Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 2 Questions

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1.  The addition of CO2 to the blood generates ____ ions in the RBCs, which in turn stimulates RBCs to unload more oxygen
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  One benefit from air passing by the turbinates is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  _______ are the largest of the lymphatic vessels and they empty into the ________
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following were not considered a high risk group for HIV infection in the 1980's?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  ________ are found especially in the mucous membrane, standing guard against parasites, and allergens.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Red bone marrow is the point of origin of all immune cells of the lymphatic system
A.
B.
7.  Interleukins are chemical signals by which immune cells communicate with each other
A.
B.
8.  Which of the following is not used to treat lupus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Naive T cells can synthesize antibodies
A.
B.
10.  Which has the highest concentration in the air we breathe?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  ________ are secreted by cells infected with viruses, alerting neighboring cells and protecting them from becoming infected.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  All these forces help lymph to flow EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Each immunoglobin (Ig) has ________ antigen bonding sites
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following would lead to anemic hypoxia?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Scuba divers breathe nitrogen-oxygen mixture rather than pure compressed oxygen in order to avoid
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Interferons are secreted in response to bacterial infections
A.
B.
17.  Lymphatic vessels recover about ________ of the fluid filtered by capillaries
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Which of the following enzymes in an RBC breaks down H2CO3 to water and carbon dioxide?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Autoimmune disease are disorders in which the immune system fails to distinguish ______ from foreign ones.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Vaccination stimulates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Breathing is controlled solely by the medulla oblongata and pons
A.
B.
22.  Officials at the CDC said that AIDS research had been hindered by budget cuts made by the Reagan administration 
A.
B.
23.  Which of the following is the term for a deficiency of oxygen or the inability to utilize oxygen in a tissue?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Among its other purposes, the valsalva maneuver is used
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Gas transport is the process of carrying gases from the alveoli to the systemic tissues and vice versa.
A.
B.
26.  The human body harbors about 10,000 times as many bacterial cells as human cells
A.
B.
27.  Each alveolus is surrounded by a basket of blood capillaries supplied by 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Antigen-presenting cells usually display processed antigens to T cells in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Mucous plays an important role in cleansing inhaled air. It is produced by ______ of the respiratory tract.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Most common allergies are the result of 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Helper T cells recognize antigens when they are bound to a/an
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Crude sounds are formed into intelligible speech by all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  In a healthy person, which of the following will have the greatest influence on resistance to pulmonary airflow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The maximum amount of air the lungs can contain is known as inspiratory capacity
A.
B.
35.  Immune surveillance is a process which ______ nonspecifically detect and destroy foreign cells and diseased host cells
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Your breathing rate is 14 breaths/minute; spirometric measurments reveal your tidal volume is 500mL; your inspiratory reserve volume is 3000mL; and your expiratory reserve volume is 1,200mL. Your vital capacity is _____ mL.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The upper respiratory tract extends
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of the following would slow down gas exchange between the blood and alveolar air?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Each hemoglobin molecule can transport up to ____ oxygen molecules
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  All there belong to the second line of defense EXCEPT
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  _____________ constitutes about 80% of circulating antibodies in plasma
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Mucous membranes prevent most pathogens from entering the body because of the stikiness of the mucus and the presence of lysozymes
A.
B.
43.  The blood transports more CO2 in the form of _____ than in any other form.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Vital capacity consists of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The ________ tonsils are the largest, and their tonsillectomy (surgical removal) used to be one of the most common surgical procedures in children
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  A lung disease marked by abnormally few but large alveoli is 
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Carbon monoxide competes with oxygen for the same binding site
A.
B.
48.  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) targets mainly
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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