Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

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1.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
3.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
14.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
17.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
21.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
28.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
30.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
33.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
41.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
43.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
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