· Not only did the British have to worry about fighting the continental army, they also had to contend with local militias
· The militias were poorly trained, but they fought differently
· They did not always line up for battle, they hid behind trees and walls and ambushed British troops
· This kind of fighting is called ______ ________ and it is very difficult to defeat.
· soldier for continental army during the war he volunteered for a mission in new York city but was captured by British an hanged
· he is best remembered for his purported last words “I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country”
· in Pennsylvania was the site of military camp of the American continental army over the winter of 1777-1778
· George Washington selected valley forge, Pennsylvania, 25 miles northwest of Philadelphia as a secure location for the winter
· he area was close enough to the British to keep their raiding and foraging parties out of the interior of Pennsylvania, yet far enough to halt the threat of British surprise attacks
· December 19th 1777, when Washington poorly fed, ill-equipped army, weary from long marshes staggered into valley forge, winds blew as the 12000 continentals prepared for winters fury.
· Only 1/3 of them had shoes, and many left bloody footprints. 100 huts provide shelter but had critical shortages that caused plagues
· Undernourished and poorly clothed, living in crowded, damp quarters the army ravaged by sickness and disease. Typhoid, jaundice, dysentery, and pneumonia were among the many diseases that killed 2500 men that winter.
· Although Washington repeatedly petitioned for relief, the continental congress was unable to provide for it, and the soldiers continued to suffer
· Women, relatives of enlisted men, alleviates some of the suffering by providing valuable services such as laundry and nursing that the army desperately needed.
On the same day of independence, British began landing troops in New York Harbor commanded by _____ _______ with an estimated 32000 men!
· Was a decisive battle between patriots and Loyalist militias in the southern campaign of the war.
· The actual battle took place on October 7th, 1780, where the Patriot militia defeated the loyalist militia commanded by British major Patrick Ferguson
· Pivotal moment in southern campaign, surprising victory over loyalist, left Ferguson dead and his militia destroyed. Cornwallis was forced to abandon plans to invade North Carolina and retreated into south Carolina.
BATTLE OF ______ ________
John, adams, benjamin franklin, and John jay conducted most of the peace negotiations of the US. This one took place in 1783
The americans were fighting for equality and ______
Governor _______ ________ wrote the Virginia statute for religious freedoms, and James madison convinced the legislature to pass it in 1786
A freedom of enslavement became a major issue after the war. The act of process of freeing enslaved persons.
Only Virginia took steps towards ending the institution. In 1782, the sate passed a law which is the voluntary freeing of enslaved people.
Northwest Ordinance: when there are ____ adultmale citizens in a district, they could elect their own legislature
When there are more than ______ citizens, they could apply to become a state
A tax on an import
An economic slowdown
1776 July 4th
The new constitution that the states were considering was based on the idea of ______ _______ or rule by the people.
A political system in which power is divided between national and state governments.
· Feared misuse of power and wanted to prevent government from using its power to give one special group advantages or to deprive another from their rights.
· they restricted the government’s authority to specify powers granted to the people.
· *Articles I, II, III of the Constitution describe the powers of the federal government, and the limits on those powers. Other limits are set forth in the Bill of Rights
Framers: founding fathers
THIS IS KNOWN AS: ________ GOVERNMENT
Government powers:include the power to coin money, regulate interstate and foreign trade, maintain armed forces, and create federal court.
They include the right to raise taxes, borrow money, provide for public welfare, and administer criminal justice
Include the power to establish schools, set marriage and divorce laws, and regulate trade within the state
A. executive branch
B. judicial branch
C. legislative branch
The ______ are the people who wrote the constitution deliberately
What does EOP stand for? _________ ______ __ ___________