Word Roots, Prefixes, Suffixes, And Combining Forms

431 cards

It is an identification guide to let you break down words and understand their roots. If you are ever given a disease and you have no idea what it is, break the words of the disease down into its roots and you will be able to say what the disease is and where it causes the problems. :)


 
  
Created Sep 1, 2008
by
mdfiguer

 

 
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1
a-, an-
 
absence or lack eg. acardia: lack of a heart eg. anaerobic: in the absence of oxygen
2
ab-
 
departing from/away from eg. abnormal: departing from normal
3
acou-
 
hearing eg. acoustics: the science of sound
4
ac-, acro-
 
extreme or extremity; peak eg. acrodermatitis: inflammation of the skin of the extremities
5
ad-
 
to or toward eg. adorbital: toward the orbit
6
aden-, adeno-
 
gland eg. adeniform: resembling a gland in shape
7
adren-
 
toward the kidney eg. adrenal gland: adjacent to the kidney
8
aero-
 
air eg. aerobic respiration: oxygen-requiring metabolism
9
af-
 
toward eg. afferent neurons: which carry impulses to central nervous system
10
agon-
 
contest eg. agonistic and antagonistic muscles: oppose each other
11
alb-
 
white eg. corpus albicans of the ovary: a white scar tissue
12
aliment-
 
nourish eg. alimentary canal, or digestive track
13
allel-
 
of one another eg. alleles: alternative expression of a gene
14
amphi-
 
on both sides; of both kinds eg. amphibian: an organism capable of living in water and on...
15
ana-
 
apart, up, again eg. anaphase of mitosis: when the chromosomes separate
16
anastomos-
 
come together eg. arteriovenous anastomosis: a connection between an artery and a vein
17
aneurysm
 
a widening eg. aortic aneurysm: a weak spot that causes enlargement of the blood vessel
18
angi-
 
vessel eg. angiitis: inflammation of a lymph vessel or blood vessel
19
angin-
 
choked eg. angina pectoris: a choked feeling in the chest due to dysfunction of the heart
20
ant-, anti-
 
opposed to; preventing; or inhibiting eg. anticoagulant: a substance that prevents blood coagulation.
21
ante-
 
precending; before eg. antecubital: in front of the elbow
22
aort-
 
great artery eg. aorta
23
ap-, api-
 
tip; extremity eg. apex of the heart
24
append-
 
hang to eg. appendicular skeleton
25
aqua-, aque-
 
water eg. aqueous solutions
26
arbor-
 
tree eg. arbor vitae of the cerebellum: the treelike pattern of white matter
27
areola-
 
open space eg. areolar connective tissue: a loose connective tissue
28
arrect-
 
upright eg. arrector pili muscles of the skin: which make the hairs stand erect
29
arthr-, arthro-
 
joint eg. arthropathy: any joint disease
30
artic-
 
joint eg. articular surfaces of bones: the points of connection
31
atri-
 
vestibule eg. atria: upper chambers of the heart
32
auscult-
 
listen eg. auscultatory method for measuring blood pressure
33
aut-, auto-
 
self eg. autogenous: self-generated
34
ax-, axi-, axo-
 
axis, axle eg. axial skeleton: asix of vertebral column
35
azyg-
 
unpaired eg. azygous vein: an unpair vessel
36
baro-
 
pressure eg. baroreceptors for monotoring blood pressure
37
basal
 
base eg. basal lamina of epithelial basement membrane
38
bi-
 
two eg. bicuspid: having two cusps
39
bili-
 
bile eg. bilirubin: a bile pigment
40
bio-
 
life eg. biology: the study of life and living organisms
41
blast-
 
bud or germ eg. blastocyte: undifferentiated embryonic cell
42
brachi-
 
arm eg. brachial plexus of peripheral nervous system supplies the arm
43
brady-
 
slow eg. bradycardia: abnormaly slow heart rate
44
brev-
 
short eg. peroneus brevis: a short leg muscle
45
broncho-
 
bronchus eg. brochospasm: spasmodic contraction of bronchial muscle
46
bucco-
 
cheek eg. buccolabial: pertaining to the cheek and lip
47
calor-
 
heat eg. calories: a measure of energy
48
capill-
 
hair eg. blood and lymph capillaries
49
caput-
 
head eg. decapitate: remove the head
50
carcin-
 
cancer eg. carcinogen: a cancer-causing agent
51
cardi-, cardio-
 
heart eg. cardiotoxic: harmful to the heart
52
carneo-
 
flesh eg. traveculae carneae: ridges of muscle in the ventricles of the heart
53
carot-
 
