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Anatomy Quiz Chapter 4

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

Anatomy. Quiz. Chapter. 4.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which one of the following is not one of the four main tissue categories?
    • A. 

      CONNECTIVE TISSUE

    • B. 

      MUSCLE TISSUE

    • C. 

      NEURAL TISSUE

    • D. 

      EPITHELIAL TISSUE

    • E. 

      OSSEOUS TISSUE

  • 2. 
    THE TISSUE THAT ALWAYS HAS A TOP AND A BOTTOM IS
    • A. 

      APICAL TISSUE

    • B. 

      EPITHELIAL TISSUE

    • C. 

      MUSCLE TISSUE

    • D. 

      CONNECTIVE TISSUE

    • E. 

      BASAL TISSUE

  • 3. 
    FUNCTIONS OF EPITHELIA INCLUDE ALL OF THE FOLLOWING EXCEPT
    • A. 

      ABSORPTION

    • B. 

      PROVIDING PHYSICAL PROTECTION

    • C. 

      PRODUCING SPEALIZED SECREATIONS

    • D. 

      SUPPORTING MUSCLE CELLS

    • E. 

      CONTROLLING PERMEABILITY

  • 4. 
    EPITHELIAL CELLS EXHIBIT MODIFICATIONS THAT ADAPT THEM FOR
    • A. 

      SUPPORT

    • B. 

      CIRCULATION

    • C. 

      CONDUCTION

    • D. 

      SECREATION

    • E. 

      CONTRACTION

  • 5. 
    EPITHELIAL CELLS THAT ARE ADAPTED FOR ABSORPTION OR SECREATION USUALLY HAVE ....... AT THEIR FREE SURFACE
    • A. 

      JUNCTIONAL COMPLEXES

    • B. 

      MITOCHONDRIA

    • C. 

      CONDUCTION

    • D. 

      SECREATON

    • E. 

      CONTRACTION

  • 6. 
    DEAD SKIN CELLS ARE SHED IN THE SHEETS BECAUSE THEY ARE HELD TOGETHER BY SPOTS, SUCH STRONG INTERCELLUAR CONNECTIONS ARE CALLED
    • A. 

      JUNCTIONAL COMPLEXES

    • B. 

      INTERMEDIATE JUNCTIONS

    • C. 

      GAP JUNCTIONS

    • D. 

      DESMOSOMES

    • E. 

      TIGHT JUNCTIONS

  • 7. 
    EPITHELIUM IS CONNECTED TO UNDERLYING CONNECTIVE TISSUE BY
    • A. 

      INTERFACIAL CANALS

    • B. 

      PROTEOGLYCAN

    • C. 

      BASAL LAMINA

    • D. 

      RETICULAR LAMINA

    • E. 

      KERATIN

  • 8. 
    The basic shapes of epithelial cells include all of the following, except   
    • A. 

      Cuboidal.

    • B. 

      Oval.

    • C. 

      Columnar.

    • D. 

      Squamous.

    • E. 

      Both A and B

  • 9. 
    Mesothelium is to the body cavities as endothelium is to the  
    • A. 

      Kidneys.

    • B. 

      Large intestine.

    • C. 

      Urinary bladder.

    • D. 

      Mouth.

    • E. 

      Heart and blood vessels.

  • 10. 
    The epithelia that line body cavities and blood vessels are classified as
    • A. 

      Simple squamous.

    • B. 

      Transitional.

    • C. 

      Stratified squamous.

    • D. 

      Simple cuboidal.

    • E. 

      Stratified cuboidal.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements about simple epithelia is false
    • A. 

      They line internal compartments and passageways

    • B. 

      They are avascular.

    • C. 

      They cover surfaces subjected to mechanical or chemical stress.

    • D. 

      They are characteristic of regions where secretion or absorption occurs.

    • E. 

      They afford little mechanical protection.

  • 12. 
    Simple cuboidal epithelium is found  
    • A. 

      Forming the kidney tubules.

    • B. 

      Lining the trachea.

    • C. 

      At the surface of the skin.

    • D. 

      Lining the air sacs of the lungs

    • E. 

