Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System

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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System
Questions about the kideny and the associated organs. Related to the "Old Age 1" case unit that we have just covered.

  
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1.  An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
A.
B.
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E.
2. 
This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.
A.
B.
C.
3. 
This layer's main funciton is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.
A.
B.
C.
4. 
This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
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B.
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D.
E.
5.  This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibres and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Increased secretion of hydrogen ions would result in a ________________ of blood ________________.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibres.
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B.
C.
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E.
8.  The protion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
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9.  Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
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B.
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E.
10. 
This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
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B.
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11. 
Where is the papillary duct?
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B.
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12. 
Where is the corticomedullary junction?
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B.
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13.  This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.
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14. 
Where is the parenchyma?
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B.
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15. 
Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
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B.
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16.  This lies in the anterior corner of the trigone of the bladder.
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B.
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17.  The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
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18.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
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E.
19.  Urea recycling can cause a build up of urea in the
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E.
20. 
What does line 'M' point to?
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21.  Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
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B.
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D.
E.
22. 
Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
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B.
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D.
E.
23.  Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
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B.
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24. 
What is line 'D' pointing to?
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25.  This term means entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.
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26.  This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
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27.  In average, water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
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28. 
Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
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29. 
What is line 'B' pointing to?
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B.
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E.
30.  Which is not a major function of the kidney?
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31.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
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32.  The proximal convoluted tubules reabsrob what percentage of filtered water?
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33. 
Where is the arcuate vein?
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B.
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34. 
What is line 'A' pointing to?
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35.  This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
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36.  Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ____________ of blood _____________.
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37.  What pathological condition is NOT something that can be caused by renal failure?
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38. 
This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.
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B.
C.
39. 
Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
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40.  This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
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41.  Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
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42. 
What is line 'C' pointing to?
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43.  Which is the correct order of the blood flow?
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44.  This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
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45. 
What is line 'C' pointing to?
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46.  This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
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47. 
What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
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48.  Wihch is the correct order of the filtrate flow?
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B.
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D.
E.
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