(1) carrot; (2) stupor (1) eg. carotene: an orange pigment (2) eg. carotid arteries in the...
54
cata-
 
down eg. carabolism: chemical breakdown
55
caud-
 
tail eg. caudal (directional term)
56
cec-
 
blind eg. cecum of large instestine: a blind-ended pouch
57
cele-
 
abdominal eg. celiac artery: in the abdomen
58
cephal-
 
head eg. cephalometer: an instrument for measuring the head
59
cerebro-
 
brain, especially the cerebrum eg. cerebrospinal: pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
60
cervic-, cervix
 
neck eg. cervix of the uterus
61
chiasm-
 
crossing eg. optic chiasma: where optic nerves cross
62
chole-
 
bile eg. cholesterol; cholecystokinin: a bile-secreting hormone
63
chondr-
 
cartilage eg. chondrogenic: giving rise to cartilage
64
chrom-
 
colored eg. chromosome: so named because they stain darkly
65
cili-
 
small hair eg. ciliated epithelium
66
circum-
 
around eg. circumnuclear: around the nucleus
67
clavic-
 
key eg. clavicle: a "skeleton key"
68
co-, con-
 
together eg. concentric; common center: together in the center
69
coccy-
 
cuckoo eg. coccyx: which is beak-shaped
70
cochlea
 
snail shell eg. the cochlea of the inner ear: which is coiled like a snail shell
71
coel-
 
hollow eg. coelom: the ventral body cavity
72
commis-
 
united eg. gray commissure of the spinal cord connects the two columns of gray matter
73
concha
 
shell eg. nasal conchae: coiled shelves of bone in the nasal cavity
74
corn-, cornu-
 
horn eg. stratum corneum: outer layer of the skin composed of (horny) cells
75
corona
 
crown eg. coronal suture of the skull
76
corp-
 
body eg. corpse; corpus luteum: hormone-secreting body in the ovary
77
cort-
 
bark eg. cortex: the outer layer of the brain, kidney, adrenal glands, and lymph nodes
78
cost-
 
rib eg. intercostal: between the ribs
79
crani-
 
skull eg. craniotomy: a skull operation
80
crypt-
 
hidden eg. cryptomenorrhea: a condition in which menstrual symptoms are experienced but no...
81
cusp-
 
pointed eg. bicuspid, tricuspid valves of the heart
82
cutic-
 
skin eg. cuticle of the nail
83
cyan-
 
blue eg. cyanosis: blue color of the skin due to lack of oxygen
84
cyst-
 
sac, bladder eg. cystitis: inflammation of the urinary bladder
85
cyt-
 
cell eg. cytology: the study of cells
86
de-
 
undoing, reversal, loss, removal eg. deactivation: becoming inactive
87
decid-
 
falling off eg. deciduous (milk) teeth
88
delta
 
triangular eg. deltoid muscle: roughly triangular in shape
89
den-, dent-
 
tooth eg. dentin of the tooth
90
dendr-
 
tree, branch eg. dendrites, telodendria: both branches of a neuron
91
derm-
 
skin eg. dermis: deep layer of the skin
92
desm-
 
bond eg. desmosome: which binds adjacent epithelial cells
93
di-
 
twice, double eg. dimorphism: having two forms
94
dia-
 
through, between eg. diaphragm: the wall through or between two areas
95
dialys-
 
separate, break apart eg. kidney dialysis: in which waste products are removed from the blood
96
diastol-
 
stand apart eg. cardiac diastole: between successive contractions of the heart
97
diure-
 
urinate eg. diuretic: a drug that increases urine output
98
dors-
 
the back eg. dorsal; dorsum; dorsiflexion
99
duc-, duct
 
lead, draw eg. ductus deferens: which carries sperm from the epididymis into the urethra during...
100
dura
 
hard eg. dura mater: tough outer meninx
101
dys-
 
difficult, faulty, painful eg. dyspepsia: disturbed digestion
102
ec-, ex-, ecto-
 
