Anatomy And Physiology

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 Anatomy And Physiology
High school anatomy and physiology class part 1

  
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  • 1. 
    Name the function of the nucleus
    • A. 

      Lipid synthesis

    • B. 

      Genetic material; site of ribosome and mRNA synthesis

    • C. 

      Package proteins in secretory vesicles

    • D. 

      In nucleus; site of ribosomal RNA and ribosomal protein syntehsis

    • E. 

      Increase surface area


  • 2. 
    Name the function of microvilli
    • A. 

      Increase surface area

    • B. 

      Propel sperm cell

    • C. 

      Move substances over surface of cells

    • D. 

      Support cytoplasm; asist in cell division

    • E. 

      ATP synthesis; aerobic respiration


  • 3. 
    Name the function of the Mitochondrion
    • A. 

      Package proteins in secretory vesicles

    • B. 

      Support cytoplasm; asist in cell division

    • C. 

      ATP synthesis; aerobic respiration

    • D. 

      Propel sperm cell

    • E. 

      Contain enzymes that digest materials taken into cells


  • 4. 
    Name the function of lysosomes
    • A. 

      Contain materials produced in cells

    • B. 

      Lipid synthesis

    • C. 

      Package proteins in secretory vesicles

    • D. 

      Contain enzymes that digest materials taken into cells

    • E. 

      Ribosome attached; protein synthesis


  • 5. 
    Name function of rough ER
    • A. 

      Contain materials produced in cells

    • B. 

      Ribosome attached; protein synthesis

    • C. 

      Lipid synthesis

    • D. 

      In nucleus; site of ribosomal RNA and ribosomal protein syntehsis

    • E. 

      Support cytoplasm; assist in cell division


  • 6. 
    What contain materials produced in cells?
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Golgi aparatus

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Lysosomes

    • E. 

      Secretory vesicles


  • 7. 
    Golgi aparatus...
    • A. 

      Move substances over surface of cells

    • B. 

      Package proteins in secretory vesicles

    • C. 

      Lipid synthesis

    • D. 

      Is the same as Microtubule

    • E. 

      Propel sperm cell


  • 8. 
    Name the function of cilia
    • A. 

      Move substances over surface of cells

    • B. 

      Increase surface area

    • C. 

      Propel sperm cell

    • D. 

      Support cytoplasm; assist in cell division

    • E. 

      Lipid synthesis


  • 9. 
    Smooth ER is involved in...
    • A. 

      ATP synthesis

    • B. 

      Protein synthesis

    • C. 

      Ribosomal RNA and ribosome protein syntehsis

    • D. 

      Lipid synthesis

    • E. 

      MRNA synthesis


  • 10. 
    Nucleolus...
    • A. 

      Support cytoplasm; assist in cell division

    • B. 

      In nucleus; site of ribosomal RNA and ribosomal protein synthesis

    • C. 

      Propel sperm cell

    • D. 

      Lipid synthesis

    • E. 

      MRNA synthesis


  • 11. 
    Microtubule...Flagella...
    • A. 

      Moves substances over cell surface; propel sperm cells

    • B. 

      Propel sperm cell; increase surface area

    • C. 

      Support cytoplasm and assist in cell division; propel sperm cell

    • D. 

      Support cytoplasm and assist in cell division; moves substances over cell surface

    • E. 

      Support cytoplasm and assist in cell division; increase surface area


  • 12. 
    Lipids have two subunits...
    • A. 

      Polypeptides

    • B. 

      Triglycerides and steriods

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Amino acids


  • 13. 
    Lipids are made up of...
    • A. 

      CHNOP

    • B. 

      CHO (nonpolar)

    • C. 

      CHNOS

    • D. 

      CHO (polar)


  • 14. 
    Triglycerides are made up of...
    • A. 

      Glycerol and 3 fatty acids

    • B. 

      4 ring flat structure

    • C. 

      Amino acids

    • D. 

      Phosphate group


  • 15. 
    The subunit(s) for proteins are...
    • A. 

      Nucleotides

    • B. 

      Triglycerides

    • C. 

      Steroids

    • D. 

      Amino acids


  • 16. 
    What are the functions of lipids (be subunit specific)?
    • A. 

