AP Psychology Exam Review

135 Questions  I  By Lillsar95 on April 30, 2012

  
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1.  A baby looks under the sofa for a ball that has just rolled underneath it.  according to jean piaget, the baby's action shows development of
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2.  Miss de jong is orderly, neat, fairly quiet, and shy.  she enjoys reading in her spare time and belongs to a social club that includes three librarians, nine real estate agents, and eight social workers. a tendency to conclude that she must be one of the three librarians would illustrate the powerful influence of
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3.  Which of the following parts of the brain is most active in decision making?
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4.  Studies of learning have shown that animals develop an aversion for tastes associated with
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5.  Climbing an irregular set of stairs is more difficult for an individual who wears a patch over one eye primarily because
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6.  Which kind of research would best enable you to predict academic success on the basis of performance on standard intelligence tests?
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7.  Which of the following approaches to psychology emphasizes observable responses over inner experiences when accounting for behavior?
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8.  In psychology, gestalt principles are used to explain
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9.  Sabrina plays on a rugby team and collects antique dolls.  peter is on a football team and loves to cook.  both sabrina and peters demonstrate a high degree of
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10.  According to piaget, what is the earliest stage at which a child is capable of using simple logic to think about objects and events?
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11.  According to freud, a child's early experience in coping with external demands leads to the development of the
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12.  Wolfgang kohler considered a chimpanzee's sudden solving of a problem evidence of
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13.  An individual experiencing a low blood-glucose level would be best advised to do which of the following?
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14.  The role of the parasympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system is to
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15.  Which of the following is true of the reticular activating system?
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16.  Lawrence kohlberg's theory of moral reasoning is best described by which of the following?
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17.  The intelligence quotient IQ has traditionally been based on the relationship between an individual's mental age and his or her
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18.  Which theory most clearly emphasizes the importance of homeostasis in motivation?
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19.  A brain lesion refers to _______________ of brain tissue
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20.  The primary effect of the myelin sheath is to
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21.  Which of the following will not increase behavioral and mental activity?
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22.  An important difference between humanistic and psychoanalytic approaches is that humanistic psychologists believe in the importance of
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23.  Which of the following is a circadian rhythm?
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24.  One major objection to the skinnerian approach to psychology is that it
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25.  Psychologists who emphasize the importance of personality traits are most often criticized for
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26.  Which of the following is the brain imaging technique that produces the most detailed picutre of brain structure?
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27.  The mean will be higher than the median in any distribution that
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28.  A test that is labeled an achievement test is most likely to be given to
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29.  One of the consistent research findings in the area of facial expressions and emotion is the
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30.  Which of the following accurately describes a major change in perspective in the field of developmental psychology over the past twenty-five years?
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31.  The most common form of color blindness is related to deficiencies in the
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32.  It is widely known in jerry's social circle that he is the most subborn and inflexible member of the group. yet jerry complains that all his friends are opinionated and rigid. jerry's complaints are most clearly a sign of
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33.  REM sleep, generally an "active" state of sleep, is accompanied by which of the following paradoxical characteristics?
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34.  Gustatory receptors are sensitive to all of the following taste qualities EXCEPT
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35.  Which of the following responses was most likely acquired through classical conditioning?
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36.  John suffered a head injury in an accident five years ago. he now has clear memories of events that occurred vefore the accident, but he has difficulty remembering any of the experiences he has had since the accident. john's symptoms describe
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37.  Hypnosis is best described as a state that
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38.  Responses extinguish fastest when they are learned through which type of reinforcement schedule?
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39.  The thalamus processes information for all of the following senses EXCEPT
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40.  When a pair of lights flashing in quick succession seems to an observer to be one light moving from place to place, the effect referred to as
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41.  The coiled tube in the inner ear that contains the auditory receptors is called the
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42.  Which of the following is typically cited as a characteristic of autistic children?
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43.  The place in the retina where the optic nerve exits to the brain is called the
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44.  In the james-lange theory of emotion, which of the following immediately precedes an emotion?
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45.  The two major divisions of the nervous system are the central and the _____________ nervous systems
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46.  The terms "modeling" and "imitation" are most closely associated with which of the following?
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47.  The change in the curvature of the lens that enables the eye to focus on object at verious distances is called
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48.  A nine-year-old girl first learning about her capabilities on the playground and in the classroom would be in which of Erikson's stages of development?
