World War I - Freshman Year (9th Grade)

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Created May 4, 2011
by
jasywasy4

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
militarism
 
the policy of gloryfying military power & keeping an army prepared for war
2
Triple Alliance
 
an alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
3
Kaiser Wilhelm
 
ruler of Germany, & forced Bismarck to resign
4
Triple Entente
 
Didn't bind Britain to fight with Russia but it did almost certainly ensue that Britain wouldn't...
5
What were 3 forces @ work that helped set the stage for war.
 
1 force was the growth of nationalism, or a deep devotion to ones country. 2- imperialsim....
6
What event help set in motion WWI?
 
The killing of the heir to the Austro- Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife...
7
Central Powers?
 
Germany & austria- Hungary. Known as this because of their location in Europe. Bulgaria...
8
Allies?
 
Great Britain, France, and Russia. Joining later would be Japan, Italy, and eventually the...
9
Western Front
 

A deadlock Region in northern France.....

Fighting zone on the Franco- Germany...

10
Schlieffen Plan
 
Germany's plan to attack France , then Russia because they were slow
11
Trench Warfare
 
parrallel trenches to protect themeselves from enemy. Soldiers fought each other from these...
12
Eastern Front
 
was a stretch of battlefield along the German & Russian border ( and part of Austria- Hungary)
13
What were some of the conditions that soldiers in trenches had to face? Characteristics?
 
Life in trenches was pure misery. Mud was everywhere, rats swarmed, and fresh food was nonexistent....
14
What factors contributed to Russia's war difficulties?
 
Russia was not yet an industrialized country. The army was continually short on food, guns,...
15
Uunrestricted submarine warefare
 
policy German's made: their submarines would sink w/o warning any ship in the waters around...
16
total war
 
countries devote all their rescources to the war effort
17
rationing
 
system: people could buy only small amounts of those items that were also needed for the war...
18
propaganda
 
governments used one-sided info designed to persude, to keep up moral and support for the war
19
armistice
 
Germany and France met, sighned this, an agreement to stop fighting
20
What was a factor that prompted The U.S. to join the war w/ the allies
 
Geman's sunk a ship that had U.S. citizens on it
21
What role did woment play in the war?
 
Women replaced men in factories, offices, and shops
22
what was the significance of the Second Battle of Marne
 
The Central Powers began to crumble. It prompted armistice.
23
September 1914
 
Alliies stopped Germans from entering France
24
How many miles of Trenches?
 
500 miles
25
Germans tried to get _______, France
 
Verdun, though Verdun was saved
26
year 1915
 
Allies plannes to pull germans apart (military wise)
27
countries make alliances because...
 

-because of common enemy

-religion

-economic ties

-neighbors

-pick...

28
disadvantages and advanteges of an alliance
 

-safety

-stronger economy

-confusing

-forced to be with others you...

29
Causes of war
 

-industialization

~weapons better

~created a feeling of superiority

-Imperial...

30
othere peoples torn by ethnic tensions
 
The Slavic
31
Woodrow Wilson
 
Part of the Bif 4- represented U.S>
32
Georges Clemenceau
 
Part of big 4 - represented France
33
Fourteen Points
 
Series of peace proposels. they outlined a plan for achieving a just and lasting peace... written...
34
self-determination
 
guiding idea for 14 points, this meant allowing people to decide for themselves under what...
35
Treaty of Versailles
 
between Germany and the Allied powers
36
League of Nations
 
Treaty of V. created this. The league was to be an international association whose goal would...
37
What was the "war guilt" clause in the Traty of V. ?
 
Article 231, it placed sole responsibility for the war on germany's shoulders
38
When and who people atacked 1st to last
 

Austria - Hungary atacked serbia

Russia attacked Austria Hungary

Germany...

39
Fronts-
 

Western Front

Eastern Front

Balkan Front

Italian Front

40
New Weopons
 

-Machine Gun

-Artillery (got better than in past)

-Weopons of the Industrial...

41
U.s. declared war on germany in
 
1917
42
The U.s wasnt for german win because
 
The u.s. economically waged much money on britain winning that if germany won the u.s. stock...
43
Russia withdraws from war because
 
due to related shortages of food and fuel
44
# of dead and wounded after war
 

8.5 million died

21 milliion wounded

45
Allies who had most deaths from 1st to last
 

1-Russian Empire

2-France

3-British empire

4-italy

5-serbia

6-romania

7-U.S....

46
Central power deaths?
 

1-germany

2Austriahungary

3-Ottoman Empire

4-Bulgaria

47
some of the 14 points
 

-league of nations

-no secret treaties

-lessen military/navy

-end...

48
why did france, italy, and britain not like 14 points
 

france pissed because the war was fought in france nand wanted to make germany pay. ...

49
Why did Italy and U.S. leave first? (in treaty of V.)
 

italy didnt get what they wanted

u.s. leftwith no peace of justice (didnt get what...

50
what was the treaty of v do
 

attempted to humiliate and cripple germany

wanted security against future german...

51
name 5 points of treaty
 

-no navy

-army with no mare than 100,000 soldiers

-return land to france

-guilt...

52
how did the traty affect germany
 
damaged germany economically, militarily, and hurt their pride. fueled another world war, allowed...
53
what happend to europe after war?
 
changed countries borders, new countries pop up
54
did the u.s. sighn the treaty
 
no

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