Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

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1.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
5.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
10.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
11.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
17.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
21.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
35.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
37.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
40.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
43.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
44.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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