Anatomy And Physiology Exam#1

89 Questions  I  By A&pstudy
 This is an actual exam I took for A&P, I made this quiz to test myself.

  
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1.  Physical and chemical changes or reactions that occur within the body are collectively known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Which of the following lists best illustrates the idea of increasing levels of complexity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Which of the following is not an example of a homeostatic mechanism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Homeostasis is defined as the
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B.
C.
D.
5.  How is oxygen used by living organisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Which of the following organs is located in the abdominopelvic cavity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The membrane on the surface of a lung is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  A section that separates the body in to right and left portions would be the
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  The thoracic cavity lies where in relationship to the abdominopelvic cavity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  When the body is placed in the anatomical position, which of the following is not true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  A mechanism functioning to maintain a stable internal environment is most likely to involve
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  A parietal membrane __________, where as a visceral membrane ______________.
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B.
C.
D.
13.  The diaphragm separates the thoracic and the abdominopelvic cavities.
A.
B.
14.  The elbow is distal to the wrist.
A.
B.
15.  A decomposition reaction can be symbolized by
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B.
C.
D.
16.  Electrolytes are substances that
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B.
C.
D.
17.  The pH scale measures the
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D.
18.  Synthesis reactions are particularly important in the body for
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B.
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D.
19.  A covalent bond is characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Lipids are characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The general characteristics of proteins are that they
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B.
C.
D.
22.  An enzyme is defined as a
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B.
C.
D.
23.  Sodium ions and calcium ions are examples of
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Table sugar breaking down into glucose and fructose is an example of
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Water causes substances formed with ionic bonds to
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B.
C.
D.
26.  Which of the following is not hydrophylic?
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The symbol Na+ represents a sodium atom that has lost an electron
A.
B.
28.  Glycogen is a complex polysaccharide that is synthesized by the body
A.
B.
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29.  The endoplasmic reticulum is best described as a
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B.
C.
D.
30.  The movement of molecules through a membrane by filtration depends upon the presence of
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B.
C.
D.
31.  Which of the following processes involves the use of specific carrier molecules?
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B.
C.
D.
32.  If the concentration of glucose in the water outside of a cell is higher than the concentration inside,
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Because of mitosis and cytoplasmic division, the resulting cells contain
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B.
C.
D.
34.  The 2 major components of the cell membrane are
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B.
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D.
35.  The cell membrane functions to
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D.
36.  Which of the following is not a factor that influences the rate of diffusion?
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B.
C.
D.
37.  What characteristic is shared by simple diffusion and facilitated diffusion?
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B.
C.
D.
38.  What occurs if a red blood cell is placed in a hypotonic solution?
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C.
D.
39.  In what phase of mitosis do the chromosomes duplicate?
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B.
C.
D.
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40.  Which of the following is isotonic to red blood cells?
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B.
C.
D.
41.  A selectively permeable membrane is defined as one that
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B.
C.
D.
42.  Which of the following organelles has its structures and function correctly described?
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B.
C.
D.
43.  Osmosis is defined as the movement of
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B.
C.
D.
44.  The relationship of osmotic pressure and the number of solute particles in a solution is
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C.
D.
45.  A hypertonic solution
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D.
46.  Lipids are synthesized in
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B.
C.
D.
47.  Cytoplasm occurs between the cell membrane and the nuclear envelope of a cell
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B.
48.  A cell that secretes a large quantity of protein, would have a larger number of lysosomes for this function
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B.
49.  A 5% glucose solution is isotonic to human cells
A.
B.
50.  The movement of sodium ions from a region of lower concentration inside a cell  toward a region of higher concentration outside the cell is accomplished by
51.  The outer membrane of the rough endoplasmic reticulum has organelles called __________ attached to it.
52.  In dehydration synthesis of a carbohydrate,
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B.
C.
D.
53.  When a sucrose molecule is decomposed to yield a glucose molecule and a fructose molecule,
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B.
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D.
54.  The reactions of anaerobic respiration occur in the
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D.
55.  Which of the following substances increases in amount during cellular respiration?
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B.
C.
D.
56.  Which of the following is an example of catabolism?
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B.
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D.
57.  What is the function of ADP molecules living in cells?
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B.
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D.
58.  In the citric acid cycle,
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B.
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D.
59.  Cellular respiration is defined as the process by which
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D.
60.  Anaerobic respiration involves chemical reactions in ____________, where as aerobic respiration involves reactions in ____________.
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B.
C.
D.
61.  The process of copying DNA information into the structure of the mRNA molecule is called which of the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  During the anaerobic phase of respiration, pyruvic acid is transformed in to glucose
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B.
63.  An ATP molecule consists of an adenine, a ribose and 3 phosphates.
A.
B.
64.  Which of the following is not one of the 4 basic body tissues
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B.
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D.
65.  A basement membrane occurs between
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B.
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D.
66.  Epithelial tissue functions in
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B.
C.
D.
67.  The muscle tissue that can be consciously controlled is
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D.
68.  Connective tissue fibers are produced by
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D.
69.  A general characteristic of connective tissue is that it
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B.
C.
D.
70.  Adipose tissue is a specialized form of
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B.
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D.
71.  Epithelial tissues are characterized by a lack of blood vessels
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B.
72.  The tissue that covers all body surfaces is
73.  A single layer of flattened epithelium would constitute the tissue called
74.  Membranes lining the body cavities that lack openings to the outside are called
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B.
C.
D.
75.  The primary means by which body heat is lost
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B.
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D.
76.  Which of the following is a normal response to excessive loss of body heat in a cold environment?
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Exposure to ultraviolet light causes the skin to darken by stimulating the production of
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  An example of a serous membrane is
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B.
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D.
79.  Sweat functions to cool the body by
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B.
C.
D.
80.  Which of the following layers of the epidermis consists of a single row of columnar cells that undergo mitosis and includes pigment producing melanocytes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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81.  Shafts of hair are composed of
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Eccrine sweat glands differ from sebaceous glands
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B.
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D.
83.  Epidermal cells are supplied with nutrients from blood vessels located in the
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B.
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D.
84.  Serous membranes are characterized by __________, whereas mucous membranes are characterized by____________.
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B.
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D.
85.  Epidermis is distinguished by being _____________, whereas the dermis is distinguished by being __________.
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B.
C.
D.
86.  A hair is distinguished from a hair follicle by
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B.
C.
D.
87.  The subcutaneous layer can be described as
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B.
C.
D.
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88.  The tough layer of waterproof material that makes up the outermost portion of the wpidermis is called the stratum lucidum
A.
B.
89.  The outermost layer of the epidermis is stratum basale and the innermost layer is the stratum corneum
A.
B.
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