Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System

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 Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System
Questions about the kideny and the associated organs. Related to the "Old Age 1" case unit that we have just covered.

  
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1.  This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ____________ of blood _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibres and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Where is the arcuate vein?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
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B.
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7.  Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
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B.
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D.
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8.  Which is not a major function of the kidney?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  What pathological condition is NOT something that can be caused by renal failure?
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B.
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D.
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10.  Where is the papillary duct?
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B.
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11.  This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
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B.
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D.
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12.  Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
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13.  Urea recycling can cause a build up of urea in the
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14.  What is line 'B' pointing to?
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15.  The proximal convoluted tubules reabsrob what percentage of filtered water?
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B.
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16.  What is line 'D' pointing to?
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17.  Which is the correct order of the blood flow?
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B.
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D.
E.
18.  This lies in the anterior corner of the trigone of the bladder.
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B.
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D.
E.
19.  This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
21.  In average, water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
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B.
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D.
E.
22.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibres.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
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D.
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25.  What is line 'A' pointing to?
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B.
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E.
26.  Wihch is the correct order of the filtrate flow?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
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B.
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D.
E.
28.  Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
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B.
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D.
E.
29.  What does line 'M' point to?
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D.
E.
30.  This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.
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31.  An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
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32.  This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.
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B.
C.
33.  The protion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
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34.  Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
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35.  Increased secretion of hydrogen ions would result in a ________________ of blood ________________.
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D.
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36.  This layer's main funciton is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.
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B.
C.
37.  This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
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D.
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38.  This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
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39.  Where is the corticomedullary junction?
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40.  Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
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41.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
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42.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
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43.  Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
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44.  Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
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45.  Where is the parenchyma?
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46.  The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
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47.  This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
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Discuss this Question
48.  This term means entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.
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D.
E.
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