Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 2 Questions

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1.  The human body harbors about 10,000 times as many bacterial cells as human cells
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B.
2.  Red bone marrow is the point of origin of all immune cells of the lymphatic system
A.
B.
3.  Mucous membranes prevent most pathogens from entering the body because of the stikiness of the mucus and the presence of lysozymes
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B.
4.  Interferons are secreted in response to bacterial infections
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B.
5.  The upper respiratory tract extends
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B.
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6.  The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) targets mainly
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B.
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D.
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7.  Each alveolus is surrounded by a basket of blood capillaries supplied by 
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8.  Interleukins are chemical signals by which immune cells communicate with each other
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B.
9.  The maximum amount of air the lungs can contain is known as inspiratory capacity
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B.
10.  Officials at the CDC said that AIDS research had been hindered by budget cuts made by the Reagan administration 
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B.
11.  _____________ constitutes about 80% of circulating antibodies in plasma
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12.  Naive T cells can synthesize antibodies
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B.
13.  One benefit from air passing by the turbinates is
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14.  Crude sounds are formed into intelligible speech by all of the following except
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15.  Among its other purposes, the valsalva maneuver is used
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16.  Lymphatic vessels recover about ________ of the fluid filtered by capillaries
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17.  Each immunoglobin (Ig) has ________ antigen bonding sites
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18.  The ________ tonsils are the largest, and their tonsillectomy (surgical removal) used to be one of the most common surgical procedures in children
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19.  All these forces help lymph to flow EXCEPT
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20.  _______ are the largest of the lymphatic vessels and they empty into the ________
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21.  Immune surveillance is a process which ______ nonspecifically detect and destroy foreign cells and diseased host cells
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22.  Mucous plays an important role in cleansing inhaled air. It is produced by ______ of the respiratory tract.
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23.  The blood transports more CO2 in the form of _____ than in any other form.
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24.  In a healthy person, which of the following will have the greatest influence on resistance to pulmonary airflow?
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25.  All there belong to the second line of defense EXCEPT
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26.  ________ are found especially in the mucous membrane, standing guard against parasites, and allergens.
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27.  Vital capacity consists of
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28.  Breathing is controlled solely by the medulla oblongata and pons
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B.
29.  ________ are secreted by cells infected with viruses, alerting neighboring cells and protecting them from becoming infected.
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30.  Most common allergies are the result of 
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31.  Which of the following would slow down gas exchange between the blood and alveolar air?
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32.  The addition of CO2 to the blood generates ____ ions in the RBCs, which in turn stimulates RBCs to unload more oxygen
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33.  Antigen-presenting cells usually display processed antigens to T cells in
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34.  Which has the highest concentration in the air we breathe?
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35.  Each hemoglobin molecule can transport up to ____ oxygen molecules
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36.  Your breathing rate is 14 breaths/minute; spirometric measurments reveal your tidal volume is 500mL; your inspiratory reserve volume is 3000mL; and your expiratory reserve volume is 1,200mL. Your vital capacity is _____ mL.
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37.  Which of the following enzymes in an RBC breaks down H2CO3 to water and carbon dioxide?
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38.  Gas transport is the process of carrying gases from the alveoli to the systemic tissues and vice versa.
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B.
39.  Vaccination stimulates
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40.  Which of the following is the term for a deficiency of oxygen or the inability to utilize oxygen in a tissue?
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41.  Which of the following is not used to treat lupus?
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42.  Which of the following would lead to anemic hypoxia?
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43.  A lung disease marked by abnormally few but large alveoli is 
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44.  Carbon monoxide competes with oxygen for the same binding site
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45.  Which of the following were not considered a high risk group for HIV infection in the 1980's?
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46.  Autoimmune disease are disorders in which the immune system fails to distinguish ______ from foreign ones.
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47.  Helper T cells recognize antigens when they are bound to a/an
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48.  Scuba divers breathe nitrogen-oxygen mixture rather than pure compressed oxygen in order to avoid
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