Anatomy And Physiology Ii Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

45 Questions  I  By Atalina7

  
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1.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
7.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
16.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
18.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
19.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
22.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
27.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
32.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
39.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
41.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
43.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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