World Religions: Hinduism Vocab

Mr. Pendergast Fall 2010 Vatican II/World Religions Class.  Hinduism Vocab Quiz From Chapter 3.
Created Sep 12, 2010
by kylito45
Table View
Download
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

Side ASide B
artha
material success and social prestige, one of the four goals of life
ascetic
one who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual advancement;...
Atman
The eternal self, which the Upanishads identify with Brahman; often lowercase: the eternal...
Avatar
An incarnation, or living embodiment, of a deity, usually of Vishnu, who is sent to earth to...
Bhagavad-Gita
A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the...
Bhakti Marga
The most popular of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing loving devotion to one's...
Brahman
The eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception...
brahmin
The highest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of priests
caste system
Traditional division of Hindu society into various categories: there are four main varnas or...
Dharma
Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life
Jnana Marga
One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing knowing the true nature of reality through...
Kama
Pleasure especially of sensual love; one of the four goals of life
Karma
The moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation....
Karma Marga
One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to...
Kshatriya
The second of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of warriors and administrators
Maya
Cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power
Moksha
Liberation or release of the individual self, atman, from the bondage of samsara; salvation;...
Monism
The doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence
Rig Veda
A collection of 1,017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500 BC or earlier; Hinduism's oldest sacred...
Samadhi
A trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost, and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate...
Samsara
The wheel of rebirth or reincarnation; the this-worldly realm in which rebirth occurs
Sankhya
A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge,"...
Sannyasin
A wandering ascetic who has advanced to the fourth and highest stage of life
Sati
The traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829,...
Shudra
The lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers
Upanishads
A collection of over two hundred texts composed between 900 and 200 BC that provide philosophical...
Vaishya
The third of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of producers, such...
Vedanta
A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of...
Yoga
A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge,"...


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade