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Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

45 Questions  I  By Atalina7
Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

  
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1.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
2.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
5.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
6.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
11.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
16.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
21.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
24.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
29.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
35.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
37.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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