Anatomy And Physiology Ii Final Review Of Exam 4 Questions

45 Questions  I  By Atalina7 on December 9, 2010

  
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1.  Pancreatic juice contains all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Carbohydrate digestion begins in the _______, whereas protein digestion begins in the ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Acid reflux into the esophagus ("heartburn") is noramlly prevented by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  _________ break(s) down________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The surface of the tongue is covered with _______ stratified squamous epithelium, and has bumps called ________, the site of tastebuds
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The three most abundant classes of nutrients are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Bacterial flora carry out all the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of these nutrients is absorbed by the lacteals of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The hepatic triad consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  ________ transport lipids to the surface of the intestinal absorptive cells, which process thwm into _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  _____ is associated with food stretching the stomach and activating myenteric and vagovagal reflexes, which in turn stimulates gastric secretions
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Hydrochloric  acid (HCl) is secreted by _____ cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Pepsinogen is produced by ______ and is activated by _______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Most fat is digested by pancreatic lipase
A.
B.
15.  These are normally found in saliva except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The brush borders of intestinal absorptive cells contain numerous goblet cells
A.
B.
17.  The enterogastric reflex serves to 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Chemical digestion breaks down _____ into ______
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLP)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  _________, which is secreted by _____ cells, is necessary for vitamin B12 absorption
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  ________ is a hormone, whereas ______ is an enzyme
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Both chemical and mechanical digestion start in the mouth and continue in the stomach
A.
B.
23.  The _______ synthesizes bile acids by metabolizing ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The serous membranes that suspend the stomach and intestines from the abdominal wall are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Micelles contain all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of these is the site of contact digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Chylomicrons are secreted from the basal surface of the absorptive cells and taken into the lacteal in the villus
A.
B.
28.  Proteins are digested by different enzymes acting in the following sequence
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  These nutrients are all absorbed without being digested except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Both pancreatic juice and bile are secreted into the duodenum
A.
B.
31.  Pancreatic enzymes are secreted in response to the hormone
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Absorption of many nutrients starts in the stomach
A.
B.
33.  The liver is the body's largest gland
A.
B.
34.  Gastric Juice consists entirely of water and HCl
A.
B.
35.  Of the following components of bile, only _________ has/have a digestive function
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following converts disaccharides to monosaccharides
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following ethnic groups has the lowest rate of lactose intolerance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Amino acids and monosaccharides are absorbed in the ____, and fatty acids are absorbed in the _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  ________ is the physiological process that moves a nutrient from the outside to the inside of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The large intestine is longer than the small intestine
A.
B.
41.  The digestive system processes food, extracts nutrients, and eliminates the residue.
A.
B.
42.  The organ that stores excess glucose and releases it later into the blood is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Defecation is stimulated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Ulcers are primarily caused by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The swallowing center is located in 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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