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Abbi Haines Soc Final

53 Questions
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to emile durkheim a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has
    • A. 

      Lower self integration

    • B. 

      Greater self esteem

    • C. 

      Less money power and other resources

  • 2. 
    The u.s. falls within which category of the worlds nations
    • A. 

      Low income nations

    • B. 

      High income nations

    • C. 

      Middle income nations

  • 3. 
    Making use of sociological perspective encourages
    • A. 

      Accepting convential wisdom

    • B. 

      People to be happier with their lives as they are

    • C. 

      Challenging commonly held beliefs

  • 4. 
    The term sociology was coined by
    • A. 

      Karl marx

    • B. 

      Auguste comte

    • C. 

      Herbert spencer

  • 5. 
    Looking at the u.s. high suicide rates are typical of states in which people
    • A. 

      Have higher incomes

    • B. 

      Live spread apart in rural areas

    • C. 

      Live in a warmer climate

  • 6. 
    Herbert spencer described human society as having much in common with
    • A. 

      The human body

    • B. 

      The human brain

    • C. 

      Planets and stars

  • 7. 
    W.e.b. du bois claimed that ----- was the major problem facing the U.S during the 20th century.
    • A. 

      Race

    • B. 

      Class

    • C. 

      Gender

  • 8. 
    Sociologists focus only on unusual patterns of behavior
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    As discipline sociology first took root in france, germany and england
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Critical sociology can best be described as an ---approach
    • A. 

      Activist

    • B. 

      Scientific

    • C. 

      Value free

  • 11. 
    Qualitive research has special appeal to investigators who favor which theoretical approach
    • A. 

      The structural functional approach

    • B. 

      The social conflict approach

    • C. 

      The symbolic interaction approach

  • 12. 
    A researcher doing participant observation may break in to a setting more easily with the help of a
    • A. 

      Research assitant

    • B. 

      Key informant

    • C. 

      Bigger budget

  • 13. 
    The sociologist who called on his colleagues to be value free was
    • A. 

      Max weber

    • B. 

      Karl marx

    • C. 

      Herbert spencer

  • 14. 
    In making judgements about how society should be improved the approach in sociology rejects max webers goal that researchers be value free
    • A. 

      Critical

    • B. 

      Postivist

    • C. 

      Scientific

  • 15. 
    The u.s. is the most --- of all countries
    • A. 

      Culturally uniform

    • B. 

      Slowing changing

    • C. 

      Multicultural

  • 16. 
    Key values of u.s. culture
    • A. 

      Always fit together easily

    • B. 

      Are sometimes in conflict with one another

    • C. 

      Are shared by absolutely everyone in a society

  • 17. 
    Other than english which is the most widey spoken language
    • A. 

      Spanish

    • B. 

      German

  • 18. 
    George murdock pointed to many cultural universities which of teh following is not an example of culutral universal
    • A. 

      Belief in a heavenly afterlife

    • B. 

      Funeral rights

    • C. 

      Telling jokes

  • 19. 
    The term homo sapiens the name of our species comes from the latin meaning
    • A. 

      "thinking person"

    • B. 

      "person who evolves"

    • C. 

      "person of culture"

  • 20. 
    Gerhard lenski claimed that which of the following has the greatest power to shape a society
    • A. 

      Technology

    • B. 

      Human ideas

    • C. 

      Human desire for change

  • 21. 
    The first type of society to generate a material surplus is
    • A. 

      Horticultural and pastoral

    • B. 

      Agrarian

    • C. 

      Industrial

  • 22. 
    Gerhard lenski claims that the development of more complex technology
    • A. 

      Has both positive and negative effects

    • B. 

      No effect

    • C. 

      Entirely positive

  • 23. 
    The driving force of social change according to marx is
    • A. 

      The way in which society is held together

    • B. 

      Social conflict between classes

    • C. 

      Advancing technology

  • 24. 
    The focus of lawerence kohlbergs research was
    • A. 

      Cognition

    • B. 

      Moral reasoning

    • C. 

      The importance of gender in socialization

  • 25. 
    Mead placed the origin of the self in
    • A. 

      Social experience

    • B. 

      Bilogical drives

    • C. 

      Culture

  • 26. 
    Thinking about how patterns of child rearing vary by class lower class parents generally stress --- well well to do parents stress
    • A. 

      Obedience, creativity

    • B. 

      Indpendence, dependence

    • C. 

      Creativity, obedience

  • 27. 
    Jean piagets focus was on
    • A. 

