Word Roots, Prefixes, Suffixes, And Combining Forms

It Is An Identification Guide To Let You Break Down Words And Understand Their Roots. If You Are Ever Given A Disease And You Have No Idea What It Is, Break The Words Of The Disease Down Into Its Roots And You Will Be Able To Say What The Disease Is And Where It Causes The Problems. :)
Created Sep 1, 2008
by mdfiguer
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a-, an-
absence or lack eg. acardia: lack of a heart eg. anaerobic: in the absence of oxygen
ab-
departing from/away from eg. abnormal: departing from normal
acou-
hearing eg. acoustics: the science of sound
ac-, acro-
extreme or extremity; peak eg. acrodermatitis: inflammation of the skin of the extremities
ad-
to or toward eg. adorbital: toward the orbit
aden-, adeno-
gland eg. adeniform: resembling a gland in shape
adren-
toward the kidney eg. adrenal gland: adjacent to the kidney
aero-
air eg. aerobic respiration: oxygen-requiring metabolism
af-
toward eg. afferent neurons: which carry impulses to central nervous system
agon-
contest eg. agonistic and antagonistic muscles: oppose each other
alb-
white eg. corpus albicans of the ovary: a white scar tissue
aliment-
nourish eg. alimentary canal, or digestive track
allel-
of one another eg. alleles: alternative expression of a gene
amphi-
on both sides; of both kinds eg. amphibian: an organism capable of living in water and on...
ana-
apart, up, again eg. anaphase of mitosis: when the chromosomes separate
anastomos-
come together eg. arteriovenous anastomosis: a connection between an artery and a vein
aneurysm
a widening eg. aortic aneurysm: a weak spot that causes enlargement of the blood vessel
angi-
vessel eg. angiitis: inflammation of a lymph vessel or blood vessel
angin-
choked eg. angina pectoris: a choked feeling in the chest due to dysfunction of the heart
ant-, anti-
opposed to; preventing; or inhibiting eg. anticoagulant: a substance that prevents blood coagulation.
ante-
precending; before eg. antecubital: in front of the elbow
aort-
great artery eg. aorta
ap-, api-
tip; extremity eg. apex of the heart
append-
hang to eg. appendicular skeleton
aqua-, aque-
water eg. aqueous solutions
arbor-
tree eg. arbor vitae of the cerebellum: the treelike pattern of white matter
areola-
open space eg. areolar connective tissue: a loose connective tissue
arrect-
upright eg. arrector pili muscles of the skin: which make the hairs stand erect
arthr-, arthro-
joint eg. arthropathy: any joint disease
artic-
joint eg. articular surfaces of bones: the points of connection
atri-
vestibule eg. atria: upper chambers of the heart
auscult-
listen eg. auscultatory method for measuring blood pressure
aut-, auto-
self eg. autogenous: self-generated
ax-, axi-, axo-
axis, axle eg. axial skeleton: asix of vertebral column
azyg-
unpaired eg. azygous vein: an unpair vessel
baro-
pressure eg. baroreceptors for monotoring blood pressure
basal
base eg. basal lamina of epithelial basement membrane
bi-
two eg. bicuspid: having two cusps
bili-
bile eg. bilirubin: a bile pigment
bio-
life eg. biology: the study of life and living organisms
blast-
bud or germ eg. blastocyte: undifferentiated embryonic cell
brachi-
arm eg. brachial plexus of peripheral nervous system supplies the arm
brady-
slow eg. bradycardia: abnormaly slow heart rate
brev-
short eg. peroneus brevis: a short leg muscle
broncho-
bronchus eg. brochospasm: spasmodic contraction of bronchial muscle
bucco-
cheek eg. buccolabial: pertaining to the cheek and lip
calor-
heat eg. calories: a measure of energy
capill-
hair eg. blood and lymph capillaries
caput-
head eg. decapitate: remove the head
carcin-
cancer eg. carcinogen: a cancer-causing agent
cardi-, cardio-
heart eg. cardiotoxic: harmful to the heart
carneo-
flesh eg. traveculae carneae: ridges of muscle in the ventricles of the heart
carot-
(1) carrot; (2) stupor (1) eg. carotene: an orange pigment (2) eg. carotid arteries in the...
