Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

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1.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
2.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
3.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
4.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
5.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
6.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
7.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
8.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
9.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
10.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
11.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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