Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System

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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System
Questions about the kideny and the associated organs. Related to the "Old Age 1" case unit that we have just covered.

  
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1.  This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2. 
What does line 'M' point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3. 
This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This lies in the anterior corner of the trigone of the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The protion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which is not a major function of the kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11. 
Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  What pathological condition is NOT something that can be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13. 
What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Urea recycling can cause a build up of urea in the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17. 
This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19. 
Where is the papillary duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  This term means entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21. 
What is line 'D' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibres and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23. 
What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24. 
Where is the arcuate vein?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Increased secretion of hydrogen ions would result in a ________________ of blood ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27. 
Where is the parenchyma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28. 
This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
29.  Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30. 
What is line 'A' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  The proximal convoluted tubules reabsrob what percentage of filtered water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32. 
Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibres.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  In average, water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ____________ of blood _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36. 
What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37. 
What is line 'B' pointing to?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
38. 
This layer's main funciton is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.
A.
B.
C.
39.  Wihch is the correct order of the filtrate flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
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B.
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D.
E.
41.  This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
42. 
Where is the corticomedullary junction?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
43. 
Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
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B.
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D.
E.
44.  This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
45. 
This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.
A.
B.
C.
46. 
Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which is the correct order of the blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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