Chapter 4 CSIT Flashcards Table View


Some cases have ____, also called spacers, which are round plastic or metal pegs that separate the motherboard from the case, so that components on the back of the motherboard do not touch the case. Selected Answer: standoffs Correct Answer: standoffs
The ____ have a lever that is used to lift the processor up and out of the socket. Selected Answer: zero insertion force sockets Correct Answer: zero insertion force sockets
On the motherboard, the ____ controls power to the motherboard and must be connected for the PC to power up. Selected Answer: Power SW Correct Answer: Power SW
The fast end of hub in the Intel i800 series chipsets, which contains the graphics and memory controller, connects to the system bus and is called the hub’s ____. Selected Answer: North Bridge Correct Answer: North Bridge
The process of upgrading or refreshing the ROM BIOS chip is called ____ BIOS. Selected Answer: flashing Correct Answer: flashing
The slower end of the hub in the Intel i800 chipsets, called the ____, contains the I/O controller hub. Selected Answer: South Bridge Correct Answer: South Bridge
____ buses have been improved several times; there are currently three major categories and within each category, several variations of the bus. Selected Answer: AGP Correct Answer: PCI
Throughput is sometimes called ____. Correct Answer: bandwidth
Later sockets used a ____, with pins staggered over the socket to squeeze more pins into a small space. Selected Answer: staggered pin grid array Correct Answer: staggered pin grid array
Access to a computer can be controlled using a ____ password. Selected Answer: startup Correct Answer: startup
A(n) ____ boot involves turning on the power with the on/off switch. Selected Answer: hard Correct Answer: hard
Earlier Pentiums used a ____ socket, with pins aligned in uniform rows around the socket. Selected Answer: pin grid array Correct Answer: pin grid array
The ____ menu in BIOS setup allows you to configure automatic power-saving features for your system, such as suspend mode or a sleep state. Correct Answer: power
Most likely when you first install a hard drive or an operating system, you will want to have the BIOS attempt to first boot from a ____. Selected Answer: CD
At the beginning of the boot drive (usually drive C) is the OS ____ record. Selected Answer: boot
For Windows XP, Ntldr is responsible for loading the OS, and is, therefore, called the ____. Correct Answer: boot loader program
With any installation, remember the importance of using a ground strap (ground bracelet) to ground yourself when working inside a computer case to protect components against ____. Correct Answer: ESD
A ____ is the most complicated component in a computer. Selected Answer: motherboard
Sometimes documentation marks pin 1 as a ____ pin in the diagram, rather than round like the other pins. Selected Answer: square
The ____ and the chipset determine which processors a board can support. Selected Answer: processor socket