis?
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77.  The tendency of most people to identify a three sided figure as a triangle, even when one of its sides is incomplete, is the result of a perceptual process known as
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78.  In a famous series of experiments conducted by harry harlow, infant monkeys were seperated from their mothers at birth.  the infants were then given two surrogate mothers (a terry cloth "mother" and a wire "mother"), each of which alternately had a nursing bottle that provided food to the infants.  the experimental results showed that in frightening situations the infant monkeys
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79.  According to the stanford binet formula for intelligence quotient (IQ), the IQ of a ten year old child with a mental age of eight and a half years is
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80.  In its early years, psychology focused on the study of ___________; from the 1920's to the 1960's, american psychologists emphasized the study of _________.
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81.  In order to minimize any preexisting differences between participants who are in differenct conditions of an experiment, psychologists make use of
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82.  Which theory most clearly emphasizes the importance of homeostasis in motivation?
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83.  The painful experience associated with the termination of the use of an addictive substance is known as
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84.  Mary ainsworth's strange situation paradigm is typically used to test young children's
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85.  Dopamine, norepinephrine, and acetylcholine are all
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86.  According to abraham maslow's hierarchy of needs, which of the following statements is true?
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87.  Which of the following correctly describes the firing of neurons?
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88.  The result of the evolutionary process that preserves traits that enhance the adaptation of an organism and suppresses traits that do not is called
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89.  Sigmund freud believed that dream analysis was a useful device for
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90.  A nine-year-old girl first learning about her capabilities on the playground and in the classroom would be in which of Erikson's stages of development?
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91.  In an experiment, which of the folowing variables refers to the outcome that is measured by the experimenter?
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