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Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

45 Questions  I  By Atalina7
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1.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
8.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
12.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
19.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
22.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
26.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
28.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
30.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
35.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
39.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
41.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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