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TCP/IP Utilities

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TCP/IP Utilities

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[edit section] Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)

Shows ARP table (or ARP cache), shows both dynamic and static tables.

arp: Ascertain IP address and related MAC address Run alone, lists available switches.

-a (or -g): Lists entire current arp table

-s [IP Address] [MAC Address]: statically add entry into table

-d [IP Address] : delete entry from arp table

[edit section] Netstat

View TCP/IP connections, view packet statistics -without parameters, useful in determining the status of outbound connections

• -a displays all TCP/IP and UDP connections. For UDP, shows source port nicknames. broadcast is written as *:* (any address, any port) • -e Displays summary of all packets sent over NIC as of that instant. To have it occur every few seconds, add integer value after switch (second interval) • -r Display current route table for a workstation • -s Displays variety of TCP, UDP, IP, and ICMP protocol statistics. • -n Modifier for the other switches. • -p Also a modifier, typically used with -s switch to specify exactly what protocol data is wanted (netstat -s -p UDP)

[edit section] Nbtstat

Track NetBIOS over TCP/IP connections, resolve NetBIOS names, etc. -only available in Windows-based OS -switches are case-sensitive (lower = NetBIOS names, upper = TCP/IP addresses)

• -a Display a remote machine's NetBIOS name table (nbtstat -a S1)

• -A same as -a, but different syntaz to execute (nbtstat -A 123.12.23.34)

• -c Display local NetBIOS name cache on the workstation it is run

• -n Display local NetBIOS name table on Windows device

• -r Displays statistics of how many NetBIOS names have been resolved to TCP/IP addresses (useful in troubleshooting WINS)

• -R Nothing to do w/ -r switch, purges NetBIOS name table cache and reloads the LMHOSTS file into memory

• -S Display NetBIOS sessions table (both workstations and server sessions)

• -s Same as -S, tries to resolve remote host IP addresses into host names


[edit section] Using the File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

CMD: ftp -OR- ftp ftp.microsoft.com

Enter login information, or enter anonymous and password (email address)

File Types

ASCII: contains text (type ascii in cmd prompt)

Binary: all other files (type binary in cmd prompt)


To Download: get [filename] *for multiple downloads, type mget *txt *

To Upload: put [local file] [destination file] *for multiple uploads, type mput *.txt *

      ls displays directory listing
      cd  change directory
     pwd  print current working directory
     lcd  Local Change Directory (changes where downloads are stored)
     quit Exit ftp client

[edit section] Ping

Find out if you can reach a host, or if the host is responding

Usage:

ping [hostname/IP address]

To check your own workstation use:

ping 127.0.0.1 or localhost

Syntax

-n # pings host N number of times (replace # with desired number)

-t pings continuously until Ctrl+C is pressed

-r # Records the route taken during ping hops (# = number of hops to record)

-a resolves pinged address to host name simultaneously

[edit section] Winipcfg

• In 9x/Me: type winipcfg to launch configuration application

• Release All/Renew All Buttons

• Troubleshoot DHCP/TCP/IP address conflicts


[edit section] Ipconfig

ipconfig lists IP address, Subnet mask, default gateway /all All TCP/IP settings displayed /release Releases all info obtained from DHCP /renew renews all info obtained from DHCP server

[edit section] Ifconfig

• Linux/UNIX utility, similar to ipconfig. (interface configuration)

• Also configures protocol/network interface

• ifconfig interface [address [parameter]]

o Interface = UNIX name of the interface

o Address = statically assigned address

[edit section] Tracert

Shows every router interface a packet passes through tracert [DNS name/IP address] Telnet Acronym for terminal emulation for NETworks, evolved into a troubleshooting tool. Telnet | Open [hostname][port number]

[edit section] Nslookup

Allows you to query a name server and quickly find out which name resolves to which Ip address. Options

• type=mx Sets future queries to e-mail servers

• Domain=domain name sets default domain name for lookups

• retry=x Specifies the number of retries

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