Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System

48 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Questions about the kideny and the associated organs. Related to the "Old Age 1" case unit that we have just covered.

  
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1.  Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
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B.
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2.  This layer's main funciton is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.
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B.
C.
3.  This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.
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4.  Which is the correct order of the blood flow?
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B.
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5.  What is line 'B' pointing to?
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6.  What does line 'M' point to?
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7.  The proximal convoluted tubules reabsrob what percentage of filtered water?
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8.  Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
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9.  Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
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10.  The protion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
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11.  What is line 'A' pointing to?
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12.  Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
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13.  Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
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14.  The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
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15.  This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibres.
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16.  This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
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17.  Increased secretion of hydrogen ions would result in a ________________ of blood ________________.
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18.  This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.
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19.  This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
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20.  This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
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21.  This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
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22.  What pathological condition is NOT something that can be caused by renal failure?
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23.  Where is the parenchyma?
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24.  This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
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25.  This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibres and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
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26.  Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
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27.  What is line 'D' pointing to?
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28.  Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
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29.  Urea recycling can cause a build up of urea in the
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30.  What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
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31.  This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.
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32.  Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
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33.  Where is the papillary duct?
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34.  This lies in the anterior corner of the trigone of the bladder.
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35.  In average, water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
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36.  Wihch is the correct order of the filtrate flow?
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37.  Where is the corticomedullary junction?
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38.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
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39.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
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40.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
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41.  Which is not a major function of the kidney?
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42.  This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
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43.  Where is the arcuate vein?
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44.  Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ____________ of blood _____________.
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45.  This term means entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.
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46.  An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
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47.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
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48.  This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
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