Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Digestive System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Questions about the GI tract. Linked to the "Maturity 2" case unit.

  
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1.  This structure of the stomach allows greater distension for food storage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This is the area where pyloric stenosis occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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3.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce smaller peptides from proteins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following cells secretes gastrin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following enzymes acts to produce monoglycerides as products?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The capability of the GI tract to move material along its length is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue containing blood and lymph vessels.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  What does G point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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9.  Which of the following secrete gastric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of the following is the primary function of the large intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Deciduous molars are replaced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Which of the following cells secretes pepsinogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue that binds the mucosa to the muscularis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce monosaccharides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Which of the following small intestine cells secrete lysozyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following contains skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The hard palate
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B.
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D.
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18.  In the mouth, this runs posteriorly to the sides of the pharynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  This has an opening called the apical foramen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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21.  Which of following processes is the primary function of the villi of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Brunner's glands secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This hormone functions to counteract the effect of gastric acid in the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  This portion of the peritoneum is largely responsible for carrying blood and lymph vessels to the intestines.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This structure regulates the flow of material into the colon.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  What is A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  How long can food stay in the fundus before being mixed with gastric juices?
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D.
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28.  Why do emotions suchas anger or fear slow digestion?
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D.
E.
29.  This is the principle bile pigment.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  This is found on the liver and is a remnant of the umbilical cord in a fetus.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  This cell secretes the hormone that promotes production of gastric acid.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid that functions to emulsify dietary fats?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  This major duct carries a fluid rich in bicarbonate ions.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  This consists of calcified connective tissue.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  What is F pointing to?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  This portion of the peritoneum drapes over the transverse colon and coils of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of following processes is the primary function of the mouth?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of the following cells secretes intrinsic fctor?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  These are composed of prominent lymphatic nodules that function in the immune response.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which of the following gastric enzymes digests proteins?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid to soften food?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  This is the heaviest internal organ of the body.
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C.
D.
E.
43.  What is I pointing to?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of the following accessory organs stores bile?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which of the following cells secrete mucus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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46.  This hormone is stimulated by high levels of dietary fat in the small intestine.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which layer contains the lamina propria?
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B.
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D.
E.
48.  This is the portion of the stomach that connects to the duodenum.
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B.
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D.
E.
49.  What layer is composed of areolar connective tissue and epithelium?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  In the mouth, the tooth sockets are lined with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  This portion of the peritoneum attaches the liver to the anterior abdominal wall and diaphragm.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  This layer functions by secreting a lubricating fluid.
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B.
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D.
E.
53.  This plexus is located betweeen the longitudinal and circular smooth muscle layers of the muscularis.
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B.
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D.
E.
54.  Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?
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B.
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D.
E.
55.  This digestive aid, produced by the stomach, begins digestion by denaturing proteins.
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B.
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D.
E.
56.  How many phases of deglutition are there?
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B.
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D.
E.
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