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Anatomy Exam 5 Practice Quiz

50 Questions
Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

Abdomen: muscles, GI etc.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The ___ extends between the thoracic diaphragm and the pelvic diaphragm.
    • A. 

      Pelvic cavity

    • B. 

      Greater sac

    • C. 

      Abdominopelvic cavity

    • D. 

      Lesser sac

    • E. 

      Supracolic compartment

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      It is continuous with the pelvic cavity

    • B. 

      The anterior superior iliac spine

    • C. 

      The pubic symphysis

    • D. 

      The pelvic inlet

    • E. 

      The pelvic diaphragm

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      The umbilical region

    • B. 

      The right hypogastric region

    • C. 

      The right lumbar region

    • D. 

      The right inguinal region

    • E. 

      The epigastric region

  • 4. 
    Which is not in the right lower quadrant?
    • A. 

      Cecum

    • B. 

      Ascending colon

    • C. 

      Descending colon

    • D. 

      Enlarged uterus

    • E. 

      Ovary

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      L3

    • B. 

      L4

    • C. 

      L5

    • D. 

      The sacrum

  • 6. 
    Which is the most superficial?
    • A. 

      Parietal paritoneum

    • B. 

      Deep membranous layer

    • C. 

      Deep investing fascia

    • D. 

      Intermediate investing fascia

    • E. 

      Endabdominal fascia

  • 7. 
    Superior to the arcuate line, which is true?
    • A. 

      The external oblique aponeurosis splits to invest rectus abdominis

    • B. 

      The rectus sheath passes anterior to rectus abdominis

    • C. 

      The internal oblique aponeurosis splits to invest rectus abdominis

    • D. 

      The transversalis fascia passes immediately deep to rectus abdominis

    • E. 

      The subcutaneous tissue is thicker than it is inferior to the arcuate line.

  • 8. 
    Which vessels are contained in the rectus sheath? (more than one answer)
    • A. 

      Superior mesenteric artery

    • B. 

      Superior mesenteric vein

    • C. 

      Superior epigastric artery

    • D. 

      Superior epigastric vein

    • E. 

      Lymphatic

  • 9. 
    Which is the remnant of the umbilical vein, which i enclosed by the falciform ligament?
    • A. 

      The median umbilical folds

    • B. 

      The medial umbilical folds

    • C. 

      The lateral umbilical folds

    • D. 

      The round ligament

    • E. 

      The umbilical fossae

  • 10. 
    All of the structures that pass from the abdominal region to the thigh or groin pass through ___.
    • A. 

      The deep inguinal ring

    • B. 

      The superficial inguinal ring

    • C. 

      The inguinal canal

    • D. 

      The myopectineal orifice

    • E. 

      The femoral sheath

  • 11. 
    A/an ___ follows the path of the spermatic cord and can pass into the scrotum or labium majus.
    • A. 

      Direct inguinal hernia

    • B. 

      Indirect inguinal hernia

    • C. 

      Femoral hernia

    • D. 

      Umbilical hernia

  • 12. 
    Which is derived from transversalis fascia?
    • A. 

      Internal spermatic fascia

    • B. 

      Cremasteric fascia

    • C. 

      External spermatic fascia

    • D. 

      Dartos muscle

    • E. 

      Cremaster muscle

  • 13. 
    Sperm leave the rete testes through the ___.
    • A. 

      Epididymus

    • B. 

      Vas deferens

    • C. 

      Efferent ductules

    • D. 

      Seminiferous tubules

    • E. 

      Tunica vaginalis

  • 14. 
    Pain in the __ is often referred to the dermatomes of the spinal ganglia providing sensory fibers.
    • A. 

      Serous membrane

    • B. 

      Parietal peritoneum

    • C. 

      Visceral peritoneum

    • D. 

      Peritoneal cavity

    • E. 

      Mesentery

  • 15. 
    There is no mesentery associated with this.
    • A. 

      Appendix

    • B. 

      Cecum

    • C. 

      Small intestine

    • D. 

      Transverse colon

    • E. 

      Duodenojejunal junction

  • 16. 
    Where does the greater omentum attach posteriorly?
    • A. 

      The posterior abdominal wall

    • B. 

      The transverse colon and its mesentery

    • C. 

      The pancreas and the liver

    • D. 

      The kidneys

    • E. 

      The greater curvature of the stomach

  • 17. 
    The gastrohepatic ligament and the hepatoduodenal ligament make up the:
    • A. 

      Falciform ligament

    • B. 

      Round ligament

    • C. 