out, outside, away from eg. excrete: to remove materials from the body
103
ectop-
 
displaced eg. ectopic pregnancy; ectopic focus for initiation of heart contraction
104
edem-
 
swelling eg. edema: accumulation of water in body tissues
105
ef-
 
away eg. efferent nerve fibers: which carry impulses away from the central nervous system
106
ejac-
 
to shoot forth eg. ejaculation of semen
107
embol-
 
wedge eg. embolus: an obstructive object traveling in the bloodstream
108
en-, em-
 
in, inside eg. encysted: enclosed in a cyst or capsule
109
enceph-
 
brain eg. encephalitis: inflammation of the brain
110
endo-
 
within, inner eg. endocytosis: taking particles into the cell
111
entero-
 
intestine eg. enterologist: one who specializes in the study of intestinal disorders
112
epi-
 
over, above eg. epidermis: outer layer of skin
113
erythr-
 
red eg. erythema: redness of the skin; erythrocyte: red blood cell
114
eso-
 
within eg. esophagus
115
eu-
 
well eg. euesthesia: a normal state of senses
116
excret-
 
separate eg. excretory system
117
exo-
 
outside, outer layer eg. exophthalmos: an abnormal protrusion of the eye from the orbit
118
extra-
 
outside, beyond eg. extracellular: outside the body cells of an organism
119
extrins-
 
from the outside eg. extrinsic regulation of the heart
120
fasci-, fascia-
 
bundle, band eg. superficial and deep fascia
121
fenestr-
 
window eg. fenestrated capillaries
122
ferr-
 
iron eg. transferrin; ferritin: both iron-storage proteins
123
flagell-
 
whip eg. flagellum: the tail of a sperm cell
124
flat-
 
blow, blown eg. flatulence
125
folli-
 
bag, bellows eg. hair follicle
126
fontan-
 
fountain eg. fontanels of the fetal skull
127
foram-
 
opening eg. foramen magnum of the skull
128
foss-
 
ditch eg. fossa ovalis of the heart; mandibular fossa of the skull
129
gam-, gamet-
 
married, spouse eg. gametes: the sex cells
130
gangli-
 
swelling, or knot dorsal root ganglia of the spinal nerves
131
gastr-
 
stomach eg. gastrin: a hormone that influences gastric acid secretion
132
gene
 
beginning, origin eg. genetics
133
germin-
 
grow eg. germinal epithelium of the gonads
134
gero-, geront-
 
old man eg gerontology: the study of aging
135
gest-
 
carried eg. gestation: the period from conception to birth
136
glauc-
 
gray eg. glaucoma: which causes gradual blindness
137
glom-
 
ball eg. glomeruli: clusters of capillaries in the kidneys
138
glosso-
 
tongue eg. glossophaty: any disease of the tongue
139
gluco-, glyco-
 
gluconeogenesis: the production of glucose from noncarbohydrate molecules
140
glute-
 
buttock eg. gluteus maximus: largest muscle of the buttock
141
gnost-
 
knowing eg. the gnostic sense: a sense of awareness of self
142
gompho-
 
nail eg. gomphosis: the term applied to the joint between the tooth and jaw
143
gon-, gono-
 
seed, offspring eg. gonads: the sex organs
144
gust-
 
taste eg. gustatory sense: the sense of taste
145
hapt-
 
fasten, grasp eg. hapten: a partial antigen
146
hema-, hemato-, hemo-
 
blood eg. hematocyst: a cyst containing blood
147
hemi-
 
half eg. hemiglossal: pertaining to one half of the tongue
148
hepat-
 
liver eg. hepatitis: inflammation of the liver
149
hetero-
 
different or other eg. heterosexuality: sexual desire for a person of the opposite sex
150
hiat-
 
gap eg. the hiatus of the diaphragm: the opening through which the esophagus passes
151
hippo-
 
horse eg. hippocampus of the brain: shaped like a seahorse
152
hirsut-
 
hairy eg. hirsutism: excessive body hair
153
hist-
 
tissue eg. histology: the study of tissues
154
holo-
 
whole eg. holocrine glands: whose secretions are whole cells
155
hom-, homo-
 
same eg. homeoplasia: formation of tissue similar to normal tissue; homocentric: having the...
156
hormon-
 
