Western Civ Final

89 cards

SJU Western Civ 1 final


 
  
Created Jun 21, 2010
by
dr478988

 

 
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1
Basil II
 
Destroyed power in Byzantine Empire
2
Saints Cyril and Methodius
 
Introduced Cyrillic alphabet 
3
Emperor Alexius
 
called for help w/ W. Turks
4
Pope Urban II
 
called for crusade
5
1st Crusade
 
capture of Jerusalem
6
Saladin
 
muslim leader responsible for uniting Egypt and syria
7
Richard the Lionheart
 
english king who led the 3rd crusade
8
4th Crusade
 
led to the Sack of Constantinople
9
Emperor Frederick II 
 
Negotiates with Muslims for control over Jerusalem for 10 years
10
Egypt & Tunis 
 
Objectives of 13th century crusades
11
Jihad
 
holy war
12
Knights
 
known for Chivalry
13
Blanche of Castille
 
ruled in absent of son King Louis IX (st. louis)
14
Vassal
 
In return for property or wealth offered Homage to their lords
15
Feudalism
 
system in which public powers of minting, justice and taxation and defense were in the hands...
16
King William the Conqueror
 
est power of monarchy over lords in England
17
King Henry I
 
created the office of Exchequer to maintain the treasury of the kingdom
18
King Henry II
 
expanded the use of juries in England
19
Thomas Becket
 
Opposed civil trials of clergymen
20
King John
 
was forced to sign the Magna Carta
21
King Edward I
 
king responsible for establishing the role of Parliament in England
22
King Louis VI “the Fat” 
 
consolidated royal control over Paris
23
King Philip II
 
began administrative kingship in France
24
King Louis IX-St. Louis
 
Extended royal control over southern France
25
Emperor Frederick I -“Barbarossa” 
 
proclaimed kingdom Holy Roman Empire in Germany
26
King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella
 
Financed the exploration of New World by Christopher Columbus
27
Diocletian
 
Attempted to strengthen rule of succession in the Roman Empire through tetrarchy
28
Theodosius the Great
 
made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire 
29
Zealots
 
Jewish radical who believed in the violent overthrow of Roman rule and the coming of...
30
Sadducees
 
conservative Jewish,  who believed in strict adherence to the laws of the Torah...
31
Pharisees
 
Jewish who were  devotion to religious law, but were flexible to applying it everyday...
32
Essenes
 
Jewish group that lived a monastic life to escape the temptations of the world 
33
St. Paul
 
Responsible for spreading Christianity beyond the Jews
34
Arians
 
Christians who believed the Jesus was lesser than God, but greater than man
35
Athanasians
 
Christians who believed in the co-equality of God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit
36
Council of Nicaea
 
the MEETING that established the co-equality of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit known...
37
St. Benedict of Nursia
 
Codified the rules of Monasticism
38
Emperor Valens
 
Lost Battle of Adrianople to the Goths
39
Alaric
 
 leader of the Goths who sacked Rome
40
Romulus Augustulus
 
last emperor to rule the Western Empire
41
St. Jerome
 
man responsible for writing the Vulgate Bible
42
St. Ambrose
 
developed the concept of the Superiority of the Church over kings
43
St. Augustine
 
author of Confessions & On the City of God
44
Cassiodorus
 
Wrote Institutes which compiled all the classical works that religious...
45
Justinian
 
last emperor who tried to recover what had been the Roman Empire
46
The Code
 
Laws of the Roman Empire from the Emperor Hadrian to Justinian
47
Tribonian
 
Chosen by Justinian to collect the laws of the empire
48
The Novels
 
book that contained the legislation of Justinian and his successors 
49
The Digest
 
summary of the writings of the great jurists of the Roman Empire
50
The Institutes
 
textbook of the legal principles reflected in the Digest and the Code
51
Belisarius
 
general who was chosen by Justinian to reconquer the Western empire  
52
Leo the Isaurian
 
Started Eastern Christian reforms known as Iconoclasm
53
Battle of Manzikert
 
Destruction of Byzantine army by Seljuk Turks
54
Muhammad
 
Last in long line of God’s prophets
55
Quraish
 
Tribe that controlled trade in Mecca
56
Hijrah
 
Journey from Mecca to Medina that marks the beginning of Muslim calendar
57
Medina
 
City that asked for Muhammad to come there to settle conflict of tribes
58
The Kabah
 
sacred stone worshipped by Muslims 
59
Mecca
 
holy city of Islam
60
Qur’an
 
book containing the words of God to Muhammad
61
Abu Bakr
 
First Caliph
62
Caliph
 
successor of the prophet
63
Umayyads
 
oriented to the west
64
Abbasids
 
Oriented to the east
65
Harun al-Rashid
 
ruler of Abbasid empire at it's height
66
Arabian Nights
 
Stories that describe the Abbasid Empire
67
Sunnis
 
Believe in the succession of Caliphs 
68
Shiites
 
Muslim group that insists that only the descendents of Ali can rule 
69
Al-Hakem II
 
Ruler of Umayyad kingdom of Spain. Had a  library of 400,000 books
70
Sufis
 
Spiritual leaders of Islam
71
Ulama
 
rule on the meaning of Islamic law
72
Avicenna
 
author of the Canon of Medicine
73
Averroes
 
attempts to reconcile Aristotle’s philosophy with Muslim faith
74
Gregory of Tours
 
6th century bishop whose diary recorded life in Gaul
75
St. Gregory the Great (Pope Gregory I)-
 
Support of monasticism
76
Charles Martel
 
Second founder of Frankish state
77
Battle of Tours
 
Defeat of Muslim incursion into France by Charles Martel
78
Pepin
 
Father of Charlemagne who became first Carolingian king
79
Mayor of the Palace
 
Controlled affairs under Merovingian kings  
80
Charlemagne
 
Established powerful kingdom of the Franks  
81
Counts
 
Provincial rulers under Charlemagne
82
Carolingian miniscule
 
The spacing of words and letters 
83
Pope Leo III
 
Crowns Charlemagne Roman Emperor
84
Louis the Pious
 
Son of Charlemagne who was unable to maintain control of empire of his father 
85
Charles the Bald
 
Grandson of Charlemagne who gained control of France
86
Louis the German
 
Grandson of Charlemagne who inherited what became Germany
87
Lothair
 
Grandson of Charlemagne who gained control of the Middle Kingdom
88
Alfred the Great
 
English king who codified English Law  
89
Medina
 
City that asked for Muhammad to come there to settle conflict of tribes


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