      Lining blood vessels.

  • 13. 
    Simple columnar epithelia are found  
    • A. 

      Lining the ducts that drain sweat glands

    • B. 

      Lining the stomach.

    • C. 

      Lining kidney tubules.

    • D. 

      Lining the urinary bladder

    • E. 

      At the surface of the skin.

  • 14. 
    Transitional epithelium is found  
    • A. 

      Lining kidney tubules

    • B. 

      Lining the stomach

    • C. 

      Lining the ducts that drain sweat glands.

    • D. 

      At the surface of the skin

    • E. 

      Lining the urinary bladder.

  • 15. 
    The heart and blood vessels are lined by  
    • A. 

      Simple columnar epithelium

    • B. 

      Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

    • C. 

      Simple cuboidal epithelium.

    • D. 

      Simple squamous epithelium.

    • E. 

      Transitional epithelium.

  • 16. 
    You would find pseudostratified columnar epithelium lining the  
    • A. 

      Surface of the skin.

    • B. 

      Secretory portions of the pancreas.

    • C. 

      Urinary bladder.

    • D. 

      Trachea.

    • E. 

      Stomach.

  • 17. 
    Glands that secrete hormones into the interstitial fluid are  
    • A. 

      Interstitial glands

    • B. 

      Holocrine glands.

    • C. 

      Merocrine glands.

    • D. 

      Endocrine glands.

    • E. 

      Exocrine glands.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is a type of secretion in which some cytoplasm is lost with the product?  
    • A. 

      Serous

    • B. 

      Holocrine

    • C. 

      Merocrine

    • D. 

      mucus

    • E. 

      Apocrine

  • 19. 
    Connective tissue fibers are produced mainly by  
    • A. 

      Mast cells.

    • B. 

      Macrophages.

    • C. 

      Melanocytes.

    • D. 

      Fibroblasts.

    • E. 

      Adipocytes.

  • 20. 
    Cells that store fat are called
    • A. 

      Macrocytes.

    • B. 

      Melanocytes.

    • C. 

      Adipocytes.

    • D. 

      Podocytes.

    • E. 

      Cellulocytes

  • 21. 
    The framework or stroma of organs such as the spleen, liver, and lymph nodes is made up of ________ tissue.  
    • A. 

      Regular dense connective

    • B. 

      Irregular dense connective

    • C. 

      Loose connective

    • D. 

      Adipose

    • E. 

      Reticular connective

  • 22. 
    The dominant fiber type in dense connective tissue is  
    • A. 

      Elastin

    • B. 

      Connectin.

    • C. 

      Actin.

    • D. 

      Collagen.

    • E. 

      Myosin.

  • 23. 
    Tissues that provide strength and support for areas subjected to stresses from many directions are  
    • A. 

      Tendons.

    • B. 

      Ligaments.

    • C. 

      Areolar tissue.

    • D. 

      Reticular tissues.

    • E. 

      Dense irregular connective tissues.

  • 24. 
    What type of cell makes up almost half the volume of blood
    • A. 

      Platelet

    • B. 

      Monocyte

    • C. 

      Leukocyte

    • D. 

      Phagocyte

    • E. 

      Erythrocyte

  • 25. 
    Chondroitin sulfate is abundant in the matrix of  
    • A. 

      Adipose tissue

    • B. 

      Cartilage.

    • C. 

      Epithelial tissue.

    • D. 

      Areolar tissue.

    • E. 

      Elastic connective tissue

  • 26. 
    Chondrocytes are to cartilage as osteocytes are to  
    • A. 

      Epithelium.

    • B. 

      Blood.

    • C. 

      Fat.

    • D. 

      Neural tissue.

    • E. 

      Bone.

  • 27. 
    Cartilage is separated from surrounding tissues by a fibrous  
    • A. 

      Lacunae.

    • B. 

      Perichondrium.

    • C. 

      Periosteum.

    • D. 

      Matrix

    • E. 

      Canaliculi.

  • 28. 
    The most common type of cartilage is ________ cartilage.  
    • A. 

      Elastic

    • B. 