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49.  The hindsight bias refers to people's tendency to
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50.  Drawing a random sample of people from a town for an interview study of social attitudes ensures that
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51.  An individual's fear of dogs that is lost as the individual is exposed to dogs in nonthreatening situations is referred to by behaviorists as a fear that has been
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52.  In a ring toss game, people with a high need for achievement prefer to stand ______ the stake on which the ring is to be tossed
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53.  For several weeks, ever since she did not receive a raise that was given to several colleagues, enid has lacked energy, has been unable to go to work, and has expected bad things to happen every day. of the following, she is most likely experiencing
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54.  In an experiment designed to determine whether watching violent scenes on television increases the frequency of aggressive behavior in children, one group of subjects saw a nonviolent cartoon and another group saw a violent cartoon. in the play period that followed, researchers observed the two groups of children together and counted instanced of aggressive behavior. the control group in the experiment is the group that
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55.  In order to minimize any preexisting differences between participants who are in differenct conditions of an experiment, psychologists make use of
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56.  Which theory would be most helpful for explaining why people are motivated wo watch horror movies?
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57.  The intensity at which a sound becomes audible for an individual is known as the individual's
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58.  Which of the following occurs when a neuron is stimulated to its threshold?
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59.  The most well-adjusted and socially competent children tend to come from homes where parents employ which of the parenting styles?
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60.  Mary ainsworth's strange situation paradigm is typically used to test young children's
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61.  Piaget held that egocentrism is a characteristic of the:
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62.  In its early years, psychology focused on the study of ___________; from the 1920's to the 1960's, american psychologists emphasized the study of _________.
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63.  Which of the following correctly describes the firing of neurons?
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64.  A researcher would be most likely to discover a positive correlation between
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65.  Contemporary psychology is best defined aas the science of
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66.  Which of the folloqing areas of the body has the largest number of sensory neurons?
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67.  The result of the evolutionary process that preserves traits that enhance the adaptation of an organism and suppresses traits that do not is called
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68.  The most distinctive characteristic of the experimental method is that it
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69.  The tendency of most people to identify a three sided figure as a triangle, even when one of its sides is incomplete, is the result of a perceptual process known as
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70.  Hunger and eating are primarily regulated by which of the following?
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71.  Dr milosz electrically stimulates the lateral hypothalamus of a well-fed laboratory rat.  this procedure is likely to
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72.  In terms of the effect on the central nervous system, alcohol is most accurately classified as which of the following types of drug?
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73.  Dopamine, norepinephrine, and acetylcholine are all
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74.  Carol gilligan's criticism of lawrence kohlberg's developmental theory is based on the argument that kohlberg's
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75.  Phobic and panic distrubances are examples of which of the following knds of disorder?
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76.  A double-blind control is essential for which of the following?
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77.  Eleanor gibson and her colleagues have used the visual cliff to measure an infant's ability to perceive
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78.  When a list of words is learned in order, the words most likely to be forgotten are
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79.  Psychotic disorders frequently involve perceptions of nonexistent sensory stimulation, such as voices. symptoms such as these are called
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80.  Processing every possible combination of letters dbri to arrive at bird is an example of the use of
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81.  One criticism of sigmund freud's psychosexual theory of development is that it
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82.  The debate over whether development occurs gradually, without discernible shifts, or through a series of distinct stages is termed
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83.  The general function of the bones in the middle ear is to
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84.  Sydney has gathered evicdence showing that the weight of grade school students correlates positively with reading skill. before she uses this evidence to conclude that body weight enhances reading ability, she should first be reminded that
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85.  Which of the following research methods os being used if the same subjects are tested at two, four, and six years of age?
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86.  According to the stanford binet formula for intelligence quotient (IQ), the IQ of a ten year old child with a mental age of eight and a half years is
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87.  Neural regulation of a child's language functioning is transferred to the right hemisphere if speech areas in the left hemisphere are damaged.  this best illustrates
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88.  In a famous series of experiments conducted by harry harlow, infant monkeys were seperated from their mothers at birth.  the infants were then given two surrogate mothers (a terry cloth "mother" and a wire "mother"), each of which alternately had a nursing bottle that provided food to the infants.  the experimental results showed that in frightening situations the infant monkeys
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89.  In order to study some effects of alcohol consuption, dr. chu tested the psychical coordination skills of 21 year old men who were first assigned to drink a beverage with either 4,2, or 0 ounces of alcohol in the lab. in this study, the independent variable consisted of
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90.  According to albert bandura, people who believe that their efforts will be successful and that they are in control of events have a high level of
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91.  An individual's ability to remember the day he or she first swam the length of a swimming pool is most clearly an example of which of the following kinds of memory?
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