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Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 4

44 Questions
Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 4

STUDY OF TISSUES AND ITS PARTS. TYPES OF TISSUES

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    THIS IS A GROUP OF CELLS WITH SIMILIAR FUNCTIONS
  • 2. 
    NAME THE FOUR BASIC TYPES OF TISSUES (ANSWER QUESTION IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER)
  • 3. 
    NAME THE FOLLOWING TISSUE:FIVE DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS:CLOSELY PACKED CELLSATTACHED TO CONNECTIVE TISSUE BY A BASEMENT MEMBRANETISSUE SURFACE OPPOSITE THE BASEMENT MEMBRANE IS NOT ATTACHED TO ANY OTHER TISSUETISSUE HAS NO BLOOD VESSELSTISSUE REGENERATE RAPIDLY
  • 4. 
    IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER NAME THE FOUR FUNCTIONS OF A TISSUE
  • 5. 
    THE GLANDULAR EPITHELIUM MAY BE FOUND IN WHAT TWO GLANDS (PLEASE ANSWER IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER)
  • 6. 
    THIS EPITHELIAL TISSUE IS A SINGLE LAYER, FLAT, CUBE-LIKE, OR COLUMN LIKE CELLS.THIS TISSUE IS IN PLACE OF DIFFUSION, SECRETION,  OR FILTRATION.
  • 7. 
    IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER NAME THE FOUR TYPES OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE.
  • 8. 
    NAME THIS EPITHELIAL TISSUE:SINGLE LAYER OF THIN, FLAT CELLSAIDS IN OSMOSIS, DIFFUSION AND FILTRATIONFOUND IN THE LUNGS, KIDNEY, SEROUS MEMBRANES AND VENTRAL CAVITY, ENDOTHELIUM
  • 9. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TYPES IF EPITHELIAL TISSUE: Single layer of cube-like cellsAids in absorption and secretionFound in the secretory part of glands, kidney tubules, surface of ovaries
  • 10. 
    IDENTIFY THIS EPITHELIAL TISSUE: Single layer of column-like cellsAids in secretion and absorptionCan also possess goblet cells, cilia, and/or microvilli Found in the uterus, uterine tubes, stomach, intestines
  • 11. 
    IDENTIFY THIS EPITHELIAL TISSUE:Single layer but visually looks like many layersPossess goblet cellsLine upper respiratory passageways
  • 12. 
    IDENTIFY THIS EPITHELIAL TISSUE: Consist of more than one layer of cellsInnermost layer undergoes mitotic cell divisionSurface cells are continuously lostProtection is an important function Provide resistance to abrasionKeratinized type forms the epidermisKeratin proteinNonkeratinized type lines mouth, esophagus, and vagina
  • 13. 
    IDENTIFY THE TYPE OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE:Accommodates stretching of the urinary bladderUnstretched: cells are large and roundedStretched: surface cells become thin and flat
  • 14. 
    IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MUSCLE: Most abundant body tissuesSupport and bind other tissuesNever found on exposed surfacesHave the ability to regenerateConsist of few, loosely arranged cells and intercellular substance called matrix
  • 15. 
    THE TWO BROAD CATEGORIES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE ARE:
  • 16. 
    IDENTIFY THE  CATEGORY OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: Common tissues that bind other tissues and organs
  • 17. 
    IDENTIFY THE FUNCTION OF THIS CONNECTIVE TISSUE:Bind together other tissuesBasic supporting framework of organs
  • 18. 
    WHICH ARE THE MOST ABUNDANT CELLS IN THE CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER.
  • 19. 
    THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF PROTEIN FIBERS WITHIN THE CONNECTIVE TISSUE, NAME THEM:
  • 20. 
    IDENTIFY THE TYPE OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: Most abundant in bodyNamed for its loosely arranged protein fibersAttaches skin to musclesSupporting framework for internal organs, nerves, blood vesselsSite for immune reactions"Also known as Areolar"
  • 21. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF TISSUE:Has large numbers of adipocytes that store fat dropletsCommon beneath skin and around internal organsAids in fat storage and body insulationProvides a protective cushion
  • 22. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TISSUE:Has an abundance of tightly packed collagenous fibers and few cellsGreat strength and flexibilityComponent of ligaments, tendons, and dermisPoor blood supply resulting in slow healing
