Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Digestive System

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Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Digestive System
Questions about the GI tract. Linked to the "Maturity 2" case unit.

  
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1.  This major duct carries a fluid rich in bicarbonate ions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce monosaccharides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3. 
What is I pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4. 
Which of the following cells secretes gastrin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following enzymes acts to produce monoglycerides as products?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  In the mouth, this runs posteriorly to the sides of the pharynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8. 
What does G point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This is the principle bile pigment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10. 
This consists of calcified connective tissue.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Which of the following small intestine cells secrete lysozyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12. 
This has an opening called the apical foramen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  How many phases of deglutition are there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  This portion of the peritoneum is largely responsible for carrying blood and lymph vessels to the intestines.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  This cell secretes the hormone that promotes production of gastric acid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Deciduous molars are replaced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17. 
This is the portion of the stomach that connects to the duodenum.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18. 
What is A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of the following is the primary function of the large intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  This hormone is stimulated by high levels of dietary fat in the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following gastric enzymes digests proteins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22. 
Which of the following cells secrete mucus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue containing blood and lymph vessels.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The capability of the GI tract to move material along its length is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This hormone functions to counteract the effect of gastric acid in the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Why do emotions suchas anger or fear slow digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This portion of the peritoneum drapes over the transverse colon and coils of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28. 
Which layer contains the lamina propria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid that functions to emulsify dietary fats?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Brunner's glands secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31. 
What is F pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32. 
Which of the following cells secretes pepsinogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following accessory organs stores bile?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This digestive aid, produced by the stomach, begins digestion by denaturing proteins.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The hard palate
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  How long can food stay in the fundus before being mixed with gastric juices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  This layer functions by secreting a lubricating fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38. 
Which of the following cells secretes intrinsic fctor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Which of the following secrete gastric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This structure of the stomach allows greater distension for food storage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41. 
What layer is composed of areolar connective tissue and epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42. 
This is the area where pyloric stenosis occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of following processes is the primary function of the villi of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  These are composed of prominent lymphatic nodules that function in the immune response.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue that binds the mucosa to the muscularis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  This is the heaviest internal organ of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  This structure regulates the flow of material into the colon.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following contains skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Which of following processes is the primary function of the mouth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  This is found on the liver and is a remnant of the umbilical cord in a fetus.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce smaller peptides from proteins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  This portion of the peritoneum attaches the liver to the anterior abdominal wall and diaphragm.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid to soften food?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  This plexus is located betweeen the longitudinal and circular smooth muscle layers of the muscularis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which of following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  In the mouth, the tooth sockets are lined with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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