      Greater omentum

    • D. 

      Lesser omentum

    • E. 

      Gastrocolic ligament

  • 18. 
    The greater omentum is also known as the ___ ligament.
    • A. 

      Gastrophrenic

    • B. 

      Gastrosplenic

    • C. 

      Gastroduodenal

    • D. 

      Gastrocolic

    • E. 

      Gastrohepatic

  • 19. 
    The transverse mesocolon provides a boundary between
    • A. 

      The greater and lesser peritoneal sacs

    • B. 

      The right and left infracolic spaces

    • C. 

      The supracolic and infracolic compartments

    • D. 

      The lesser sac and the paracolic gutters

  • 20. 
    The ligament of Treitz has which of the following functions (two answers)
    • A. 

      Helps to act as the upper esophageal sphincter

    • B. 

      Helps to act as the lower esophageal sphinctor

    • C. 

      Delineates the end of the stomach and beginning of the duodenum

    • D. 

      Delineates the end of the jejunum and the beginning of the ileum

    • E. 

      Delineates the end of the duodenum and the beginning of the jejunum

  • 21. 
    Which structure passes through the diaphragm at T10?
    • A. 

      The inferior vena cava

    • B. 

      The esophagus

    • C. 

      The aorta

  • 22. 
    The ___ is formed by the cricopharyngeus muscle.
    • A. 

      Aortic constriction

    • B. 

      Diaphragmatic constriction

    • C. 

      Bronchial constriction

    • D. 

      Cervical constriction

  • 23. 
    During peristalsis, which muscles shorten the stomach bottom to top?
    • A. 

      Circular muscles

    • B. 

      Longitudinal muscles

    • C. 

      Rugae

    • D. 

      Pyloric sphincter

    • E. 

      Pyloric antrum

  • 24. 
    The posterior surface of the stomach:
    • A. 

      Is directly touching the pancreas

    • B. 

      Forms the posterior wall of the greater sac

    • C. 

      Forms the anterior wall of the omental bursa

    • D. 

      Forms the posterior wall of the omental bursa

    • E. 

      Is posterior to the spleen

  • 25. 
    Which artery branches directly from the celiac trunk?
    • A. 

      Right gastric artery

    • B. 

      Left gastric artery

    • C. 

      Right gastro-omental artery

    • D. 

      Left gastro-omental artery

    • E. 

      Gastroduodenal artery

  • 26. 
    What attaches to the anterior margin of the pancreas?
    • A. 

      Mesentery

    • B. 

      Transverse mesocolon

    • C. 

      Duodenum

    • D. 

      Stomach

    • E. 

      Short gastric veins

  • 27. 
    The sphinctor of Oddi
    • A. 

      Controls the flow of pancreatic juice into the minor duodenal papilla

    • B. 

      Controls the flow of bile and pancreatic juice into the duodenum

    • C. 

      Controls the flow of bile into the hepatopancreatic ampulla

    • D. 

      Controls the flow of chyme from the stomach into the duodenum

  • 28. 
    The common hepatic duct becomes the common bile duct
    • A. 

      Where the right and left hepatic ducts join

    • B. 

      When it is joined by the main pancreatic duct

    • C. 

      When it reaches the major duodenal papilla

    • D. 

      When it is joined by the cystic duct

  • 29. 
    When a patient is standing upright, the most superior part of the liver is ___
    • A. 

      In the 4th intercostal space

    • B. 

      At the level of the T5 vertebra

    • C. 

      In the 5th intercostal space

    • D. 

      At the level of the T6 vertebra

  • 30. 
    ___ links the right and left sagittal fissures of the liver.
    • A. 

      Portal vein

    • B. 

      Hepatic artery

    • C. 

      Hepatic nerve plexus

    • D. 

      Gall bladder fossa

    • E. 

      Porta hepatis

  • 31. 
    What separates the caudate lobe from the quadrate lobe?
    • A. 

      The falciform ligament

    • B. 

      The coronary ligament

    • C. 

      Porta hepatis

    • D. 

      Left sagittal fissure

    • E. 

      The right triangular ligament

  • 32. 
    The portal vein: (two answers)
    • A. 

      Supplies less blood to the liver than the hepatic artery

    • B. 

      Supplies blood to non-parenchymal structures

    • C. 

      Carries nutrients except lipids

    • D. 

      Supplies the parenchyma of the liver

    • E. 

      Is a branch of the celiac trunk

  • 33. 
    The flow of  bile goes from the bile canaliculi to
    • A. 

