Process by which a person makes up for a deficiency in his image of himself by strongly emphasizing some other feature that he regards as an asset.
Avoidance of disagreeable realities by ignoring or refusing to recognize them; probably simplest and most primitive of all defense mechanisms.
Shift of emotion from a person or object toward which it was originally directed to another usually neutral or less dangerous person or object.
Process by which a person tries to become like someone he admires by taking on thoughts, mannerisms or tastes of the individual.
Intense type of identification in which a person incorporates qualities or values of another person or group into his own ego structure. It is one of the earliest mechanisms of the child; important in formation of conscious.
Splitting off of emotional components of a thought which may be temporary or long-term.
Attributing one's own thoughts or impulses to another person. Through this process once can attribute his own intolerable wishes, emotional feelings or motivations to another person.
Offering a socially acceptable or apparently logical explanation to justify or make acceptable otherwise unacceptable impulses, feelings, behaviors and motives.
Development of conscious attitudes and behavior patterns that are opposite tow hat one really feels or would like to do.
Retreat in face of stress to behavior characteristics of any earlier level of development.
Involuntary exclusion of a painful or conflictual though, impulse or memory from awareness. It is primary ego defense and other mechanisms tend to reindorce it.
Acceptance of a socially approved substitute goal for a drive whose normal channel of expression is blocked.
A process often listed as a defense mechanism, but it is really a conscious analog of repression. It is intentional exclusion of material from consciousness. At times it may lead to subsequent repression.
Act or communication that partially negates a previous one; primitive defense mechanism.