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Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

45 Questions  I  By Atalina7
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1.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
5.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
13.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
14.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
23.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
35.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
36.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
38.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
39.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
44.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
45.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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