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A & P Of The Brain

21 Questions
AP Quizzes & Trivia

Choose the one alternative that vbest completes the statement or answers the question.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
  • 2. 
    Because the human brain is born already programmed for language, we can say that language is a(n) ______ behavioral tendency.
    • A. 

      Cerebral

    • B. 

      Learned

    • C. 

      Critical

    • D. 

      Somatic

    • E. 

      Innate

  • 3. 
    Darwin's theory of ____ argues that evolution favors the survival and reproduction of those organisms that are best adapted to their environment.
    • A. 

      Natural selection

    • B. 

      Creationism

    • C. 

      Bipedalism

    • D. 

      Intelligent design

    • E. 

      Specialization

  • 4. 
    Peter suffers damage to his left frontal lobe and loses the ability to speak, although he can still understand speech. Despite the permanence of this damage, he is able to recover some of his speech due to the ability of other parts of the brain to take over lost function. This phenomenon is known by neuroscientists as
    • A. 

      Flexibility.

    • B. 

      Homeostasis.

    • C. 

      Compensation.

    • D. 

      Adaptiveness.

    • E. 

      Plasticity.

  • 5. 
    Our ability to breathe is controlled by the ____, which is located within the _____.
    • A. 

      Brain stem; medulla

    • B. 

      Medulla; brainstem

    • C. 

      Pons; forebrain

    • D. 

      Thalamus; forebrain

    • E. 

      Cerebellum; midbrain

  • 6. 
    Sleep and dreaming are regulated by the
    • A. 

      Amygdala.

    • B. 

      Pituitary gland.

    • C. 

      Pons.

    • D. 

      Hippocampus.

    • E. 

      Thalamus.

  • 7. 
    Which sensory system does not relay information through the thalamus en route to the cortex?
    • A. 

      Pain

    • B. 

      Smell

    • C. 

      Audition

    • D. 

      Vision

    • E. 

      Somatosensory

  • 8. 
    The _____ is responsible for trafficking almost all of the brain's incoming and outgoing sensory and motor information.
    • A. 

      Reticular formation.

    • B. 

      Pons

    • C. 

      Thalamus

    • D. 

      Hypothalamus

    • E. 

      Hippocampus

  • 9. 
    Which of the following structures is attached to the brain stem, where it is involved in the coordination of movement?
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Pons

    • C. 

      Thalamus

    • D. 

      Cerebellum

    • E. 

      Reticular formation

  • 10. 
    A person who has suffered damage to the hippocampus would be expected to have difficulty with
    • A. 

      Concentrating on complex tasks.

    • B. 

      Moving in a smooth manner.

    • C. 

      Remembering events from his distant past.

    • D. 

      Remembering new information.

    • E. 

      Controlling his temper.

  • 11. 
    A stroke that damages parts of your amygdala would be expected to
    • A. 

      Erase important memories.

    • B. 

      Make you feel hungry.

    • C. 

      Calm your angry disposition or make you fearful.

    • D. 

      Increase your sexual desire.

    • E. 

      Make you feel sleepy.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following stiuations is not processed by the limbic system?
    • A. 

      You are feeling hungry because you have not eaten since yesterday.

    • B. 

      You are trying to reason through a logic problem in math class.

    • C. 

      You feel aroused by the good-looking person sitting next to you.

    • D. 

      You get angry and want to hit a person who has just bumped into you.

    • E. 

      You remember how your grandmother's living room looked.

  • 13. 
    Place the following in the correct order to show the sequence in which a message might be sent from the brain through the endocrine system.
    • A. 

      Pituitary, hypothalamus, adrenals

    • B. 

      Parathyroids, pituitary, ovaries

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid

    • D. 

      Thyroid, pituitary, hypothalamus

    • E. 

      Hypothalamus, gonads, pituitary

  • 14. 
    Damage to the _____ would impair our ability to think and perceive.
    • A. 

      Autonomic nervous system

    • B. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • C. 

      Cerebellum

    • D. 

      Spinal cord

    • E. 

      Hypothalamus

  • 15. 
    The doctrine of phrenology suggested that
    • A. 

      The brain had specific areas that were responsible for certain functions, indicated by bumps on the skull.

    • B. 

      Damage to the frontal lobe would create changes in personality.

    • C. 

      Damage to the parietal lobe would create sensory changes.

    • D. 

      The capacity for speech was held in our left hemisphere.

    • E. 

      The two heispheres performed complementary mental tasks.

  • 16. 
    The action of grabbing your keys with your right hand is controlled by your
    • A. 

      Right somatosensory cortex.

    • B. 

      Right motor cortex.

    • C. 

      Temperal lobes.

    • D. 

      Left motor cortex.

    • E. 

      Association cortex.

  • 17. 
    Soem schizophrenic patients who claim to be experiencing auditory hallucinations have irregular activity in the ____ of the brain.
    • A. 

      Parietal lobe

    • B. 

      Temporal lobe

    • C. 

      Association areas

    • D. 

      Occipital lobe

    • E. 

      Frontal lobe

  • 18. 
    ____ concluded that language production depended on the functioning of structures in a specific region of the left hemisphere.
    • A. 

      Phineas Gage

    • B. 

      Rene Descartes

    • C. 

      Roger Sperry

    • D. 

      Paul Broca

    • E. 

      Charles Darwin

  • 19. 
    A surgical procedure that attempts to prevent violent electrical rhythms from crossing from one hemisphere to another involves
    • A. 

      Severing the corpus callosum.

    • B. 

      Stimulating the cerebellum.

    • C. 

      Stimulating the hyppothalamus.

    • D. 

      Rearranging the cerebrum.

    • E. 

      Inactivating the cerebral cortex.

  • 20. 
    Sperry and Gazzaniga found that split-brain patients could verbally identify a spoon
    • A. 

      That they flet with either hand.

    • B. 

      That was presented in the right visual field.

    • C. 

      That they flet with either hand, but only if they had previously seen it.

    • D. 

      That was presented int he left visual field.

    • E. 

      That they felt with the left hand.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following according to an Evolutionary Psychologist is the oldest to the newest protion of the brain in the correct order?
    • A. 

      Limbic system, cerebral cortex, brain stem

    • B. 

      Brain stem, cerebral cortex, limbic system

    • C. 

      Cerebral cortex, limbic system, brain stem

    • D. 

      Limbic system, brain stem, cerebral cortex

    • E. 

      Brain stem, limbic system, cerebral cortex