cata-
down eg. carabolism: chemical breakdown
caud-
tail eg. caudal (directional term)
cec-
blind eg. cecum of large instestine: a blind-ended pouch
cele-
abdominal eg. celiac artery: in the abdomen
cephal-
head eg. cephalometer: an instrument for measuring the head
cerebro-
brain, especially the cerebrum eg. cerebrospinal: pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
cervic-, cervix
neck eg. cervix of the uterus
chiasm-
crossing eg. optic chiasma: where optic nerves cross
chole-
bile eg. cholesterol; cholecystokinin: a bile-secreting hormone
chondr-
cartilage eg. chondrogenic: giving rise to cartilage
chrom-
colored eg. chromosome: so named because they stain darkly
cili-
small hair eg. ciliated epithelium
circum-
around eg. circumnuclear: around the nucleus
clavic-
key eg. clavicle: a "skeleton key"
co-, con-
together eg. concentric; common center: together in the center
coccy-
cuckoo eg. coccyx: which is beak-shaped
cochlea
snail shell eg. the cochlea of the inner ear: which is coiled like a snail shell
coel-
hollow eg. coelom: the ventral body cavity
commis-
united eg. gray commissure of the spinal cord connects the two columns of gray matter
concha
shell eg. nasal conchae: coiled shelves of bone in the nasal cavity
corn-, cornu-
horn eg. stratum corneum: outer layer of the skin composed of (horny) cells
corona
crown eg. coronal suture of the skull
corp-
body eg. corpse; corpus luteum: hormone-secreting body in the ovary
cort-
bark eg. cortex: the outer layer of the brain, kidney, adrenal glands, and lymph nodes
cost-
rib eg. intercostal: between the ribs
crani-
skull eg. craniotomy: a skull operation
crypt-
hidden eg. cryptomenorrhea: a condition in which menstrual symptoms are experienced but no...
cusp-
pointed eg. bicuspid, tricuspid valves of the heart
cutic-
skin eg. cuticle of the nail
cyan-
blue eg. cyanosis: blue color of the skin due to lack of oxygen
cyst-
sac, bladder eg. cystitis: inflammation of the urinary bladder
cyt-
cell eg. cytology: the study of cells
de-
undoing, reversal, loss, removal eg. deactivation: becoming inactive
decid-
falling off eg. deciduous (milk) teeth
delta
triangular eg. deltoid muscle: roughly triangular in shape
den-, dent-
tooth eg. dentin of the tooth
dendr-
tree, branch eg. dendrites, telodendria: both branches of a neuron
derm-
skin eg. dermis: deep layer of the skin
desm-
bond eg. desmosome: which binds adjacent epithelial cells
di-
twice, double eg. dimorphism: having two forms
dia-
through, between eg. diaphragm: the wall through or between two areas
dialys-
separate, break apart eg. kidney dialysis: in which waste products are removed from the blood
diastol-
stand apart eg. cardiac diastole: between successive contractions of the heart
diure-
urinate eg. diuretic: a drug that increases urine output
dors-
the back eg. dorsal; dorsum; dorsiflexion
duc-, duct
lead, draw eg. ductus deferens: which carries sperm from the epididymis into the urethra during...
dura
hard eg. dura mater: tough outer meninx
dys-
difficult, faulty, painful eg. dyspepsia: disturbed digestion
ec-, ex-, ecto-
out, outside, away from eg. excrete: to remove materials from the body
ectop-
displaced eg. ectopic pregnancy; ectopic focus for initiation of heart contraction
edem-
swelling eg. edema: accumulation of water in body tissues
ef-
away eg. efferent nerve fibers: which carry impulses away from the central nervous system
ejac-
to shoot forth eg. ejaculation of semen
embol-
wedge eg. embolus: an obstructive object traveling in the bloodstream
en-, em-
in, inside eg. encysted: enclosed in a cyst or capsule
enceph-
brain eg. encephalitis: inflammation of the brain
endo-
within, inner eg. endocytosis: taking particles into the cell
entero-
intestine eg. enterologist: one who specializes in the study of intestinal disorders
epi-
over, above eg. epidermis: outer layer of skin
erythr-
red eg. erythema: redness of the skin; erythrocyte: red blood cell
eso-
within eg. esophagus
eu-
well eg. euesthesia: a normal state of senses
excret-
separate eg. excretory system
exo-
outside, outer layer eg. exophthalmos: an abnormal protrusion of the eye from the orbit
extra-
outside, beyond eg. extracellular: outside the body cells of an organism
extrins-
from the outside eg. extrinsic regulation of the heart
fasci-, fascia-
bundle, band eg. superficial and deep fascia
fenestr-
window eg. fenestrated capillaries
ferr-
iron eg. transferrin; ferritin: both iron-storage proteins
flagell-
whip eg. flagellum: the tail of a sperm cell
flat-
blow, blown eg. flatulence
folli-
bag, bellows eg. hair follicle
fontan-
fountain eg. fontanels of the fetal skull
foram-
opening eg. foramen magnum of the skull
foss-
ditch eg. fossa ovalis of the heart; mandibular fossa of the skull
gam-, gamet-
married, spouse eg. gametes: the sex cells
gangli-
swelling, or knot dorsal root ganglia of the spinal nerves
gastr-
stomach eg. gastrin: a hormone that influences gastric acid secretion
gene
beginning, origin eg. genetics
germin-
grow eg. germinal epithelium of the gonads
gero-, geront-
old man eg gerontology: the study of aging
gest-
carried eg. gestation: the period from conception to birth
glauc-
gray eg. glaucoma: which causes gradual blindness
glom-
ball eg. glomeruli: clusters of capillaries in the kidneys
glosso-
tongue eg. glossophaty: any disease of the tongue
gluco-, glyco-
gluconeogenesis: the production of glucose from noncarbohydrate molecules
glute-
buttock eg. gluteus maximus: largest muscle of the buttock
gnost-
knowing eg. the gnostic sense: a sense of awareness of self
gompho-
nail eg. gomphosis: the term applied to the joint between the tooth and jaw
gon-, gono-
seed, offspring eg. gonads: the sex organs
gust-
taste eg. gustatory sense: the sense of taste
hapt-
fasten, grasp eg. hapten: a partial antigen
hema-, hemato-, hemo-
blood eg. hematocyst: a cyst containing blood
hemi-
half eg. hemiglossal: pertaining to one half of the tongue
hepat-
liver eg. hepatitis: inflammation of the liver
hetero-
different or other eg. heterosexuality: sexual desire for a person of the opposite sex
hiat-
gap eg. the hiatus of the diaphragm: the opening through which the esophagus passes
hippo-
horse eg. hippocampus of the brain: shaped like a seahorse
hirsut-
hairy eg. hirsutism: excessive body hair
hist-
tissue eg. histology: the study of tissues
holo-
whole eg. holocrine glands: whose secretions are whole cells
hom-, homo-
same eg. homeoplasia: formation of tissue similar to normal tissue; homocentric: having the...
hormon-
to excite eg. hormones
humor-
a fluid eg. humoral immunity: which involves antibodies circulating in the blood
hyal-
clear eg. hyaline cartilage: which has no visible fibers
hydr-, hydro-
water eg. dehydration: loss of body water
hyper-
excess eg. hypertension: excessive tension
hypno-
sleep eg. hypnosis: a sleep-like state
hypo-
below, deficient eg. hypodermic: beneath the skin; hypokalemia: deficiency of potassium
hyster-, hystero-
uterus or womb eg. hysterectoctomy: removal of the uterus: hysterodynia: pain in the womb
ile-
intestine eg. ileum: the last portion of the small intestine
im-
not eg. impermiable: not permitting passage, not permeable
inter-
between eg. intercellular: between the cells
intercal-
insert eg. intercalated discs: the end membranes between adjacent cardiac muscle cells
intra-
within, inside eg. intracellular: inside the cell
iso-
equal, same eg. isothermal: equal or same temperature
jugul-
throat jugular veins: prominent vessels in the neck
juxta-
near, close to eg. juxtaglomerular apparatus: a cell cluster next to a glomerulus in the kidneys
karyo-
kernel, nucleus eg. kayrotype: the asssemblage of the nuclear chromosomes
kera-
horn eg. keratin: the water-repellent protein in the skin
kilo-
thousand eg. kilocalories: equal to 1000 calories
kin-, kines-
move eg. kinetic energy: the energy of motion
labi-, labri-
lip eg. labial frenulum: the membrane which joins the lip to the bum
lact-
milk eg. lactose: milk sugar
lacun-
space, cavity, lake eg. lacunae: the spaces occupied by cells of cartilage and bone tissue
lamell-
small plate eg. concentric lamellae: rings of bone matrix in compact bone
lamina
layer, sheet eg. basal lamina: part of the epithelial basement membrane
lat-
wide latissimus dorsi: a broad muscle of the back
laten-
hidden eg. latent period of muscle twitch
later-
side eg. lateral (direction term)
leuko-
white eg. leukocyte: white blood cell
leva-
raise, elevate eg. levator labii superioris: muscle that elevates upper lip
lingua-
tongue eg. lingual tonsil: adjacent to the tongue
lip-, lipo-
fat, lipid eg. lipophate: a cell that has taken up fat in its cytoplasm
lith-
stone eg. cholelithiasis: gall stones
luci-
clear eg. stratum lucidum: clear layer of the epidermis
lumen
light eg. lumen: center of a hollow structure
lut-
yellow eg. corpus luteum: a yellow, hormone secreting structure in the ovary
lymph
water eg. lymphatic circulation: return of clear fluid to the bloodstream
macro-
large eg. macromolecule: large molecule
macula
spot eg. macule lutea: yellow spot on the retina
magn-
large eg. foramen magnum: largest opening of the skull
mal-
bad, abnormal eg. malfuntion: abnormal functioning of an organ
mamm-
breast eg. mammary glands: breast
mast-
breast eg. mastectomy: removal of mammary gland
mater
mother eg. dura mater, pia mater: membranes that envelop the brain
meat-
passage eg. external acoustic meatus: the ear canal
medi-
middle eg. medial (direction term)
medull-
marrow eg. medulla: the middle portion of the kidney, adrenal gland, and lymph node
mega-
large eg. megakaryocyte: large precursor cell of platelets
meio-
less eg. meosis: nuclear division that halves the chromosome number
melan-
black eg. melanocytes: which secrete the black pigment melanin
men-, menstru-
month eg. menses: the cyclic menstrual flow
meningo-
membrane eg. meningitus: inflammation of the membranes of the brain
mer-, mero-
a part eg. merocrine glands: the secretions of which do not include the cell
meso-
middle eg. mesoderm: middle germ layer
meta-
beyond, between, transition eg. metatarsus: the part of the foot between the tarsus and the...
metro-
uterus eg. endometrium: the lining of the uterus
micro-
small eg. microscope: an instrument used to make small objects appear larger
mictur-
urinate eg. micturition: the act of voiding the bladder
mito-
thread, filament eg. mitochondria: small, filament-like structure located in cells
mnem-
memory eg. amnesia
mono-
single eg. monospasm: spasm of a single limb
morpho-
form eg. morphology: the study of form and structure or organisms
multi-
many eg. multinuclear: having serveral nuclei
mur-
wall eg. intramular ganglion: a nerve junction within an organ
muta-
change eg. mutation: change in the base sequence of DNA
myelo-
spinal cord, marrow eg. myeloblasts: cells of the bone marrow
myo-
muscle eg. myocardium: heart muscle
nano-
dwarf eg. nanometer: one-billionth of a meter
narco-
numbness eg. narcotic: a drug producing stupor or numbed sensations
natri-
sodium eg. atrial natriuretic peptic, a sodium-regulating hormone
necro-
death eg. necrosis: tissue death
neo-
new eg. neoplasm: an abnormal growth
nephro-
kidney eg. nephritis: inflammation of the kidney
neuro-
nerve eg. neurophysiology: the physiology of the nervous system
noci-
harmful eg. nociceptors: receptors for pain
nom-
name eg. innominate artery; innominate bone
noto-
back eg. notochord: the embryonic structure that precedes the vertebral column
nucle-
pit, kernel, little nut eg. nucleus
nutri-
feed, nourish eg. nutrition
ob-
before, against eg. obstruction: impeding or blocking up
oculo-
eye eg. monocular: pertaining to one eye
odonto-
teeth eg. orthodontist: one who specializes in proper positioning of the teeth in relation...
olfact-
smell eg. olfactory nerves
oligo-
few eg. oligodendrocytes: neurological cells with few branches
onco-
a mass eg. oncology: the study of cancer
oo-
egg eg. oocyte: precursor of female gamete
ophthalmo-
eye eg. ophthalmology: the study of the eyes and related diseases
orb-
circular eg. orbicularis oculi: muscle that encircles the eye
orchi-
testis eg. cryptorchidism: failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum
org-
living eg. organism
ortho-
straight, direct eg. orthopedic: correction of deformities of the musculoskeletal system
osm-
smell eg. anosmia: loss of sense of smell
osmo-
pushing eg. osmosis
osteo-
bone eg. osteodermia: bony formation in the skin
oto-
ear eg. otoscope: a device for examining the ear
ov-, ovi-
egg eg. ovum, oviduct
oxy-
oxygen eg. oxygenation: the saturation of a substance with oxygen
pan-
all, universal eg. panacea: a cure-all
panpill-
nipple eg. dermal papillae: projections of the dermis into the epidermal area
para-
beside, near eg. paranuclear: beside the nucleus
pect-, pectus
breast eg. pectoralis major: a large chest muscle
pelv-
a basin eg. pelvic girdle: which cradles the pelvic organs
peni-
a tail eg. penis; penile urethra
penna-
feather eg. unipennate; bipennate muscles: whose fascicles have a feathered appearance
pent-
five eg. pentose: a 5-carbon sugar
pep-, peps-, pept-
digest eg. pepsin: a digestive enzyme of the stomach; peptic ulcer
per-, permea-
through eg. permeate; permeable
peri-
around eg. perianal: situtated around the anus
phago-
eat eg. phagocyte: a cells that engulft and digests particles or cells
pheno-
show, appear eg. phenotype: the physical appearance of an individual
phleb-
vein eg. phlebitis: inflammation of the veins
pia
tender eg. pia mater: delicate inner membrane around the brain and spinal cord
pili
hair eg. arrector pili muscles of the skin, whic make the hairs stand erect
pin-, pino-
drink eg. pinocytosis: the engulfing of small particles by a cell
platy-
flat, broad eg. platysma: broad, flat muscle of the neck
pleur-
side, rib eg. pleural serosa: the membrane that lines the thoracic cavity and covers the lungs
plex-, plexus
net, network eg. brachial plexus: the network of nerves that supplies the arm
pneumo-
air, wind eg. pneumothorax: air in the thoracic cavity
pod-
foot eg. podiatry: the treament of foot disorders
poly-
multiple eg. polymorphism: multiple forms
post-
after, behind eg. posterior: places behind (a specific) part
pre-, pro-
before, ahead of eg. prenatal: before birth
procto-
rectum, anus eg. proctoscope: an instrument for examining the rectum
pron-
bent forward eg. prone; pronate
propri-
one's own eg. proprioception: awareness of body parts and movement
pseudo-
false eg. pseudotumor: a false tumor
psycho-
mind, psyche eg. psycogram: a chart of personality traits
ptos-
fall eg. renal ptosis: a condition in which the kidneys drift below their normal position
pub-
of the pubis eg. puberty
pulmo-
lung eg. pulmonary artery: which brings blood to the lungs
pyo-
pus eg. pyocyst: a cyst that contains pus
pyro-
fire eg. pyrogen: a substance that induces fever
quad-, quadr-
four-sided eg. quadratus lumborum: a muscle with a square shape
re-
back, again eg. reinfect
rect-
straight eg. rectus abdominis; rectum
ren-
kidney eg. renal, renin: an enzyme secreted by the kidney
retro-
backward, behind eg. retrogression: to move backward in development
rheum-
watery flow, change, or flux eg. rheumatoid arthritis; rheumatic fever
rhin-, rhino-
nose eg. rhinitis: inflammation of the nose
ruga-
fold, wrinkle eg. rugae: the folds of the stomach, gallbladder, and urinary bladder
sagitt-
arrow eg. sagittal (directional term)
salta-
leap eg. saltatory conduction: the rapid conduction of impulses along myelinated neurons
sanguin-
blood eg. consaguineous: indicative of a genetic relationship between individuals
sarco-
flesh eg. sarcomere: unit of contraction in skeletal muscle
saphen-
visible, clear eg. great saphenous vein: superficial vein of the thigh and leg
sclero-
hard eg. sclerodermatitis: inflammantory thickening and hardering of the skin
seb-
grease eg. sebum: the oil of the skin
semen
seed, sperm eg. semen: the discharge of the male reproductive system
semi-
half eg. semicircular: having hte form of a half a circle
sens-
feeling eg. sensation; sensory
septi-
rotten eg. sepsis, infection, antiseptic
septum
fence eg. nasal septum
sero-
serum eg. serological tests: which assess blood conditions
serrat-
saw eg. serratus anterior: a muscle of the chest wall that has a jagged edge
sin-, sino-
a hollow eg. sinuses of the skull
soma-
body eg. somatic nervous system
somn-
sleep eg. insomnia: inability to sleep
sphin-
squeeze eg. sphincter
splanchn-
organ eg. splanchnic nerve: autonomic supply to abdominal viscera
spondyl-
vertebra eg. ankylosing spondylitis: rheumatoid arthritis affecting the spine
squam-
scale, flat eg. squamous epithelium; squamous suture of the skull
steno-
narrow eg. stenocoriasis: narrowing of the pupil
strat-
layer eg. strata of the epidermis: stratified epithelium
stria-
furrow, streak eg. striations of skeletal and cardiac muscle tissue
stroma
spread out eg. stroma: the connective tissue framework of some organs
sub-
beneath, under eg. sublingual: beneath the tongue
sucr-
sweet eg. sucrose: table sugar
sudor-
sweat eg. sudoriferous glands: the sweat glands
super-
above, upon eg. superior: quality or state of being above others or a part.
supra-
above, upon eg. supracondylar: above a condyle
sym-, syn-
together, with eg. synapse: the region of communication between two neurons
synerg-
work together eg. synergism
systol-
contraction eg. systole: contraction of the heart
tachy-
rapid eg. tachycardia, abnormally rapid heartbeat
tact-
touch eg. tactile sense
telo-
the end eg. telophase: the end of mitosis
templ-, tempo-
time eg. temporal summation of nerve impulses
tens-
stretched eg. muscle tension
terti-
third eg. fibularis tertius: one of three fibularis muscles
tetan-
rigid, tense eg. tetanus of muscle
therm-
heat eg. thermometer: an instrument used to measure heat
thromb-
clot eg. thrombocyte; thrombus
thyro-
a shield eg. thyroid gland
tissu-
woven eg. tissue
tono-
tension eg. tonicity; hypertonic
tox-
poison eg. toxicology: the study of poisons
trab-
beam, timber eg. trabeculae: spicules of bone in spongy bone tissue
trans-
across, through eg. transpleural: through the pleura
trapez-
table eg. trapzius: the four-side muscle of the upper back
tri-
three eg. trifurcation: division into three branches
trop-
turn, change eg. tropic hormones: whose targets are endocrine glands
troph-
nourish eg. trophoblast, from which devleops the fetal portion of the placenta
tuber-
swelling eb. tuberosity: a bump on a bone
tunic-
covering eg. tunica albuginea: the covering of the testis
tympan-
drum eg. tympanic membrane: the eardrum
ultra-
beyond eg. ultraviolet radiation: beyond the band of visible light
vacc-
cow eg. vaccine
vagin-
a sheath eg. vagina
vagus
wanderer eg. the vagus nerve: which starts at the brain and travels into the abdominopelvic...