to excite eg. hormones
157
humor-
 
a fluid eg. humoral immunity: which involves antibodies circulating in the blood
158
hyal-
 
clear eg. hyaline cartilage: which has no visible fibers
159
hydr-, hydro-
 
water eg. dehydration: loss of body water
160
hyper-
 
excess eg. hypertension: excessive tension
161
hypno-
 
sleep eg. hypnosis: a sleep-like state
162
hypo-
 
below, deficient eg. hypodermic: beneath the skin; hypokalemia: deficiency of potassium
163
hyster-, hystero-
 
uterus or womb eg. hysterectoctomy: removal of the uterus: hysterodynia: pain in the womb
164
ile-
 
intestine eg. ileum: the last portion of the small intestine
165
im-
 
not eg. impermiable: not permitting passage, not permeable
166
inter-
 
between eg. intercellular: between the cells
167
intercal-
 
insert eg. intercalated discs: the end membranes between adjacent cardiac muscle cells
168
intra-
 
within, inside eg. intracellular: inside the cell
169
iso-
 
equal, same eg. isothermal: equal or same temperature
170
jugul-
 
throat jugular veins: prominent vessels in the neck
171
juxta-
 
near, close to eg. juxtaglomerular apparatus: a cell cluster next to a glomerulus in the kidneys
172
karyo-
 
kernel, nucleus eg. kayrotype: the asssemblage of the nuclear chromosomes
173
kera-
 
horn eg. keratin: the water-repellent protein in the skin
174
kilo-
 
thousand eg. kilocalories: equal to 1000 calories
175
kin-, kines-
 
move eg. kinetic energy: the energy of motion
176
labi-, labri-
 
lip eg. labial frenulum: the membrane which joins the lip to the bum
177
lact-
 
milk eg. lactose: milk sugar
178
lacun-
 
space, cavity, lake eg. lacunae: the spaces occupied by cells of cartilage and bone tissue
179
lamell-
 
small plate eg. concentric lamellae: rings of bone matrix in compact bone
180
lamina
 
layer, sheet eg. basal lamina: part of the epithelial basement membrane
181
lat-
 
wide latissimus dorsi: a broad muscle of the back
182
laten-
 
hidden eg. latent period of muscle twitch
183
later-
 
side eg. lateral (direction term)
184
leuko-
 
white eg. leukocyte: white blood cell
185
leva-
 
raise, elevate eg. levator labii superioris: muscle that elevates upper lip
186
lingua-
 
tongue eg. lingual tonsil: adjacent to the tongue
187
lip-, lipo-
 
fat, lipid eg. lipophate: a cell that has taken up fat in its cytoplasm
188
lith-
 
stone eg. cholelithiasis: gall stones
189
luci-
 
clear eg. stratum lucidum: clear layer of the epidermis
190
lumen
 
light eg. lumen: center of a hollow structure
191
lut-
 
yellow eg. corpus luteum: a yellow, hormone secreting structure in the ovary
192
lymph
 
water eg. lymphatic circulation: return of clear fluid to the bloodstream
193
macro-
 
large eg. macromolecule: large molecule
194
macula
 
spot eg. macule lutea: yellow spot on the retina
195
magn-
 
large eg. foramen magnum: largest opening of the skull
196
mal-
 
bad, abnormal eg. malfuntion: abnormal functioning of an organ
197
mamm-
 
breast eg. mammary glands: breast
198
mast-
 
breast eg. mastectomy: removal of mammary gland
199
mater
 
mother eg. dura mater, pia mater: membranes that envelop the brain
200
meat-
 
passage eg. external acoustic meatus: the ear canal
201
medi-
 
middle eg. medial (direction term)
202
medull-
 
marrow eg. medulla: the middle portion of the kidney, adrenal gland, and lymph node
203
mega-
 
large eg. megakaryocyte: large precursor cell of platelets
204
meio-
 
less eg. meosis: nuclear division that halves the chromosome number
205
melan-
 
black eg. melanocytes: which secrete the black pigment melanin
206
men-, menstru-
 
month eg. menses: the cyclic menstrual flow
207
meningo-
 
membrane eg. meningitus: inflammation of the membranes of the brain
208
mer-, mero-
 
