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Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

45 Questions  I  By Atalina7
anatomy and physiology II final review of exam 4 questions

  
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1.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
2.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
15.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
18.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
19.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
24.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
33.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
34.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
37.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
39.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
45.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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