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World Geography Chapter 20

Fourth Quarte R Notes
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Side ASide B
Countries included -
Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Cyprus
The ________, _________, and Sea of _______
Dardanelles Bosporus Marmaraseparate
Turkey - plains & hills (_____); two mountain ranges (______ & _______); Anatolian...
Europe Pontic (N) and Tourus (S) Asia
coastal plain in _______, ________, & _________
Syria Lebanon Israel
rift valley from ______ to _______, edged with _____
Africa Syria hills
_______ flows into Dead Sea ( _______________________)
Jordan River lowest spot on earth, very salty
Tigris and EuphratesRivers starts where?
Turkey
climate
arid, semi-arid, & mediterranean
factors in temp & rain fall
distance from sea, elevation, rain shadows
evergreen forests once common ( _______), now mainly gone. Why?
Lebonon shipbuilding
semi-arid areas like _____ have diverse _____ & _______ life
Anatolia plant & animal
Syrian Desert - _______ plant & animal life
scarce
valuable _____ & ______ - coal, copper, iron ore (______)
minerals & energy Turkey
potash, magnesium (____________________)
Dead Sea Region
Several anciant empires occupied the area: ______, ________ (Asia Minor), ________
Egyptaian, Hittite, Persian
Hebrews established ________ & __________
kingdom & Jusaism
Romans exiled _______, then spread _________
Jews Christianity
After the _____________ fell, the ___________ (ERE) brought growth of Eastern Orthodox Church...
Western Roman Empire Byzantine Empire Constantinople
Arab Muslim armies from the _________ occupied the area & spread _________
Arabian Desert Islam
Crusades brought clashes b/w ________ & _______ (won by the _______)
Muslims & Christians Muslims
Ottoman Empire led by ______ ruled the region by ____, later ataturk took over & created...
Sultans 1600s Republic of Turkey European nations
___ moved to ________ after WWI(controlled by _______)
Jews, Palestine, Britian
migration increased in _____ & ______
1930s & 1940s
U.N. divided Palestine into ______ & _____ tates in 1947
Jewish & Arab
______ declared independencein 1948
Israel
main people are
Arabs, Jews, Turks, Kurds
languages
Arabic, hebrew, Turkish, Kurdish, French, English, Russian
religions
Islam, judaism, christianity
______ identity may be distinct from _______ identity
cultural, religious
_____ religious law influences ______ culture
Jewish, Israeli
strong industrial base in ______ Ex:
Israel high-tech, diamond-cutting, chemicals
major industry is Cyprus has Israel has
tourism Greek & Romen ruins religious sites
rapid growth= ______ housing, _____ congestion
hih birth & immigration cramped, traffic
ancient city centers Ex: with souks or ______
Damascus, Syria markets
Damascus, Syria= Nicosia, Beirut=
oldest city on Earth Paris of Middle East
West Bank & Gaza Strip=
Israel vs. Palestine
______ conflict(some want independence)
Kurdish
______ fundamentalism in _______ (not enough religion in govt. for some)
Islamic, Turkey
________ refugees in ______
Palestinian, Jordan
environmental issues- water ______, _________
scarcity, overgrazing


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