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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System

48 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System
Questions about the kideny and the associated organs. Related to the "Old Age 1" case unit that we have just covered.

  
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1.  Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.
A.
B.
C.
5.  Which is the correct order of the blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This lies in the anterior corner of the trigone of the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  What is line 'A' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  What is line 'B' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Where is the corticomedullary junction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Urea recycling can cause a build up of urea in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
20.  Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Increased secretion of hydrogen ions would result in a ________________ of blood ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ____________ of blood _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Wihch is the correct order of the filtrate flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  What pathological condition is NOT something that can be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  What does line 'M' point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibres and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  What is line 'D' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Where is the parenchyma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which is not a major function of the kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The proximal convoluted tubules reabsrob what percentage of filtered water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This layer's main funciton is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.
A.
B.
C.
35.  This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibres.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Where is the arcuate vein?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  In average, water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  This term means entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Where is the papillary duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The protion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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