Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

45 Questions  I  By Atalina7

  
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1.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
3.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
6.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
11.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
23.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
24.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
31.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
32.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
38.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
40.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
41.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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