World Geography Chapter 20

40 cards

Fourth Quarte r notes


 
  
Created Apr 5, 2010
by
karen.cruice

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Countries included -
 
Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Cyprus
2
The ________, _________, and Sea of _______
 

Dardanelles

Bosporus

Marmaraseparate

3
Turkey - plains & hills (_____); two mountain ranges (______ & _______); Anatolian...
 

Europe

Pontic (N) and Tourus (S)

Asia

4
coastal plain in _______, ________, & _________
 

Syria

Lebanon

Israel

5
rift valley from ______ to _______, edged with _____
 

Africa

Syria

hills

6
_______ flows into Dead Sea ( _______________________)
 

Jordan River

lowest spot on earth, very salty

7
Tigris and EuphratesRivers starts where?
 
Turkey
8
climate
 
arid, semi-arid, & mediterranean
9
factors in temp & rain fall
 
distance from sea, elevation, rain shadows
10
evergreen forests once common ( _______), now mainly gone. Why?
 

Lebonon

shipbuilding

11
semi-arid areas like _____ have diverse _____ & _______ life
 

Anatolia

plant & animal

12
Syrian Desert - _______ plant & animal life
 
scarce
13
valuable _____ & ______ - coal, copper, iron ore (______)
 

minerals & energy

Turkey

14
potash, magnesium (____________________)
 
Dead Sea Region
15
Several anciant empires occupied the area: ______, ________ (Asia Minor), ________
 
Egyptaian, Hittite, Persian
16
Hebrews established ________ & __________
 
kingdom & Jusaism
17
Romans exiled _______, then spread _________
 

Jews

Christianity

18
After the _____________ fell, the ___________ (ERE) brought growth of Eastern Orthodox Church...
 

Western Roman Empire

Byzantine Empire

Constantinople

19
Arab Muslim armies from the _________ occupied the area & spread _________
 

Arabian Desert

Islam

20
Crusades brought clashes b/w ________ & _______ (won by the _______)
 

Muslims & Christians

Muslims

21
Ottoman Empire led by ______ ruled the region by ____, later ataturk took over & created...
 

Sultans

1600s

Republic of Turkey

European nations

22
___ moved to ________ after WWI(controlled by _______)
 
Jews, Palestine, Britian
23
migration increased in _____ & ______
 
1930s & 1940s
24
U.N. divided Palestine into ______ & _____ tates in 1947
 
Jewish & Arab
25
______ declared independencein 1948
 
Israel
26
main people are
 
Arabs, Jews, Turks, Kurds
27
languages
 
Arabic, hebrew, Turkish, Kurdish, French, English, Russian
28
religions
 
Islam, judaism, christianity
29
______ identity may be distinct from _______ identity
 
cultural, religious
30
_____ religious law influences ______ culture
 
Jewish, Israeli
31

strong industrial base in ______

Ex:

 

Israel

high-tech, diamond-cutting, chemicals

32

major industry is

Cyprus has

Israel has

 

tourism

Greek & Romen ruins

religious sites

33

rapid growth=

______ housing, _____ congestion

 

hih birth & immigration

cramped, traffic

34

ancient city centers Ex:

with souks or ______

 

Damascus, Syria

markets

35

Damascus, Syria=

Nicosia, Beirut=

 

oldest city on Earth

Paris of Middle East

36
West Bank & Gaza Strip=
 
Israel vs. Palestine
37
______ conflict(some want independence)
 
Kurdish
38
______ fundamentalism in _______ (not enough religion in govt. for some)
 
Islamic, Turkey
39
________ refugees in ______
 
Palestinian, Jordan
40
environmental issues- water ______, _________
 
scarcity, overgrazing

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