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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System

48 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System
Questions about the kideny and the associated organs. Related to the "Old Age 1" case unit that we have just covered.

  
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1.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This layer's main funciton is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.
A.
B.
C.
3.  This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  What pathological condition is NOT something that can be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibres and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  What does line 'M' point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The proximal convoluted tubules reabsrob what percentage of filtered water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The protion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Urea recycling can cause a build up of urea in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This term means entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Wihch is the correct order of the filtrate flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Where is the parenchyma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Increased secretion of hydrogen ions would result in a ________________ of blood ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  This lies in the anterior corner of the trigone of the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
24.  What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibres.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which is the correct order of the blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ____________ of blood _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Where is the arcuate vein?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  What is line 'B' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  In average, water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Where is the corticomedullary junction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.
A.
B.
C.
37.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  What is line 'A' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which is not a major function of the kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Where is the papillary duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  What is line 'D' pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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