Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Digestive System

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 Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Digestive System
Questions about the GI tract. Linked to the "Maturity 2" case unit.

  
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1.  This structure regulates the flow of material into the colon.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  This consists of calcified connective tissue.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  This is the principle bile pigment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  What is I pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  This hormone functions to counteract the effect of gastric acid in the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  This is the portion of the stomach that connects to the duodenum.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Which of the following contains skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Which of the following accessory organs stores bile?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This digestive aid, produced by the stomach, begins digestion by denaturing proteins.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  In the mouth, this runs posteriorly to the sides of the pharynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue that binds the mucosa to the muscularis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  This portion of the peritoneum drapes over the transverse colon and coils of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  This hormone is stimulated by high levels of dietary fat in the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Which of the following gastric enzymes digests proteins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  The capability of the GI tract to move material along its length is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  How many phases of deglutition are there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  These are composed of prominent lymphatic nodules that function in the immune response.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  In the mouth, the tooth sockets are lined with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  What layer is composed of areolar connective tissue and epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Which of following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  How long can food stay in the fundus before being mixed with gastric juices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  This cell secretes the hormone that promotes production of gastric acid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Which layer contains the lamina propria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Deciduous molars are replaced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This is the area where pyloric stenosis occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue containing blood and lymph vessels.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following cells secretes intrinsic fctor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which of following processes is the primary function of the villi of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Which of the following enzymes acts to produce monoglycerides as products?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid that functions to emulsify dietary fats?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Which of the following is the primary function of the large intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  This is found on the liver and is a remnant of the umbilical cord in a fetus.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  The hard palate
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Which of following processes is the primary function of the mouth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  This structure of the stomach allows greater distension for food storage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  What is A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  This plexus is located betweeen the longitudinal and circular smooth muscle layers of the muscularis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Brunner's glands secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Which of the following secrete gastric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce monosaccharides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following cells secretes gastrin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  This has an opening called the apical foramen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  What is F pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  What does G point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid to soften food?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Why do emotions suchas anger or fear slow digestion?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce smaller peptides from proteins?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  This layer functions by secreting a lubricating fluid.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  This portion of the peritoneum is largely responsible for carrying blood and lymph vessels to the intestines.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Which of the following small intestine cells secrete lysozyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  This is the heaviest internal organ of the body.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the following cells secretes pepsinogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  This portion of the peritoneum attaches the liver to the anterior abdominal wall and diaphragm.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which of the following cells secrete mucus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  This major duct carries a fluid rich in bicarbonate ions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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