  • 23. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE: Has an abundance of elastic fibersFound where elasticity is neededLungs, air passages, arterial walls
  • 24. 
    THIS IS A SEMI SOLID  MATRIC EMBEDDED CHONDROCYTES LIVING IN LACUNAE.  NAME THIS MATRIX
  • 25. 
    NAME THE THREE TYPES OF CARTILLAGES. (ALPHABETICAL ORDER)
  • 26. 
    IDENTIFY THIS CARTILLAGE:Most abundant cartilageProtective covering on bones at jointsForms part of the noseSupports walls of air passagesForms most of embryonic skeleton
  • 27. 
    IDENTIFY THIS CARTILAGE: Has an abundance of elastic fibers that provide resiliencyFound in the larynx and external ear
  • 28. 
    IDENTIFY THIS CARTILAGE: Has an abundance of tightly packed collagenous fibersDesigned to resist compression and tensionForms intervertebral discs, cartilagenous pads in knees, cushion for the symphysis pubis
  • 29. 
    IDENTIFY THIS CONNECTIVE TISSUE:Hardest and most rigid due to calcium salts in its matrix, along with collagenous fibersProvides rigidity and strength to support the bodyMatrix is deposited in lamellae around osteonic (Haversian) canalsOsteocytes, located between lamellae, are connected by canaliculi
  • 30. 
    IDENTIFY THIS CONNECTIVE TISSUE: Consists of numerous cells in a liquid matrixThree types of cells Red blood cells,White blood cells, PlateletsVital role in transporting material throughout the body
  • 31. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF TISSUE:Cells are unable to divide so regeneration is not possibleCells are called muscle fibers due to their long, thin appearanceCells use specialized protein fibers for contractionContraction moves the body and produces heat
  • 32. 
    IDENTIFY THE TYPE OF MUSCLE TISSUE: Attached to bones and move the bodyVoluntary muscleCells are elongated and cylindrical, with many nuclei and striations
  • 33. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OS MUSCLE TISSUE: Found only in walls of heartInvoluntary muscleBranching muscle fibers that interconnect at intercalated discsPossess one nucleus and striations
  • 34. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TYPE MUSCLE TISSUE: Occurs in the walls of hollow organsInvoluntary muscleCells possess a spindle shape, one nucleus, and not striations
  • 35. 
    IDENTIFY THIS TYPE OF TISSUE:Found in brain, spinal cord, and nervesTwo main types of cells ›Neurons ›Neuroglia Neuroglia are supporting cells that nourish, insulate, and protect neurons
  • 36. 
    NAME THE TWO MAIN TYPES OF CELLS IN THE NERVE TISSUE
  • 37. 
    IDENTIFY THE NERVE TISSUE CELL:The functional units of nerve tissuePossess a cell body and one or more neuron processRespond to environmental changes by making neural impulses
  • 38. 
    NAME THE TWO TYPES OF MEMBRANES?
  • 39. 
    IDENTIFY THE DEFINITION:  •Thin sheets of tissue •Line cavities, cover surfaces, or separate tissues or organs
  • 40. 
    IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MEMBRANE:  –Composed of epithelial tissue overlying loose connective tissue
    • A. 

      LOOSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANE

    • B. 

      SEROUS MEMBRANE

    • C. 

      EPITHELIAL MEMBRANE

    • D. 

      MUCOUS MEMBRANE

    • E. 

      CUTANEOUS MEMBRANE

  • 41. 
    IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MEMBRANE:  •Line ventral body cavity and cover internal organs •Secrete serous fluid to reduce friction •Examples: pleurae, pericardium, peritoneum
  • 42. 
    IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING MEMBRANE:  •Line tubes and cavities open to the exterior •Possess goblet cells to make mucus •Keeps cells moist and lubricated •Examples: digestive and respiratory tracts
    • A. 

      CUTANEOUS MEMBRANE

    • B. 

      CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANE

    • C. 

      EPITHELIAL MEMBRANE

    • D. 

      SEROUS MEMBRANE

    • E. 

      MUSCOUS MEMBRANE

  • 43. 
    THE SKIN IS AN EXAMPLE OF WHICH MEMBRANE
  • 44. 
    GIVE FOUR EXAMPLES OF A CONNECTIVE TISSUE MEMBRANE (IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER)