Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Digestive System

56 Questions  I  By Hermine0817
Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Digestive System
Questions about the GI tract. Linked to the "Maturity 2" case unit.

  
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1.  This portion of the peritoneum drapes over the transverse colon and coils of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2. 
This has an opening called the apical foramen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The capability of the GI tract to move material along its length is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid to soften food?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce monosaccharides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following is the primary function of the large intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7. 
Which of the following cells secretes intrinsic fctor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  This structure of the stomach allows greater distension for food storage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9. 
Which of the following cells secretes gastrin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  This hormone is stimulated by high levels of dietary fat in the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The hard palate
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12. 
What layer is composed of areolar connective tissue and epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce smaller peptides from proteins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Brunner's glands secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15. 
Which of the following cells secretes pepsinogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  How many phases of deglutition are there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  This portion of the peritoneum is largely responsible for carrying blood and lymph vessels to the intestines.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  Which of following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue containing blood and lymph vessels.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue that binds the mucosa to the muscularis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This cell secretes the hormone that promotes production of gastric acid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This digestive aid, produced by the stomach, begins digestion by denaturing proteins.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following contains skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  In the mouth, the tooth sockets are lined with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Which of the following gastric enzymes digests proteins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This portion of the peritoneum attaches the liver to the anterior abdominal wall and diaphragm.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28. 
Which layer contains the lamina propria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29. 
What is F pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30. 
What is A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Why do emotions suchas anger or fear slow digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This major duct carries a fluid rich in bicarbonate ions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of following processes is the primary function of the villi of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  These are composed of prominent lymphatic nodules that function in the immune response.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  This is the heaviest internal organ of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  This structure regulates the flow of material into the colon.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37. 
What is I pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  Which of the following accessory organs stores bile?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  This layer functions by secreting a lubricating fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  How long can food stay in the fundus before being mixed with gastric juices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  This hormone functions to counteract the effect of gastric acid in the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following secrete gastric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Which of the following enzymes acts to produce monoglycerides as products?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  In the mouth, this runs posteriorly to the sides of the pharynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45. 
This consists of calcified connective tissue.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid that functions to emulsify dietary fats?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47. 
This is the portion of the stomach that connects to the duodenum.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following small intestine cells secrete lysozyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49. 
Which of the following cells secrete mucus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  This is the principle bile pigment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51. 
This is the area where pyloric stenosis occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52. 
What does G point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  This plexus is located betweeen the longitudinal and circular smooth muscle layers of the muscularis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of following processes is the primary function of the mouth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Deciduous molars are replaced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  This is found on the liver and is a remnant of the umbilical cord in a fetus.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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