Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

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1.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
5.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
10.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
12.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
14.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
19.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
21.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
26.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
28.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
37.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
41.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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