      Ligamentous

    • C. 

      Osseous

    • D. 

      Hyaline

    • E. 

      Fibrous

  • 29. 
    Osseous tissue is also called  
    • A. 

      Fat.

    • B. 

      Cellulite.

    • C. 

      Ligament.

    • D. 

      Cartilage.

    • E. 

      Bone.

  • 30. 
    Which of the following membranes line cavities that communicate with the exterior of the body
    • A. 

      Serous

    • B. 

      Cutaneous

    • C. 

      Synovial

    • D. 

      Mucous

    • E. 

      Pleural

  • 31. 
    The reduction of friction between the parietal and visceral surfaces of an internal cavity is the function of  
    • A. 

      Serous membranes

    • B. 

      The lamina propria.

    • C. 

      Synovial membranes.

    • D. 

      Mucous membranes.

    • E. 

      Cutaneous membranes.

  • 32. 
    The serous membrane lining the abdominal cavity is the  
    • A. 

      Peritoneum.

    • B. 

      Pericardium.

    • C. 

      Perichondrium

    • D. 

      Periosteum.

    • E. 

      Pleura.

  • 33. 
    Which of these refers to the dense connective tissue that surrounds a muscle and blends with the tendon
    • A. 

      Subcutaneous layer

    • B. 

      Superficial fascia

    • C. 

      Deep fascia

    • D. 

      Subserous fascia

    • E. 

      Hypodermis

  • 34. 
    Tissue that is specialized for contraction is ________ tissue
    • A. 

      Muscle

    • B. 

      Epithelial

    • C. 

      Nerve

    • D. 

      Dense connective

    • E. 

      Loose connective

  • 35. 
    Satellite cells are found in association with  
    • A. 

      Skeletal muscle.

    • B. 

      Involuntary muscle.

    • C. 

      Smooth muscle.

    • D. 

      Cardiac muscle.

    • E. 

      Both C and D

  • 36. 
    The muscle tissue that shows no striations is ________ muscle
    • A. 

      Multinucleated

    • B. 

      Skeletal

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      Smooth

    • E. 

      Voluntary

  • 37. 
    Tissue that is specialized for the conduction of electrical impulses is ________ tissue.  
    • A. 

      Osseous

    • B. 

      Areolar

    • C. 

      Neural

    • D. 

      Epithelial

    • E. 

      Connective

  • 38. 
    All of the following are true of neurons, except that   
    • A. 

      They are composed of a soma and axon

    • B. 

      They conduct a nervous impulse.

    • C. 

      They are separated from one another by synapses.

    • D. 

      They are a very specialized form of connective tissue.

    • E. 

      When mature, they lose the ability to divide.

  • 39. 
    Which of the following terms refers to a reversible change in the normal shape, size, and organization of tissue cells
    • A. 

      Inflammation

    • B. 

      Metastasis

    • C. 

      Anaplasia

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Dysplasia

  • 40. 
    Germinative cells 
    • A. 

      Cannot divide.

    • B. 

      Make up most of the epithelial type of tissue.

    • C. 

      Divide continually to produce new epithelial cells

    • D. 

      Start in the superficial layers of epithelial tissue.

    • E. 

      Cannot function in the repair of epithelial tissue.

  • 41. 
    Cells that are specialized for secretion  
    • A. 

      Have a free surface that is flat

    • B. 

      Are usually squamous.

    • C. 

      Have a small nucleus.

    • D. 

      Are found only in the digestive system.

    • E. 

      Exhibit polarity.

  • 42. 
    Watery perspiration is an example of a(n) ________ secretion
    • A. 

      Mucous

    • B. 

      Merocrine

    • C. 

      Holocrine

    • D. 

      Serous

    • E. 

      Apocrine

  • 43. 
    The pancreas produces ________ secretions
    • A. 

      Serous

    • B. 

      Mucous

    • C. 

      Merocrine

    • D. 

      Secretory

    • E. 

      Exocrine and endocrine

  • 44. 
    Unicellular exocrine glands secrete  
    • A. 

      Sweat.

    • B. 

      Mucus.

    • C. 

      Sebum.