valen-
strength eg. valence shells of atoms
venter, ventr-
abdomen, belly eg. ventral (direction term); ventricle
vent-
the wind eg. pulmonary ventilation
vert-
turn eg. vertebral column
vestibul-
a porch eg. vestibule: the anterior entryway to the mouth and the nose
vibr-
shake, quiver eg. vibrassae: hairs of the nasal vestibule
villus
shaggy hair eg. microvilli: which have the appearance of hair in light microscopy
viscero-
organ, viscera eg. visceroinhibitory: inhibiting the movement of the viscera
viscos-
sticky eg. viscosity: resistance to flow
vita-
life eg. vitamin
vitre-
glass eg. vitreous humor: the clear jelly of the eye
viv-
live eg. in vivo
vulv-
a covering eg. vulva: the female external genitalia
zyg-
a yoke, twin eg. zygote
-able
able to do, capable of eg. viable: ability to live or exist
-ac
referring to eg. cardiac: referring to the heart
-algia
pain in a certain part eg. neuralgia: pain along the course of a nerve
-apsi
juncture eg. synapse: where two neurons communicate
-ary
associated with, relating to eg. coronary: associated with the heart
-asthen
weakness eg. myasthenia gravis: a disease involving paralysis
-bryo
swollen eg. embryo
-cide
destroy or kill eg. germicide: an agent that kills germs
-cipit
head eg. occipital
-clast
break eg. osteoclast: a cell that dissolves bone matrix
-crine
separate eg. endorine organs: which secrete hormones into the blood
-dips
thirst, dry eg. polydispsia: excessive thirst associated with diabetes
-ectomy
cutting out, surgical removal eg. appendectomy: cutting out of the appendix
-ell, -elle
small eg. organelle
-emia
condition of the blood eg. anemia: deficiency of red blood cells
-esthesi
sensation eg. anesthesia: lack of sensation
-ferent
carry eg. efferent nerves: nerves carrying impulses away from the CNS
-form, -forma
shape eg. cribriform plate of the ethmoid plate
-fuge
driving out eg. vermifuge: a substance that expels worms of the intestine
-gen
an agent that initiates eg. pathogen: any agent that produces disease
-glea, -glia
glue eg. neuroglia: the connective tissue of the nervous system
-gram
data that are systematically reocrded, a record eg. electrocardiogram: a recording showing...
-graph
an instrument used for recording data or writing eg. electrocardiograph: an instrument used...
-ia
condition eg. insomnia: condition of not being able to sleep
-iatrics
medical specialty eg. geriatrics: the branch of medicine dealing with disease associated with...
-ism
condition eg. hyperthyroidism
-itis
inflammation eg. gastritis: inflammation of the stomach
-lemma
sheath, husk eg. sacolemma: the plasma membran of a muscle cell
-logy
the study of eg. pathology: the study of changes in structure and function brought on by disease
-lysis
loosing or breaking down eg. hydrolysis: chemical decomposition of a compound into other compounds...
-malacia
soft eg. osteomalacia: a process leading to bone softening
-mania
obsession, compulsion eg. erotomania: exaggeration of the sexual passions
-nata
birth eg. prenatal development
-nom
govern eg. autonomic nervous system
-odyn
pain eg. coccygodynia: pain in the regioin of the coccyx
-oid
like, resembling eg. cuboid: shaped as a cube
-oma
tumor eg. lymphoma: a tumor of the lymphatic tissue
-opia
defect of the eye eg. myopia: nearsightedness
-ory
referring to, of eg. auditory: referring to hearing
-pathy
disease eg. osteophaty: any disease of the bone
-phasia
speech eg. aphasia: lack of ability to speak
-phil,-philo
like, love eg. hydrophilic: water-attracting molecules
-phobia
fear eg. acrophobia: fear of heights
-phragm
partition eg. diaphragm: which separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
-phylax
guard, preserve eg. prophylaxix: to guard in advance, as in preventive treatment
-plas
grow eg. neoplasia: an abnormal growth
-plasm
form, shape eg. cytoplasm
-plasty
reconstruction of a part, plastic surgery eg. rhinoplasty: reconstruction of the nose through...
-plegia
paralysis eg. paraplegia: paralysis of the lower half of the body or lower limbs
-rrhagia
abnormal or excessive discharge eg. metrorraghia: uterine hemorrhage
-rrhea
flow or discharge eg. diarrhea: abnormal emptying of the bowels
-scope
instrument used for examination eg. stethoscope: instrument used to listen to sounds of parts...
-some
body eg. chromosome
-sorb
suck in eg. absorb
-stalsis
arrest, fixation eg. hemostatis: arrest of bleeding
-stitia
come to stand eg. interstitial fluid: between the cells
-stomy
establishment of an artificial opening eg. enterostomy: the formation of an artificial opening...
-tegm
cover eg. integument
-tomy
to cut eg. appendectomy: surgical removal of appendix
-trud
thrust eg. protrude: detrusor muscle
-ty
condition of, state eg. immunity: condition of being resistant to infection or disease
-uria
urine eg. polyuria: passage of an excessive amount of urine
-zyme
ferment eg. enzyme

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