Take Another Quiz

Anatomy And Physiology II Final Review Of Exam 1 Questions

46 Questions
Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Blood flow through a capillary bed is regulated by precapillary sphincters.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    The structural framework of the blood clot is formed by 
    • A. 

      Soluble fibrinogen

    • B. 

      Soluble fibrin

    • C. 

      A fibrin polymer

    • D. 

      A fibrinogen polymer

    • E. 

      A thrombin polymer

  • 3. 
    All of these increase blood pressure EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Norepinephrine

    • B. 

      ADH

    • C. 

      Angiotensin II

    • D. 

      Aldosterone

    • E. 

      Atrial natriuretic peptide

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Which of these is one of the most common diseases of Ashkenazi jews?
    • A. 

      Hemophilia A

    • B. 

      Hemophilia B

    • C. 

      Hemophilia C

    • D. 

      Von Willebrand Disease

    • E. 

      Stuart-prower syndrome

  • 6. 
    The cessation of bleeding is specifically called
    • A. 

      Vascular spasm

    • B. 

      Homeostasis

    • C. 

      Hemostasis

    • D. 

      Platelet plug formation

    • E. 

      Blood clotting (coagulating)

  • 7. 
    Three common components of a feedback loop are
    • A. 

      A stimulus, an integrating (control) center, and an organ system

    • B. 

      A stimulus, a receptor, and an integrating (control) center

    • C. 

      A receptor, an integrating (control) center, and an effector

    • D. 

      A receptor, an organ, and an organ system

    • E. 

      A receptor, an integrating (control) center, and an organ system

  • 8. 
    The liver stores excess iron in ferritin
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    The vasomotor center of the _____ controls blood vessels throughout the body
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Medulla oblongata

    • C. 

      Spinal cord

    • D. 

      Cerebellum

    • E. 

      Cortex

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    When you exercise you generate excess heat and your body temperature rises. Blood vessels dilate in the skin, warm blood flows closer to the body surface, and you lose heat. This exemplifies:
    • A. 

      Negative feedback

    • B. 

      Positive feedback

    • C. 

      Dynamic equilibrium

    • D. 

      Integration control

    • E. 

      Set point adjustment

  • 12. 
    Positive feedback helps to restore normal function when one of the body's physiological variables gets out of balance
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    _________ carry oxygen-poor blood
    • A. 

      Pulmonary veins and vena cavae

    • B. 

      Aorta and pulmonary veins

    • C. 

      Aorta and vena cavae

    • D. 

      Venae cavae and pulmonary arteries

    • E. 

      Pulmonary veins and pulmonary arteries

  • 15. 
    The buffy coat does not contain
    • A. 

      Lymphocytes

    • B. 

      Granulocytes

    • C. 

      Erythrocytes

    • D. 

      Agranulocytes

    • E. 

      Platelets

  • 16. 
    The outermost wall of an artery or vein is called the __________ and in large arteries and veins contains the ________.
    • A. 

      Tunica media; smooth muscle

    • B. 

      Tunica externa; vasa vasorum

    • C. 

      Tunica externa; valves

    • D. 

      Tunica itima; endothelium

    • E. 

      Tunica intima; basement membrane

  • 17. 
    We live in an ever-changing environment outside of our body, yet our internal conditions remain relatively stable. This is called
    • A. 

      Homeostasis

    • B. 

      Metastasis

    • C. 

      Responsiveness

    • D. 

      Adaptation

    • E. 

      Evolution

  • 18. 
    The _______ performs the work of the heart
    • A. 

      Fibrous skeleton

    • B. 

      Pericardial cavity

    • C. 

      Endocardium

    • D. 

      Myocardium

    • E. 

      Epicardium

  • 19. 
    The tricuspid valve regulates the opening between
    • A. 

      The right atrium and the left atrium

    • B. 

      The right atrium and right ventricle

    • C. 

      Right atrium and left ventricle

    • D. 