a part eg. merocrine glands: the secretions of which do not include the cell
209
meso-
 
middle eg. mesoderm: middle germ layer
210
meta-
 
beyond, between, transition eg. metatarsus: the part of the foot between the tarsus and the...
211
metro-
 
uterus eg. endometrium: the lining of the uterus
212
micro-
 
small eg. microscope: an instrument used to make small objects appear larger
213
mictur-
 
urinate eg. micturition: the act of voiding the bladder
214
mito-
 
thread, filament eg. mitochondria: small, filament-like structure located in cells
215
mnem-
 
memory eg. amnesia
216
mono-
 
single eg. monospasm: spasm of a single limb
217
morpho-
 
form eg. morphology: the study of form and structure or organisms
218
multi-
 
many eg. multinuclear: having serveral nuclei
219
mur-
 
wall eg. intramular ganglion: a nerve junction within an organ
220
muta-
 
change eg. mutation: change in the base sequence of DNA
221
myelo-
 
spinal cord, marrow eg. myeloblasts: cells of the bone marrow
222
myo-
 
muscle eg. myocardium: heart muscle
223
nano-
 
dwarf eg. nanometer: one-billionth of a meter
224
narco-
 
numbness eg. narcotic: a drug producing stupor or numbed sensations
225
natri-
 
sodium eg. atrial natriuretic peptic, a sodium-regulating hormone
226
necro-
 
death eg. necrosis: tissue death
227
neo-
 
new eg. neoplasm: an abnormal growth
228
nephro-
 
kidney eg. nephritis: inflammation of the kidney
229
neuro-
 
nerve eg. neurophysiology: the physiology of the nervous system
230
noci-
 
harmful eg. nociceptors: receptors for pain
231
nom-
 
name eg. innominate artery; innominate bone
232
noto-
 
back eg. notochord: the embryonic structure that precedes the vertebral column
233
nucle-
 
pit, kernel, little nut eg. nucleus
234
nutri-
 
feed, nourish eg. nutrition
235
ob-
 
before, against eg. obstruction: impeding or blocking up
236
oculo-
 
eye eg. monocular: pertaining to one eye
237
odonto-
 
teeth eg. orthodontist: one who specializes in proper positioning of the teeth in relation...
238
olfact-
 
smell eg. olfactory nerves
239
oligo-
 
few eg. oligodendrocytes: neurological cells with few branches
240
onco-
 
a mass eg. oncology: the study of cancer
241
oo-
 
egg eg. oocyte: precursor of female gamete
242
ophthalmo-
 
eye eg. ophthalmology: the study of the eyes and related diseases
243
orb-
 
circular eg. orbicularis oculi: muscle that encircles the eye
244
orchi-
 
testis eg. cryptorchidism: failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum
245
org-
 
living eg. organism
246
ortho-
 
straight, direct eg. orthopedic: correction of deformities of the musculoskeletal system
247
osm-
 
smell eg. anosmia: loss of sense of smell
248
osmo-
 
pushing eg. osmosis
249
osteo-
 
bone eg. osteodermia: bony formation in the skin
250
oto-
 
ear eg. otoscope: a device for examining the ear
251
ov-, ovi-
 
egg eg. ovum, oviduct
252
oxy-
 
oxygen eg. oxygenation: the saturation of a substance with oxygen
253
pan-
 
all, universal eg. panacea: a cure-all
254
panpill-
 
nipple eg. dermal papillae: projections of the dermis into the epidermal area
255
para-
 
beside, near eg. paranuclear: beside the nucleus
256
pect-, pectus
 
breast eg. pectoralis major: a large chest muscle
257
pelv-
 
a basin eg. pelvic girdle: which cradles the pelvic organs
258
peni-
 
a tail eg. penis; penile urethra
259
penna-
 
feather eg. unipennate; bipennate muscles: whose fascicles have a feathered appearance
260
pent-
 
five eg. pentose: a 5-carbon sugar
261
pep-, peps-, pept-
 
digest eg. pepsin: a digestive enzyme of the stomach; peptic ulcer
262
per-, permea-
 
through eg. permeate; permeable
263
peri-
 
around eg. perianal: situtated around the anus
264
phago-
 
eat eg. phagocyte: a cells that engulft and digests particles or cells
265
pheno-
 
