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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System

48 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System
Questions about the kideny and the associated organs. Related to the "old age 1" case unit that we have just covered.

  
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1.  This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This term means entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Where is the parenchyma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Wihch is the correct order of the filtrate flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Urea recycling can cause a build up of urea in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Where is the papillary duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
13.  This layer's main funciton is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.
A.
B.
C.
14.  In average, water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  What is line 'D' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  What does line 'M' point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  The proximal convoluted tubules reabsrob what percentage of filtered water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which is not a major function of the kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.
A.
B.
C.
21.  Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Where is the corticomedullary junction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ____________ of blood _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Increased secretion of hydrogen ions would result in a ________________ of blood ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  What is line 'A' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The protion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibres and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  What pathological condition is NOT something that can be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which is the correct order of the blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibres.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  What is line 'B' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Where is the arcuate vein?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  This lies in the anterior corner of the trigone of the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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