      The interlobar biliary ducts

    • B. 

      The collecting bile ducts

    • C. 

      The right and left hepatic ducts

    • D. 

      The common hepatic duct

    • E. 

      The bile duct

  • 34. 
    What supplies the proximal bile duct?
    • A. 

      Left hepatic artery

    • B. 

      Right hepatic artery

    • C. 

      Cystic artery

    • D. 

      Portal vein

  • 35. 
    Which surrounds the kidneys and their vessels and extends into the renal sinuses?
    • A. 

      Paranephric fat

    • B. 

      Renal fascia

    • C. 

      Perinephric fat

    • D. 

      Pararenal fat body

  • 36. 
    From he renal papillae, the urine flows into the
    • A. 

      Distal convoluted tubule

    • B. 

      The minor calyces

    • C. 

      The loop of Henle

    • D. 

      The renal pyramids

    • E. 

      The greater calyces

  • 37. 
    The blood supply to the kidneys flows from the renal artery to the
    • A. 

      Interlobar arteries

    • B. 

      Arcuate arteries

    • C. 

      Afferent arterioles

    • D. 

      Nephron

    • E. 

      Segmental arteries

  • 38. 
    Which is true?
    • A. 

      The right adrenal gland is pyramidal and the left adrenal gland is sickle shaped

    • B. 

      The left adrenal gland is pyramidal and the right adrenal gland is sickle shaped

    • C. 

      The left renal artery is longer than the right

    • D. 

      The renal sinus is where urine collects before entering the ureter

    • E. 

      The left kidney is superior to the right kidney

  • 39. 
    Out of these, which has the greatest number?
    • A. 

      Right superrenal veins

    • B. 

      Left superrenal veins

    • C. 

      Inferior suprarenal arteries

    • D. 

      Superior suprarenal arteries

    • E. 

      Middle suprarenal arteries

  • 40. 
    The hepatopancreatic ampulla is in the __ part of the duodenum
    • A. 

      1st (superior)

    • B. 

      2nd (descending)

    • C. 

      3rd (horizontal

    • D. 

      4th (ascending)

  • 41. 
    The duodenum and jejunum are distinguishable by
    • A. 

      The z line

    • B. 

      Different arterial supplies

    • C. 

      Different mucosa

    • D. 

      The presence of plicae circularis

  • 42. 
    The three teniae coli come together at
    • A. 

      The rectum

    • B. 

      The anus

    • C. 

      The duodenum

    • D. 

      The cecum

    • E. 

      The appendix

  • 43. 
    The arterial supply of the transverse colon comes from the
    • A. 

      Superior mesenteric artery

    • B. 

      Marginal artery

    • C. 

      Right and left colic artery

    • D. 

      Inferior mesenteric artery

  • 44. 
    Action of this muscle is to flex the thigh, flex the vertebral column laterally and flex the trunk while sitting.
    • A. 

      Quadratus lumborum

    • B. 

      Iliacus

    • C. 

      Psoas major

    • D. 

      Psoas minor

  • 45. 
    The inferior attachment of this muscle is at the iliolumbar ligament and the internal lip of the iliac crest
    • A. 

      Iliacus

    • B. 

      Quadratus lumborum

    • C. 

      Psoas major

    • D. 

      Psoas minor

  • 46. 
    These nerves are at the L1 or L2 spinal level (more than one answer)
    • A. 

      Lumbosacral trunk

    • B. 

      Genitofemoral nerve

    • C. 

      Femoral nerve

    • D. 

      Lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh

    • E. 

      Ilioinguinal nerve

  • 47. 
    Which bifurcates at the level of L4?
    • A. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • B. 

      Abdominal aorta

    • C. 

      Common iliac artery

    • D. 

      Median sacral artery

  • 48. 
    Which arteries are at the level of the T12 vertebra, on different vascular planes? (two answers)
    • A. 

      Inferior phrenic

    • B. 

      Gonadal

    • C. 

      Superior mesenteric

    • D. 

      Celiac

    • E. 

      Suprarenal

  • 49. 
    Which are unpaired viseral arteries?
    • A. 

      Suprarenal

    • B. 

      Superior mesenteric

    • C. 

      Inferior phrenic

    • D. 

      Lumbar

    • E. 

      Gonadal

  • 50. 
    Which is not the same thing as the transversalis fascia?
    • A. 

      Endoabdominal fascia

    • B. 

      Psoas fascia

    • C. 

      Deep investing fascia

    • D. 

      Thoracolumbar fascia