World Religions: Hinduism Vocab

World Religions: Hinduism Vocab Mr. Pendergast Fall 2010 Vatican II/World Religions Class.  Hinduism Vocab Quiz From Chapter 3.
Changes are done, please view the flashcard.

Preview Flashcards

Front Back
artha
 
material success and social prestige, one of the four goals of life
ascetic
 
one who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual advancement; common in Hinduism and many other religious traditions, most notably Jainism
Atman
 
The eternal self, which the Upanishads identify with Brahman; often lowercase: the eternal Self or soul of an individual that is reincarnated from one body to the next and is ultimately identified with this
Avatar
 
An incarnation, or living embodiment, of a deity, usually of Vishnu, who is sent to earth to accomplish a divine purpose; Krishna and Rama are the most popular of these
Bhagavad-Gita
 
A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the great warrior Arjuna about bhakti marga and other ways to God; Hinduism's most popular sacred text. "The Song of the Blessed Lord"
Bhakti Marga
 
The most popular of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing loving devotion to one's chosen god or goddess. "The path of devotion"
Brahman
 
The eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception and thought
brahmin
 
The highest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of priests
caste system
 
Traditional division of Hindu society into various categories: there are four main varnas or classes: brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains numerous subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories
Dharma
 
Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life
Jnana Marga
 
One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing knowing the true nature of reality through learning and meditation. "The path of knowledge"
Kama
 
Pleasure especially of sensual love; one of the four goals of life
Karma
 
The moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation. "action"
Karma Marga
 
One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to dharma. "The path of works"
Kshatriya
 
The second of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of warriors and administrators
Maya
 
Cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power
Moksha
 
Liberation or release of the individual self, atman, from the bondage of samsara; salvation; one of the four goals of life
Monism
 
The doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence
Rig Veda
 
A collection of 1,017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500 BC or earlier; Hinduism's oldest sacred text
Samadhi
 
A trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost, and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate reality; the culmination of the eight steps of Yoga
Samsara
 
The wheel of rebirth or reincarnation; the this-worldly realm in which rebirth occurs
Sankhya
 
A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge," asserting that reality comprises two distinct categories: matter and eternal slaves
Sannyasin
 
A wandering ascetic who has advanced to the fourth and highest stage of life
Sati
 
The traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829, though it still occurs rarely
Shudra
 
The lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers
Upanishads
 
A collection of over two hundred texts composed between 900 and 200 BC that provide philosophical commentary on the Vedas. "Sitting near a teacher"
Vaishya
 
The third of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of producers, such as farmers, merchants, and artisans
Vedanta
 
A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge," holding that all reality is essentially Brahman; most notable advocate is the medieval Hindu philosopher Shankara
Yoga
 
A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge," seeking to free the eternal self from the bondage of personhood, culminating in the experience of samadhi; lowercase: physical and psychological techniques for spiritual advancement
Enter Password

  

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade