Zoology 142 Final-Ch 28: Female Anatomy

44 cards

female anatomy for saladin text ch 28


 
  
Created Aug 13, 2010
by
amcmilan

 

 
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1
After puberty, the vaginal lining becomes _________ to ________.
 
stratified squamous epithelium; resist abrasion
2
 The ____________ is the site of attachment of the embryo
 
endometrium
3
Most of the natural lubrication during female sexual excitement is provided by the
 
greater vestibular (Bartholin) glands.
4
The nonpregnant uterine wall consists mostly of ___________, which is composed of ___________.
 
myometrium; bundles of smooth muscle
5
Which of these is not found in the vestibule?-urinary orifice-mons pubice-vaginal orifice-labia...
 
mons pubis
6
____________ are found in both male and female external genitalia, but the ___________ is/are...
 
Corpora cavernosa; vestibular bulbs
7
Mammary glands develop within the breasts primarily
 
during pregnancy.
8
Breast size is determined by
 
he amount of adipose tissue.
9
 Follicles are located in the
 
cortex of the ovary.
10
The earliest sign of puberty in girls is
 
the onset of breast development.
11
 ______________ are feminizing hormones.
 
Estrogens
12
_______________ act/s primarily in the uterus.
 
Progesterone
13
The appearance of pubic and axillary hair is a stage specifically called
 
pubarche
14
The midlife change in estrogen and progesterone is called ___________, whereas the cessation...
 
climacteric; menopause
15
During climacteric, sudden ____________ may cause hot flashes.
 
vasodilation of cutaneous arteries
16
The term menstrual cycle specifically refers to
 
the cyclic changes in the uterus determined by shifting hormonal changes.
17
The ovulated egg is
 
a secondary oocyte.
18
 The ovulated egg is at
 
metaphase II.
19
The ovum finalizes meiosis
 
during fertilization.
20
Most ovulation home test kits measure _________ surge, which happens about 24 hours before...
 
LH
21
After expelling the oocyte, the follicle becomes the ____________ and secretes __________.
 
corpus luteum; estrogen and progesterone
22
A follicle is
 
an oocyte enclosed in follicular or granulosa cells.
23
Which of these does not leave a follicle when it ovulates?
 
a second polar body
24
Oogenesis starts
 
during embryonic development.
25
In the adult ovary, more than 90% of the follicles are found as
 
primordial follicles.
26
During the follicular phase, granulosa cells secrete ____________, which stimulates secretion...
 
estradiol; LH
27
Which of these blood hormone levels reaches its maximum during the luteal phase?
 
progesterone
28
____________ inhibit/s the secretion of ____________ during the female sexual cycle.
 
Estradiol and progesterone; FSH and LH
29
Lutein cells develop from
 
the theca interna.
30
The _________ phase is the one associated with menstrual cramps and typically occurs __________...
 
premenstrual; days 27 to 28
31
During the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle
 
several follicles are developing antrums.
32
The _________ sometimes expel/s copious fluid similar to prostatic fluid, which constitutes...
 
paraurethral glands
33
During the plateau phase, the glans and clitoris swell as the _________ arteries dilate and...
 
deep; cavernosa
34
During ____________, the uterus is tented (erected) and the cervix is withdrawn from the vagina....
 
excitement
35
 In early pregnancy, ____________ stimulates growth of the corpus luteum.
 

human chorionic gonadotropin
36
The basis of pregnancy test kits is the presence of ____________, which is secreted by the...
 
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG); blastocyst and placenta
37
The basis for contraceptive pills is that they mimic the ____________ feedback effect of ____________.
 
negative; estrogens and progesterone
38
The developing individual is called a(n) ___________ during most of the first 2 weeks, a(n)...
 
blastocyst; embryo; fetus
39
The most abundant estrogen of pregnancy is __________, but one that accounts for most of the...
 
estriol; estradiol
40
The _________________ provides fetal nutrition and secrets hormones that regulate pregnancy...
 
placenta
41
What is the longest stage of labor
 
the dilation (first) stage
42
Milk ejection, stimulation of nerve endings in the ____________ leads to the release of ______________...
 
nipple and areola; oxytocin
43
Why is breast milk superior to cow's milk for an infant?
 
Cow's milk has too much protein and minerals in it.
44
 The infant's only source of nutrition during the first 2-3 days postpartum is
 
colostrum.

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