World Geography Chapter 20

40 cards

Fourth Quarte r notes


 
  
Created Apr 5, 2010
by
karen.cruice

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Countries included -
 
Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Cyprus
2
The ________, _________, and Sea of _______
 
Dardanelles Bosporus Marmaraseparate
3
Turkey - plains & hills (_____); two mountain ranges (______ & _______); Anatolian...
 
Europe Pontic (N) and Tourus (S) Asia
4
coastal plain in _______, ________, & _________
 
Syria Lebanon Israel
5
rift valley from ______ to _______, edged with _____
 
Africa Syria hills
6
_______ flows into Dead Sea ( _______________________)
 
Jordan River lowest spot on earth, very salty
7
Tigris and EuphratesRivers starts where?
 
Turkey
8
climate
 
arid, semi-arid, & mediterranean
9
factors in temp & rain fall
 
distance from sea, elevation, rain shadows
10
evergreen forests once common ( _______), now mainly gone. Why?
 
Lebonon shipbuilding
11
semi-arid areas like _____ have diverse _____ & _______ life
 
Anatolia plant & animal
12
Syrian Desert - _______ plant & animal life
 
scarce
13
valuable _____ & ______ - coal, copper, iron ore (______)
 
minerals & energy Turkey
14
potash, magnesium (____________________)
 
Dead Sea Region
15
Several anciant empires occupied the area: ______, ________ (Asia Minor), ________
 
Egyptaian, Hittite, Persian
16
Hebrews established ________ & __________
 
kingdom & Jusaism
17
Romans exiled _______, then spread _________
 
Jews Christianity
18
After the _____________ fell, the ___________ (ERE) brought growth of Eastern Orthodox Church...
 
Western Roman Empire Byzantine Empire Constantinople
19
Arab Muslim armies from the _________ occupied the area & spread _________
 
Arabian Desert Islam
20
Crusades brought clashes b/w ________ & _______ (won by the _______)
 
Muslims & Christians Muslims
21
Ottoman Empire led by ______ ruled the region by ____, later ataturk took over & created...
 
Sultans 1600s Republic of Turkey European nations
22
___ moved to ________ after WWI(controlled by _______)
 
Jews, Palestine, Britian
23
migration increased in _____ & ______
 
1930s & 1940s
24
U.N. divided Palestine into ______ & _____ tates in 1947
 
Jewish & Arab
25
______ declared independencein 1948
 
Israel
26
main people are
 
Arabs, Jews, Turks, Kurds
27
languages
 
Arabic, hebrew, Turkish, Kurdish, French, English, Russian
28
religions
 
Islam, judaism, christianity
29
______ identity may be distinct from _______ identity
 
cultural, religious
30
_____ religious law influences ______ culture
 
Jewish, Israeli
31
strong industrial base in ______ Ex:
 
Israel high-tech, diamond-cutting, chemicals
32
major industry is Cyprus has Israel has
 
tourism Greek & Romen ruins religious sites
33
rapid growth= ______ housing, _____ congestion
 
hih birth & immigration cramped, traffic
34
ancient city centers Ex: with souks or ______
 
Damascus, Syria markets
35
Damascus, Syria= Nicosia, Beirut=
 
oldest city on Earth Paris of Middle East
36
West Bank & Gaza Strip=
 
Israel vs. Palestine
37
______ conflict(some want independence)
 
Kurdish
38
______ fundamentalism in _______ (not enough religion in govt. for some)
 
Islamic, Turkey
39
________ refugees in ______
 
Palestinian, Jordan
40
environmental issues- water ______, _________
 
scarcity, overgrazing


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