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Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

45 Questions  I  By Atalina7
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1.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
16.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
18.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
19.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
24.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
27.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
28.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
30.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
33.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
34.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
35.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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