World War II Flashcards

World War II Flashcards The Flashcards Are To Help Me Study World War II Vocabulary. Its A Mixture Of Names, Topics, And Ideas. 
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long term causes
 
treaty of Versaillesdeaths from world war Iglobal and local economytotalitarianismacts of aggression
short term causes
 
germany invades PolandJapenese agressionPearl Harbor
effects of the war
 
millions of deathsholocaustu.s emerges as a super power
appeasement
 
giving in to an agressor to keep the peace
allied powers
 
francebritainUSA
axis powers
 
germany italyjapan
blitzkrieg
 
a new kind of lighting war
nonagression pact
 
between Hitler and Soviet Leader to not attack eachother and divide Poland in between them
battle of britain
 
britain and germany fought for control of the skies. British Royal Air force saved the day
lend-Lease Act
 
allowed the USA to lend $7 billion worth of weapons and supplies to Great Britain
Battle of the atlantic
 
fight to control the ocean trade routes, between britain and germany
atlantic charter
 
agreement to work for peace after the war ended
pearl Harbor
 
december 7, 1941. japan attacks hawaii and is sucessful. pushed the USA to war,
selective service and training act
 
first peace time draft in historymean 18-45 years old were taken into the military
wartime production bond
 
supervised the conversion of factories to wartime production
Fair enployement practices committee
 
prevented discrimination in war industries and government jobs
internment
 
forced relocation and inprisonment of people
rommel
 
german afrika korps generalfought the allies for 2 years over 1500 miles"desert Fox'
montgomery
 
general of Britain who stopped Rommels advances
churchhill
 
british politicianoutraged by the act of appeasement letting hitler take land
munich conference
 
meeting where british french and german leaders met to give germany control of the sudatan land
eisenhower
 
US general landed british and american forces in west of egypt
battle of wl alamein
 
ronnels advancement
battle of stalingrad
 
germanys attempt to take a city, but surrendered losing 200,000 soldiers
d-day
 
in france (normandy) june 6, 1944, allied soldiers land and have the largest sea and land invasion in history
patton
 
general in the d day battle broke through germanys line in july
battle of the bulge
 
surprise attack. germanys last offensive attack but it fails and they get pushed back and begin to defend the rest of the war
nimitz
 
commander of the US navy who cracked the code of the Japan naval. he knew where japan would attack next
battle of coral sea
 
allies and japan.allies won due to the fact that nimitx had cracked the naval code
macarthur
 
general of the US made the stand against Japan along with the filipino forces
bataan death march
 
japan marches more than 70,000 americans and filippinos to prison camps
battle of midway
 
june 3-6, battle of carrier bared airplanes between US and Japancrippled Japans navy
island hopping
 
WWII strategy of conquering only certain islands that were important to get closer and closer to Japan
battle of Leyte gulf
 
largest naval battle in history..allies won
kamikaze
 
suicide japenese plains into allies ships
manhatten project
 
developement of the atomic bomb employing 600,000 workers
atomic bomb
 
nucleur weapon that produced an explosion by splitting atoms. 2 were dropped in Japan in WWII
Truman
 
vice pres. who became preseident when FDR died
Hitler
 
german leader, began WWII, killed many, began the holocaust, chancelor, leader of the Nazis
how many people died
 
50 million6 million were Jews
dates and places of atomic bomb dropping
 
august 6, 1945- hiroshimaaugust 9, 1945-nagasaki
V-E day
 
vicotry in Eurpoe day May 8, 1945 officially ending WWII
V-J Day
 
vicotry in Japan dayaugust 15, 1945
Holocaust
 
the Nazis killing of some 6 million Jews and 3 million other people in WWIIattempt to kill all Jews
how the war came to and end in Europe and Asia
 
europe- once hitler commited suicide they did not really have a leader and eventally surrenderedJapan- a little more stubborn and 2 atomic bombs were dropped until they finally surrendered
how did the war affect US home front
 
supplies and food were rationedwar time production sales went upwar bonds women took mens jobskids worked for supplies
why did the US stay neutral for so long
 
did not want to fight in a european warisolationismwere still recovering from WWI economy
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