NCLEX Practice Test For Skin And Integumentary Diseases 1 (exam Mode) By Rnpedia.com

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 NCLEX practice test for skin and integumentary diseases 1 (exam mode) by rnpedia.com
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  • 1. 
    When planning care for a male client with burns on the upper torso, which nursing diagnosis should take the highest priority?
    • A. 

      Ineffective airway clearance related to edema of the respiratory passages

    • B. 

      Impaired physical mobility related to the disease process

    • C. 

      Disturbed sleep pattern related to facility environment

    • D. 

      Risk for infection related to breaks in the skin


  • 2. 
    In a female client with burns on the legs, which nursing intervention helps prevent contractures?
    • A. 

      Applying knee splints

    • B. 

      Elevating the foot of the bed

    • C. 

      Hyperextending the client’s palms

    • D. 

      Performing shoulder range-of-motion exercises


  • 3. 
    A male client comes to the physician’s office for treatment of severe sunburn. The nurse takes this opportunity to discuss the importance of protecting the skin from the sun’s damaging rays. Which instruction would best prevent skin damage?
    • A. 

      “Minimize sun exposure from 1 to 4 p.m. when the sun is strongest.”

    • B. 

      “Use a sunscreen with a sun protection factor of 6 or higher.”

    • C. 

      “Apply sunscreen even on overcast days.”

    • D. 

      “When at the beach, sit in the shade to prevent sunburn.”


  • 4. 
    A female client is brought to the emergency department with second- and third-degree burns on the left arm, left anterior leg, and anterior trunk. Using the Rule of Nines, what is the total body surface area that has been burned?
    • A. 

      18%

    • B. 

      27%

    • C. 

      30%

    • D. 

      36%


  • 5. 
    Which nursing intervention can help a client maintain healthy skin?
    • A. 

      Keep the client well hydrated.

    • B. 

      Avoid bathing the client with mild soap.

    • C. 

      Remove adhesive tape quickly from the skin.

    • D. 

      Recommend wearing tight-fitting clothes in hot weather.


  • 6. 
    A male client with psoriasis visits the dermatology clinic. When inspecting the affected areas, the nurse expects to see which type of secondary lesion?
    • A. 

      Scale

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Ulcer

    • D. 

      Scar


  • 7. 
    A female adult client with atopic dermatitis is prescribed a potent topical corticosteroid, to be covered with an occlusive dressing. To address a potential client problem associated with this treatment, the nurse formulates the nursing diagnosis of Risk for injury. To complete the nursing diagnosis statement, the nurse should add which “related-to” phrase?
    • A. 

      Related to potential interactions between the topical corticosteroid and other prescribed drugs

    • B. 

      Related to vasodilatory effects of the topical corticosteroid

    • C. 

      Related to percutaneous absorption of the topical corticosteroid

    • D. 

      Related to topical corticosteroid application to the face, neck, and intertriginous sites


  • 8. 
    A male client is diagnosed with herpes simplex. Which statement about herpes simplex infection is true?
    • A. 

      During early pregnancy, herpes simplex infection may cause spontaneous abortion or premature delivery.

    • B. 

      Genital herpes simplex lesions are painless, fluid-filled vesicles that ulcerate and heal in 3 to 7 days

    • C. 

      Herpetic keratoconjunctivitis usually is bilateral and causes systemic symptoms.

    • D. 

      A client with genital herpes lesions can have sexual contact but must use a condom.


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