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Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

45 Questions  I  By Atalina7
Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

  
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1.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
5.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
6.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
13.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
17.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
32.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
39.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
40.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
41.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
42.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
44.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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