      Triglycerides - energy storage, protection, insulation; steroids - regulation

    • B. 

      Steroids - energy storage, protection, insulation; triglycerides - regulation

    • C. 

      Amino acids - regulation, channels/receptors

    • D. 

      Amino acids - transport enzymes -> speed up reactions


  • 17. 
    What are the functions of proteins?
    • A. 

      Structure, regulation, channels/receptors in membranes

    • B. 

      Triglycerides - energy storage, protection, insulation; steroids - regulation

    • C. 

      Energy

    • D. 

      ATP synthesis


  • 18. 
    CHNOP
    • A. 

      Nucleic acid

    • B. 

      Proteins

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Lipids

    • E. 

      Carbohydrates


  • 19. 
    CHNOS
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Nucleic acid

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Lipids


  • 20. 
    Butane is an example of...
    • A. 

      Ethane

    • B. 

      Proteins

    • C. 

      Nucleic Acid

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

    • E. 

      Lipids


  • 21. 
    -o-o-o-o-
    • A. 

      Polypeptides

    • B. 

      Nucleic Acid

    • C. 

      Lipids

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates


  • 22. 

    • A. 

      Protein

    • B. 

      Nucleic Acid

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Polypeptides


  • 23. 
    Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane...
    • A. 

      Osmosis

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Filtration

    • D. 

      Facilitated diffusion


  • 24. 
    Diffusion is...
    • A. 

      Concentration gradient through the lipid portion of the cell membrane

    • B. 

      Concentration gradient (for water) through lipid portion of cell membrane

    • C. 

      Movement of liquid and substances by pressure through partition containing holes

    • D. 

      Against concentration gradient by carrier molecules

    • E. 

      Movement into cells by vesicles


  • 25. 
    Active transport
    • A. 

      Against concentration gradient by carrier molecules

    • B. 

      With the concentration gradient by carrier molecules

    • C. 

      Movement in cells by vesicles

    • D. 

      Movement out of cells by vesicles


  • 26. 
    Endocytosis
    • A. 

      Movement out of cells by vesicles

    • B. 

      Against concentration gradient by carrier molecules

    • C. 

      Movement in cells by vesicles


  • 27. 
    Is there such a thing as secondary active transport?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No


  • 28. 
    Movement of liquid and substances by pressure through partition containing holes
    • A. 

      Facilitated diffusion

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Osmosis

    • D. 

      Filtration


  • 29. 
    Steps of mitosis
    • A. 

      Interphase, metaphase, anaphase, telopase

    • B. 

      Interphase, metaphase, anaphase, prophase, telophase

    • C. 

      Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase

    • D. 

      Interphase, propase, anaphase, metaphase, telopase


  • 30. 
    In Interphase
    • A. 

      Centrioles move to opposite ends of the cell

    • B. 

      Chromosomes align in center of cell

    • C. 

      DNA replication occurs

    • D. 

      Chromosomes disperse

    • E. 

      Chromatids separate


  • 31. 
    Chromatids separate
    • A. 

      Anaphase

    • B. 

      Telophase

    • C. 

      Interphase

    • D. 

      Propase

    • E. 

      Metaphase


  • 32. 
    Chromosomes align in the center of the cell
    • A. 

      Metaphase

    • B. 

      Anaphase

    • C. 

      Telophase

    • D. 

      Interphase

    • E. 

      Propase


  • 33. 
    Name the steps of Meiosis
    • A. 

      Prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, Telophase I, Prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II, Telophase II,

    • B. 

      Interphase I, Metaphase I, Propase I Anaphase I, Telophase I, Interphase II, , Metaphase II Prophase II, Anaphase II, Telophase II,

    • C. 

      Interphase I, Prophase I, Metaphase I, Anaphase I, Telophase I, Interphase II, Prophase II, Metaphase II, Anaphase II, Telophase II,

    • D. 

      Metaphase I, Propase I Anaphase I, Telophase I, Metaphase II Prophase II, Anaphase II, Telophase II,


  • 34. 
    What muscle has spindle shapes?
    • A. 

      Skeleton muscle

    • B. 

      Cardiac muscle

    • C. 

      Adipose

    • D. 

      Smooth muscle


  • 35. 
    Neurons are located in the...
    • A. 

