Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

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1.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
8.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
14.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
17.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
21.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
22.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
24.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
29.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
30.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
33.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
42.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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