      Left atrium and left ventricle

    • E. 

      The left ventricle and right ventricle

  • 20. 
    Voso motion is associated with the presence of
    • A. 

      Collagen and elastic tissue in the tunica media

    • B. 

      Elastic tissue in the tunica externa

    • C. 

      Endothelium in the tunica interna

    • D. 

      Smooth muscle in the tunica media

    • E. 

      Fenestrations in the tunica externa

  • 21. 
    Opening and closing of the heart valves is caused by 
    • A. 

      Breathing

    • B. 

      Gravity

    • C. 

      Valves contracting and relaxing

    • D. 

      Osmotic gradients

    • E. 

      Pressure gradients

  • 22. 
    Tissues can become edematous (swollen) when
    • A. 

      Colloid osmotic pressure (COP) is high

    • B. 

      There is hyperproteinemia

    • C. 

      The concentration of sodium and proteins in blood is high

    • D. 

      Hematocrit is high

    • E. 

      There is a dietary protein deficiency

  • 23. 
    Myeloid hemopoiesis in adults happens in the
    • A. 

      Thymus

    • B. 

      Spleen

    • C. 

      Red bone marrow

    • D. 

      Yellow bone marrow

  • 24. 
    The velocity of blood flow decreases when
    • A. 

      Viscosity increases

    • B. 

      Blood pressure increases

    • C. 

      Vessel radius increases

    • D. 

      Afterload increases

    • E. 

      Vasomotion decreases

  • 25. 
    _______ has the most important effect on blood velocity
    • A. 

      Blood velocity

    • B. 

      Vessel radius

    • C. 

      Blood osmolarity

    • D. 

      Hematocrit

    • E. 

      Vessel length

  • 26. 
    Most oxygen is transported bound to 
    • A. 

      The plasma membrane of erythrocytes

    • B. 

      Alpha chains in hemoglobin

    • C. 

      Beta chains in hemoglobin

    • D. 

      Delta chains in hemoglobin

    • E. 

      Heme groups in hemoglobin

  • 27. 
    An increased erythropoietin (EPO) output by the kidneys would lead to all of the following except
    • A. 

      Increased hypoxemia

    • B. 

      Increased blood osmolarity

    • C. 

      Increased RBC production

    • D. 

      Increased blood viscosity

    • E. 

      Increased hematocrit

  • 28. 
    The systemic circuit contains oxygen-rich blood only
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    Many RBCs die in the 
    • A. 

      Stomach and small intestine

    • B. 

      Red bone marrow

    • C. 

      Sleen and liver

    • D. 

      Lymph nodes and thymus

    • E. 

      Stomach and liver

  • 30. 
    Hypertension is commonly considered to be a chronic resting blood pressure higher than 
    • A. 

      180/90

    • B. 

      130/60

    • C. 

      120/75

    • D. 

      140/90

    • E. 

      200/90

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      Norepinephrine and ADH; ADH

    • B. 

      Norepinephrine and angiotensin II; epinephrine

    • C. 

      Norepinephrine and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP); norepinephrine

    • D. 

      Epinephrine and aldosterone; epinephrine

    • E. 

      Epinephrine and ADH; ADH

  • 32. 
    The fibrous skeleton of the heart serves as electrical insulation between the atria and the ventricles
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    This is the correct path of an electrical excitation from the pacemaker to a cardiocyte in the left ventricle
    • A. 

      SA node--> AV bundle --> AV node --> purkinje fibers --> cardiocyte in LV

    • B. 

      AV node --> purkinje fibers -->AV bundle -->SA node-->cardiocyte in LV

    • C. 

      AV node -->SA node-->AV bundle -->purkinje fibers -->cardiocyte in LV

    • D. 

      SA node-->AV node -->AV bundle -->purkinje fibers -->cardiocyte in LV

    • E. 

