World Religions: Hinduism Vocab

29 cards

Mr. Pendergast Fall 2010 Vatican II/World Religions Class.  Hinduism vocab quiz from chapter 3.


 
  
Created Sep 12, 2010
by
kylito45

 

 
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1
artha
 
material success and social prestige, one of the four goals of life
2
ascetic
 
one who renounces physical pleasures and worldly attachments for the sake of spiritual advancement;...
3
Atman
 
The eternal self, which the Upanishads identify with Brahman; often lowercase: the eternal...
4
Avatar
 
An incarnation, or living embodiment, of a deity, usually of Vishnu, who is sent to earth to...
5
Bhagavad-Gita
 
A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the...
6
Bhakti Marga
 
The most popular of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing loving devotion to one's...
7
Brahman
 
The eternal essence of reality and the source of the universe, beyond the reach of human perception...
8
brahmin
 
The highest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of priests
9
caste system
 
Traditional division of Hindu society into various categories: there are four main varnas or...
10
Dharma
 
Ethical duty based on the divine order of reality; one of the four goals of life
11
Jnana Marga
 
One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing knowing the true nature of reality through...
12
Kama
 
Pleasure especially of sensual love; one of the four goals of life
13
Karma
 
The moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation....
14
Karma Marga
 
One of the three Hindu paths to salvation, emphasizing performing right actions according to...
15
Kshatriya
 
The second of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of warriors and administrators
16
Maya
 
Cosmic illusion brought about by divine creative power
17
Moksha
 
Liberation or release of the individual self, atman, from the bondage of samsara; salvation;...
18
Monism
 
The doctrine that reality is ultimately made up of only one essence
19
Rig Veda
 
A collection of 1,017 Sanskrit hymns composed about 1500 BC or earlier; Hinduism's oldest sacred...
20
Samadhi
 
A trancelike state in which self-consciousness is lost, and the mind is absorbed into the ultimate...
21
Samsara
 
The wheel of rebirth or reincarnation; the this-worldly realm in which rebirth occurs
22
Sankhya
 
A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge,"...
23
Sannyasin
 
A wandering ascetic who has advanced to the fourth and highest stage of life
24
Sati
 
The traditional practice of burning a widow on her husband's funeral pyre; outlawed in 1829,...
25
Shudra
 
The lowest of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of servants and laborers
26
Upanishads
 
A collection of over two hundred texts composed between 900 and 200 BC that provide philosophical...
27
Vaishya
 
The third of the four classes of the caste system, traditionally made up of producers, such...
28
Vedanta
 
A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of...
29
Yoga
 
A system of Hindu philosophy and one approach within jnana marga, "the path of knowledge,"...

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