      Stomach, intestine

    • B. 

      Brain, spinal cord, ganglia

    • C. 

      Heart

    • D. 

      Bone


  • 36. 
    Skeletal muscle is known for...
    • A. 

      Striations

    • B. 

      Single nuclei

    • C. 

      Spindle shape

    • D. 

      Tapered


  • 37. 

    • A. 

      Adipose

    • B. 

      Bone

    • C. 

      Blood


  • 38. 

    • A. 

      Adipose

    • B. 

      Bone

    • C. 

      Blood

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 39. 

    • A. 

      Hyaline cartilage

    • B. 

      Bone

    • C. 

      Elastic cartilage

    • D. 

      Fibrocartilage


  • 40. 

    • A. 

      Elastic cartilage

    • B. 

      Hyaline cartilage

    • C. 

      Fibrocartilage

    • D. 

      Adipose


  • 41. 

    • A. 

      Adipose

    • B. 

      Cardiac muscle

    • C. 

      Hyaline cartilage

    • D. 

      Fibrocartilage

    • E. 

      Elastic cartilage


  • 42. 

    • A. 

      Dense collagenous connective tissue

    • B. 

      Dense elastic connective tissue

    • C. 

      Loose areolar

    • D. 

      Fibrocartilage


  • 43. 
    Dense collagenous connective tissues are...
    • A. 

      Elastic ligaments between vertebrae

    • B. 

      Widely distributed throughout body

    • C. 

      Attached to muscle bone


  • 44. 
    Elastic cartilage can be found in the...
    • A. 

      Costal cartilages of ribs

    • B. 

      External ear

    • C. 

      Under skin

    • D. 

      Intervertebral disks


  • 45. 
    Fibrocartilage...
    • A. 

      Connects structure subjected to great pressure

    • B. 

      Energy storage

    • C. 

      Provides support, site of bone growth

    • D. 

      Provides rigidity with flexibility


  • 46. 
    From top to bottom...
    • A. 

      Meissner's corpuscles,pacinian corpuscles,merkel 's corpuscles

    • B. 

      Pacinian corpuscles, Merkel' s disk,Meissner 's corpuscles

    • C. 

      Merkel' s disk,Meissner's corpuscles, pacinian corpuscles


  • 47. 
    From outward to inner
    • A. 

      Cornea, iris, pupil, lens, vitreous

    • B. 

      Lens, pupil, iris, vitreous, cornea

    • C. 

      Iris, lens, cornea, pupil


  • 48. 
    Action potential...
    • A. 

      None of the below

    • B. 

      Neuroglia receive stimuli

    • C. 

      Occurs when neurons receive stimuli

    • D. 

      Is caused when the charge across the cell membrane is briefly reversed


  • 49. 
    Depolarization
    • A. 

      Charge changes from positive to negative, potassium rushes out

    • B. 

      Charge changes from negative to positive, sodium rushes in

    • C. 

      Charge changes from negative to positive, potassium rushes in


  • 50. 
    Repolarization
    • A. 

      Charge changes from negative to positive, sodium rushes in

    • B. 

      Charge changes from positive to negative, opening voltage gated channels, potassium rushes out

    • C. 

      Charge changes from positive to negative, opening ligand gated channels, sodium rushes in

    • D. 

      Charge changes from negative to positive, opening ligand gated channels, sodium rushes in


  • 51. 
    Action potential travels down the T-tubules --> release of ca+ ions from sacroplasma ER --> Ca+ binds to tryponin -->
    • A. 

      Charge changes from positive to negative, opening ligand gated channels, sodium rushes in

    • B. 

      Pulls trypomyosin off actin

    • C. 

      Reveals binding spot for myosin


  • 52. 
    Myosin binds actin --> ADP and Pi release -->
    • A. 

      ATP binds to myosin

    • B. 

      Stroke motion

    • C. 

      Myosin is release


  • 53. 
    ATP hydrolizes to...
    • A. 

      ADP

    • B. 

      ADP and Pi

    • C. 

      Pi


  • 54. 
    For myosin to be release
    • A. 

      ADP and Pi must be hydrolized

    • B. 

      Myosin must bind to trypomyosin

    • C. 