      SA node-->AV node -->purkinje fibers -->AV bundle -->cardiocyte in LV

  • 34. 
    _______ by the capillaries at their venous end
    • A. 

      Ammonia is taken up

    • B. 

      Oxygen and glucose are taken up

    • C. 

      Oxygen and glucose are given off

    • D. 

      Wastes are given off

    • E. 

      Organic nutrients are taken up

  • 35. 
    The plateau in the action potential of cardiac muscle results from the action of 
    • A. 

      Na+ inflow

    • B. 

      K+ inflow

    • C. 

      K+ outflow

    • D. 

      Fast Ca2+ channels

    • E. 

      Slow Ca2+ channels

  • 36. 
    Sickle-cell disease is NOT
    • A. 

      Caused by a recessive allele that modifies the structure of hemoglobin

    • B. 

      A hereditary hemoglobin defect

    • C. 

      Advantageous to protect carriers against malaria

    • D. 

      A cause of malaria

    • E. 

      A cause of anemia

  • 37. 
    Type A blood can safely donate RBCs to _____ and can recieve RBCs of type______
    • A. 

      O;AB

    • B. 

      AB;O

    • C. 

      A;B

    • D. 

      B;A

    • E. 

      O;O

  • 38. 
    ______ does not contribute to venous return
    • A. 

      The difference of pressure between venules and the venae cavae

    • B. 

      The expansion and contraction of the thoracic cavity during ventilation

    • C. 

      The suction created by the atria slightly expanding during ventricular systole

    • D. 

      Widespread vasodilation

    • E. 

      Contraction of skeletal muscles of the limbs

  • 39. 
    If the sinoatrial (SA) is damaged, the heart will likely beat at 
    • A. 

      Less than 10bpm

    • B. 

      10-20bpm

    • C. 

      20-40bpm

    • D. 

      40-50bpm

    • E. 

      70-80bpm

  • 40. 
    An individual has type B, Rh-positive blood. The individual has _____ antigen(s) and can produce anti-______ antibody(ies).
    • A. 

      A and D; B

    • B. 

      B and D; A

    • C. 

      B; A and D

    • D. 

      A; B and D

    • E. 

      D; A and B

  • 41. 
    Blood glucose concentration rises after a meal and stimulates release of the hormone insulin. Insulin travels int he blood and stimulates body cells to uptake glucose from the bloodstream. This reduces blood glucose concentration. this is an example of 
    • A. 

      Negative feedback

    • B. 

      Positive feedback

    • C. 

      Dynamic equilibrium

    • D. 

      Integration control

    • E. 

      Set point adjustment

  • 42. 
    Which of the following is not x-linked?
    • A. 

      Factor VIII deficiency

    • B. 

      Factor IX deficiency

    • C. 

      Factor X deficiency

    • D. 

      Christmas disease

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 43. 
    The long absolute refractory period
    • A. 

      Ensures a short twitch

    • B. 

      Prevents tetanus

    • C. 

      Makes the heart prone to arrhythmias

    • D. 

      Prevents the occurance of ectopic focuses

    • E. 

      Causes the pacemaker potential

  • 44. 
    Most clotting factors are synthesized in the
    • A. 

      Spleen

    • B. 

      Red bone marrow

    • C. 

      Perivascular tissue

    • D. 

      Kidneys

    • E. 

      Liver

  • 45. 
    When a woman is giving birth, the head of the baby pushes against her cervix and stimulates release of the hormone oxytocin. Oxytocin travels in the blood and stimulates the uterus to contract. Labor contractions become more and more intense until the baby is expelled. This is an example of 
    • A. 

      Negative feedback

    • B. 

      Positive feedback

    • C. 

      Dynamic equilibrium

    • D. 

      Integration control

    • E. 

      Set point adjustment

  • 46. 
    The universal blood donor is 
    • A. 

      AB-

    • B. 

      AB+

    • C. 

      O-

    • D. 

      O+

    • E. 

      ABO-