A&p Chapter 11 - The Muscular System

15 Questions  I  By MelMH
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Muscular System Quizzes & Trivia
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  • 1. 
    The muscle that forms the major portion of the cheek is the                      .

  • 2. 
    The three superficial posterior plantar flexors of the leg are the                      ,                          , and                            .  All these muscles insert on the                       by way of the Achilles tendon.

  • 3. 
    Longer fibers in a muscle result in a greater range of motion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 4. 
    When flexing the forearm, the biceps brachii acts as the prime mover and the triceps brachii acts as the antagonist.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 5. 
    Which of the following muscles does not flex the thigh?
    • A. 

      Rectus femoris

    • B. 

      Gracilis

    • C. 

      Sartorius

    • D. 

      Iliacus

    • E. 

      Tensor fascia latae


  • 6. 
    The iliotibial tract is composed of the tendon of the gluteus maximus muscle, the deep fascia that encircles the thigh, and the tendon of which of the following muscles?
    • A. 

      Iliacus

    • B. 

      Gluteus minimus

    • C. 

      Tensor fascia latae

    • D. 

      Adductor longus

    • E. 

      Vastus lateralis


  • 7. 
    In order for movement to occur, 1) muscles generally need to cross a joint, 2) contraction of the muscle will pull on the origin, 3) muscles that move a body part cannot cover the moving part, 4) muscles need to exert force on tendons that pull on bones, 5) the insertion must act to stabilize the joint
    • A. 

      1,2,3,4, and 5

    • B. 

      1,2,3, and 4

    • C. 

      1,2, and 4

    • D. 

      1,3, and 4

    • E. 

      3 and 4


  • 8. 
    Because you did not do well on you recent anatomy and physiology exam, you leave the classroom pouting.  Which one of these muscles are you using?
    • A. 

      Mentalis

    • B. 

      Orbicularis oris

    • C. 

      Risorius

    • D. 

      Levator labii superioris

    • E. 

      Zygomaticus minor


  • 9. 
    The rectus femoris has fascicles arranged on both sides of a centally positioned tendon.  This pattern of fascicle arrangement is
    • A. 

      Unipennate

    • B. 

      Fusiform

    • C. 

      Multipennate

    • D. 

      Parallel

    • E. 

      Bipennate


  • 10. 
    Which of the following muscle names and their naming descriptors are mismatched?
    • A. 

      Adductor brevis: short muscle that moves a bone closer to the midline

    • B. 

      Rectus abdominis: muscle with fibers parallel to the midline of the abdomen

    • C. 

      Levator scapula: muscle that raises the scapula

    • D. 

      Sternohyoid: muscle attached to the sternum and hyoid

    • E. 

      Serratus anterior: comblike muscle located on the body's anterior surface


  • 11. 
    Match the following:
    • A. muscle that stabilizes the origin
    • A.
    • B. site of muscle attachment to a stationary bone
    • B.
    • C. mucle that stretches to allow desired motion
    • C.
    • D. muscle that contracts to stabilize intermediate joints
    • D.
    • E. site of muscle attachment to a movable bone
    • E.
    • F. group of muscles, along with their blood and nerves, that have a common function
    • F.
    • G. contracting muscle that produces the desired motion
    • G.
    • H. fleshy part of the muscle
    • H.

  • 12. 
    Match the following:
    • A. compression of median nerve resulting in pain and numbness and tingling in the fingers
    • A.
    • B. tendinitis of the anterior compartment muscles of the leg; inflammation of the tibial periosteum
    • B.
    • C. improperly aligned eyeballs due to lesions in either the oculomotor or abducens nerves
    • C.
    • D. stretching or tearing of distal attachments of adductor muscles
    • D.
    • E. rupture of a portion of inguinal area of the abdominal wall resulting in protrusion of part of the small intestine
    • E.
    • F. caused by repetitive movement of the arm over the head that results in inflammation of the suprasinatus tendon
    • F.
    • G. inflammation due to chronic irritation of the plantar aponeurosis at its origin on the calcaneus; most common cause of heel pain in runners
    • G.
    • H. painful inflammation of tendons, tendon sheaths, and synovial membranes of joints
    • H.
    • I. paralysis of facial muscles as a result of damage to the facial nerve
    • I.
    • J. common in individuals who perform quick starts and stops; tearing away of part of the tendinous origins from the ischial tuberosity
    • J.
    • K. permanent shortening of a muscle due to nerve damage and scar tissue development
    • K.
    • L. may occur as a result of injury to levator ani muscle
    • L.
    • M. external or internal pressure constricts structures in a compartment, causing a reduction of blood supply to the structures
    • M.

  • 13. 
    Match the following:
    • A. rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius
    • A.
    • B. biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus
    • B.
    • C. erector spinae, includes iliocostalis, longissimus, and spinalis groups
    • C.
    • D. thenar, hypothenar, intermediate
    • D.
    • E. biceps brachii, brachialis, coracbrachialis
    • E.
    • F. latissimus dorsi
    • F.
    • G. subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor
    • G.
    • H. diaphragm, external intercostals, internal intercostals
    • H.
    • I. trapezius, levator scapulae, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor
    • I.

  • 14. 
    Match the following (some may be used more than once):
    • A. trapezius
    • A.
    • B. orbicularis oculi
    • B.
    • C. levator ani
    • C.
    • D. rectus abdominis
    • D.
    • E. triceps brachii
    • E.
    • F. gastrocnemius
    • F.
    • G. temporalis
    • G.
    • H. external anal sphincter
    • H.
    • I. external oblique
    • I.
    • J. iliocostalis thoracic
    • J.
    • K. digastric
    • K.
    • L. styloglossus
    • L.
    • M. masseter
    • M.
    • N. adductor longus
    • N.
    • O. zygomaticus major
    • O.
    • P. latissimus dorsi
    • P.
    • Q. flexor carpi radialis
    • Q.
    • R. pronator teres
    • R.
    • S. sternocleidomastoid
    • S.
    • T. quadriceps femoris
    • T.
    • U. deltoid
    • U.
    • V. tibialis anterior
    • V.
    • W. sartorius
    • W.
    • X. gluteus maximus
    • X.
    • Y. superior rectus
    • Y.
    • Z. trapezius
    • Z.

  • 15. 
    Match the following (some answers may be used more than once):
    • A. most common lever in the body
    • A.
    • B. lever formed by the head resting on the vertebral column
    • B.
    • C. always produces a mechanical advantage
    • C.
    • D. EFL
    • D.
    • E. FLE
    • E.
    • F. FEL
    • F.
    • G. adduction of the thigh
    • G.

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