Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System

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 Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Urinary System
Questions about the kideny and the associated organs. Related to the "Old Age 1" case unit that we have just covered.

  
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1.  Which is not a major function of the kidney?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The protion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which is the correct order of the blood flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Wihch is the correct order of the filtrate flow?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  This term means entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibres and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The proximal convoluted tubules reabsrob what percentage of filtered water?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Urea recycling can cause a build up of urea in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Increased secretion of hydrogen ions would result in a ________________ of blood ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ____________ of blood _____________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  In average, water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  This is a test to measure kidney function.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibres.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This lies in the anterior corner of the trigone of the bladder.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.
A.
B.
C.
29.  This layer's main funciton is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.
A.
B.
C.
30.  This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.
A.
B.
C.
31.  This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Where is the parenchyma?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Where is the distal convoluted tubule?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Where is the arcuate vein?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Where is the corticomedullary junction?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Where is the papillary duct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  What does line 'M' point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
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B.
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D.
E.
44.  What is line 'A' pointing to?
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B.
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D.
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45.  What is line 'B' pointing to?
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B.
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E.
46.  What is line 'C' pointing to?
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B.
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D.
E.
47.  What is line 'D' pointing to?
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B.
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D.
E.
48.  What pathological condition is NOT something that can be caused by renal failure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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