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Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

45 Questions  I  By Atalina7
Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

  
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1.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
3.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
5.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
7.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
23.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
26.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
42.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
43.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
44.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
45.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
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