show, appear eg. phenotype: the physical appearance of an individual
266
phleb-
 
vein eg. phlebitis: inflammation of the veins
267
pia
 
tender eg. pia mater: delicate inner membrane around the brain and spinal cord
268
pili
 
hair eg. arrector pili muscles of the skin, whic make the hairs stand erect
269
pin-, pino-
 
drink eg. pinocytosis: the engulfing of small particles by a cell
270
platy-
 
flat, broad eg. platysma: broad, flat muscle of the neck
271
pleur-
 
side, rib eg. pleural serosa: the membrane that lines the thoracic cavity and covers the lungs
272
plex-, plexus
 
net, network eg. brachial plexus: the network of nerves that supplies the arm
273
pneumo-
 
air, wind eg. pneumothorax: air in the thoracic cavity
274
pod-
 
foot eg. podiatry: the treament of foot disorders
275
poly-
 
multiple eg. polymorphism: multiple forms
276
post-
 
after, behind eg. posterior: places behind (a specific) part
277
pre-, pro-
 
before, ahead of eg. prenatal: before birth
278
procto-
 
rectum, anus eg. proctoscope: an instrument for examining the rectum
279
pron-
 
bent forward eg. prone; pronate
280
propri-
 
one's own eg. proprioception: awareness of body parts and movement
281
pseudo-
 
false eg. pseudotumor: a false tumor
282
psycho-
 
mind, psyche eg. psycogram: a chart of personality traits
283
ptos-
 
fall eg. renal ptosis: a condition in which the kidneys drift below their normal position
284
pub-
 
of the pubis eg. puberty
285
pulmo-
 
lung eg. pulmonary artery: which brings blood to the lungs
286
pyo-
 
pus eg. pyocyst: a cyst that contains pus
287
pyro-
 
fire eg. pyrogen: a substance that induces fever
288
quad-, quadr-
 
four-sided eg. quadratus lumborum: a muscle with a square shape
289
re-
 
back, again eg. reinfect
290
rect-
 
straight eg. rectus abdominis; rectum
291
ren-
 
kidney eg. renal, renin: an enzyme secreted by the kidney
292
retro-
 
backward, behind eg. retrogression: to move backward in development
293
rheum-
 
watery flow, change, or flux eg. rheumatoid arthritis; rheumatic fever
294
rhin-, rhino-
 
nose eg. rhinitis: inflammation of the nose
295
ruga-
 
fold, wrinkle eg. rugae: the folds of the stomach, gallbladder, and urinary bladder
296
sagitt-
 
arrow eg. sagittal (directional term)
297
salta-
 
leap eg. saltatory conduction: the rapid conduction of impulses along myelinated neurons
298
sanguin-
 
blood eg. consaguineous: indicative of a genetic relationship between individuals
299
sarco-
 
flesh eg. sarcomere: unit of contraction in skeletal muscle
300
saphen-
 
visible, clear eg. great saphenous vein: superficial vein of the thigh and leg
301
sclero-
 
hard eg. sclerodermatitis: inflammantory thickening and hardering of the skin
302
seb-
 
grease eg. sebum: the oil of the skin
303
semen
 
seed, sperm eg. semen: the discharge of the male reproductive system
304
semi-
 
half eg. semicircular: having hte form of a half a circle
305
sens-
 
feeling eg. sensation; sensory
306
septi-
 
rotten eg. sepsis, infection, antiseptic
307
septum
 
fence eg. nasal septum
308
sero-
 
serum eg. serological tests: which assess blood conditions
309
serrat-
 
saw eg. serratus anterior: a muscle of the chest wall that has a jagged edge
310
sin-, sino-
 
a hollow eg. sinuses of the skull
311
soma-
 
body eg. somatic nervous system
312
somn-
 
sleep eg. insomnia: inability to sleep
313
sphin-
 
squeeze eg. sphincter
314
splanchn-
 
organ eg. splanchnic nerve: autonomic supply to abdominal viscera
315
spondyl-
 
vertebra eg. ankylosing spondylitis: rheumatoid arthritis affecting the spine
316
squam-
 