    • D. 

      Insulin.

    • E. 

      Milk.

  • 45. 
    A gland formed by cells arranged in a blind pocket with a single unbranched duct would be called  
    • A. 

      Compound alveolar.

    • B. 

      Tubuloacinar.

    • C. 

      Simple acinar.

    • D. 

      Compound tubular.

    • E. 

      Simple tubular.

  • 46. 
    Cells that engulf bacteria or cell debris within loose connective tissue are  
    • A. 

      Melanocytes.

    • B. 

      Macrophages.

    • C. 

      Mast cells.

    • D. 

      Adipocytes.

    • E. 

      Fibroblasts.

  • 47. 
    Antibodies are produced by  
    • A. 

      Microphages

    • B. 

      Fibroblasts.

    • C. 

      Macrophages.

    • D. 

      Mast cells.

    • E. 

      Plasmocytes.

  • 48. 
    Cells that respond to injury by dividing to assist in connective tissue repair are  
    • A. 

      Lymphocytes.

    • B. 

      Mast cells.

    • C. 

      Fibroblasts.

    • D. 

      Plasmocytes.

    • E. 

      Mesenchymal stem cells.

  • 49. 
    Unlike cartilage, bone  
    • A. 

      Has a matrix that contains collagen.

    • B. 

      Is highly vascular.

    • C. 

      Is a connective tissue.

    • D. 

      Has cells within lacunae.

    • E. 

      Has an outer covering

  • 50. 
    Adhesions of abdominopelvic organs occur when  
    • A. 

      Nerve cells are damaged.

    • B. 

      Serous membranes are damaged.

    • C. 

      Synovial membranes are damaged.

    • D. 

      Muscle is damaged.

    • E. 

      Any of the above

  • 51. 
    Characteristics of epithelia include  
    • A. 

      Avascularity.

    • B. 

      Regeneration.

    • C. 

      Attachment

    • D. 

      Polarity.

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 52. 
    Epithelia specialized for providing sensations of smell, taste, sight, equilibrium, and hearing are known as  
    • A. 

      Psychoepithelia.

    • B. 

      Multilaminar epithelia.

    • C. 

      Neuroepithelia.

    • D. 

      Protective epithelia.

    • E. 

      Neuropsychoepithelia

  • 53. 
    Secretions through a duct might provide ________, whereas ductless secretions act as ________.  
    • A. 

      Odors; alarms

    • B. 

      Enzymes; hormones

    • C. 

      Lubrication; lubricators

    • D. 

      Transport media; physical protectors

    • E. 

      Superficial relief; interstitial fluid

  • 54. 
    The study of cells shed from epithelial surfaces, often for diagnostic purposes, is termed  
    • A. 

      Embryology

    • B. 

      Physiology.

    • C. 

      Histology.

    • D. 

      Anatomy.

    • E. 

      Exfoliative cytology.

  • 55. 
    The Pap test for cervical cancer utilizes   
    • A. 

      Embryology.

    • B. 

      Physiology.

    • C. 

      Histology.

    • D. 

      Exfoliative cytology.

    • E. 

      Anatomy.

  • 56. 
    Endocrine glands empty their products into ________ and are referred to as ________ glands, while exocrine gland secretions empty into ________ or onto surfaces.  
    • A. 

      Cells; cellular; interstitial fluid

    • B. 

      Interstitial fluid; ducted; cells

    • C. 

      Interstitial fluid; ductless; ducts

    • D. 

      Ducts; ducted; interstitial fluid

    • E. 

      Interstitial fluid; ducted; interstitial fluid

  • 57. 
    The three types of connective tissue include  
    • A. 

      Glandular, exocrine, and endocrine.

    • B. 

      Connective tissue proper, fluid connective tissues, and supporting connective tissues.

    • C. 

      Epithelial, muscle, and neural.

    • D. 

      A and C only

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 58. 
    Damage to a joint cartilage is affecting which type of tissue?  
    • A. 

      Fluid connective tissue

    • B. 

      Loose connective tissue

    • C. 

      Dense connective tissue

    • D. 

