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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System

48 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System
Questions about the kideny and the associated organs. Related to the "Old Age 1" case unit that we have just covered.

  
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1.  Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  What pathological condition is NOT something that can be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibres.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Where is the parenchyma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  What is line 'A' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Increased secretion of hydrogen ions would result in a ________________ of blood ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Where is the corticomedullary junction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ____________ of blood _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Where is the papillary duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  What is line 'D' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  In average, water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  This term means entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Which is the correct order of the blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Wihch is the correct order of the filtrate flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The protion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The proximal convoluted tubules reabsrob what percentage of filtered water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  This lies in the anterior corner of the trigone of the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.
A.
B.
C.
39.  This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
40.  This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibres and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  This layer's main funciton is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.
A.
B.
C.
42.  What is line 'B' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  What does line 'M' point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Urea recycling can cause a build up of urea in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which is not a major function of the kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Where is the arcuate vein?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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