scale, flat eg. squamous epithelium; squamous suture of the skull
317
steno-
 
narrow eg. stenocoriasis: narrowing of the pupil
318
strat-
 
layer eg. strata of the epidermis: stratified epithelium
319
stria-
 
furrow, streak eg. striations of skeletal and cardiac muscle tissue
320
stroma
 
spread out eg. stroma: the connective tissue framework of some organs
321
sub-
 
beneath, under eg. sublingual: beneath the tongue
322
sucr-
 
sweet eg. sucrose: table sugar
323
sudor-
 
sweat eg. sudoriferous glands: the sweat glands
324
super-
 
above, upon eg. superior: quality or state of being above others or a part.
325
supra-
 
above, upon eg. supracondylar: above a condyle
326
sym-, syn-
 
together, with eg. synapse: the region of communication between two neurons
327
synerg-
 
work together eg. synergism
328
systol-
 
contraction eg. systole: contraction of the heart
329
tachy-
 
rapid eg. tachycardia, abnormally rapid heartbeat
330
tact-
 
touch eg. tactile sense
331
telo-
 
the end eg. telophase: the end of mitosis
332
templ-, tempo-
 
time eg. temporal summation of nerve impulses
333
tens-
 
stretched eg. muscle tension
334
terti-
 
third eg. fibularis tertius: one of three fibularis muscles
335
tetan-
 
rigid, tense eg. tetanus of muscle
336
therm-
 
heat eg. thermometer: an instrument used to measure heat
337
thromb-
 
clot eg. thrombocyte; thrombus
338
thyro-
 
a shield eg. thyroid gland
339
tissu-
 
woven eg. tissue
340
tono-
 
tension eg. tonicity; hypertonic
341
tox-
 
poison eg. toxicology: the study of poisons
342
trab-
 
beam, timber eg. trabeculae: spicules of bone in spongy bone tissue
343
trans-
 
across, through eg. transpleural: through the pleura
344
trapez-
 
table eg. trapzius: the four-side muscle of the upper back
345
tri-
 
three eg. trifurcation: division into three branches
346
trop-
 
turn, change eg. tropic hormones: whose targets are endocrine glands
347
troph-
 
nourish eg. trophoblast, from which devleops the fetal portion of the placenta
348
tuber-
 
swelling eb. tuberosity: a bump on a bone
349
tunic-
 
covering eg. tunica albuginea: the covering of the testis
350
tympan-
 
drum eg. tympanic membrane: the eardrum
351
ultra-
 
beyond eg. ultraviolet radiation: beyond the band of visible light
352
vacc-
 
cow eg. vaccine
353
vagin-
 
a sheath eg. vagina
354
vagus
 
wanderer eg. the vagus nerve: which starts at the brain and travels into the abdominopelvic...
355
valen-
 
strength eg. valence shells of atoms
356
venter, ventr-
 
abdomen, belly eg. ventral (direction term); ventricle
357
vent-
 
the wind eg. pulmonary ventilation
358
vert-
 
turn eg. vertebral column
359
vestibul-
 
a porch eg. vestibule: the anterior entryway to the mouth and the nose
360
vibr-
 
shake, quiver eg. vibrassae: hairs of the nasal vestibule
361
villus
 
shaggy hair eg. microvilli: which have the appearance of hair in light microscopy
362
viscero-
 
organ, viscera eg. visceroinhibitory: inhibiting the movement of the viscera
363
viscos-
 
sticky eg. viscosity: resistance to flow
364
vita-
 
life eg. vitamin
365
vitre-
 
glass eg. vitreous humor: the clear jelly of the eye
366
viv-
 
live eg. in vivo
367
vulv-
 
a covering eg. vulva: the female external genitalia
368
zyg-
 
a yoke, twin eg. zygote
369
-able
 
able to do, capable of eg. viable: ability to live or exist
370
-ac
 
referring to eg. cardiac: referring to the heart
371
-algia
 
pain in a certain part eg. neuralgia: pain along the course of a nerve
372
-apsi
 
juncture eg. synapse: where two neurons communicate
373
-ary
 
associated with, relating to eg. coronary: associated with the heart
374
-asthen
 
weakness eg. myasthenia gravis: a disease involving paralysis
375
-bryo
 
swollen eg. embryo
376
-cide
 
destroy or kill eg. germicide: an agent that kills germs
377
-cipit
 
head eg. occipital
378
-clast
 
break eg. osteoclast: a cell that dissolves bone matrix
379
-crine
 
separate eg. endorine organs: which secrete hormones into the blood
380
-dips
 
thirst, dry eg. polydispsia: excessive thirst associated with diabetes
381
-ectomy
 
