Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Digestive System

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 Anatomy And Physiology Questions - The Digestive System
Questions about the GI tract. Linked to the "Maturity 2" case unit.

  
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1.  Which of following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of following processes is the primary function of the mouth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Which of following processes is the primary function of the villi of the small intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid to soften food?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid that functions to emulsify dietary fats?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following accessory organs stores bile?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The capability of the GI tract to move material along its length is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue containing blood and lymph vessels.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue that binds the mucosa to the muscularis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  This layer functions by secreting a lubricating fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  These are composed of prominent lymphatic nodules that function in the immune response.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  This plexus is located betweeen the longitudinal and circular smooth muscle layers of the muscularis.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Why do emotions suchas anger or fear slow digestion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  This portion of the peritoneum drapes over the transverse colon and coils of the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  This portion of the peritoneum attaches the liver to the anterior abdominal wall and diaphragm.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  This portion of the peritoneum is largely responsible for carrying blood and lymph vessels to the intestines.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The hard palate
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  In the mouth, this runs posteriorly to the sides of the pharynx.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  In the mouth, the tooth sockets are lined with
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Deciduous molars are replaced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following contains skeletal muscle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  How many phases of deglutition are there?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  This structure of the stomach allows greater distension for food storage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Which of the following secrete gastric acid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  This cell secretes the hormone that promotes production of gastric acid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  How long can food stay in the fundus before being mixed with gastric juices?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  This major duct carries a fluid rich in bicarbonate ions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Which of the following gastric enzymes digests proteins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  This is the heaviest internal organ of the body.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  This is found on the liver and is a remnant of the umbilical cord in a fetus.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  This is the principle bile pigment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Which of the following small intestine cells secrete lysozyme?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  Brunner's glands secrete
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Which of the following enzymes acts to produce monoglycerides as products?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce monosaccharides?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  Which of the following pancreatic enzymes acts to produce smaller peptides from proteins?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  This hormone functions to counteract the effect of gastric acid in the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  This hormone is stimulated by high levels of dietary fat in the small intestine.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  This digestive aid, produced by the stomach, begins digestion by denaturing proteins.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  This structure regulates the flow of material into the colon.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  Which of the following is the primary function of the large intestine?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  What is A pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  What layer is composed of areolar connective tissue and epithelium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Which layer contains the lamina propria?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  This consists of calcified connective tissue.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  What is F pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  This has an opening called the apical foramen.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  This is the portion of the stomach that connects to the duodenum.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  What does G point to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  This is the area where pyloric stenosis occurs.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  What is I pointing to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Which of the following cells secrete mucus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of the following cells secretes intrinsic fctor?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Which of the following cells secretes gastrin?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which of the following cells secretes pepsinogen?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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