      Childrens motor skills

    • B. 

      Cognition

    • C. 

      Role of heredity

  • 28. 
    In meads model which sequence correctly orders stages of the developing
    • A. 

      Imitation play game generalized

    • B. 

      Imitation game play generalized other

    • C. 

      Imitation generalized other play game

  • 29. 
    Which of the following is likely to play a part in reality we constuct through social interaction
    • A. 

      Country we live in

    • B. 

      All the above

    • C. 

      Our ethnicity

  • 30. 
    Which sociologist developed the approach called dramaturgical analysis
    • A. 

      Erving goffman

    • B. 

      George herbert mead

    • C. 

      W. i. thomas

  • 31. 
    Which of the foloowing is an important element of non verbal communication
    • A. 

      Eye contact

    • B. 

      Body language

    • C. 

      All the above

  • 32. 
    Culture differs in terms of
    • A. 

      The rules for how people display

    • B. 

      All the above

    • C. 

      What triggers emotions

  • 33. 
    The english language often treats as ---- whatever has greater value, power, or importance
    • A. 

      Masculine

    • B. 

      Feminine

    • C. 

      Humerous

  • 34. 
    Comparing societies in history and around the world, we see that social stratification may involve differences in
    • A. 

      Why people are unequal

    • B. 

      What is unequal

    • C. 

      All the above

  • 35. 
    In general societies that have caste systems have economies that are
    • A. 

      Industrial

    • B. 

      Agrarian

    • C. 

      Postindustrial

  • 36. 
    Half of all the people in great britain today consider themselves to be in the
    • A. 

      Working class

    • B. 

      Lower class

    • C. 

      Middle class

  • 37. 
    The common ideology of a class system that states success and wealth typically result from
    • A. 

      Flaws in society

    • B. 

      Personal talent and effort

    • C. 

      Sheer luck

  • 38. 
    According to karl marx social stratification in a capitalist society always involves
    • A. 

      Negotiation

    • B. 

      Aboliton of work

    • C. 

      Class conflict

  • 39. 
    The richest 5 percent of us families owns about what share of privately owned property
    • A. 

      60 percent

    • B. 

      16 percent

    • C. 

      36 percent

  • 40. 
    Which of the following class levels contains that least amount of racial and ethnic diversity
    • A. 

      The working class

    • B. 

      The middle class

    • C. 

      The upper upper class

  • 41. 
    According to karl marx which class forms the core of the industrial proletariat?
    • A. 

      The working class

    • B. 

      The upper class

    • C. 

      The middle class

  • 42. 
    People of low social position are more liberal on ---- issues and more conservative on ----- issues
    • A. 

      Social economic

    • B. 

      Economic social

    • C. 

      Very few; almost all

  • 43. 
    In the united states an increasing share of the poor are:
    • A. 

      Working people

    • B. 

      Married couples w children

    • C. 

      Single women and their children

  • 44. 
    In middle income nations average personal income is the range of
    • A. 

      2500 and 10000

    • B. 

      250 and 1000

    • C. 

      1000 and 2500

  • 45. 
    Which world region contains the largest share of the worlds street children
    • A. 

      Africa

    • B. 

      Asia

    • C. 

      Latin america

  • 46. 
    Moderization theory identifies which of the following as the greatest barrier to economic development
    • A. 

      Capitalism

    • B. 

      Tradition

    • C. 

      Technology

  • 47. 
    Over the course of the last century the extent of global economic inequality has
    • A. 

      Stayed the same

    • B. 

      Decreased

    • C. 

      Increased

  • 48. 
    Moderization theory indentifies which of the following as the greatest barrier to economic development
    • A. 

      Multinational corporations

    • B. 

      Capitalism

    • C. 

      Tradition

  • 49. 
    The chapter argues that gender is a matter of not just difference but also of difference in
    • A. 

      Privileges

    • B. 

      Power

    • C. 

      All the above

  • 50. 
    Throughout the life course gender shapes
    • A. 

      Human actions

    • B. 

      Human thoughts

    • C. 

      All the above

  • 51. 
    Which of the following job categories has mostly women as workers
    • A. 

      Elementary school teachers

    • B. 

      Physicians

    • C. 

      College professors

  • 52. 
    Structural functional analysis points out that industrialization encourages
    • A. 

      Women have more children

    • B. 

      Growing gender equality

    • C. 

      Men take control of the workplace

  • 53. 
    When did feminism as a social movement in the us begin
    • A. 

      1840s

    • B. 

      1940s

    • C. 

      1980s

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