cutting out, surgical removal eg. appendectomy: cutting out of the appendix
382
-ell, -elle
 
small eg. organelle
383
-emia
 
condition of the blood eg. anemia: deficiency of red blood cells
384
-esthesi
 
sensation eg. anesthesia: lack of sensation
385
-ferent
 
carry eg. efferent nerves: nerves carrying impulses away from the CNS
386
-form, -forma
 
shape eg. cribriform plate of the ethmoid plate
387
-fuge
 
driving out eg. vermifuge: a substance that expels worms of the intestine
388
-gen
 
an agent that initiates eg. pathogen: any agent that produces disease
389
-glea, -glia
 
glue eg. neuroglia: the connective tissue of the nervous system
390
-gram
 
data that are systematically reocrded, a record eg. electrocardiogram: a recording showing...
391
-graph
 
an instrument used for recording data or writing eg. electrocardiograph: an instrument used...
392
-ia
 
condition eg. insomnia: condition of not being able to sleep
393
-iatrics
 
medical specialty eg. geriatrics: the branch of medicine dealing with disease associated with...
394
-ism
 
condition eg. hyperthyroidism
395
-itis
 
inflammation eg. gastritis: inflammation of the stomach
396
-lemma
 
sheath, husk eg. sacolemma: the plasma membran of a muscle cell
397
-logy
 
the study of eg. pathology: the study of changes in structure and function brought on by disease
398
-lysis
 
loosing or breaking down eg. hydrolysis: chemical decomposition of a compound into other compounds...
399
-malacia
 
soft eg. osteomalacia: a process leading to bone softening
400
-mania
 
obsession, compulsion eg. erotomania: exaggeration of the sexual passions
401
-nata
 
birth eg. prenatal development
402
-nom
 
govern eg. autonomic nervous system
403
-odyn
 
pain eg. coccygodynia: pain in the regioin of the coccyx
404
-oid
 
like, resembling eg. cuboid: shaped as a cube
405
-oma
 
tumor eg. lymphoma: a tumor of the lymphatic tissue
406
-opia
 
defect of the eye eg. myopia: nearsightedness
407
-ory
 
referring to, of eg. auditory: referring to hearing
408
-pathy
 
disease eg. osteophaty: any disease of the bone
409
-phasia
 
speech eg. aphasia: lack of ability to speak
410
-phil,-philo
 
like, love eg. hydrophilic: water-attracting molecules
411
-phobia
 
fear eg. acrophobia: fear of heights
412
-phragm
 
partition eg. diaphragm: which separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
413
-phylax
 
guard, preserve eg. prophylaxix: to guard in advance, as in preventive treatment
414
-plas
 
grow eg. neoplasia: an abnormal growth
415
-plasm
 
form, shape eg. cytoplasm
416
-plasty
 
reconstruction of a part, plastic surgery eg. rhinoplasty: reconstruction of the nose through...
417
-plegia
 
paralysis eg. paraplegia: paralysis of the lower half of the body or lower limbs
418
-rrhagia
 
abnormal or excessive discharge eg. metrorraghia: uterine hemorrhage
419
-rrhea
 
flow or discharge eg. diarrhea: abnormal emptying of the bowels
420
-scope
 
instrument used for examination eg. stethoscope: instrument used to listen to sounds of parts...
421
-some
 
body eg. chromosome
422
-sorb
 
suck in eg. absorb
423
-stalsis
 
arrest, fixation eg. hemostatis: arrest of bleeding
424
-stitia
 
come to stand eg. interstitial fluid: between the cells
425
-stomy
 
establishment of an artificial opening eg. enterostomy: the formation of an artificial opening...
426
-tegm
 
cover eg. integument
427
-tomy
 
to cut eg. appendectomy: surgical removal of appendix
428
-trud
 
thrust eg. protrude: detrusor muscle
429
-ty
 
condition of, state eg. immunity: condition of being resistant to infection or disease
430
-uria
 
urine eg. polyuria: passage of an excessive amount of urine
431
-zyme
 
ferment eg. enzyme

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