      Supporting connective tissue

    • E. 

      Adipose tissue

  • 59. 
    Two classes of macrophages include  
    • A. 

      Neutrophils and eosinophils

    • B. 

      Mast cells and basophils.

    • C. 

      Fixed macrophages and free macrophages.

    • D. 

      Microphages and adipocytes

    • E. 

      Mesenchymal cells and melanocytes

  • 60. 
    Two types of microphages include  
    • A. 

      Fixed macrophages and free macrophages.

    • B. 

      Mast cells and basophils.

    • C. 

      Microphages and adipocytes.

    • D. 

      Mesenchymal cells and melanocytes.

    • E. 

      Neutrophils and eosinophils.

  • 61. 
    White fat is found in ________, while brown fat is found in ________.  
    • A. 

      Men; women

    • B. 

      Adults; infants

    • C. 

      Adolescents; adults

    • D. 

      Women; men

    • E. 

      Infants; adults

  • 62. 
    ________ attach skeletal muscles to bones, and ________ connect one bone to another.  
    • A. 

      Ligaments; tendons

    • B. 

      Tendons; ligaments

    • C. 

      Reticular tissues; tendons

    • D. 

      Aponeuroses; tendons

    • E. 

      Ligaments; aponeuroses

  • 63. 
    The three types of protein fibers in connective tissue are  
    • A. 

      cartilage, bone, and collagen.

    • B. 

      Tendons, ligaments, and elastic ligaments.

    • C. 

      Polar, cellular, and permeable.

    • D. 

      Loose, dense, and irregular.

    • E. 

      Collagen, reticular, and elastic.

  • 64. 
    Intercalated discs and pacemaker cells are characteristic of  
    • A. 

      Skeletal muscle tissue

    • B. 

      Smooth muscle tissue.

    • C. 

      Cardiac muscle tissue.

    • D. 

      A, B, and C

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 65. 
    Which type of connective tissue  is found between the ribs and the sternum, or supporting the trachea?  
    • A. 

      Elastic

    • B. 

      Dense regular

    • C. 

      Areolar

    • D. 

      Fibrous

    • E. 

      Hyaline cartilage

  • 66. 
    Which of the following connective tissue cells produces collagen
    • A. 

      Fibroblasts

    • B. 

      Adipocytes

    • C. 

      Mast cell

    • D. 

      Lymphocyte

    • E. 

      Macrophage

  • 67. 
    Close examination of an organ reveals a lining of several layers of cells. The layers do not contain any blood vessels and one surface of the cells is open to the internal cavity of the organ. This tissue is probably 
    • A. 

      Neural tissue.

    • B. 

      Epithelium.

    • C. 

      Muscle tissue.

    • D. 

      Fat tissue.

    • E. 

      Connective tissue.

  • 68. 
    Examination of a tissue sample reveals groups of cells united by junctional complexes and interlocking membranes. The cells have one free surface and lack blood vessels. The tissue is most likely ________ tissue.  
    • A. 

      Connective

    • B. 

      Muscle

    • C. 

      Epithelial

    • D. 

      Neural

    • E. 

      Adipose

  • 69. 
    The epithelium that lines the body cavities is known as
    • A. 

      Adipose

    • B. 

      Mesothelium

    • C. 

      Epithelium.

    • D. 

      Fat tissue.

    • E. 

      Connective tissue

  • 70. 
    ) The lining of the heart and blood vessels is called ________.  
    • A. 

      Connective tissue

    • B. 

      Mesothelium

    • C. 

      Muscle tissue

    • D. 

      Endothelium

    • E. 

      Tendon

  • 71. 
    ________ is the fluid component of connective tissue.  
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Upper substance

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Ground substance

    • E. 

      Fibers

  • 72. 
    The combination of fibers and ground substance in supporting connective tissues is known as ________.  
    • A. 

      Plasma

    • B. 

      Matrix

    • C. 

      Muscle tissue

    • D. 

      Endothelium

    • E. 

      Platelets

  • 73. 
    The watery fluid component of blood is called ________.  
    • A. 

      Matrix

    • B. 

      Plasma

    • C. 

