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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System

48 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Anatomy and physiology questions - The urinary system
Questions about the kideny and the associated organs. Related to the "Old Age 1" case unit that we have just covered.

  
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1.  Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibres.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.
A.
B.
C.
4.  Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This layer's main funciton is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.
A.
B.
C.
14.  This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Where is the parenchyma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Urea recycling can cause a build up of urea in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  What is line 'A' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  What pathological condition is NOT something that can be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which is the correct order of the blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Wihch is the correct order of the filtrate flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The protion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ____________ of blood _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which is not a major function of the kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  What is line 'B' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Where is the arcuate vein?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Where is the corticomedullary junction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  This term means entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  What does line 'M' point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
38.  This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The proximal convoluted tubules reabsrob what percentage of filtered water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This lies in the anterior corner of the trigone of the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  What is line 'D' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Increased secretion of hydrogen ions would result in a ________________ of blood ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  In average, water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Where is the papillary duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibres and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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