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World Geography Chapter 20


Fourth Quarte R Notes
  
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Countries included -
 
Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Cyprus
The ________, _________, and Sea of _______
 

Dardanelles
Bosporus
Marmaraseparate
Turkey - plains & hills (_____); two mountain ranges (______ & _______); Anatolian Plateau (_______); tectonic activity
 

Europe
Pontic (N) and Tourus (S)
Asia
coastal plain in _______, ________, & _________
 

Syria
Lebanon
Israel
rift valley from ______ to _______, edged with _____
 

Africa
Syria
hills
_______ flows into Dead Sea ( _______________________)
 

Jordan River
lowest spot on earth, very salty
Tigris and EuphratesRivers starts where?
 
Turkey
climate
 
arid, semi-arid, & mediterranean
factors in temp & rain fall
 
distance from sea, elevation, rain shadows
evergreen forests once common ( _______), now mainly gone. Why?
 

Lebonon
shipbuilding
semi-arid areas like _____ have diverse _____ & _______ life
 

Anatolia
plant & animal
Syrian Desert - _______ plant & animal life
 
scarce
valuable _____ & ______ - coal, copper, iron ore (______)
 

minerals & energy
Turkey
potash, magnesium (____________________)
 
Dead Sea Region
Several anciant empires occupied the area: ______, ________ (Asia Minor), ________
 
Egyptaian, Hittite, Persian
Hebrews established ________ & __________
 
kingdom & Jusaism
Romans exiled _______, then spread _________
 

Jews
Christianity
After the _____________ fell, the ___________ (ERE) brought growth of Eastern Orthodox Church & ________ became the capital
 

Western Roman Empire
Byzantine Empire
Constantinople
Arab Muslim armies from the _________ occupied the area & spread _________
 

Arabian Desert
Islam
Crusades brought clashes b/w ________ & _______ (won by the _______)
 

Muslims & Christians
Muslims
Ottoman Empire led by ______ ruled the region by ____, later ataturk took over & created the ________. Some of the OE became mandates of _____________.
 

Sultans
1600s
Republic of Turkey
European nations
___ moved to ________ after WWI(controlled by _______)
 
Jews, Palestine, Britian
migration increased in _____ & ______
 
1930s & 1940s
U.N. divided Palestine into ______ & _____ tates in 1947
 
Jewish & Arab
______ declared independencein 1948
 
Israel
main people are
 
Arabs, Jews, Turks, Kurds
languages
 
Arabic, hebrew, Turkish, Kurdish, French, English, Russian
religions
 
Islam, judaism, christianity
______ identity may be distinct from _______ identity
 
cultural, religious
_____ religious law influences ______ culture
 
Jewish, Israeli

strong industrial base in ______
Ex:
 

Israel
high-tech, diamond-cutting, chemicals

major industry is
Cyprus has
Israel has
 

tourism
Greek & Romen ruins
religious sites

rapid growth=
______ housing, _____ congestion
 

hih birth & immigration
cramped, traffic

ancient city centers Ex:
with souks or ______
 

Damascus, Syria
markets

Damascus, Syria=
Nicosia, Beirut=
 

oldest city on Earth
Paris of Middle East
West Bank & Gaza Strip=
 
Israel vs. Palestine
______ conflict(some want independence)
 
Kurdish
______ fundamentalism in _______ (not enough religion in govt. for some)
 
Islamic, Turkey
________ refugees in ______
 
Palestinian, Jordan
environmental issues- water ______, _________
 
scarcity, overgrazing

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