      Platelets

    • D. 

      Glucose

    • E. 

      Mesothelium

  • 74. 
    Epithelia and connective tissues combine to form ________ that cover and protect other structures and tissues in the body.  
    • A. 

      Body mebranes

    • B. 

      Synapes

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      Leukocytes

    • E. 

      Peritontis

  • 75. 
    ________ function to propagate electrical signals from one place to another.
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      Platelets

    • C. 

      Synapes

    • D. 

      Neurons

    • E. 

      Plasma

  • 76. 
    The body's first tissue response to any injury is ________.
    • A. 

      Inflammation

    • B. 

      Scabbing

    • C. 

      Pain

    • D. 

      Healing

    • E. 

      Infection

  • 77. 
    The study of tissues is called ________.
    • A. 

      Embryology

    • B. 

      Histology

    • C. 

      Tisulogy

    • D. 

      Endiology

    • E. 

      Sociology

  • 78. 
    Gland cells produce ________.
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Secreations

    • C. 

      Protons

    • D. 

      Inflammation

    • E. 

      Abosrption

  • 79. 
    ________ support, protect, and nourish nerve cells
    • A. 

      Barriers

    • B. 

      Enzymes

    • C. 

      Neurolgia

    • D. 

      Secreations

    • E. 

      Platelets

  • 80. 
    ________ secretions are released by the gland cells into the interstitial space
    • A. 

      Speacilized

    • B. 

      Polarized

    • C. 

      Squamous

    • D. 

      Endocrine

    • E. 

      Protective

  • 81. 
    Defense cells in blood are called white blood cells or ________.
    • A. 

      Leukocytes

    • B. 

      Embyocytes

    • C. 

      Platelets

    • D. 

      Plasma

    • E. 

      Ascites

  • 82. 
    Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity as a result of liver or kidney disease, malnutrition, or heart failure is known as ________.
    • A. 

      Heart attack

    • B. 

      Peritontis

    • C. 

      Fluid build up

    • D. 

      Inflammation

    • E. 

      Tontitis

  • 83. 
    The process of lactation (milk production) depends on both merocrine and ________ secretion by mammary gland epithelial cells.
    • A. 

      Tissue

    • B. 

      Muscles

    • C. 

      Apocrine

    • D. 

      Doctrine

    • E. 

      Plasma

  • 84. 
    Name two cell types that contain histamine and heparin
    • A. 

      Mucsle Cells Tissue Cells

    • B. 

      Plamsa, platelets

    • C. 

      Mast Cells, Baso Phils

    • D. 

      Mast Cells, Microphagolytes

  • 85. 
    The three kinds of formed elements in blood are ________, ________, and ________.
    • A. 

      Red, white, and platelets

    • B. 

      Plama, platelets, apocrine

    • C. 

      Red, white, and blue

    • D. 

      Plasma, white, platelets

  • 86. 
    Identify the three major subdivisions of extracellular fluid found in the body.
    • A. 

      INTERSTITAL FLUID, PLASMA, lymph

    • B. 

      Stomach, kidneys, vascular

    • C. 

      Abdomnin, pelvic, and kidneys

    • D. 

      Red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma

  • 87. 
    Interstitial fluid that enters a lymphatic vessel is termed ________.
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Interstital lmyphatic fluid

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Lymph

  • 88. 
    The loose connective tissue component of a mucous membrane is called the ________.
    • A. 

      Muscle

    • B. 

      Lamina Propia

    • C. 

      Cell tissue

    • D. 

      Lamina Platlets

  • 89. 
    Antiangiogenesis factor is a chemical produced by ________ that blocks the growth of blood vessels.
    • A. 

      Chondrocytes

    • B. 

      Platelets

    • C. 

      Microphagocytes

    • D. 

      Meliacytes

  • 90. 
    Lymphocytes can develop into cells that secrete defense proteins against disease. These cells are termed ________, while these proteins are called ________.
    • A. 

      Microhpagocytes, lympaticytes

    • B. 

      Lymphocyes, antibodies

    • C. 

      PLASMOCYTES, ANTIBODIES