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American History Chapter 5

20 Questions
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American History Chapter 5

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The wartime experiences of American women included all of the following except
    • A. 

      Experiencing the responsibility of running farms and businesses

    • B. 

      Momentarily gaining the right to vote in many northern states

    • C. 

      Increasing army morale and efficiency by doing chores and nursing

    • D. 

      Becoming intermittently involved in battles

    • E. 

      Issuing new calls for the expansion of women’s rights

  • 2. 
    During the final phase of the American Revolution, General Cornwallis was surrounded and forced to surrender his entire force at 
    • A. 

      Charleston, South Carolina

    • B. 

      Yorktown, Virginia

    • C. 

      Wilmington, North Carolina

    • D. 

      Savannah, Georgia

    • E. 

      Cowpens, South Carolina

  • 3. 
    In discussing the American Revolution, the basic controversy among historians involves the question: 
    • A. 

      Should the British have won easily, or did they face an impossible, Vietnam-style war?

    • B. 

      Was the motivation for the Revolution primarily political ideology or essentially economic and social interests?

    • C. 

      Did the French make a colossal blunder in supporting the Americans and as a result bring about their own revolution?

    • D. 

      If the Americans really believed what they said in the Declaration of Independence, why did they not end slavery?

    • E. 

      Did English generals intentionally use strategies that would fail?

  • 4. 
    The economic effects of the Revolutionary War included 
    • A. 

      Destroying much of the American economy

    • B. 

      Increasing American trade with Great Britain

    • C. 

      Closing much of the world to American ships

    • D. 

      Revolutionizing property ownership of plantations

    • E. 

      Encouraging American economic growth and diversification

  • 5. 
    The Revolutionary War affected religious and social groups in all of the following ways except
    • A. 

      It weakened the position of the Quakers

    • B. 

      It strengthened the position of the Catholics

    • C. 

      It weakened the position of the Anglicans

    • D. 

      It led to freedom for some blacks who were

    • E. 

      It improved the position of the Indians because most helped the American side

  • 6. 
    As the Revolutionary War began, most Americans believed they were fighting for 
    • A. 

      Their independence

    • B. 

      The acquisition of more territory

    • C. 

      Representation in the British Parliament

    • D. 

      A redress of grievances against the British Empire

    • E. 

      An overthrow of the colonial upper class

  • 7. 
    The final phase of the American Revolution was characterized by 
    • A. 

      All of the answers below

    • B. 

      Guerrilla warfare aimed at wearing down the British forces

    • C. 

      American attacks on the frontier against combined Indian and British forces

    • D. 

      Major battles between opposing forces of Americans

    • E. 

      The ultimate failure of Britain’s southern strategy

  • 8. 
    For the Iroquois Confederacy, the American Revolution led to 
    • A. 

      A strengthening of the tribes, because they allied themselves with the Americans, and the British left them alone

    • B. 

      A strengthening of the fur trade in the Ohio Valley

    • C. 

      Little change in their situation, because the Confederacy remained completely neutral

    • D. 

      A weakening of the tribes, because they sided with the Americans, and the British attacked them

    • E. 

      A weakening of the tribes, because the Confederacy split up, and the Americans attacked those who sided with the British

  • 9. 
    During the early 1780s, the authority of the national government was vested in 
    • A. 

      All of the answers below

    • B. 

      A legislative branch

    • C. 

      An executive branch

    • D. 

      A judicial branch

    • E. 

      A military branch

  • 10. 
    In the second phase of the American Revolution, between early 1776 and early 1778, the fighting resulted in the British forces 
    • A. 

      Being on the verge of total defeat

    • B. 

      Doing very little, because they remained in their city fortresses

    • C. 

      Achieving several important victories but failing to crush the Americans because of mistakes and blunders

    • D. 

      Almost succeeding in achieving total victory

    • E. 

      Surrendering key positions in Canada

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      The president

    • B. 

      The national congress

    • C. 

      The militias

    • D. 

      The state governments

    • E. 

      The town and city officials

  • 12. 
    During the American Revolution the religious group that most improved its position was the 
    • A. 

      Anglicans

    • B. 

      Iroquois

    • C. 

      Jews

    • D. 

      Quakers

    • E. 

      Catholics

  • 13. 
    The state governments that were formed during the 1770s exhibited all of the following characteristics except
    • A. 

      They had written constitutions

    • B. 

      They forbade governors from holding legislative seats

    • C. 

      They had property requirements for voting

    • D. 

      They limited the power of the executive in favor of the legislative

    • E. 

      They adopted the principle of universal suffrage

  • 14. 
    During 1777, British General Burgoyne attempted to implement a plan for dividing the colonies by capturing the 
    • A. 

      Hudson River Valley

    • B. 

      Tidewater region

    • C. 

      St. Lawrence River valley

    • D. 

      Chesapeake Bay region

    • E. 

      Potomac River valley

  • 15. 
    The American War for Independence has been characterized in all of the following ways except
    • A. 

      A relatively modest war

    • B. 

      An unusually savage conflict

    • C. 

      A switch to a new type of conflict

    • D. 

      The first technological war

    • E. 

      A revolutionary war for liberation

  • 16. 
    During the Revolution, the Americans had all of the following advantages over the British except
    • A. 

      They were fighting on ground with which they were familiar

    • B. 

      The British people only half-heartedly supported the war

    • C. 

      Their troops were generally superior to the British regulars

    • D. 

      The British had long lines of communication and supply

    • E. 

      Their cause inspired more commitment than that of the British

  • 17. 
    The American national government obtained many of the war supplies that it needed to fight the American Revolution by 
    • A. 

      All of the answers below

    • B. 

      Receiving foreign aid and loans from countries like France

    • C. 

      Borrowing large sums from American private citizens

    • D. 

      Taxing the American people directly

    • E. 

      Building many arms factories in the northeast

  • 18. 
    The Land Ordinances of 1785 and 1787, which created the Northwest Territory, also 
    • A. 

      All of the answers below

    • B. 

      Established a procedure for surveying and selling western lands

    • C. 

      Specified a process by which a territory could become a state once it had enough population

    • D. 

      Abolished slavery in the territories north of the Ohio River

    • E. 

      Proved highly favorable to land speculators

  • 19. 
    In the 1770s and 1780s, the powers of government were 
    • A. 

      Concentrated in the national government

    • B. 

      Not considered to be an important issue

    • C. 

      Shared equally by the national government and the state governments

    • D. 

      Concentrated in the state governments

    • E. 

      Shared equally by the state government and independent local governments

  • 20. 
    The pamphlet “Common Sense” was instrumental in gaining support for 
    • A. 

      Reconciliation with Great Britain

    • B. 

      An alliance with France

    • C. 

      The idea of independence from Great Britain

    • D. 

      Peace talks to begin

    • E. 

      A continued economic boycott of Great Britain