Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

45 Questions  I  By Atalina7
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1.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
3.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
5.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
14.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
17.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
21.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
29.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
31.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
33.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
35.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
38.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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