      ATP must bind to myosin

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 55. 
    Random question:  Did you remember to study cellular respiration?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No


  • 56. 
    Growth hormone is secreted by what gland?
    • A. 

      Pituitary

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Parathyroid

    • D. 

      Adrenal

    • E. 

      Pancreas


  • 57. 
    Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is secreted by...
    • A. 

      Pituitary gland

    • B. 

      Thyroid gland

    • C. 

      Parathyroid gland

    • D. 

      Thymus gland

    • E. 

      Pineal body


  • 58. 
    ADH is secreted by the
    • A. 

      Pituitary gland

    • B. 

      Thyroid gland

    • C. 

      Parathyroid gland


  • 59. 
    Parathyroid hormone is secreted by the
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Parathyroid gland

    • C. 

      Thyroid gland

    • D. 

      Pituitary gland


  • 60. 
    Prolactin (stimulates milk production) is produced by...
    • A. 

      Uterus

    • B. 

      Ovaries

    • C. 

      Pituitary gland


  • 61. 
    Protaglandins, produced by the uterus,...
    • A. 

      Mediate inflammatory responses; increase uterine contractions and ovulation

    • B. 

      Stimulates milk production

    • C. 

      Aid in uterine and mammary gland development and function, external genitalia structure, sexual behavior


  • 62. 
    Calcitonin (produced by the thyroid gland)...
    • A. 

      Increases metabolic rates

    • B. 

      Decreases rate of bone breakdown

    • C. 

      Increases water reabsorption

    • D. 

      Increases uterine contraction


  • 63. 
    What hormone produced by the pituitary gland increases uterine contraction?
    • A. 

      Oxytocin

    • B. 

      Estrogen

    • C. 

      Prolactin

    • D. 

      Prostaglandins


  • 64. 
    Melatonin is produced by the...
    • A. 

      Testes

    • B. 

      Ovaries

    • C. 

      Thymus gland

    • D. 

      Pineal body


  • 65. 
    Insulin is produced by the...
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Kidneys

    • C. 

      Adrenal glands


  • 66. 
    Glucagon...
    • A. 

      None of the below

    • B. 

      Increase fat and protein breakdown

    • C. 

      Increases uptake and use of glucose and amino acids

    • D. 

      Increases breakdown of glycogen


  • 67. 
    MSH...
    • A. 

      Increases melanin production

    • B. 

      Inhibits secretion of gonadotropin releasing hormones

    • C. 

      Promotes ovulation and progesterone production in the ovaries


  • 68. 
    ADH
    • A. 

      Increases water absorption

    • B. 

      Increases milk "let-down"

    • C. 

      Increases skin pigmentation


  • 69. 
    What is four functions of the digestive system?
    • A. 

      Take in food, breakdown food, absorb digested molecules, stimulate water balance

    • B. 

      Take in food, breakdown food, provide nutrients, increase milk production

    • C. 

      Take in food, breakdown food, absorb digested molecules, eliminate waste


  • 70. 
    Mastication --> deglutition --> stomach secretions --> (movement)
    • A. 

      Small intestine

    • B. 

      Large intestine

    • C. 

      Digestive tract


  • 71. 
    What is divided into duodenum, jejunum, and ileum?
    • A. 

      Small intestine

    • B. 

      Large intestine

    • C. 

      Esophagus

    • D. 

      Pharynx


  • 72. 
    What is different about the new food pyramid and the old food pyramid?
    • A. 

      Exercise and oils

    • B. 

      Exercise and more carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Fruit groups and vegetables and cheese


  • 73. 
    What is a calorie?
    • A. 

      The basis of the food intake

    • B. 

      The amount of energy needed to raise the temper of 1 gram of water by 1*C

    • C. 

      The amount of food intake in serving


  • 74. 
    Catabolism is...
    • A. 

      The joining of large molecules to small molecules

    • B. 

      The breakdown of large molecules into smaller ones

    • C. 

      The lysis of cells


  • 75. 
    What organs are involved in the Urinary System?
    • A. 

      Urethra, Urinary bladder, ureter, kidney

    • B. 

      Urethra, Urinary bladder, ureter, pancreas

    • C. 

      Urethra, Urinary bladder, kidney, pancreas


  • 76. 
    Did you study cellular respiration?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

    • C. 

      None of the above


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